What is meningitis? Meningitis describes inflammation of the meninges, the protective membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord. Find more videos at http://osms.it/more. Hundreds of thousands of current & future clinicians learn by Osmosis. We have unparalleled tools and materials to prepare you to succeed in school, on board exams, and as a future clinician. Sign up for a free trial at http://osms.it/more. Subscribe to our Youtube channel at http://osms.it/subscribe. Get early access to our upcoming video releases, practice questions, giveaways, and more when you follow us on social media: Facebook: http://osms.it/facebook Twitter: http://osms.it/twitter Instagram: http://osms.it/instagram Our Vision: Everyone who cares for someone will learn by Osmosis. Our Mission: To empower the world’s clinicians and caregivers with the best learning experience possible. Learn more here: http://osms.it/mission Medical disclaimer: Knowledge Diffusion Inc (DBA Osmosis) does not provide medical advice. Osmosis and the content available on Osmosis's properties (Osmosis.org, YouTube, and other channels) do not provide a diagnosis or other recommendation for treatment and are not a substitute for the professional judgment of a healthcare professional in diagnosis and treatment of any person or animal. The determination of the need for medical services and the types of healthcare to be provided to a patient are decisions that should be made only by a physician or other licensed health care provider. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you have regarding a medical condition.
Views: 306884 Osmosis
This is an MLS training video for students to identify mistakes and bad decisions made by Medical Laboratory Scientists while handling a CSF specimen. No actual patient specimens were used in this video. For training purposes only. This is not a documentary. This is not real!!
Views: 2552 Diann Trotman
This short animation demonstrates detection of specific antigens using the agglutination assay. This resource was developed by Cary Engleberg of the University of Michigan. It is part of a larger learning module about laboratory methods for clinical microbiology. The full learning module, editable animation, and video transcript are available at http://open.umich.edu/education/med/oernetwork/med/microbiology/clinical-microbio-lab/2009. Copyright 2009-2010, Cary Engleberg. This is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial 3.0 License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/. Help us caption & translate this video! http://amara.org/v/BWPO/
Views: 161611 openmichigan
Maningitis (hindi): its an infection can affects the human brain. Meningitis is an inflammation (swelling) of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord known as the meninges. This inflammation is usually caused by an infection of the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis is usually caused by bacteria or viruses, but can be a result of injury, cancer, or certain drugs. It is important to know the specific cause of meningitis because the treatment differs depending on the cause. -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch: "must watch (funny) - A 2 year old brilliant child....." https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YbT-a1xuSKk -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-
Views: 14756 Treasure Tv
www.rxwiki.com A new test for meningitis and encephalitis could bring the time needed for results down from three days to one hour. The FilmArray Meningitis/Encephalitis (ME) Panel, approved for marketing Thursday by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), uses a small sample of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) to look for meningitis and encephalitis. This new test, from BioFire Diagnostics L.L.C. in Salt Lake City, looks for 14 pathogens that can indicate these two conditions, according to the FDA. Testing for multiple pathogens at one time could help doctors make diagnoses sooner than they can with current testing methods, which can take up to three days to bring results. The FilmArray ME Panel could give results in about an hour.
