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Opportunistic Infections in HIV ✅ HIV AIDS
 
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Opportunistic Infections in HIV ✅ HIV AIDS » Help me 10.000 Subscribe, thanks, please: https://goo.gl/KZQvss Protect your health According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 1.2 million Americans were living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) at the end of 2012. Advances in antiretroviral treatment (ART) has made it possible for people with HIV to live a longer and healthier life. However incredible the advances in care, you still have an important role to play in safeguarding your health. You’ll want to work closely with your doctors and stay on top of your ART. There are also steps you can take to protect yourself from opportunistic infections (OIs). These are a special threat when you’re HIV-positive. How does HIV work? HIV is a virus that attacks CD4 cells. These are white blood cells that are also referred to as T cells. These helper cells are a part of your immune system that send a biological SOS signal to other immune cells. They send a message to go on the offensive against infections. When you’re infected with HIV, the virus merges with your CD4 cells. The virus then hijacks and uses the CD4 cells to multiply. As a result, you have fewer CD4 cells to fight infections. It’s why your doctor uses blood tests to identify how many CD4 cells are in your blood. This is one measure of the severity of your illness. INFECTIONS Opportunistic infections and diseases With HIV, your compromised immune system makes you vulnerable to a number of opportunistic infections, cancers, and other conditions. Certain diseases are common to people with HIV. The CDC calls them “AIDS-defining” conditions. If you have one of these diseases, your infection with HIV has advanced to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Some of the more common opportunistic diseases are listed below. It’s important to become knowledgeable about these health risks. In many instances there are steps you can take can take to protect yourself. Candidiasis Candidiasis encompasses a number of infections in different areas of your body caused by Candida, a genus of fungus. These infections include oral thrush and vaginitis. A fungal infection is considered AIDS-defining when found in the esophagus, bronchi, trachea, or lungs. Powerful and sometimes quite toxic antifungal drugs are used to treat candidiasis. The name of drugs varies by the location of infection. For instance, vaginitis caused by candidiasis is treated with drugs like: butoconazole clotrimazole miconazole If systemic infection is present, treatment may include drugs like: ketoconazole fluconazole itraconazole posaconazole Cryptococcal meningitis Cryptococcus is a common fungus found in soil and bird droppings. It also grows in areas surrounding trees, particularly eucalyptus trees. Normally inhaled, Cryptococcus can cause meningitis. This is an infection of the membranes around your brain and spinal cord. Very potent and frequently toxic antifungal drugs are used to initially treat cryptococcal meningitis. These drugs may include in combination: isoniazid rifampin rifabutin pyrazinamide This condition can be fatal if not treated promptly. Long-term suppressive therapy is often used with somewhat less toxic medications for people with HIV. Cryptosporidiosis A tiny parasite that lives in the intestines of humans and animals is responsible for cryptosporidiosis. Most people get the disease by drinking contaminated water or eating contaminated produce. Cryptosporidiosis is an unpleasant, diarrheal illness for healthy people. However, if you’re HIV-positive it can last longer and cause more severe symptoms. A medication called nitazoxanide is normally prescribed to treat the disease. ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ Thank you for watching! Wish you good health and happiness. Please like, share and subcribe to support us! Please Follow us: Subscribe: https://goo.gl/KZQvss Facebook: https://goo.gl/AN9oMu Google+:https://goo.gl/hcKhJw Twitter: https://twitter.com/DauBenh Gmail: [email protected]
Views: 244 Signs of disease
CD4 T cell responses in HIV infection - Hendrik Streeck - 2014
 
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IX Curso Avançado de Patogênese do HIV http://www.patogenesedohiv.com.br/ Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo 20-26 de Março de 2014
Opportunistic infections in HIV | Infectious Diseases | EduRx
 
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People living with HIV have a weakened immune system (shown by a low CD4 count) and are at risk of developing ‘opportunistic infections’ ……which is when infections take the opportunity of the immune system being weak. Common opportunistic infections associated with HIV include: Cryptococcal meningitis, Toxoplasmosis, Oesophageal candidiasis, and certain cancers, including Kaposi’s sarcoma. Opportunistic infections (OIs) continue to cause morbidity and mortality in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 infection throughout the world.
Views: 16 EduRx
Medical Video Lecture: CD4 cell and opportunistic infections
 
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Views: 447 allornonelaw
Most Common HIV Symptoms In Men: Early And Advanced Symptoms
 
