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Search results “1995 philippine mining act ra” for the 2018
Former Gov. Umali, naninindigan na sumunod sa batas sa pagbibigay ng sand and gravel permit
 
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Naninindigan si Former Governor Aurelio Umali na sumunod sa batas ang Pamahalaang Panlalawigan ng Nueva Ecija sa pagbibigay ng sand and gravel permit sa huling pagdinig ng Committee on Good Government and Public Accountability kaugnay ng operasyon ng quarry sa probinsya. Hindi dapat pinagsama sa Administrative Order ng DENR o Department of Environment and Natural Resources ang magkahiwalay na Section 43 at Section 46 ng Philippine Mining Act of 1995, ito ang giit ni Former Governor Aurelio “Oyie” Umali sa huling pagdinig ng Committee on Good Government and Public Accountability kaugnay ng quarry operations sa Nueva Ecija. Nanindigan ang dating Gobernador na sinunod ng Pamahalaang Panlalawigan ang batas base sa nilalaman ng Section 46 sa pagbibigay ng Sand and Gravel permit sa mga quarry operators sa probinsya. Binigyang diin ni Atty. Umali ang pagkakaiba ng dalawang batas, sa section 43 nakalista ang mga mineral at kinakailangang dumaan sa PMRB o Provincial Mining Regulatory Board bago mabigyan ng quarry permit ng Punong Panlalawigan habang sa section 46 ay tumutukoy sa Sand and Gravel permit at walang itinatakdang proseso. Bunsod ng conflict o pagkakaiba ng interpretasyon sa dalawang batas ang Provincial Government at DENR ay isang permitee sa Nueva Ecija ang nagsumite ng Declaratory Relief sa Regional Trial Court upang mabigyang linaw ang mga naturang batas. Sinegundahan naman ni Congressman Rey Umali si Atty. Umali kaugnay ng Declaratory Relief dahil tanging ang Korte lamang aniya ang makapagbibigay ng tamang interpretasyon ng batas at hindi ang judiciary o ang naturang komite. Dagdag nito, mas mainam na hintayin na lamang ang desisyon ng Korte upang malaman kung mayroon nga bang nilabag sa batas at kung sa tingin ng Komite ay mayroong pagkukulang sa batas at sa panuntunan nito ay dapat na magkaroon ng pag-amyenda dito. Tinatanong kasi ni Congressman Arnolfo Teves ang DENR kung may pananagutan ba at kakasuhan ba ang Pamahalaang Panlalawigan ng Nueva Ecija dahil walang ECC o Environmental Compliance Certificate ang mga quarry permittee sa probinsya. Paglilinaw ni DENR Regional Director 7 Gilbert Gonzales, base sa Presidential Decree 1586 walang criminal provision para sa violation sa ECC kundi administrative case lamang na may kaakibat na penalty o suspension ng ECC. Kung sakaling nagresulta ng hindi maganda ang quarry operation tulad ng polusyon sa tubig ay doon maaaring magfile ng criminal complaints gamit ang ibang batas. Ayon naman sa Section 108 ng Republic Act 7942 o Philippine Mining Act of 1995, na binasa ni Congressman Rey Umali, ang sinumang lumabag sa terms and conditions ng ECC na nakapagdulot ng pagkasira ng kalikasan ay maparurusahan ng anim na buwan hanggang anim na taong pagkakakulong o pagmumultahin ng 50, 000 hanggang 200, 000 pesos o maaari ding pareho depende sa magiging desisyon ng korte. Punto nito, kung walang ECC nangangahulugan na wala ding nilabag sa terms at conditions na nakapaloob sa Section 108, bagay na kinakailangan ng legal opinion kaya nararapat aniya na hayaan na ang korte na magpasya ukol dito. Komento naman ni Congressman Johnny Pimentel, hindi masasagot ng mga opisyal ng DENR kung dapat nga bang kasuhan ang probinsya, kaya suhestiyon nito na kumonsulta sa legal officers ng DENR upang matukoy kung karapat-dapat nga bang kasuhan ang probinsya.—Ulat ni Jovelyn Astrero