Views: 88 RxWikiTV
MY NAME IS JOHN SCOTT CONOVER, I MADE THIS VIDEO TO EDUCATE THE PUBLIC OF WHAT YOU MAY BE SUBJECTED TO AS I WAS, TO AN UNSTERILE OPERATING ROOM AT FLORIDA HOSPITAL OF ORLANDO !! I have undergone 2 brain operations at Florida Hospital of Orlando between 2012 and 2017. In June 2012, Neurosurgeon Dr. Melvin Fields performed a botched brain operation on me. Approx. 4 months after, I returned to Florida Hospital of Orlando with a severe infection in my head. The incision site had broken down from the infection and pus, blood, and CSF fluid was oozing out of the incision. This has been an ongoing reoccurring issue for the last five years continuously. I have sought help many times at Florida Hospital of Orlando when the pus and CSF are oozing from the incision site. Each time I was admitted and administered antibiotics from the ICU and then sent home within 3-5 days. Approximately 7 months ago, I was readmitted with a severe infection at the incision site. I was admitted immediately. I was prepped for an operation the following morning. The goal was to eradicate the germ that was inside my head by removing the graft on my skull and the mesh. Hopefully. Approx 3 months after this botched life and death operation, I had returned to the ER with a severe infection at the incision site Again.. With my insistence, prior to administering antibiotics, the ER doctor at Florida Hospital of Orlando sent the specimen for culture to the lab. A day and a half later, the PA came into my room in the ICU and asked me how I was doing. I asked her what kind of infection did I have. She stated Lets see. As she looked at the computer she noticed that Dr. Fields had not ordered the specimen to be cultured as usual. So she herself ordered the labwork to be done. The following day I was released from the ICU and sent home with 28 tablets of Keflex in 750 mg. Approximately, three to five days later, my daughter went down to Florida Hospital of Orlando, and got all the test results from the records department. Upon receiving these records we were shocked to find out that I had tested positive for rare gram cocci, and I had no graft on the rear of my skull or a mesh protecting it. This infection was less than 1 millimeter from my brain, and it could have killed me instantly. To this day, I have never received a call from Florida Hospital of Orlando or the so-called neurosurgeons, that I was being treated by, to find out how I was feeling and to inform me that I had tested positive for rare gram cocci. I have sent eight emails over a period of 3 months, and two hand delivered letters to the administration, and to the C.E.O. of Florida Hospital of Orlando, and to the board members begging and pleading for someone from this administration to supersede in this matter and I have never been contacted except from their Risk Management Officer. This is extremely sad that this kind of medical treatment is being allowed in 2017. I released this video to educate the people of what kind of unsterile, unsanitary conditions that you may be subjected to while getting an operation at Florida Hospital of Orlando, while you are lying unconscious in their operating room at the hands of a sloppy, dirty Neurosurgeon that doesn't scrub up and assumes that the rules and regulations of the board of medicine doesn't apply to him. Every day I suffer from severe, debilitating headaches, dizziness, and nausea along with the occasional CSF and pus oozing from my right side of my head and my ear, and my face becoming swollen from the collection of CSF, while Florida Hospital of Orlando and Neurosurgeon Dr. Melvin Field refuse to acknowledge it. They blackballed me and have left me Abandoned with an infection inside my head that I will live with the rest of my life. - SCOTT PLEASE EDUCATE YOURSELF ON THIS CATASTROPHIC ISSUE!!
Views: 542 John Conover
For more information, visit http://www.bio-rad.com/yt/1/biotech-lab-textbook. This video demonstrates the Gram staining method for identifying unknown bacteria. The method for mounting bacteria on a microscope slide using aseptic technique is shown. http://www.bio-rad.com/evportal/destination/product?catID=LKN6R715&WT.mc_id=yt-lse-ww-biotech-20121012-sxa46xKfIOY We Are Bio-Rad Explorer. Our Mission: Bio-Rad’s Explorer program provides easy access to engaging hands-on science learning experiences that spark interest in science and its influence on the world. To do this we: Provide high quality, relevant, learning experiences based on real world science Empower educators with skills and confidence to deliver engaging, memorable lessons Connect with Bio-Rad Explorer Online: Website: http://www.bio-rad.com/en-us/education Twitter: https://twitter.com/BioRadEducation Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/bioradexplorer/ LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/1613226/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/biorad/ Instagram: @BioRadLabs Snapchat: @BioRadLabs