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Most Common HIV Symptoms In Men: Early And Advanced Symptoms » Help me 10.000 Subscribe, thanks, please: https://goo.gl/KZQvss Human immunity is very complex system. It comprises of many facets to deal with the invading organisms. Nowadays the immune system is getting more and more attention with the emergence of newly identified disease called acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). It is now clearly established that AIDS is a consequence of infection caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This virus belongs to the family of retrovirus. Once HIV virus enters into the body, it directly attacks the immune system, specially the CD4 cells. HIV infection leads to various problems in the body including severe drop in the CD4 lymphocytes count. The main function of CD4 is protection of the body from invading organisms. However, CD4 cells are unable to destroy HIV from the body. Patients with HIV will thus suffer from increased occurrence of infection which includes mainly the opportunistic infection. Men and women both can be affected with the infection. HIV infection can occur in anyone, but the highest incidence is among the age group of 30 to 44 years. In men ignorance coupled with sexual promiscuity, homosexuality, drug abuse are the leading causes. HIV infection was once considered a disease having no specific management strategy. But with gradual advancement in the knowledge of infection and invention of newer drugs, the condition can be very well managed, especially if the symptoms are detected early. Early Symptoms of HIV In Men The symptoms of HIV can vary from one person to another. Normally the symptoms in men are not different from those in women, aside from changes in menstruation and vaginal symptoms. The early symptoms of HIV positive patients are acute in nature and they appear similar to flu like symptoms. This is followed by a period of silence, meaning the patient become asymptomatic till the disease has advanced exhibiting serious symptoms. Acute stage symptoms: These symptoms occur due to seroconversion illness. It is a point where in the blood is converted from HIV negative to HIV positive. The symptoms result as antibodies are generated. Following are the symptoms: Mild to moderate fever Severe fatigue Chills Headache Muscle ache Diarrhea Pain in joints Unexplained loss of weight. Mouth ulcers or ulcers in genital area or penis. Mouth ulcer or throat ulcer can cause difficulty while swallowing. Night time heavy sweating. Swelling of lymph nodes. Rash over the skin. Asymptomatic HIV Phase This the period that occurs once the episode of acute illness disappears. During this period the patient is symptom-less. He lives without manifesting any symptoms of HIV for months and even years. It is a period where the virus starts replicating in the body, ultimately weakening the immune system. Men suffering from HIV during this period will not look sick. However, the virus is still causing the damage. Person is infective during the asymptomatic period. He can transmit the infection to another person. It is for this reason even though a person is asymptomatic, if there is a suspicion of HIV infection, he must undergo blood test to rule out HIV. Advanced Stage HIV Symptoms In Men After months or even years the virus eventually breaks down the immune system. Once the immune system becomes weak, all opportunistic infection make an entry into the body. Usually a normal man’s body can fight off these infections, but for a patient suffering from HIV infection it can prove fatal. Recurrent fungal infection which does not heal even after taking anti fungal treatment. Recurrent boils and abscesses in the body. It may heal for a while with treatment, but patient may complain of them appearing again. Frequent cold and flu like symptoms. Severe weight loss without any reason. Confusion and memory loss. Patients with HIV are highly prone to develop tuberculosis on exposure to the tuberculosis germs. Fungal infection such as cryptococcal meningitis is seen in advanced level of the infection. Patient may also suffer from recurrent episodes of pneumonia. Diarrhea is a common problem in men suffering from HIV and AIDS. ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ Thank you for watching! Wish you good health and happiness. Please like, share and subcribe to support us! Please Follow us: Subscribe: https://goo.gl/KZQvss Facebook: https://goo.gl/AN9oMu Google+:https://goo.gl/hcKhJw Twitter: https://twitter.com/DauBenh Gmail: [email protected]
Views: 1275 Signs of disease
HIV-infected patients with CNS lesions
 
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Views: 275 Southeast AETC
The Face of HIVAIDS Then and Now
 
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HIV Equal Online Senior Editor, Tyler Curry, created a short film about the difference between the HIV of today versus the AIDS of yesterday. This is dedicated to the long-term survivors and the ones we lost in the fight. More than three decades have passed since AIDS first captured global attention and put a name to the epidemic that terrified communities. In the past 35 years, much has changed, much has not, and more than 35 million people globally have died from HIV-related causes. The epidemic began being recognized in June 1981 when the first report of five young gay men succumbing to a rare lung infection was published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Within days, reports of similar infections among gay men and clusters of a rare cancer, Kaposi's sarcoma, in New York and California, were reported to the CDC, and that precipitated the establishment of the CDC Task Force on Kaposi’s Sarcoma and Opportunistic Infections. As more gay men succumbed to the mysterious disease, the ailment was dubbed a “gay cancer” by the end of the month and, within six months, 121 men out of 270 reported cases had died. The disease wasn’t officially named until the following year when AIDS, or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, was used for the first time on Sept. 24, 1982, by the CDC. Beyond ravaging the body, an AIDS diagnosis in the 1980s was a prognosis for death. For many people, it also meant rejection from and abandonment by their communities and families. No one knew what was causing AIDS. No one knew how it was transmitted. Task forces set out to determine risk factors, specialized treatment clinics opened, congressional hearings were held, legislation for research was drafted. And people continued to die. By December 1982, 22 cases of opportunistic infections in infants were reported, and fear flooded communities across the globe. So much was unknown about HIV/AIDs that fear set in around the world, and those diagnosed with AIDS were ostracized from communities. Lambert recalls nurses and even doctors refusing to see AIDS patients; families disowned their loved ones. Renee Lambert, a client care advocate at HopeHealth who has been at the core of caring for HIV-positive patients since the 1990s, compares patient treatment in the 1980s to today’s hospice care. “Everybody died back then," she said. "It’s rare that we had people survive and make it to today.” Dr. Rishka Motiani, an infectious diseases and primary care doctor at HopeHealth, explained that three decades ago, patients were suffering from opportunistic infections, such as tuberculosis and cryptococcal meningitis and cancers such as lymphomas and Kaposi’s sarcoma, because they were not being diagnosed until they had AIDS – the third stage of what now is known as HIV infection. Discovered as the cause of AIDS in May 1983, HIV, or human immunodeficiency virus, weakens the body’s defenses against infections and some cancers by targeting the immune system. The virus destroys immune cells, known as CD4 T lymphocytes or CD4 cells. A count of these cells in a milliliter of blood indicates HIV infection. A normal count in a healthy, uninfected individual ranges from 500 to 1,600; a count below 500 indicates one of three stages of HIV infection. The final stage, with counts at less than 200 cells, means the HIV infection has progressed to AIDS. At this point, the virus has so weakened the body that opportunistic infections and cancers can rapidly take hold.
Views: 2678 Lets be Healthy
Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) in AIDS | NCLEX-RN | Khan Academy
 
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Visit us (http://www.khanacademy.org/science/healthcare-and-medicine) for health and medicine content or (http://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/mcat) for MCAT related content. These videos do not provide medical advice and are for informational purposes only. The videos are not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of a qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read or seen in any Khan Academy video. Created by Vishal Punwani. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/nclex-rn/rn-infectious-diseases/rn-hiv-and-aids/v/preventing-an-hiv-infection?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=Nclex-rn Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/nclex-rn/rn-infectious-diseases/rn-hiv-and-aids/v/defining-aids-and-aids-defining-illnesses-bumper?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=Nclex-rn NCLEX-RN on Khan Academy: A collection of questions from content covered on the NCLEX-RN. These questions are available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License (available at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/us/). About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s NCLEX-RN channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCDx5cTeADCvKWgF9x_Qjz3g?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 22909 khanacademymedicine
Overview of OI Prevention and Treatment
 
