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Search results “1995 philippine mining act ra” for the 2018
On the 23rd year of Philippine Mining Act of 1995
 
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"March 3 is the 23rd year of the implementation of the Philippine Mining Act of 1995 which caused the landgrab of the ancestral domain of indigenous peoples all over the country where minerals are abundantly found. Indigenous peoples experience continuous, intensified militarization and destruction of their communities due to destructive mining operations. Even the so-called due-process through "free, prior and informed consent" (FPIC) is violated. On the other hand, this process serves as a means to deprive indigenous peoples of their ancestral lands. Now, we face the issue of changing the present constitution which will lead to the worsening condition of the indigenous peoples through the constitutionalization of 100% foreign-ownership of mining. This is the aim of our lawmakers -- to give our lands to foreign corporations. At present, even the small-scale miners continually experience oppression through the formation of the National Task Force on Mining Challenge that is actually a clearing operation to get rid of the small scale miners and pave the way for large-scale mining operations. They say that they intend to protect nature and the environment but the areas they target belong to the ancestral domain of indigenous peoples, who safeguards and ensures that their lands are preserved and taken care of. The Cordillera Peoples Alliance therefore reiterates our call for communities and organizations to continue our struggle, our fight, to oppose charter change and the plans of the government through the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), to forcibly displace the small-scale miners from their lands." - Santi Mero, CPA Vice-Chairperson for Internal Affairs
ENS204: Republic Act 6969
 
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Video Presentation about this RA
Views: 179 Cherry Favor
The Other North Korea
 
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Extremism is the enemy. We give it a bunch of names, put it on a fake spectrum, and rail on each other about how our extremes will be better, but it's all the same thing. Extremism is the enemy. Welcome to Albania. Welcome to the world. Patreon account, for those who care: https://www.patreon.com/rareearth/overview Follow our Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/rareearthseries/ Follow Evan's twitter: https://twitter.com/Evan_Hadfield Follow Francesco's Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/frapetitti/ Almost in F - Tranquillity by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Source: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1100394 Artist: http://incompetech.com/ This video was made possible thanks to our incredible Patreon subscribers Adam Theo, Alan Chaess, Alberto Daval Cordeiro Araujo, Alejandro Fuentes Salazar, Alessandro, Alex Van de Sande, Alexis Michelle Smith, Allen Setzer, Amay Khara, Andres Rama, Anina Keller, Aodhan Minney, Asher Lanzone, Audrey Brown, Benjamin Achrén, Blade Marcantel, Bradley Sparks, Bradley Brown, Bryden Kanngiesser, Chris Carrigan Brolly, Chris Ferguson, Christ k, Christopher Castro, Cosmo, Dan Walker, Daniel Demsky, Daniel Lee, Daniel Tyler, Darren James, David Badilotti, Denise Lipscombe, Djof, Douglas Danger Manley, Earnest N Strong, Edee Nackers, Edward Sykes, Einar Holmedal, Elmar Tirtarahardja, Eric Downes, Erik Ensing, f1r3w4rr10r, Fiona Cameron-Mackintosh, Fiona, Gavin Cross, Georgy Petukhov, Giffy, Gilberto