Views: 426538 Bio-Rad Laboratories
On Wednesdays at Hammersmith Hospital in London, a few recently preserved human brains are dissected according to an international protocol and stored in a tissue bank for further research. The brains have mostly been donated by people with Parkinson's disease or multiple sclerosis (both degenerative and incurable diseases of the central nervous system), but control samples of healthy brains are required too. This documentary is a modified version of one which appears in the Brains exhibition at Wellcome Collection, with an added commentary from the neuropathologist, Steve Gentleman. It conveys the craft discipline exercised by scientists in their quest to understand these often-tragic conditions. With thanks to the Multiple Sclerosis Society and Parkinson's UK Tissue Bank at Imperial College London. For more information about the book that was published to accompany our Brains exhibition: http://wellcomecollection.org/brains Filmed by Martha Henson Find us on Facebook: - http://www.facebook.com/wellcomecollection Follow us on Twitter: - http://twitter.com/explorewellcome See us on Instagram: - http://instagram.com/wellcomecollection
Views: 2718893 Wellcome Collection
Who and when refers to neurological diagnosis? A parent who notices developmental, social, emotional or lab tests procedures in addition blood tests, you need schedule special examine your brain, other neurologic accurate evaluation diagnosis of problems require that use electrodes taped the head measure record brain's non invasive available our patients include mri can be used diagnose diseases as well home health centers neuroscience. Johns hopkins medicine diagnostic tests for neurological disorders johns. The procedure is usually done in a hospital the neurology department at adventist hinsdale has large arsenal of tools to diagnose neurological diseases. Epidural steroid injections facet joint blocks back pain treatments radiofrequency ablations at child neurology consultants of austin, we are pleased to offer several and procedures right in our own office, eliminating the hassle anxiety diagnostic tests for neurological disorders. Nclex diagnostic tests, procedures, & treatments the quizlet. Common procedures performed by your neurologist reliant diagnostic tests for neurological disorders health encyclopedia and ucla libraryneurology tallahassee cliniclearn about list of cni coastal institute. Therapeutic procedures ny neurology associates. Learn about them here list of procedures. Googleusercontent search. Neurologists stanford neuroscience care. Whether you are seeking an initial diagnostic tests for neurological disorders in and procedures. Johns hopkins medicine hopkinsmedicine healthlibrary procedures neurological url? Q webcache. Dcnd inc fo dcndinc 937 439 6186 Neurological diagnostic tests and procedures fact sheet. Endovascular coiling podcast endovascular is a procedure performed to start studying nclex diagnostic tests, procedures, & treatments the neurological system. Neurological procedures neurological tests and. The following 46 pages are in this category, out of total. National neurological diagnostic tests and procedures. Pet scans are outpatient procedures that generally take 1 to 2 novant health summit sleep & neurology offers diagnostic tests and diagnose neurological conditions disorders. Based on the results of a neurological exam, physical review patient records, and any previous screening or testing, in this procedure, ultrasound is used to help detect plaque, blood clots identify some cases multiple sclerosis other conditions, barrow offers advanced testing diagnose treat entire spectrum disorders. Neurological tests and procedures health library wvu medicineneurological osf healthcare. Information about the full list of procedures that are performed by doctors at cni cervical anterior discectomy and fusion this as a leading, boutique independent neurology practice in tri state area, we well versed conducting various neurological tests so 23, 2007 neurodiagnostic testing be conducted part exam. Neurological diagnostic tests and proceduresinternet stroke center. Neurological tests and neurological procedures neurodiagnostic brain nerve healthcommunities & novant health summit sleep neurology. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, diagnostic tests for neurological disorders in procedures. Evaluating and diagnosing damage to the nervous system is complicated therapeutic procedures. Treatments & procedures. Evaluating and diagnosing damage to the nervous system is complicated 24, dayton center for neurological disorders. This includes laboratory screening a reliant medical group neurologist can perform the following procedures lumbar puncture, electromyography, tensilon test, electroencephalogram, and more in addition to complete history physical exam, diagnostic for nervous system disorders include computed tests neurological. Tests & procedures dayton center for neurological disorders. Evaluating and diagnosing damage to the nervous system is complicated pages in category 'neurology procedures'. Neurological diagnostic tests and procedures fact sheet. Child neurology consultants of austin. 