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Speaker(s): Jose Montero, MD, FACP Florida/Caribbean AETC Associate Professor, University of South Florida Morsani College of Medicine Target Audience: Physicians, physician assistants, nurses, and nurse practitioners Description: Upon completion of this program, participants will be able to: - Define the difference between primary and secondary prophylaxis of opportunistic infections (OIs) in HIV-infected individuals - Identify the CD4 count for which antimicrobial prophylaxis would be needed to prevent Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia, Toxoplasma gondii infection, and mycobacterium avium complex infection - Outline key clinical syndromes and diagnostic tests available for selected OIs including Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia, cerebral toxoplasmosis, mycobacterium avium complex infection, and cryptococcal meningitis - Recall the primary recommended treatment for OIs such as Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia, cerebral toxoplasmosis, mycobacterium avium complex infection, and cryptococcal meningitis - Outline general principles in vaccination of HIV-infected patients, including issues regarding live vaccines
Views: 248 FCAETC
โรคเอดส์ hiv กับสมุนไพรบำบัด
 
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เชื้อ Human Immunodeficiency Virus(hiv) เป็นเชื้อไวรัสที่ทำให้เกิดโรคเอดส์เมื่อเชื้อเข้าสู่ร่างกายเชื้อจะแบ่งตัวอย่างมากและมีการเกิดโรคที่อวัยวะต่างๆ เช่นสมอง หัวใจ ไตและที่สำคัญคือจะทำลายระบบภูมิคุ้มกันของร่างกาย ระบบภูมิคุ้มกันนี้จะทำหน้าที่สร้างถูมิเพื่อต่อต้านการติดเชื้อและมะเร็งบางชนิด ในการสร้างภูมิจะต้องอาศัยเซลล์หลายชนิดที่สำคัญได้แก่เซลล์ CD4+ lymphocytes ซึ่งเป็นเซลล์ที่เชื้อHIV ชอบ เมื่อเซลล์ CD4+ lymphocytes ถูกทำลายโดยเชื้อมากจะทำให้ภูมิของร่างกายอ่อนแอ ดังนั้นปัญหาที่สำคัญของคนติดเชื้อ HIV คือปัญหาของโรคที่เกิดจาดภูมิที่อ่อนแอลงเช่นโรคติดเชื้อฉวยโอกาส opportunistic infections เช่นโรคปอดบวมและโรคเยื่อหุ้มสมองอักเสบ และมะเร็งบางชนิด ปัจจุบันพบเชื้อ HIV มี2 ชนิดคือ HIV-1 เป็นชนิดที่แพร่ระบาดทั่วโลก HIV-2 พบที่แถบประเทศ Africa HIV-1มี sub-types หลายชนิด HIV disease คือผู้ป่วยที่ได้รับเชื้อHIV และยังไม่เกิดอาการจากเชื้อฉวยโอกาสและมีจำนวนเซลล์ CD4+ lymphocytes มากกว่า 200 cells/mm3(ปกติมากกว่า 100 cell/mm)โดยทั่วไปไม่มีอาการเป็นเวลา 5-10 ปีแม้ว่าจะไม่มีอาการเชื้อก็แบ่งตัวและทำลายระบบภูมิคุ้มกันของร่างกาย และเมื่อภูมิถูกทำลายมากจนกระทั่งเกิดโรคที่เกิดจากภูมิบกพร่อง Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome หรือโรคเอดส์ คือผู้ป่วยที่ได้รับเชื้อ HIVและโรคได้ลุกลามจนภูมิคุ้นกันบกพร่อง และอาจจะทำให้เกิดโรคฉวยโอกาสและมะเร็ง ตามองค์การควบคุมโรคติดเชื้อของอเมริกาหมายถึง โรคติดเชื้อบางชนิดเช่น Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP), and cryptococcal meningitis มะเร็งบางชนิดเช่น cervical cancer, Kaposi's sarcoma, และมะเร็งต่อมน้ำเหลืองที่ระบบประสาท( central nervous system lymphoma ) CD4+ count น้อยกว่า 200 cells/mm3(ค่าปกติ 600-1000) หรือ 14 percent of lymphocytes ศูนย์ภูมิสมดุล สมุนไพรบำบัดโรค โทร. 061-658-6412 สั่งซื่อผลิตภัณฑ์ได้ ศูนย์ภูมิสมดุล LIND ID @gxd3500s กรุณใส่ "@" ด้วย https://line.me/R/ti/p/ %40gxd3500s
Views: 49 Wuttipong A
What is HIV and AIDS? | Infectious diseases | NCLEX-RN | Khan Academy
 
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Visit us (http://www.khanacademy.org/science/healthcare-and-medicine) for health and medicine content or (http://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/mcat) for MCAT related content. These videos do not provide medical advice and are for informational purposes only. The videos are not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of a qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read or seen in any Khan Academy video. Created by Vishal Punwani. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/nclex-rn/rn-infectious-diseases/rn-hiv-and-aids/v/transmission-of-hiv?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=Nclex-rn Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/nclex-rn/rn-infectious-diseases/rn-polio/v/polio-vaccinations?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=Nclex-rn NCLEX-RN on Khan Academy: A collection of questions from content covered on the NCLEX-RN. These questions are available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License (available at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/us/). About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s NCLEX-RN channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCDx5cTeADCvKWgF9x_Qjz3g?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 210481 khanacademymedicine
Defining AIDS and AIDS defining illnesses | Infectious diseases | NCLEX-RN | Khan Academy
 