Hart, Giulian Fava, Hedi Zisling Henderson Moret, Henrik Due Rønning, J,Neko, Jack Morgan Hallahan, Jacob Willemsma, Jacob Rebec, Jamie Cox, Jarod Hoffarth, Jason Wells, Jean-luc Martel, Jerome, John Cline, John Goff, Jon C Scott, Jonathan Lonowski, Jonathan Webb, Josh Hoppes, Joshua Clarke, Joshua L Smith, Julian Fiander, Julian Taylor, Justin Gregg, Kaitlin Wadley, Kameho, Kidd Mclayer, Krak, Leah Eisenhart, Leandro De Ste, Leo Höppner, Leszek Szczepański, Lucas Geerdes, Lukas Jackowski, Luke Trust, Akasha Yi, M.,F., MacFoxington, Marc Chang, Marek Slabicki, Markus Sawinski, Martin Faszinka, Marty Otzenberger, Marzo, Matt, Matthew McGinn, Maxwell Collins, Michael Wladysiak, Michael Zare, Michael Teesdale, Michael Loken, Michael Leers, Mike Pearce, Mladen Piasetskyi, MrElk, Muncorn, Nathaneal Register, Nicholas,J. Bottomley, Nick Achatz, Nicolas Alexander Schmitt, Nyan Saik Krat, Oliwia Bieniek, Oskar Paź, Ossian, Paulina Jonušaitė, Paweł Wojciechowski, Penny Underbust, Peter Bjorvand, Peter Lonjers, Philippe Fanaro, Pippin, Remi_Scarlet, Reuben Brown, Robert Velten, Ruddy Ezequiel Arroliga, Sam C., Scott Crawford, Sean Lavery, Sergey Choukanov, sharpie660, Shayne Stride, Simen Thoresen, Simon Tobar, Stephen C Strausbaugh, Steve Martin De Souza, Steven Fontinelle, Sven Erik Jonsson, Tad Moore, theLovitas, This Has Not Gone Well, Thomas Hildren, Thomas Edwards, Thomas Paris, Timur Dailidonis, Tino Dervisagic, Tommy Friedrichs, Travis Frazier, Tristan Lambdin, Twisol, Vicki Allardice, Wei Ern Tiong, Wilco Verweij, Zach Kuzmicz and Zachary Hall. We love you guys! Thanks for watching! You're clearly one of the good ones.
Views: 360504 Rare Earth
Science and technology in the Philippines | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Science_and_technology_in_the_Philippines 00:00:49 1 History 00:00:58 1.1 Pre-Spanish Period 00:01:45 1.2 Spanish Colonial Period 00:03:40 1.3 American Period and Post-Commonwealth era 00:05:34 1.4 Marcos Era and Martial Law 00:13:12 1.5 Fifth Republic 00:25:38 2 Science and Technology Fields 00:25:49 2.1 Life Sciences 00:27:32 2.1.1 Botany and Biology 00:29:32 2.1.2 Biotechnology 00:33:02 2.2 Engineering 00:36:18 2.3 Agriculture and Aquaculture 00:40:51 2.4 Metal Industry 00:44:17 2.5 Food and Nutrition 00:48:06 2.6 Health 00:50:26 2.6.1 Anti-cancer research 00:52:26 2.7 Social sciences 00:54:33 2.8 Forestry 00:56:19 3 Institutions 00:56:28 3.1 International Research Organizations 00:56:53 3.2 National Government Research Institutions, Bureaus and Attached Agencies 00:58:23 3.3 National Academic, Research and Professional Societies 01:00:39 4 Science Education in the Philippines 01:00:50 4.1 High School Education 01:01:57 4.2 Tertiary Education 01:02:31 5 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8110014836613033 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-B "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Science and technology in the Philippines represents the wide scientific and technological advances the Philippines has made. The main managing agency responsible for science and technology (S&T) is the Department of Science and Technology (DOST). The science department have consulting agencies for Forestry, Agriculture and Aquaculture, Metal Industry, Nuclear Research, Food and Nutrition, Health, Meteorological and the Volcanology and Seismology. Numerous national scientists have contributed in different fields of science including Fe del Mundo in the field of Pediatrics, Eduardo Quisumbing in the field of Plant taxonomy, Gavino Trono in the field of tropical marine Phycology, and Maria Orosa in the field of Food technology.