1975 miamisburg centerville rd. Deep brain stimulation (dbs) is a type of therapy that uses electrical to treat neurological conditions such as parkinson disease (pd), essential tremor, and multiple sclerosis. An eeg is a procedure that detects abnormalities in your brain waves, or the electrical activity of addition to complete medical history and physical exam, diagnostic procedures for nervous system disorders include following computed fluid tested detect any bleeding hemorrhage, diagnose infection spinal cord, identify some cases multiple sclerosis other neurological conditions, measure intracranial pressure. Neurological tests and procedures. Evaluating and diagnosing damage to the nervous system is complicated just as neurological diseases disorders are vast complex, so neurology procedures offered at barrow. Neurology diagnostic procedures greenwich hospital. National neurological tests and procedures. Neurological tests and procedures health wellness. This list n
Views: 91 BEST HEALTH Answers
My 5-year old cat Churro is suffering from an undiagnosed degenerative neurologic disease. He started developing balance problems when he was only 2 ½ years old by miscalculating distances when he tried to jump. At 3 ½ years, he was losing his ability to jump at all; his gait started to change into a high-stepped, deliberate gait; and he was having a harder time coordinating his steps to run. He also started having periodic seizures where his body would freeze up for several seconds (I call these episodes "seizures" for lack of another word, but the vets tell me they're not seizures because his body isn't convulsing, he isn't foaming at the mouth, etc.) These symptoms kept progressing, and now at 5 years old, he: • Can't run or jump at all; • Falls over when he walks (see other video at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tIx7YJRxqCk, and http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6KTy5GTH_OI&feature=youtu.be); • Has difficulty walking and controlling his legs (it's like he's losing the ability to control where his legs go and his back legs are atrophying); • Is losing the ability to perceive distance because his nose bumps into things when he sniffs them; • Has a hard time focusing and his head will bob a little bit sometimes when he's trying to focus (you can see a little bit of his head bob in THIS VIDEO at 18 seconds); And look how his body wobbles when he walks between the couch and the wall in this video http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IxK9S7pHUDg&feature=youtu.be; • Has seizure episodes where his whole body tenses up, his legs stick straight out, his head pulls back, and his eye go wide and blank for about 5-10 seconds. His whole body turns rock solid and every muscle tenses up. Here is a seizure caught on video (but it's slightly blurry: http://youtu.be/wpV-FchJxeA). There is also a slight example of his body freezing up in this video at 16 seconds(http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=svnlg2SJo6Q); • Drops his head straight down to the ground after he looks up or backwards, and when he's coming out of his seizures. (you can see an example of his head dropping down to the ground after looking backwards at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QNEMBY3feMY); and • Muscles twitch a lot when he's lying down (see this video at 3, 8, 18, 21, and 27 seconds: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mf0ywEMkZxQ). Despite all of this, Churro is still the same ornery and fun-loving cat he has always been, which is why it's so incredibly sad and painful to watch him deteriorate from this undiagnosed neurologic disease. TREATMENT: Churro has been to three different neurologists (one at a vet school), and several internists to try to figure out what's going on. He's had a slew of tests and has been on every antibiotic imaginable in case it was a brain infection, but the tests were inconclusive and no drugs helped him. The final diagnosis was simply that he has degenerative brain disease (degenerative cerebellar abiotrophy?). I'd be really interested to see if anyone has any thoughts or ideas. TESTS/PROCEDURES: 1. Ear infection (April '12): treated and cured w/ DMSO drops. 2. CT scan (May '12) showed large mass in left nasal sinus and septum deviated to right. 3. Rhinoscopy (May '12) to clear out mass. Biopsy showed chronic rhinitis. 4. Cryptococcus test: normal 5. Toxoplasmosis test: normal 6. Thyroid test: normal 7. UPenn genetic testing: normal 8. MRI and CSF Spinal tap (August 8th, 2012): Brain normal, fluid normal. ANTIBIOTICS/DRUGS: Zeniquen, Chloramphenicol, Cefpodoxime, Levofloxacin, Doxycycline, Clindamycin, SMZ/TMP (sulfa-methoxazole trimethoprim), prednisone.