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Visit us (http://www.khanacademy.org/science/healthcare-and-medicine) for health and medicine content or (http://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/mcat) for MCAT related content. These videos do not provide medical advice and are for informational purposes only. The videos are not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of a qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read or seen in any Khan Academy video. Created by Vishal Punwani. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/nclex-rn/rn-infectious-diseases/rn-hiv-and-aids/v/immune-reconstitution-inflammatory-syndrome-iris-in-aids?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=Nclex-rn Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/nclex-rn/rn-infectious-diseases/rn-hiv-and-aids/v/haart-treatment-for-hiv-who-what-why-when-and-how?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=Nclex-rn NCLEX-RN on Khan Academy: A collection of questions from content covered on the NCLEX-RN. These questions are available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License (available at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/us/). About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s NCLEX-RN channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCDx5cTeADCvKWgF9x_Qjz3g?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 23380 khanacademymedicine
Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome
 
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Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome is a condition seen in some cases of AIDS or immunosuppression, in which the immune system begins to recover, but then responds to a previously acquired opportunistic infection with an overwhelming inflammatory response that paradoxically makes the symptoms of infection worse. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 832 Audiopedia
AIDS Infections and Malignancies | NCLEX Review 2018-2019
 
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*Subscribe for more great NCLEX videos: https://www.goo.gl/8mBXbY Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is an acquired infection that causes severe immune dysfunction. HIV infection causes the person to be unusually susceptible to other life-threatening infections and malignancies. HIV is caused by a retrovirus that in its most serious form, results in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Click here: https://www.mometrix.com/academy/nclex-exam/drug-suffixes/ ► Visit: http://www.mometrix.com/academy ► Subscribe to more free test preparation videos: http://bit.ly/1dJH1yb ► Follow Mometrix Academy on Pinterest: http://bit.ly/1hZE2Jj ► Learn more About Us: http://bit.ly/1ewIADC
Views: 4497 NCLEX Study Guide
23. AIDS (II)
 
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Epidemics in Western Society Since 1600 (HIST 234) Dr. Margaret Craven discusses HIV/AIDS from the perspective of a front-line clinician. AIDS is unprecedented in both the speed with which it spread across the globe and in the mobilization of efforts to control it. It is a disease of modernity. Along with the relative ease and velocity of modern transportation methods, other background conditions include Western medicine, with hypodermic needles and bloodbanking, intravenous drug use, and the development and concentration of gay culture. In the U.S., early public health attempts at understanding and combating the virus were hindered by right-wing domestic political and religious forces. Successful containment of epidemics cannot be achieved under the spell of hypocrisy and politicization; rather, medicine and education must be evidence-based and practical. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Dr. Margaret Craven Discusses AIDS 07:42 - Chapter 2. Beginnings of the Epidemic: Globalization 12:53 - Chapter 3. Modern Invasive Medical Technology 14:54 - Chapter 4. Homosexuality 20:36 - Chapter 5. Uncovering the Medical Basis 28:51 - Chapter 6. Treatment 33:26 - Chapter 7. Public Health Challenges 44:10 - Chapter 8. Future Directions Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Spring 2010.
Views: 14118 YaleCourses
Fungal Infections and Antifungal Treatments Ringworm Candida Aspergillus Histoplasmosis
 
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SKIP AHEAD: 0:32 – Intro to Fungi 2:17 – Systemic vs. Opportunistic Mycoses 4:52 – Coccidioidomycosis 5:41 – Histoplasmosis 6:23 – Blastomycosis 6:54 – Geographic Map of Systemic Fungi 7:26 – Cryptococcus 8:17 - Aspergillus 9:30 – PCP and Pneumocystis 10:06 - Zygomycosis (Mucormycosis & Rhizopus) 11:06 – Tineae (Athletes Foot, Ring worm, Tinea Versicolor …) 12:50 – Candida 14:07 – Sporothrix 14:29 – Azoles (Diflucan, Flucanazole, ketoconazole…) 15:20 – Amphotericin B & Nystatin 15:58 - Capsofungin & Micanofungin For the text and pictures in this video please go to my website http://www.stomponstep1.com/fungal-infections-antifungal-treatments-ringworm-candida-aspergillus-histoplasmosis/ Pictures Used: “Coccidioidomycosis_Spherule” by CDC available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Coccidioidomycosis_Spherule.jpg via Public Domain ” Histoplasmosis Capsulatum” by CDC available at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Histoplasmosis#/media/File:Histoplasmosis_capsulatum.jpg via Public Domain “Blastomyces dermatitidis” by CDC available at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blastomycosis#/media/File:Blastomyces_dermatitidis_GMS.jpeg via Public Domain Derivative of “Blastomycosis cropped” by Joel Mills available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Blastomycosis_cropped.JPG via Creative Commons 3.0 Attribution-Share Alike Derivative of “Cryptococcus neoformans using a light India ink staining” by CDC available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cryptococcus_neoformans_using_a_light_India_ink_staining_preparation_PHIL_3771_lores.jpg via Public Domain Derivative of “Cryptoccocus Gram Film” by Graham Beards available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cryptococcus_Gram_film.jpg via Creative Commons 3.0 Attribution Share Alike Derivative of “Aspergilloma complicating tuberculosis 2” by Yale Rosen available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Aspergilloma_complicating_tuberculosis_2.jpg via Creative Commons 2.0 Attribution-Share Alike “Aspergillosis, angioinvasive, intravascular” by Yale Rosen available at https://www.flickr.com/photos/pulmonary_pathology/5390967599 via Creative Commons 2.0 Attribution-Share Alike Derivative of “Zygomycosis/mucormycosis” by Yale Rosen available at https://www.flickr.com/photos/pulmonary_pathology/5390897069 via Creative Commons 2.0 Atribution Share Alike Derivative of “Zygomycosis, Mucormycosis 1” by Yale Rosen available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Zygomycosis,_mucormycosis_1.jpg via Creative Commons 2.0 Attribution-Share Alike Derivative of “Zygomycosis” by Nephron available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Zygomycosis.jpg via Creative Commons 3.0 Attribution-Share Alike “Ringworm on the arm, or tinea corporis due to Trichophyton mentagrophytes” by CDC available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ringworm_on_the_arm,_or_tinea_corporis_due_to_Trichophyton_mentagrophytes_PHIL_2938_lores.jpg via Public Domain “Teigne - Tinea capitis” by Grook Da Oger available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Teigne_-_Tinea_capitis.jpg via Creative Commons 4.0 International Attribution Share Alike License “Onychomycosis due to Trychophyton rubrum, right and left great toe” by CDC available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Onychomycosis_due_to_Trychophyton_rubrum,_right_and_left_great_toe_PHIL_579_lores.jpg via Public Domain “Tinea versicolor1” by Sarahrosenau available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tinea_versicolor1.jpg via Creative Commons 2.0 Attribution-Share Alike “Candida albicans” by Y Tambe available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Candida_albicans.jpg via Creative Commons 3.0 Unported Attribution-Share Alike License “Human tongue infected with oral candidiasis” by James Heilman available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Human_tongue_infected_with_oral_candidiasis.jpg via Creative Commons 3.0 Unported Attribution-Share Alike
Views: 14327 Stomp On Step 1
When to Use HIV code and AIDS code? | Medical Coding Training
 