Views: 178 wikipedia tts
History of slavery in the Muslim world | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: History of slavery in the Muslim world 00:02:48 1 Slavery in pre-Islamic Arabia 00:04:46 2 Slavery in Islamic Arabia 00:04:56 2.1 Early Islamic history 00:08:00 2.2 Arab slave trade 00:11:57 2.3 Roles of slaves 00:13:16 3 Women and slavery 00:17:00 4 Choosing elite slaves for the grooming process 00:18:34 4.1 Rebellion 00:19:28 4.2 Political power 00:19:58 5 Slavery in India 00:22:40 6 Slavery in the Ottoman Empire 00:25:03 7 Slavery in Sultanates of Southeast Asia 00:31:33 8 19th and 20th centuries 00:35:48 8.1 20th-century suppression and prohibition 00:37:24 9 Slavery in the late 20th and 21st century Muslim world 00:38:03 9.1 Islamist opinions 00:40:34 9.2 Mauritania and Sudan 00:42:37 9.3 Saudi Arabia 00:43:37 9.4 Libya and Algeria 00:45:20 9.5 Jihadists 00:47:04 10 See also 00:47:46 11 Bibliography 00:49:23 12 Further reading 00:54:27 13 Notes 00:54:51 14 External links Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Slavery in the Muslim world first developed out of the slavery practices of pre-Islamic Arabia, and was at times radically different, depending on social-political factors such as the Arab slave trade. Throughout Islamic history, slaves served in various social and economic roles, from powerful Emirs to harshly treated workers. Early on in Muslim history they were used in plantation labor similar to that in the Americas, but this was abandoned after harsh treatment led to destructive slave revolts, the most notable being the Zanj Rebellion. Slaves were widely employed in irrigation, mining, pastoralism, but the most common use was as soldiers, guards and domestic workers. Some rulers relied on military and administrative slaves to such a degree that the slaves were sometimes in the position to seize power. Among black slaves, there were roughly two females to every one male. Two rough estimates by scholars of the number of slaves held over twelve centuries in the Muslim world are 11.5 million and 14 million, while other estimates indicate a number between 12 to 15 million of slaves until the 20th century.Manumission of a slave was encouraged as a way of expiating sins. Many early converts to Islam, such as Bilal ibn Rabah al-Habashi, were the poor and former slaves. In theory, slavery in Islamic law does not have a racial or color component, although this has not always been the case in practice. In 1990, the Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam declared that "no one has the right to enslave" another human being. Many slaves were often imported from outside the Muslim world. Bernard Lewis maintains that though slaves often suffered on the way before reaching destination, they received well-treatment and some degree of acceptance as members of the household in the owners' houses.The Arab slave trade was most active in West Asia, North Africa, and Southeast Africa. In the early 20th century (post World War I), slavery was gradually outlawed and suppressed in Muslim lands, largely due to pressure exerted by Western nations such as Britain and France. Slavery in the Ottoman Empire was abolished in 1924 when the new Turkish Constitution disbanded the Imperial Harem and made the last concubines and eunuchs free citizens of the newly proclaimed republic. Slavery in Iran was abolished in 1929. Among the last states to abolish slavery were Saudi Arabia and Yemen, which abolished slavery in 1962 under pressure from Britain; Oman in 1970, and Mauritania in 1905, 1981, and again in August 2007. However, slavery claiming the sanction of Islam is documented presently in the predominantly Islamic countries of the Sahel, and is also practiced in territories controlled by Islamist rebel groups, for instance in Libya.
Views: 108 wikipedia tts
Business process outsourcing in the Philippines | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Business process outsourcing in the Philippines Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= One of the most dynamic and fastest growing sectors in the Philippines is the information technology–business process outsourcing (IT-BPO) industry. The industry is composed of eight sub-sectors, namely, knowledge process outsourcing and back offices, animation, call centers, software development, game development, engineering design, and medical transcription. The IT-BPO industry plays a major role in the country's growth and development.