Views: 1496 Balitang Unang Sigaw
The Other North Korea
 
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Extremism is the enemy. We give it a bunch of names, put it on a fake spectrum, and rail on each other about how our extremes will be better, but it's all the same thing. Extremism is the enemy. Welcome to Albania. Welcome to the world. Patreon account, for those who care: https://www.patreon.com/rareearth/overview Follow our Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/rareearthseries/ Follow Evan's twitter: https://twitter.com/Evan_Hadfield Follow Francesco's Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/frapetitti/ Almost in F - Tranquillity by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Source: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1100394 Artist: http://incompetech.com/ This video was made possible thanks to our incredible Patreon subscribers Adam Theo, Alan Chaess, Alberto Daval Cordeiro Araujo, Alejandro Fuentes Salazar, Alessandro, Alex Van de Sande, Alexis Michelle Smith, Allen Setzer, Amay Khara, Andres Rama, Anina Keller, Aodhan Minney, Asher Lanzone, Audrey Brown, Benjamin Achrén, Blade Marcantel, Bradley Sparks, Bradley Brown, Bryden Kanngiesser, Chris Carrigan Brolly, Chris Ferguson, Christ k, Christopher Castro, Cosmo, Dan Walker, Daniel Demsky, Daniel Lee, Daniel Tyler, Darren James, David Badilotti, Denise Lipscombe, Djof, Douglas Danger Manley, Earnest N Strong, Edee Nackers, Edward Sykes, Einar Holmedal, Elmar Tirtarahardja, Eric Downes, Erik Ensing, f1r3w4rr10r, Fiona Cameron-Mackintosh, Fiona, Gavin Cross, Georgy Petukhov, Giffy, Gilberto Hart, Giulian Fava, Hedi Zisling Henderson Moret, Henrik Due Rønning, J,Neko, Jack Morgan Hallahan, Jacob Willemsma, Jacob Rebec, Jamie Cox, Jarod Hoffarth, Jason Wells, Jean-luc Martel, Jerome, John Cline, John Goff, Jon C Scott, Jonathan Lonowski, Jonathan Webb, Josh Hoppes, Joshua Clarke, Joshua L Smith, Julian Fiander, Julian Taylor, Justin Gregg, Kaitlin Wadley, Kameho, Kidd Mclayer, Krak, Leah Eisenhart, Leandro De Ste, Leo Höppner, Leszek Szczepański, Lucas Geerdes, Lukas Jackowski, Luke Trust, Akasha Yi, M.,F., MacFoxington, Marc Chang, Marek Slabicki, Markus Sawinski, Martin Faszinka, Marty Otzenberger, Marzo, Matt, Matthew McGinn, Maxwell Collins, Michael Wladysiak, Michael Zare, Michael Teesdale, Michael Loken, Michael Leers, Mike Pearce, Mladen Piasetskyi, MrElk, Muncorn, Nathaneal Register, Nicholas,J. Bottomley, Nick Achatz, Nicolas Alexander Schmitt, Nyan Saik Krat, Oliwia Bieniek, Oskar Paź, Ossian, Paulina Jonušaitė, Paweł Wojciechowski, Penny Underbust, Peter Bjorvand, Peter Lonjers, Philippe Fanaro, Pippin, Remi_Scarlet, Reuben Brown, Robert Velten, Ruddy Ezequiel Arroliga, Sam C., Scott Crawford, Sean Lavery, Sergey Choukanov, sharpie660, Shayne Stride, Simen Thoresen, Simon Tobar, Stephen C Strausbaugh, Steve Martin De Souza, Steven Fontinelle, Sven Erik Jonsson, Tad Moore, theLovitas, This Has Not Gone Well, Thomas Hildren, Thomas Edwards, Thomas Paris, Timur Dailidonis, Tino Dervisagic, Tommy Friedrichs, Travis Frazier, Tristan Lambdin, Twisol, Vicki Allardice, Wei Ern Tiong, Wilco Verweij, Zach Kuzmicz and Zachary Hall. We love you guys! Thanks for watching! You're clearly one of the good ones.