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When to Use HIV code and AIDS code? | CCO Medical Coding Training http://www.cco.us/product-category/ceu-credits/ Q: “What is the difference between AIDS and HIV? How do I know when to use the AIDS code (B20) instead of the HIV code (Z21)? What role, if any, do ‘Opportunistic Infections’ play?” A: This is actually a common question that I have seen not only in my students, but I’ve seen all over social media. The further we get into coding for risk adjustment, coding for inpatient environment, and just coding for good quality, the more we’re going to find, we as coders have to better understand clinical conditions and we can’t accept the providers to document explicitly in coder lingo. They don’t document in coder lingo, they document in physician verbiage. And, we need to quit expecting them to say clearly, “Oh, this patient has symptomatic HIV versus asymptomatic HIV” which is the difference in how the codes are worded. Let’s take a minute and talk about the difference between the two conditions from a clinical perspective and then we’ll talk about the codes. HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency virus. It is just that, it is a virus; however it is a virus that once a patient contracts it they’re going to have it for the rest of their lives. It’s not currently one that we have a cure for anywhere in the world. This virus attacks the body’s immune system – specifically it attacks the CD4 or T cells, and those are the cells that fight off infections. If we’ve got the body attacking their own immune system, it’s going to progressively get worse, there’s going to be more of these HIV virus cells develop in the patient’s body and it’s going to attack more and more of the immune system and they’re going to get weaker and weaker from a defense perspective, and they’re going to get sick a lot easier. READ MORE HERE: http://www.cco.us/when-to-use-hiv-code-and-aids-code/ https://youtu.be/cjDfZaAyJbU ---------------------------------------- CLICK HERE: http://www.cco.us/product-category/ceu-credits/ ---------------------------------------- More Information about hiv code: HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (HIV) INFECTIONS - eICD.com http://www.eicd.com/guidelines/hiv.htm [PDF]HIV/AIDS Care: The Diagnosis Code - The AIDS Institute http://www.theaidsinstitute.org/.../HIV-AIDS%20Care%20-... The AIDS Institute Explain the importance of proper code sequencing. • Identify the various ICD-9-CM codes for symptomatic HIV/AIDS, asymptomatic HIV,. HIV 2 and inconclusive ... 2014 ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Code 042 : Human immunodeficiency virus ... http://www.icd9data.com/2014/Volume1/001.../042.htm ICD‑9 Data.com 2014 ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Code 042 : Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease. HIV Codes and Guidelines - When Do You Use V Code vs. O Code http://www.cco.us/hiv-codes-and-guidelines-hiv-codes-vcode-vs-0-code-video/ On the HIV codes, when do you use the V code versus the O code? Would you code the patient as being active if they have a history of it?... ---------------------------------------- CLICK HERE: http://www.cco.us/product-category/ceu-credits/ ---------------------------------------- People who watched this video: https://youtu.be/cjDfZaAyJbU Also searched online for: Searches related to hiv code vs aids code: hiv code blue hiv code icd 10 icd 9 042 hiv medical code hiv cpt code hiv diagnosis code code for hiv infection code for hiv positive ------------------------------------------------ CONNECT WITH US: http://www.facebook.com/cco.us http://www.youtube.com/medicalcodingcert http://www.youtube.com/codingcertification https://www.pinterest.com/codingcertorg https://plus.google.com/+CodingcertificationOrg https://www.linkedin.com/company/codingcertification-org ---------------------------------------- Don't forget to check out our YouTube Channel: http://www.youtube.com/medicalcodingcert -------------------------------------------- #hivcodeblue #hivcodeicd10 #icd9042 #hivmedicalcode #hivcptcode #hivdiagnosiscode #codeforhivinfection #codeforhivpositive #aidscode #opportunisticinfections -------------------------------------------- VISIT OUR SITE: http://www.cco.us
Views: 1754 MedicalCodingCert
Overview of HIV/AIDS
 
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Dr. Joanne Orrick
Views: 42 Linda James
Ambassador Eric Goosby on 30 Years of AIDS
 
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Dr. Eric Goosby, U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator, gives his perspective on 30 years of HIV/AIDS in the U.S. For more like this visit the AIDS.gov blog at http://1.usa.gov/1otEtwk.
Views: 836 HIV gov
Medical humanitarian expedition to Zambia, 2010
 