Views: 14 wikipedia tts
Gending Manten : PUSPANJALA Pl.6 ; Gamelan Jawa Klasik Musik Iringan Pengantin [INSTRUMENTAL]
 
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Gending Manten : PUSPANJALA Pl.6 ; Gamelan Jawa Klasik Musik Iringan Pengantin [INSTRUMENTAL] // Koleksi gendhing jawa klasik campursari langgam keroncong sebagai hiburan serta bisa menjadi pengantar tidur anda, terkemas menjadi full album jagad klangenan, di ambil dari budaya jawa kuno terpopuler dengan aura mistis dari bunyi gending tetabuhan instrumen gamelan yang bisa membuat bulu kuduk merinding, marilah bersama melestarikan budaya jawi dan semoga gamelan jawa serta para niaga dan sinden menjadi instrumental yang mendunia #GendingJawaKlasik #GendingManten #PranotoAdicoro
Views: 1578 JAGAD KLANGENAN
Gending Manten : LARAS MAYA Pl.Brg ; Gamelan Jawa Klasik Musik Iringan Pengantin [INSTRUMENTAL]
 
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Gending Manten : LARAS MAYA Pl.Brg ; Gamelan Jawa Klasik Musik Iringan Pengantin [INSTRUMENTAL] // Koleksi gendhing jawa klasik campursari langgam keroncong sebagai hiburan serta bisa menjadi pengantar tidur anda, terkemas menjadi full album jagad klangenan, di ambil dari budaya jawa kuno terpopuler dengan aura mistis dari bunyi gending tetabuhan instrumen gamelan yang bisa membuat bulu kuduk merinding, marilah bersama melestarikan budaya jawi dan semoga gamelan jawa serta para niaga dan sinden menjadi instrumental yang mendunia #GendingJawaKlasik #GendingManten #PranotoAdicoro
Views: 4299 JAGAD KLANGENAN
Witchcraft | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Witchcraft Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Witchcraft or witchery broadly means the practice of and belief in magical skills and abilities exercised by solitary practitioners and groups. Witchcraft is a broad term that varies culturally and societally, and thus can be difficult to define with precision, and cross-cultural assumptions about the meaning or significance of the term should be applied with caution. Witchcraft often occupies a religious divinatory or medicinal role, and is often present within societies and groups whose cultural framework includes a magical world view.
Views: 180 wikipedia tts
Mummy | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Mummy 00:01:35 1 Etymology and meaning 00:03:04 2 History of mummy studies 00:05:16 3 Types 00:06:03 4 Egyptian mummies 00:10:43 4.1 Mummification and rank 00:11:23 4.1.1 "Most perfect" method 00:13:38 4.1.2 Avoiding expense 00:14:39 4.1.3 Inexpensive method 00:15:03 5 Christian mummies 00:15:19 6 Mummification in other cultures 00:15:29 6.1 Africa 00:15:51 6.1.1 Libya 00:17:01 6.1.2 South Africa 00:17:36 6.2 Asia 00:18:07 6.2.1 China 00:20:43 6.2.2 Iran 00:21:40 6.2.3 Siberia 00:23:02 6.2.4 Philippines 00:23:25 6.3 Europe 00:24:05 6.3.1 Bog bodies 00:25:27 6.3.2 Canary Islands 00:26:20 6.3.3 Czech Republic 00:28:03 6.3.4 Denmark 00:29:55 6.3.5 Hungary 00:30:29 6.3.6 Italy 00:32:20 6.4 North America 00:32:54 6.4.1 Canada 00:33:36 6.4.2 Greenland 00:34:09 6.4.3 Mexico 00:35:25 6.4.4 United States 00:36:06 6.5 Oceania 00:36:45 6.5.1 Australia 00:37:28 6.5.2 Torres Strait 00:38:12 6.5.3 New Zealand 00:39:38 6.6 South America 00:40:38 6.6.1 Chinchorro mummies 00:41:22 6.6.2 Inca mummies 00:44:31 7 Self-mummification 00:45:34 8 Modern mummies 00:45:43 8.1 Jeremy Bentham 00:46:40 8.2 Vladimir Lenin 00:47:30 8.3 Gottfried Knoche 00:48:11 8.4 Summum 00:48:49 8.5 Alan Billis 00:49:25 8.6 Plastination 00:50:26 9 Treatment of ancient mummies in modern times 00:52:50 10 In popular culture 00:53:00 11 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= A mummy is a deceased human or an animal whose skin and organs have been preserved by either intentional or accidental exposure to chemicals, extreme cold, very low humidity, or lack of air, so that the recovered body does not decay further if kept in cool and dry conditions. Some authorities restrict the use of the term to bodies deliberately embalmed with chemicals, but the use of the word to cover accidentally desiccated bodies goes back to at least 1615 AD (See the section Etymology and meaning). Mummies of humans and other animals have been found on every continent, both as a result of natural preservation through unusual conditions, and as cultural artifacts. Over one million animal mummies have been found in Egypt, many of which are cats. Many of the Egyptian animal mummies are sacred ibis, and radiocarbon dating suggests the Egyptian Ibis mummies that have been analyzed were from time frame that falls between approximately 450 and 250 BC.In addition to the well-known mummies of ancient Egypt, deliberate mummification was a feature of several ancient cultures in areas of America and Asia with very dry climates. The Spirit Cave mummies of Fallon, Nevada in North America were accurately dated at more than 9,400 years old. Before this discovery, the oldest known deliberate mummy was a child, one of the Chinchorro mummies found in the Camarones Valley, Chile, which dates around 5050 BC. The oldest known naturally mummified human corpse is a severed head dated as 6,000 years old, found in 1936 AD at the site named Inca Cueva No. 4 in South America.