Views: 325334 Rare Earth
Science and technology in the Philippines | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Science_and_technology_in_the_Philippines 00:00:49 1 History 00:00:58 1.1 Pre-Spanish Period 00:01:45 1.2 Spanish Colonial Period 00:03:40 1.3 American Period and Post-Commonwealth era 00:05:34 1.4 Marcos Era and Martial Law 00:13:12 1.5 Fifth Republic 00:25:38 2 Science and Technology Fields 00:25:49 2.1 Life Sciences 00:27:32 2.1.1 Botany and Biology 00:29:32 2.1.2 Biotechnology 00:33:02 2.2 Engineering 00:36:18 2.3 Agriculture and Aquaculture 00:40:51 2.4 Metal Industry 00:44:17 2.5 Food and Nutrition 00:48:06 2.6 Health 00:50:26 2.6.1 Anti-cancer research 00:52:26 2.7 Social sciences 00:54:33 2.8 Forestry 00:56:19 3 Institutions 00:56:28 3.1 International Research Organizations 00:56:53 3.2 National Government Research Institutions, Bureaus and Attached Agencies 00:58:23 3.3 National Academic, Research and Professional Societies 01:00:39 4 Science Education in the Philippines 01:00:50 4.1 High School Education 01:01:57 4.2 Tertiary Education 01:02:31 5 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8110014836613033 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-B "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Science and technology in the Philippines represents the wide scientific and technological advances the Philippines has made. The main managing agency responsible for science and technology (S&T) is the Department of Science and Technology (DOST). The science department have consulting agencies for Forestry, Agriculture and Aquaculture, Metal Industry, Nuclear Research, Food and Nutrition, Health, Meteorological and the Volcanology and Seismology. Numerous national scientists have contributed in different fields of science including Fe del Mundo in the field of Pediatrics, Eduardo Quisumbing in the field of Plant taxonomy, Gavino Trono in the field of tropical marine Phycology, and Maria Orosa in the field of Food technology.
Views: 36 wikipedia tts
Business process outsourcing in the Philippines | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Business process outsourcing in the Philippines Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= One of the most dynamic and fastest growing sectors in the Philippines is the information technology–business process outsourcing (IT-BPO) industry. The industry is composed of eight sub-sectors, namely, knowledge process outsourcing and back offices, animation, call centers, software development, game development, engineering design, and medical transcription. The IT-BPO industry plays a major role in the country's growth and development.
Views: 9 wikipedia tts
Revolutions of 1989 | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Revolutions of 1989 Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Revolutions of 1989 formed part of a revolutionary wave in the late 1980s and early 1990s that resulted in the end of communist rule in Central and Eastern Europe and beyond. The period is sometimes called the Autumn of Nations, a play on the term Spring of Nations that is sometimes used to describe the Revolutions of 1848. The events of the full-blown revolution first began in Poland in 1989 and continued in Hungary, East Germany, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia and Romania. One feature common to most of these developments was the extensive use of campaigns of civil resistance, demonstrating popular opposition to the continuation of one-party rule and contributing to the pressure for change. Romania was the only Eastern Bloc country whose citizens overthrew its Communist regime violently. Protests in Tiananmen Square (April–June 1989) failed to stimulate major political changes in China, but influential images of courageous defiance during that protest helped to precipitate events in other parts of the globe. On 4 June 1989, the trade union Solidarity won an overwhelming victory in a partially free election in Poland, leading to the peaceful fall of Communism in that country in the summer of 1989. Also in June 1989, Hungary began dismantling its section of the physical Iron Curtain, leading to an exodus of East Germans through Hungary, which destabilised East Germany. This led to mass demonstrations in cities such as Leipzig and subsequently to the fall of the Berlin Wall in November 1989, which served as the symbolic gateway to German reunification in 1990. The Soviet Union dissolved in December 1991, resulting in eleven new countries (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan) which had declared their independence from the Soviet Union in the course of the year while the Baltic states (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania) regained their independence in September 1991. The rest of the Soviet Union, which constituted the bulk of the area, became the Russian Federation in