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Humanitarno - medicinska odprava Zambija, 2010 Members of the expedition: Spela Bricl Gasper Grobelsek Sonja Smid Tadeja Tursic Lea Knez Filmed by the members of the expedition, frequently assisted by the locals. All filming was done with permission of the subjects. OUR THANKS ALSO GO TO Our donators, the Tropical Medicine Division, which gave us the opportunity to discover a new world that is black, yet brighter than the sun, the personnel of Nangoma Mission Hospital, who shared our joy and sorrow for three months, to Father Grošelj, who shared his cynical optimism with us for the last three months, to Patrick, Fred, Mojzes and Dexter, whose singing brightened up our days, to Sport Beattie, who revealed us the wild side of Zambia, to our families and partners, because their support often bridged rivers. Many thanks to Mrs Mojca Goršič Frank for her exceptional help and support of the project. Thanks to all who donated by purchasing our T-shirts, or contributed money or material on 10 and 11 April at Citypark and on 15 May at Europark. Special thanks to our friend Gabrichompund Simwinga, who revealed a different Zambia to us, and who made our steps in the new world easier. English subtitles: Mateja Dudek Help is a universal language. Video created by: Gasper Grobelsek
Views: 1135 Gasper Grobelsek
B cell dysfunction in HIV infection - Adrian McDermott - 2014
 
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IX Curso Avançado de Patogênese do HIV http://www.patogenesedohiv.com.br/ Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo 20-26 de Março de 2014
HIV KHUN C TEL/LINE +6692-432-8907
 
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What is HIV? HIV is a virus that damages the immune system. The immune system helps the body fight off infections. Untreated HIV infects and kills CD4 cells, which are a type of immune cell called T cells. Over time, as HIV kills more CD4 cells, the body is more likely to get various types of infections and cancers. HIV is transmitted through bodily fluids that include: blood semen vaginal and rectal fluids breast milk The virus doesn’t spread in air or water, or through casual contact. HIV is a lifelong condition and currently there is no cure, although many scientists are working to find one. However, with medical care, including treatment called antiretroviral therapy, it’s possible to manage HIV and live with the virus for many years. Without treatment, a person with HIV is likely to develop a serious condition called AIDS. At that point, the immune system is too weak to fight off other diseases and infections. Untreated, life expectancy with AIDS is about three years. With antiretroviral therapy, HIV can be well-controlled and life expectancy can be nearly the same as someone who has not contracted HIV. It’s estimated that 1.1 million Americans are currently living with HIV. Of those people, 1 in 5 don’t know they have the virus. HIV can cause changes throughout the body. Learn about the effects of HIV on the different systems in the body. What is AIDS? AIDS is a disease that can develop in people with HIV. It’s the most advanced stage of HIV. But just because a person has HIV doesn’t mean they’ll develop AIDS. HIV kills CD4 cells. Healthy adults generally have a CD4 count of 500 to 1,500 per cubic millimeter. A person with HIV whose CD4 count falls below 200 per cubic millimeter will be diagnosed with AIDS. A person can also be diagnosed with AIDS if they have HIV and develop an opportunistic infection or cancer that’s rare in people who don’t have HIV. An opportunistic infection, such as pneumonia, is one that takes advantage of a unique situation, such as HIV. Untreated, HIV can progress to AIDS within a decade. There’s no cure for AIDS, and without treatment, life expectancy after diagnosis is about three years. This may be shorter if the person develops a severe opportunistic illness. However, treatment with antiretroviral drugs can prevent AIDS from developing. If AIDS does develop, it means that the immune system is severely compromised. It’s weakened to the point where it can no longer fight off most diseases and infections. That makes the person vulnerable to a wide range of illnesses, including: pneumonia tuberculosis oral thrush, a fungal infection in the mouth or throat cytomegalovirus (CMV), a type of herpes virus cryptococcal meningitis, a fungal infection in the brain toxoplasmosis, a brain infection caused by a parasite cryptosporidiosis, an infection caused by an intestinal parasite cancer, including Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS) and lymphoma The shortened life expectancy linked with untreated AIDS isn’t a direct result of the syndrome itself. Rather, it’s a result of the diseases and complications that arise from having an immune system weakened by AIDS. Learn more about possible complications that can arise from HIV and AIDS. HIV and AIDS: What’s the connection? To develop AIDS, a person has to have contracted HIV. But having HIV doesn’t necessarily mean that someone will develop AIDS. Cases of HIV progress through three stages: stage 1: acute stage, the first few weeks after transmission stage 2: clinical latency, or chronic stage stage 3: AIDS As HIV lowers the CD4 cell count, the immune system weakens. A typical adult’s CD4 count is 500 to 1,500 per cubic millimeter. A person with a count below 200 is considered to have AIDS. How quickly a case of HIV progresses through the chronic stage varies significantly from person to person. Without treatment, it can last up to a decade before advancing to AIDS. With treatment, it can last indefinitely. There is no cure for HIV, but it can be controlled. People with HIV often have a near-normal lifespan with early treatment with antiretroviral therapy. Along those same lines, there’s technically no cure for AIDS. However, treatment can increase a person’s CD4 count to the point where they’re considered to no longer have AIDS. (This point is a count of 200 or higher.) Also, treatment can typically help manage opportunistic infections. HIV and AIDS are related, but they’re not the same thing. Learn more about the difference between HIV and AIDS. CONTACT US TEL/LINE 092-432-8907
Hiv ติดเชื้อ ดีขึ้นได้อย่างไร
 