Views: 32 wikipedia tts
Laos | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Laos Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Laos ( ( listen), ; Lao: ລາວ, Lāo [láːw]), officially the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao: ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ, translit. Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao; French: République démocratique populaire lao), commonly referred to by its colloquial name of Muang Lao (Lao: ເມືອງລາວ, Muang Lao), is a socialist state and the only landlocked country in Southeast Asia at the heart of the Indochinese peninsula, bordered by Myanmar (Burma) and China to the northwest, Vietnam to the east, Cambodia to the southwest, and Thailand to the west and southwest.Present-day Laos traces its historic and cultural identity to the kingdom of Lan Xang Hom Khao (Kingdom of a Million Elephants Under the White Parasol), which existed for four centuries as one of the largest kingdoms in Southeast Asia. Due to Lan Xang's central geographical location in Southeast Asia, the kingdom became a popular hub for overland trade, becoming wealthy economically as well as culturally. After a period of internal conflict, Lan Xang broke off into three separate kingdoms—Luang Phrabang, Vientiane and Champasak. In 1893, it became a French protectorate, with the three territories uniting to form what is now known as the country of Laos. It briefly gained freedom in 1945 after Japanese occupation, but was recolonised by France until it won autonomy in 1949. Laos became independent in 1953, with a constitutional monarchy under Sisavang Vong. Shortly after independence, a long civil war ended the monarchy, when the Communist Pathet Lao movement came to power in 1975. During the first years of Communist rule, Laos was dependent on military and economic aid supported by the Soviet Union until its dissolution in 1991. According to the anti-corruption non-governmental organisation Transparency International, Laos remains one of the most corrupt countries in the world. This has deterred foreign investment and created major problems with the rule of law, including the nation's ability to enforce contract and business regulation. This has contributed to a third of the population of Laos currently living below the international poverty line (living on less than US$1.25 per day). Laos has a low-income economy, with one of the lowest annual incomes in the world. In 2014, the country ranked 141st on the Human Development Index (HDI), indicating lower medium development. According to the Global Hunger Index (2015), Laos ranks as the 29th hungriest nation in the world out of the list of the 52 nations with the worst hunger situation(s). The country has also had a poor human rights record. Laos is a member of the Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement (APTA), Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), East Asia Summit and La Francophonie. Laos applied for membership of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) in 1997; on 2 February 2013, it was granted full membership. It is a one-party socialist republic espousing Marxism–Leninism governed by the Lao People's Revolutionary Party, in which the party leadership is dominated by military figures.The capital and largest city is Vientiane. Other major cities include Luang Prabang, Savannakhet and Pakse. The official language is Lao. Laos is a multi-ethnic country, with the politically and culturally dominant Lao people making up about 55 percent of the population, mostly in the lowlands. Mon-Khmer groups, the Hmong and other indigenous hill tribes, accounting for 45 percent of the population, live in the foothills and mountains. Laos's ambitious strategies for development are based on generating electricity from its rivers and selling the power to its neighbours, namely Thailand, China and Vietnam, as well as its initiative to become a "land-linked" nation, shown by the planning of four new railways connecting Laos to its neighbours. Laos has been referred to as one of East Asia and Pacific's Fastest Growing Economies by the World Bank, with annual GDP growth averaging 7.8% for the past decade.