December 1991. Albania and Yugoslavia abandoned Communism between 1990 and 1992. By 1992, Yugoslavia had split into five successor states, namely Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Slovenia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which was later renamed Serbia and Montenegro in 2003 and eventually split in 2006 into two states, namely Serbia and Montenegro. Serbia was then further split with the breakaway of the partially recognised state of Kosovo in 2008. Czechoslovakia dissolved three years after the end of Communist rule, splitting peacefully into the Czech Republic and Slovakia in 1992. The impact of these events made itself felt in several Socialist countries. Communism was abandoned in countries such as Cambodia (1991), Ethiopia (1990), Mongolia (which in 1990 democratically re-elected a Communist government that ran the country until 1996) and South Yemen (1990). During the adoption of varying forms of market economy, there was a general decline in living standards for many former Communist countries. Political reforms were varied, but in only four countries were Communist parties able to retain a monopoly on power, namely China, Cuba, Laos and Vietnam (North Korea went through a constitutional change in 2009 that made it nominally no longer Communist, but still de facto organised on Stalinist lines). Many communist and socialist organisations in the West turned their guiding principles over to social democracy and democratic socialism. Communist parties in Italy and San Marino suffered and the reformation of the Italian political class took place in the early 1990s. In South America, the Pink tide had instead begun, starting with Venezuela in 1999 and sweeping through the early 2000s. The European political landscape changed drastically, with several former Eastern Bloc countries joining NATO and ...
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Mummy | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Mummy 00:01:35 1 Etymology and meaning 00:03:04 2 History of mummy studies 00:05:16 3 Types 00:06:03 4 Egyptian mummies 00:10:43 4.1 Mummification and rank 00:11:23 4.1.1 "Most perfect" method 00:13:38 4.1.2 Avoiding expense 00:14:39 4.1.3 Inexpensive method 00:15:03 5 Christian mummies 00:15:19 6 Mummification in other cultures 00:15:29 6.1 Africa 00:15:51 6.1.1 Libya 00:17:01 6.1.2 South Africa 00:17:36 6.2 Asia 00:18:07 6.2.1 China 00:20:43 6.2.2 Iran 00:21:40 6.2.3 Siberia 00:23:02 6.2.4 Philippines 00:23:25 6.3 Europe 00:24:05 6.3.1 Bog bodies 00:25:27 6.3.2 Canary Islands 00:26:20 6.3.3 Czech Republic 00:28:03 6.3.4 Denmark 00:29:55 6.3.5 Hungary 00:30:29 6.3.6 Italy 00:32:20 6.4 North America 00:32:54 6.4.1 Canada 00:33:36 6.4.2 Greenland 00:34:09 6.4.3 Mexico 00:35:25 6.4.4 United States 00:36:06 6.5 Oceania 00:36:45 6.5.1 Australia 00:37:28 6.5.2 Torres Strait 00:38:12 6.5.3 New Zealand 00:39:38 6.6 South America 00:40:38 6.6.1 Chinchorro mummies 00:41:22 6.6.2 Inca mummies 00:44:31 7 Self-mummification 00:45:34 8 Modern mummies 00:45:43 8.1 Jeremy Bentham 00:46:40 8.2 Vladimir Lenin 00:47:30 8.3 Gottfried Knoche 00:48:11 8.4 Summum 00:48:49 8.5 Alan Billis 00:49:25 8.6 Plastination 00:50:26 9 Treatment of ancient mummies in modern times 00:52:50 10 In popular culture 00:53:00 11 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= A mummy is a deceased human or an animal whose skin and organs have been preserved by either intentional or accidental exposure to chemicals, extreme cold, very low humidity, or lack of air, so that the recovered body does not decay further if kept in cool and dry conditions. Some authorities restrict the use of the term to bodies deliberately embalmed with chemicals, but the use of the word to cover accidentally desiccated bodies goes back to at least 1615 AD (See the section Etymology and meaning). Mummies of humans and other animals have been found on every continent, both as a result of natural preservation through unusual conditions, and as cultural artifacts. Over one million animal mummies have been found in Egypt, many of which are cats. Many of the Egyptian animal mummies are sacred ibis, and radiocarbon dating suggests the Egyptian Ibis mummies that have been analyzed were from time frame that falls between approximately 450 and 250 BC.In addition to the well-known mummies of ancient Egypt, deliberate mummification was a feature of several ancient cultures in areas of America and Asia with very dry climates. The Spirit Cave mummies of Fallon, Nevada in North America were accurately dated at more than 9,400 years old. Before this discovery, the oldest known deliberate mummy was a child, one of the Chinchorro mummies found in the Camarones Valley, Chile, which dates around 5050 BC. The oldest known naturally mummified human corpse is a severed head dated as 6,000 years old, found in 1936 AD at the site named Inca Cueva No. 4 in South America.