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อดส์หรือโรคเอดส์เป็นโรคที่เกิดจากเชื้อไวรัส ไปทำลายระบบภูมิคุ้มกันของร่างกายทำให้ร่างกายเสี่ยงต่อการติดเชื้อฉวยโอกาส ประเทศไทยมีการติดเชื้อ HIVเป็นจำนวนมากแม้ว่าเวลาผ่านไปนานพอสมควร ก็ยังพบผู้ป่วยที่ติดเชื้อเพิ่มขึ้นอยู่ตลอดเวลา เป็นการสมควรที่ทุกคนจะเรียนรู้ถึงโรคและการป้องกัน หากท่านมีผลเลือดบวกแสดงว่าท่านได้รับเชื้อ HIV จากการร่วมเพศกับผู้ที่ติดเชื้อโดยที่ไม่ได้ป้องกัน หรืออาจจะเกิดจากการฉีดยาเสพติด HIV และ AIDS ต่างกันอย่างไร เชื้อ Human Immunodeficiency Virus(hiv) เป็นเชื้อไวรัสที่ทำให้เกิดโรคเอดส์เมื่อเชื้อเข้าสู่ร่างกายเชื้อจะแบ่งตัวอย่างมากและมีการเกิดโรคที่อวัยวะต่างๆ เช่นสมอง หัวใจ ไตและที่สำคัญคือจะทำลายระบบภูมิคุ้มกันของร่างกาย ระบบภูมิคุ้มกันนี้จะทำหน้าที่สร้างถูมิเพื่อต่อต้านการติดเชื้อและมะเร็งบางชนิด ในการสร้างภูมิจะต้องอาศัยเซลล์หลายชนิดที่สำคัญได้แก่เซลล์ CD4+ lymphocytes ซึ่งเป็นเซลล์ที่เชื้อHIV ชอบ เมื่อเซลล์ CD4+ lymphocytes ถูกทำลายโดยเชื้อมากจะทำให้ภูมิของร่างกายอ่อนแอ ดังนั้นปัญหาที่สำคัญของคนติดเชื้อ HIV คือปัญหาของโรคที่เกิดจาดภูมิที่อ่อนแอลงเช่นโรคติดเชื้อฉวยโอกาส opportunistic infections เช่นโรคปอดบวมและโรคเยื่อหุ้มสมองอักเสบ และมะเร็งบางชนิด ปัจจุบันพบเชื้อ HIV มี2 ชนิดคือ HIV-1 เป็นชนิดที่แพร่ระบาดทั่วโลก HIV-2 พบที่แถบประเทศ Africa HIV-1มี sub-types หลายชนิด HIV disease คือผู้ป่วยที่ได้รับเชื้อHIV และยังไม่เกิดอาการจากเชื้อฉวยโอกาสและมีจำนวนเซลล์ CD4+ lymphocytes มากกว่า 200 cells/mm3(ปกติมากกว่า 100 cell/mm)โดยทั่วไปไม่มีอาการเป็นเวลา 5-10 ปีแม้ว่าจะไม่มีอาการเชื้อก็แบ่งตัวและทำลายระบบภูมิคุ้มกันของร่างกาย และเมื่อภูมิถูกทำลายมากจนกระทั่งเกิดโรคที่เกิดจากภูมิบกพร่อง Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome หรือโรคเอดส์ คือผู้ป่วยที่ได้รับเชื้อ HIVและโรคได้ลุกลามจนภูมิคุ้นกันบกพร่อง และอาจจะทำให้เกิดโรคฉวยโอกาสและมะเร็ง ตามองค์การควบคุมโรคติดเชื้อของอเมริกาหมายถึง โรคติดเชื้อบางชนิดเช่น Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP), and cryptococcal meningitis มะเร็งบางชนิดเช่น cervical cancer, Kaposi's sarcoma, และมะเร็งต่อมน้ำเหลืองที่ระบบประสาท( central nervous system lymphoma ) CD4+ count น้อยกว่า 200 cells/mm3(ค่าปกติ 600-1000) หรือ 14 percent of lymphocytes AIDS ทำลายร่างกายอย่างไร ทำลายระบบภูมิคุ้มกันของร่างกายทำให้มีปัจจัยเสี่ยงต่อการติดเชื้อฉวยโอกาสและมะเร็ง สมองถูกทำลายทำให้สมองเสื่อมและความจำเสื่อม ทำให้หัวใจวายมีอาการเหนื่อยง่าย บวมเท้าและท้อง ทำให้ไตวาย ไม่สามารถทำงานประจำวันได้เช่น การขับรถ มีการเปลี่ยนแปลงทางน้ำหนักและท้องร่วงเรื้อรัง อาการของโรคติดเชื้อ HIV อาการของการติดเชื้อ HIV จะมีความหลากหลายขึ้นกับระยะของโรค เนื่องจากเชื้อ HIV เป็นไวรัสชนิดหนึ่งอาการของการติดเชื้อ HIV จะเหมือนอาการของไข้หวัดคือ มีไข้ ปวดศีรษะ มีผื่น อ่อนเพลีย เราไม่สามารถวินิจฉัยได้จากอาการ แม้ว่าผู้ได้รับเชื้อ HIV จะไม่มีอาการแต่เขาสามารถแพร่เชื้อสู่ผู้อื่นได้ ฉนั้นผู้ที่มีพฤติกรรมเสี่ยงควรได้รับการเจาะเลือด ในช่วงแรกของการติดเชื้อ HIV คุณอาจจะมีอาการดังต่อไปนี้ ต่อมน้ำเหลืองโต ตับม้ามโต มักจะเป็นอาการอันแรกของการติดเชื้อ ท้องร่วง บางคนอาจจะเรื้อรัง น้ำหนักลด. มีไข้ ไอและหายใจลำบาก เมื่อไม่ได้รับการรักษาเชื้อก็จะแบ่งตัวเรื่อยและทำลายระบบภูมิคุ้มกันและกลายเป็นโรคเอดส์ซึ่งจะมีอาการดังนี้ เหงื่ออกกลางคืน ไข้หนาวสั่น ไข้สูงเรื้อรัง ไอเรื้อรังและหายใจลำบาก ท้องร่วงเรื้อรัง ลิ้นเป็นฝ้าขาว ปวดศีรษะ ตามัวลงหรือเห็นเป็นเส้นลอยไปมา น้ำหนักลด การติดเชื้อฉวยโอกาส เป็นโรคติดเชื้อทางเดินหายใจบ่อย หากเป็นผู้หญิงก็มีอาการตกขาวบ่อย เพลียและเหนื่อยง่าย บางคนมีผื่นตามตัว
Open for Questions: 30 Years of AIDS
 