Views: 88 wikipedia tts
Revolutions of 1989 | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Revolutions of 1989 Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Revolutions of 1989 formed part of a revolutionary wave in the late 1980s and early 1990s that resulted in the end of communist rule in Central and Eastern Europe and beyond. The period is sometimes called the Autumn of Nations, a play on the term Spring of Nations that is sometimes used to describe the Revolutions of 1848. The events of the full-blown revolution first began in Poland in 1989 and continued in Hungary, East Germany, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia and Romania. One feature common to most of these developments was the extensive use of campaigns of civil resistance, demonstrating popular opposition to the continuation of one-party rule and contributing to the pressure for change. Romania was the only Eastern Bloc country whose citizens overthrew its Communist regime violently. Protests in Tiananmen Square (April–June 1989) failed to stimulate major political changes in China, but influential images of courageous defiance during that protest helped to precipitate events in other parts of the globe. On 4 June 1989, the trade union Solidarity won an overwhelming victory in a partially free election in Poland, leading to the peaceful fall of Communism in that country in the summer of 1989. Also in June 1989, Hungary began dismantling its section of the physical Iron Curtain, leading to an exodus of East Germans through Hungary, which destabilised East Germany. This led to mass demonstrations in cities such as Leipzig and subsequently to the fall of the Berlin Wall in November 1989, which served as the symbolic gateway to German reunification in 1990. The Soviet Union dissolved in December 1991, resulting in eleven new countries (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan) which had declared their independence from the Soviet Union in the course of the year while the Baltic states (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania) regained their independence in September 1991. The rest of the Soviet Union, which constituted the bulk of the area, became the Russian Federation in December 1991. Albania and Yugoslavia abandoned Communism between 1990 and 1992. By 1992, Yugoslavia had split into five successor states, namely Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Slovenia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which was later renamed Serbia and Montenegro in 2003 and eventually split in 2006 into two states, namely Serbia and Montenegro. Serbia was then further split with the breakaway of the partially recognised state of Kosovo in 2008. Czechoslovakia dissolved three years after the end of Communist rule, splitting peacefully into the Czech Republic and Slovakia in 1992. The impact of these events made itself felt in several Socialist countries. Communism was abandoned in countries such as Cambodia (1991), Ethiopia (1990), Mongolia (which in 1990 democratically re-elected a Communist government that ran the country until 1996) and South Yemen (1990). During the adoption of varying forms of market economy, there was a general decline in living standards for many former Communist countries. Political reforms were varied, but in only four countries were Communist parties able to retain a monopoly on power, namely China, Cuba, Laos and Vietnam (North Korea went through a constitutional change in 2009 that made it nominally no longer Communist, but still de facto organised on Stalinist lines). Many communist and socialist organisations in the West turned their guiding principles over to social democracy and democratic socialism. Communist parties in Italy and San Marino suffered and the reformation of the Italian political class took place in the early 1990s. In South America, the Pink tide had instead begun, starting with Venezuela in 1999 and sweeping through the early 2000s. The European political landscape changed drastically, with several former Eastern Bloc countries joining NATO and ...
Views: 89 wikipedia tts