Views: 19 wikipedia tts
Myanmar | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Myanmar Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Myanmar (English pronunciation below; Burmese: [mjəmà]), officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a country in Southeast Asia. Myanmar is bordered by India and Bangladesh to its west, Thailand and Laos to its east and China to its north and northeast. To its south, about one third of Myanmar's total perimeter of 5,876 km (3,651 mi) forms an uninterrupted coastline of 1,930 km (1,200 mi) along the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea. The country's 2014 census counted the population to be 51 million people. As of 2017, the population is about 54 million. Myanmar is 676,578 square kilometres (261,228 square miles) in size. Its capital city is Naypyidaw, and its largest city and former capital is Yangon (Rangoon). Myanmar has been a member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) since 1997. Early civilisations in Myanmar included the Tibeto-Burman-speaking Pyu city-states in Upper Burma and the Mon kingdoms in Lower Burma. In the 9th century, the Bamar people entered the upper Irrawaddy valley and, following the establishment of the Pagan Kingdom in the 1050s, the Burmese language, culture and Theravada Buddhism slowly became dominant in the country. The Pagan Kingdom fell due to the Mongol invasions and several warring states emerged. In the 16th century, reunified by the Taungoo dynasty, the country was for a brief period the largest empire in the history of Mainland Southeast Asia. The early 19th century Konbaung dynasty ruled over an area that included modern Myanmar and briefly controlled Manipur and Assam as well. The British took over the administration of Myanmar after three Anglo-Burmese Wars in the 19th century and the country became a British colony. Myanmar was granted independence in 1948, as a democratic nation. Following a coup d'état in 1962, it became a military dictatorship under the Burma Socialist Programme Party. For most of its independent years, the sovereign state has been engrossed in rampant ethnic strife and its myriad ethnic groups have been involved in one of the world's longest-running ongoing civil wars. During this time, the United Nations and several other organisations have reported consistent and systematic human rights violations in the country. In 2011, the military junta was officially dissolved following a 2010 general election, and a nominally civilian government was installed. This, along with the release of Aung San Suu Kyi and political prisoners, has improved the country's human rights record and foreign relations, and has led to the easing of trade and other economic sanctions. There is, however, continuing criticism of the government's treatment of ethnic minorities, its response to the ethnic insurgency, and religious clashes. In the landmark 2015 election, Aung San Suu Kyi's party won a majority in both houses. However, the Burmese military remains a powerful force in politics. Myanmar is a country rich in jade and gems, oil, natural gas and other mineral resources. In 2013, its GDP (nominal) stood at US$56.7 billion and its GDP (PPP) at US$221.5 billion. The income gap in Myanmar is among the widest in the world, as a large proportion of the economy is controlled by supporters of the former military government. As of 2016, Myanmar ranks 145 out of 188 countries in human development, according to the Human Development Index.