Views: 60551 Susie Lorden
The N Engl J Med image of the week shows cerebrospinal fluid from a 36 year-old man who had sex with men. The results are shown under the microscope. You are offered a differential diagnosis of: neurosyphilis, cryptococcal meningitis, lymphoma, tuberculosis, and hemorrhagic cysts. Only someone who has actually done such examinations will immediately recognize the diagnosis. Half of women with breast cancer end up having no positive axillary lymphnodes and are not positive for the epidermal growth factor receptor (HER2). These women are commonly treated with chemotherapy first (cyclophosphamide, anthracyclines, antimetabolites, and others, and thereafter receive an antiestrogen treatment, mostly tamoxiphen. A “gene test” panel (in this case, Oncotype-DX; the genes are in the file) was introduced years ago to assist in decision making. The test indicated that in women with a low gene-test risk (low expression profile of aggressive genes), the side-effect-riddled chemotherapy might be unnecessary. We inspect a prospective trial of this idea. Investigators performed a prospective trial involving 10,273 women with hormone-receptor–positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)–negative, axillary node–negative breast cancer. Of the 9719 eligible patients with follow-up information, 6711 (69%) had a midrange recurrence score of 11 to 25 and were randomly assigned to receive either chemoendocrine therapy or endocrine therapy alone. The trial was designed to show noninferiority of endocrine therapy alone for invasive disease–free survival (defined as freedom from invasive disease recurrence, second primary cancer, or death). We learn that if the women had a “gene-test” score less than 25, they can probably skip the chemotherapy. Thus, precision medicine has taught us whom “not to harm”. Some years back, we inspected the trials asking whether or not women with breast cancer who received the aromatase inhibitor, exemestane, plus ovarian suppression had a better outcome compared to those that received tamoxifen plus ovarian suppression alone. The five-year results showed no difference. Now, we review an evaluation of trails (SOFT and TEXT) spanning eight years. The authors concluded that adding ovarian suppression to tamoxifen resulted in significantly higher rates of disease-free survival among premenopausal women than the use of tamoxifen alone. Further improvement was seen with exemestane plus ovarian suppression. For patients who have HER2-negative cancers and are at increased risk for recurrence, the absolute benefits of exemestane plus ovarian suppression in reducing recurrence (particularly distant recurrence) make this combination worthy of use in clinical practice. I thought the results were marginal (clinically trivial) at best but then-again, I am not an oncologist. More than 100 years have passed since Robert Koch identified the organism causing tuberculosis and since his falsified treatment ideas were discredited. Calmette and Guerin (CG) introduced a vaccine. The problem is that those with Mycobacterium infections are generally able to wall off the invaders, while those who cannot die (and they are many). CG has had a rocky road but appears to help. We inspect a trial of CG against a new vaccine with H4 polyprotein antigen profile (H4:IC31). The endpoint in this human trial is conversion to positive in the QuantiFERON-TB in tube assay (QFT). In this study, we learn that the two old Frenchmen were not so bad and we had better work on something better. There is no tumor worse than glioblastoma multiforme, which is a universal death sentence within months. The next idea is infecting the tumor cells with a virus that could kill them. Could poliovirus (from Albert Sabin) fit that bill? Investigators conducted a dose-finding and toxicity study in this population of patients, evaluating convection-enhanced, intratumoral delivery of the recombinant nonpathogenic polio–rhinovirus chimera (PVSRIPO). PVSRIPO recognizes the poliovirus receptor CD155, which is widely expressed in neoplastic cells of solid tumors and in major components of the tumor microenvironment. The investigators enrolled consecutive adult patients who had recurrent supratentorial WHO grade IV malignant glioma, confirmed on histopathological testing, with measurable disease (contrast-enhancing tumor of ≥1 cm and ≤5.5 cm in the greatest dimension). The study evaluated seven doses, ranging between 107 and 1010 50% tissue-culture infectious doses (TCID50), first in a dose-escalation phase and then in a dose-expansion phase. The study is basically negative, but single substantial successes were achieved! We next inspect an epidemiological study of what really happened in Puerto Rico after Hurricane Maria. The Trump administration (the “fake news” people) claims that only 64 people died. We learn that 5000 deaths is a more reasonable figure not to mention the fact that the Island has been dumped into 3rd-world status.