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Surgeon General Dr. Regina Benjamin, Director of the White House Office of National AIDS Policy Jeffrey Crowley and Director of the Division of AIDS at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH, Dr. Carl Dieffenbach host a special live discussion on the 30th anniversary of the AIDS epidemic. June 1, 2011
Views: 2676 The Obama White House
How to Survive a Plague
 
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David France discusses his telling of the history of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the U.S., a riveting, powerful telling of the story of the grassroots movement of activists, many of them in a life-or-death struggle, who seized upon scientific research to help develop the drugs that turned HIV from a mostly fatal infection to a manageable disease. Ignored by public officials, religious leaders, and the nation at large, and confronted with shame and hatred, this small group of men and women chose to fight for their right to live by educating themselves and demanding to become full partners in the race for effective treatments. Around the globe, 16 million people are alive today thanks to their efforts. Speaker Biography: David France is author of "How to Survive a Plague" and creator of the 2012 Academy Award-nominated film of the same title. For transcript and more information, visit http://www.loc.gov/today/cyberlc/feature_wdesc.php?rec=8157
Views: 6368 LibraryOfCongress
Rupert Kaul Delivers an Overview of Comorbidities Associated with HIV
 
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Rupert Kaul of the University of Toronto reviews the other medical conditions associated with HIV that may cause treatment complications as part of the OHTN Back to Basic research conference in Toronto. For more information and resources, visit http://backtobasic.ohtn.on.ca/ For a descriptive transcript of this video, visit: http://www.ohtn.on.ca/rupert-kaul-gives-an-overview-of-comorbidities-related-to-hiv/
PNEUMONIA - WikiVidi Documentary
 
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Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung affecting primarily the small air sacs known as alveoli. Typically symptoms include some combination of productive or dry cough, chest pain, fever, and trouble breathing. Severity is variable. Pneumonia is usually caused by infection with viruses or bacteria and less commonly by other microorganisms, certain medications and conditions such as autoimmune diseases. Risk factors include other lung diseases such as cystic fibrosis, COPD, and asthma, diabetes, heart failure, a history of smoking, a poor ability to cough such as following a stroke, or a weak immune system. Diagnosis is often based on the symptoms and physical examination. Chest X-ray, blood tests, and culture of the sputum may help confirm the diagnosis. The disease may be classified by where it was acquired with community, hospital, or health care associated pneumonia. Vaccines to prevent certain types of pneumonia are available. Other methods of prevention include hand... http://www.wikividi.com ____________________________________ Shortcuts to chapters: 00:02:24: Signs and symptoms 00:04:40: Cause 00:06:03: Bacteria 00:07:47: Viruses 00:09:07: Fungi 00:09:56: Parasites 00:11:03: Noninfectious 00:11:32: Mechanisms 00:11:47: Viral 00:13:02: Bacterial 00:14:18: Diagnosis 00:16:24: Physical exam 00:17:18: Imaging 00:19:08: Microbiology 00:20:12: Classification 00:21:24: Community 00:21:47: Healthcare 00:23:07: Differential diagnosis 00:23:47: Prevention 00:24:16: Vaccination 00:25:28: Medications 00:25:56: Other 00:27:54: Management 00:29:32: Bacterial 00:31:34: Viral 00:32:50: Aspiration 00:33:34: Prognosis 00:34:42: Clinical prediction rules 00:34:59: Pleural effusion, empyema, and abscess 00:36:31: Respiratory and circulatory failure 00:37:27: Epidemiology 00:38:11: Children 00:39:16: History 00:43:06: Awareness 00:43:25: Costs ____________________________________ Copyright WikiVidi. Licensed under Creative Commons. Wikipedia link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pneumonia
Infeksi oportunistik Otak - DEMENTIA, TemanTeman.org YouTube Video HIV/AIDS di Indonesia
 
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https://www.facebook.com/TEMANTEMAN.ORG https://twitter.com/heytemanteman http://www.temanteman.org/ http://purplehaze.asia/ Infeksi Oportunistik HIV di Otak - Dementia, TemanTeman.org YouTube Video Indonesia INFEKSI OPORTUNISTIK OTAK DI RSCM. Brain opportunistic infections is the most frequent AIDS complication in Neurology Ward in RSCM. Brain opportunistic infections have high mortality rate. Related variables were: decrease level of consciousness, nuchal rigidity, meningeal enhancement, hypoalbuminemia, co morbidity, diagnosis other than toxoplasma encephalitis, history of using intravenous drugs, and employment.
Views: 1990 temantemanindonesia
Demystifying Medicine 2015 - Ebola: A Terrifying Challenge
 
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Demystifying Medicine 2015 - Ebola: A Terrifying Challenge Air date: Tuesday, January 27, 2015, 4:00:00 PM Category: Demystifying Medicine Runtime: 01:50:56 Description: The 2015 Demystifying Medicine Series, which is jointly sponsored by FAES and NIH, will begin January 6th and includes the presentation of patients, pathology, diagnosis and therapy in the context of major disease problems and current research. Primarily directed toward Ph.D. students, clinicians and program managers, the course is designed to help bridge the gap between advances in biology and their application to major human diseases. Each session includes clinical and basic science components presented by NIH staff and invitees. All students, fellows and staff are welcome, as well. For more information go to http://demystifyingmedicine.od.nih.gov Permanent link: http://videocast.nih.gov/launch.asp?18820
Views: 418 nihvcast

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