Views: 64 wikipedia tts
Tabs Go 012018
 
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Views: 569 Stig Anders Ohrvik
Deforestation | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Deforestation Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Deforestation, clearance, or clearing is the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a non-forest use. Examples of deforestation include conversion of forestland to farms, ranches, or urban use. The most concentrated deforestation occurs in tropical rainforests. About 31 percent of Earth's land surface is covered by forests.Deforestation occurs for multiple reasons: trees are cut down to be used for building or sold as fuel (sometimes in the form of charcoal or timber), while cleared land is used as pasture for livestock and plantation. The removal of trees without sufficient reforestation has resulted in habitat damage, biodiversity loss, and aridity. It has adverse impacts on biosequestration of atmospheric carbon dioxide. Deforestation has also been used in war to deprive the enemy of vital resources and cover for its forces. Modern examples of this were the use of Agent Orange by the British military in Malaya during the Malayan Emergency and the United States military in Vietnam during the Vietnam War. As of 2005, net deforestation rates have ceased to increase in countries with a per capita GDP of at least US$4,600. Deforested regions typically incur significant adverse soil erosion and frequently degrade into wasteland. Disregard of ascribed value, lax forest management, and deficient environmental laws are some of the factors that allow deforestation to occur on a large scale. In many countries, deforestation–both naturally occurring and human-induced–is an ongoing issue. Deforestation causes extinction, changes to climatic conditions, desertification, and displacement of populations as observed by current conditions and in the past through the fossil record. More than half of all plant and land animal species in the world live in tropical forests.Between 2000 and 2012, 2.3 million square kilometres (890,000 sq mi) of forests around the world were cut down. As a result of deforestation, only 6.2 million square kilometres (2.4 million square miles) remain of the original 16 million square kilometres (6 million square miles) of forest that formerly covered the Earth. An area the size of a football pitch is cleared from the Amazon rainforest every minute, with 136 million acres (55 million hectares) of rainforest cleared for animal agriculture overall.
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Languages of Vietnam | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Languages of Vietnam Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Vietnam (UK: , US: ( listen); Vietnamese: Việt Nam pronounced [vîət nāːm] ( listen)), officially the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam (Vietnamese: Cộng hòa xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam), is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula. With an estimated 94.6 million inhabitants as of 2016, it is the world's 15th-most-populous country, and the ninth-most-populous Asian country. Vietnam is bordered by China to the north, Laos to the northwest, Cambodia to the southwest, Thailand across the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest, and the Philippines, Malaysia and Indonesia across the South China Sea to the east and southeast. Its capital city has been Hanoi since the reunification of North and South Vietnam in 1976, with Ho Chi Minh City as the most populous city. The northern part of Vietnam was part of Imperial China for over a millennium, from 111 BC to AD 939. An independent Vietnamese state was formed in 939, following a Vietnamese victory in the battle of Bạch Đằng River. Successive Vietnamese imperial dynasties flourished as the nation expanded geographically and politically into Southeast Asia, until the Indochina Peninsula was colonised by the French in the mid-19th century. Following a Japanese occupation in the 1940s, the Vietnamese fought French rule in the First Indochina War. On 2 September 1945, President Hồ Chí Minh declared Vietnam's independence from France under the new name of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. In 1954, the Vietnamese declared victory in the battle of Điện Biên Phủ which took place between March and May 1954 and culminated in a major French defeat. Thereafter, Vietnam was divided politically into two rival states, North Vietnam (officially the Democratic Republic of Vietnam) and South Vietnam (officially the Republic of Vietnam). Conflict between the two sides intensified in what is known as the Vietnam War with heavy intervention by the United States on the side of South Vietnam from 1965 to 1973. The war ended with a North Vietnamese victory in 1975. Vietnam was then unified under a communist government but remained impoverished and politically isolated. In 1986, the Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV) initiated a series of economic and political reforms that began Vietnam's path toward integration into the world economy. By 2010, it had established diplomatic relations with 178 countries. Since 2000, Vietnam's economic growth rate has been among the highest in the world, and in 2011, it had the highest Global Growth Generators Index among 11 major economies. Its successful economic reforms resulted in its joining the World Trade Organisation (WTO) in 2007. Vietnam is a member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) and the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie.
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