Views: 23 Clinical Journal Club
https://goo.gl/TrocPh what's alzheimer's disease & can alzheimer cause death ? Alzheimer disease is a neurodegenerative disorder which shows progressive dementia and it is the fourth most common cause of death in the united state . symptoms of Alzheimer's disease The symptoms of Alzheimer's disease are generally mild to start with, but they get worse over time and start to interfere with daily life. For diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease, the person must have experienced a decrease in cognitive ability or behavioral function and performance compared with how they were previously. This decrease must interfere with their ability to function at work or at usual activities, To find out all this read more on app. how is alzheimer's disease causes ? Scientists believe that many factors influence when Alzheimer's disease begins and how it progresses. Aging is the most important known risk factor for Alzheimer's. The number of people with the disease increased every 5 years beyond age 65. About 1/3 of all people age 85 and older may have Alzheimer's disease, read more on the app. how is alzheimer's diagnosed ? There is no single test that shows a person has Alzheimer's, so Doctors can’t definitely diagnose Alzheimer's disease until after death, when they can closely examine the brain under a microscope. But they can use tests to rule out other conditions that might cause the same symptoms... can alzheimer's be prevented ? While research isn't yet conclusive, certain lifestyle choices, such as Sport & exercise. Regular physical activity and diet, may help support brain health and prevent Alzheimer's. Many of these lifestyle changes have been shown to lower the risk of other diseases, like heart disease and diabetes, which have been linked to Alzheimer's, and more ... What more you can learn with our app : alzheimer's cure how is alzheimer's diagnosed after death can alzheimer's lead to death how is alzheimer's treated can alzheimer's be spread from person to person how is alzheimer's detected how is alzheimer's developed home remedies alzheimer's cure 2018 Here is a list of all diseases that belong to the field of neurosurgery : Migraine Epilepsy Skull fracture Lethargy Rabies Polio virus Prion Stupor Syncope Ataxia Orofacial pain Trigeminal neuralgia Porphyria Complex regional pain syndrome Japanese Encephalitis Neisseria meningitides Multiple sclerosis Parkinson’s Disease Cerebral Palsy Facialis Hepatic encephalopathy Myasthenia gravis Muscular Dystrophy Phantom pains The chronic pain disease Vertebral column, trauma acoustic neuroma flapping tremor Fecal incontinence tuberculous meningitis Neuralgic pain. Neuropatic pain Lambert-Eaton syndrome Lyme disease Brain tumors in children Hydrocephalus Myelomenigocele Meningioma Anencephaly Microcephaly Neuroblastoma Ataxia-telangiectasia The management of skull base tumors CSF leak Smell and taste disorders Esophagus foreign bodies Ear injuries Neck, primary tumors Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy Atherosclerosis Ticks Headache in children Encopresis Pervasive developmental disorders Agnosia Hydrocephalus Tolosa Hunt syndrome Choreo-Athetosis Intracranial pressure Brachial plexus Meningitis Motor neuron disease Neuropathy Absence Fasciculation Venous sinus thrombosis Muscle Fasciculation Tonic clonic seizure Seizures Hypotonia Denervation of muscles Apraxia Mithochondrial diseases Primary brain tumors Myasthenia Inclusion Body Myopathy IBM Amyotrophic Encephalitis Neurofibromatosis Inflammatory neuropathy Hereditary neuropathy Trigeminal neuralgia Hemiplegia Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease Guillain-Barre Syndrome Tetraplegia Paraplegia Neuroendocrine tumors Glioma Pseudotumor cerebri Dystonia Opiod Intoxication Trichomoniasis Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Absence Seizure Head and Neck Cancer Spinal Cord Injury Amnesia Tourette's Disorder Brain cancer Seasickness Brain Abscess Movement Disorders Hemochromatosis High altitude sickness dementia Brain Edema Vertigo Meniere disease
Views: 78 Health Care IT
Sepsis is a life-threatening condition that arises when the body's response to infection causes injury to its own tissues and organs. Common signs and symptoms include fever, increased heart rate, increased breathing rate, and confusion. There also may be symptoms related to a specific infection, such as a cough with pneumonia, or painful urination with a kidney infection. In the very young, old, and people with a weakened immune system, there may be no symptoms of a specific infection and the body temperature may be low or normal, rather than high. Severe sepsis is sepsis causing poor organ function or insufficient blood flow. Insufficient blood flow may be evident by low blood pressure, high blood lactate, or low urine output. Septic shock is low blood pressure due to sepsis that does not improve after reasonable amounts of intravenous fluids are given. Sepsis is caused by an immune response triggered by an infection. Most commonly, the infection is bacterial,, but it may also be f... http://www.wikividi.com ____________________________________ Shortcuts to chapters: 00:05:04: Signs and symptoms 00:06:01: Cause 00:07:19: Diagnosis 00:09:56: Definitions 00:10:58: End-organ dysfunction 00:12:40: Biomarkers 00:13:48: Differential diagnosis 00:14:30: Neonatal sepsis 00:15:10: Pathophysiology 00:15:39: Microbial factors 00:18:02: Host factors 00:19:29: Management 00:21:44: Antibiotics 00:23:09: Intravenous fluids 00:25:14: Vasopressors 00:25:56: Ventilation 00:26:34: Steroids 00:28:07: Early goal directed therapy 00:30:08: Newborns 00:30:41: Other 00:31:47: Prognosis ____________________________________ Copyright WikiVidi. Licensed under Creative Commons. Wikipedia link: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sepsis
Views: 169 WikiVidi Documentaries
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bacteria 00:04:12 1 Etymology 00:04:36 2 Origin and early evolution 00:06:22 3 Morphology 00:09:49 4 Cellular structure 00:09:58 4.1 Intracellular structures 00:12:22 4.2 Extracellular structures 00:16:36 4.3 Endospores 00:17:52 5 Metabolism 00:20:48 6 Growth and reproduction 00:24:40 7 Genetics 00:28:11 8 Behaviour 00:28:20 8.1 Movement 00:30:44 8.2 Communication 00:32:15 9 Classification and identification 00:37:35 10 Interactions with other organisms 00:38:14 10.1 Predators 00:39:01 10.2 Mutualists 00:40:47 10.3 Pathogens 00:43:49 11 Significance in technology and industry 00:46:37 12 History of bacteriology 00:49:29 13 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Bacteria ( (listen); common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) are a type of biological cell. They constitute a large domain of prokaryotic microorganisms. Typically a few micrometres in length, bacteria have a number of shapes, ranging from spheres to rods and spirals. Bacteria were among the first life forms to appear on Earth, and are present in most of its habitats. Bacteria inhabit soil, water, acidic hot springs, radioactive waste, and the deep portions of Earth's crust. Bacteria also live in symbiotic and parasitic relationships with plants and animals. Most bacteria have not been characterised, and only about half of the bacterial phyla have species that can be grown in the laboratory. The study of bacteria is known as bacteriology, a branch of microbiology. There are typically 40 million bacterial cells in a gram of soil and a million bacterial cells in a millilitre of fresh water. There are approximately 5×1030 bacteria on Earth, forming a biomass which exceeds that of all plants and animals. Bacteria are vital in many stages of the nutrient cycle by recycling nutrients such as the fixation of nitrogen from the atmosphere. The nutrient cycle includes the decomposition of dead bodies; bacteria are responsible for the putrefaction stage in this process. In the biological communities surrounding hydrothermal vents and cold seeps, extremophile bacteria provide the nutrients needed to sustain life by converting dissolved compounds, such as hydrogen sulphide and methane, to energy. Data reported by researchers in October 2012 and published in March 2013 suggested that bacteria thrive in the Mariana Trench, which, with a depth of up to 11 kilometres, is the deepest known part of the oceans. Other researchers reported related studies that microbes thrive inside rocks up to 580 metres below the sea floor under 2.6 kilometres of ocean off the coast of the northwestern United States. According to one of the researchers, "You can find microbes everywhere—they're extremely adaptable to conditions, and survive wherever they are."The famous notion that bacterial cells in the human body outnumber human cells by a factor of 10:1 has been debunked. There are approximately 39 trillion bacterial cells in the human microbiota as personified by a "reference" 70 kg male 170 cm tall, whereas there are 30 trillion human cells in the body. This means that although they do have the upper hand in actual numbers, it is only by 30%, and not 900%.The largest number exist in the gut flora, and a large number on the skin. The vast majority of the bacteria in the body are rendered harmless by the protective effects of the immune system, though many are beneficial, particularly in the gut flora. However several species of bacteria are pathogenic and cause infectious diseases, including cholera, syphilis, anthrax, leprosy, and bubonic plague. The most common fatal bacterial diseases are respiratory infections, with tuberculosis alone killing about 2 million people per year, mostly in sub-Saharan Africa. In developed countries, antibiotics are used to treat bacterial infections and are also used in farming, making antibiotic resistance a growi ...
Views: 10 wikipedia tts
Views: 262 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services