Home
Search results “Cryptococcus hiv cd4 levels”
Opportunistic infections in HIV | Infectious Diseases | EduRx
 
02:25
People living with HIV have a weakened immune system (shown by a low CD4 count) and are at risk of developing ‘opportunistic infections’ ……which is when infections take the opportunity of the immune system being weak. Common opportunistic infections associated with HIV include: Cryptococcal meningitis, Toxoplasmosis, Oesophageal candidiasis, and certain cancers, including Kaposi’s sarcoma. Opportunistic infections (OIs) continue to cause morbidity and mortality in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 infection throughout the world.
Views: 48 EduRx
Medical Video Lecture: CD4 cell and opportunistic infections
 
04:55
FREE FREE FREE !!! FIGURE1 medical app: Discover medical cases from every specialty their views and advice DOWNLOAD NOW  http://download.figure1.com/greenglobe Prepare for USMLE,UK,CANADIAN,AUSTRALIAN, NURSING & OTHER MEDICAL BOARD examinations around the globe with us.Understand the basics, concepts and how to answer wisely and score 99 in each step. we are here to help you. What are you waiting for subscribe now!!! SUBSCRIBE NOW: http://bit.ly/161OmbF For Business inquiries: [email protected] Join our USMLE step 1 prep Zone : https://www.facebook.com/groups/730000020375744 Join our USMLE CK STUDY GROUP: https://www.facebook.com/groups/320959178079398
Views: 464 allornonelaw
The Face of HIVAIDS Then and Now
 
02:38
HIV Equal Online Senior Editor, Tyler Curry, created a short film about the difference between the HIV of today versus the AIDS of yesterday. This is dedicated to the long-term survivors and the ones we lost in the fight. More than three decades have passed since AIDS first captured global attention and put a name to the epidemic that terrified communities. In the past 35 years, much has changed, much has not, and more than 35 million people globally have died from HIV-related causes. The epidemic began being recognized in June 1981 when the first report of five young gay men succumbing to a rare lung infection was published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Within days, reports of similar infections among gay men and clusters of a rare cancer, Kaposi's sarcoma, in New York and California, were reported to the CDC, and that precipitated the establishment of the CDC Task Force on Kaposi’s Sarcoma and Opportunistic Infections. As more gay men succumbed to the mysterious disease, the ailment was dubbed a “gay cancer” by the end of the month and, within six months, 121 men out of 270 reported cases had died. The disease wasn’t officially named until the following year when AIDS, or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, was used for the first time on Sept. 24, 1982, by the CDC. Beyond ravaging the body, an AIDS diagnosis in the 1980s was a prognosis for death. For many people, it also meant rejection from and abandonment by their communities and families. No one knew what was causing AIDS. No one knew how it was transmitted. Task forces set out to determine risk factors, specialized treatment clinics opened, congressional hearings were held, legislation for research was drafted. And people continued to die. By December 1982, 22 cases of opportunistic infections in infants were reported, and fear flooded communities across the globe. So much was unknown about HIV/AIDs that fear set in around the world, and those diagnosed with AIDS were ostracized from communities. Lambert recalls nurses and even doctors refusing to see AIDS patients; families disowned their loved ones. Renee Lambert, a client care advocate at HopeHealth who has been at the core of caring for HIV-positive patients since the 1990s, compares patient treatment in the 1980s to today’s hospice care. “Everybody died back then," she said. "It’s rare that we had people survive and make it to today.” Dr. Rishka Motiani, an infectious diseases and primary care doctor at HopeHealth, explained that three decades ago, patients were suffering from opportunistic infections, such as tuberculosis and cryptococcal meningitis and cancers such as lymphomas and Kaposi’s sarcoma, because they were not being diagnosed until they had AIDS – the third stage of what now is known as HIV infection. Discovered as the cause of AIDS in May 1983, HIV, or human immunodeficiency virus, weakens the body’s defenses against infections and some cancers by targeting the immune system. The virus destroys immune cells, known as CD4 T lymphocytes or CD4 cells. A count of these cells in a milliliter of blood indicates HIV infection. A normal count in a healthy, uninfected individual ranges from 500 to 1,600; a count below 500 indicates one of three stages of HIV infection. The final stage, with counts at less than 200 cells, means the HIV infection has progressed to AIDS. At this point, the virus has so weakened the body that opportunistic infections and cancers can rapidly take hold.
Views: 4852 Lets be Healthy
Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) in AIDS | NCLEX-RN | Khan Academy
 
07:31
Visit us (http://www.khanacademy.org/science/healthcare-and-medicine) for health and medicine content or (http://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/mcat) for MCAT related content. These videos do not provide medical advice and are for informational purposes only. The videos are not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of a qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read or seen in any Khan Academy video. Created by Vishal Punwani. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/nclex-rn/rn-infectious-diseases/rn-hiv-and-aids/v/preventing-an-hiv-infection?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=Nclex-rn Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/nclex-rn/rn-infectious-diseases/rn-hiv-and-aids/v/defining-aids-and-aids-defining-illnesses-bumper?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=Nclex-rn NCLEX-RN on Khan Academy: A collection of questions from content covered on the NCLEX-RN. These questions are available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License (available at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/us/). About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s NCLEX-RN channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCDx5cTeADCvKWgF9x_Qjz3g?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 24474 khanacademymedicine
AIDS Infections and Malignancies | NCLEX Review 2019
 
15:13
*Subscribe for more great NCLEX videos: https://www.goo.gl/8mBXbY Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is an acquired infection that causes severe immune dysfunction. HIV infection causes the person to be unusually susceptible to other life-threatening infections and malignancies. HIV is caused by a retrovirus that in its most serious form, results in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Click here: https://www.mometrix.com/academy/nclex-exam/drug-suffixes/ ► Visit: http://www.mometrix.com/academy ► Subscribe to more free test preparation videos: http://bit.ly/1dJH1yb ► Follow Mometrix Academy on Pinterest: http://bit.ly/1hZE2Jj ► Learn more About Us: http://bit.ly/1ewIADC
Views: 5269 NCLEX Study Guide
Defining AIDS and AIDS defining illnesses | Infectious diseases | NCLEX-RN | Khan Academy
 
07:33
Visit us (http://www.khanacademy.org/science/healthcare-and-medicine) for health and medicine content or (http://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/mcat) for MCAT related content. These videos do not provide medical advice and are for informational purposes only. The videos are not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of a qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read or seen in any Khan Academy video. Created by Vishal Punwani. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/nclex-rn/rn-infectious-diseases/rn-hiv-and-aids/v/immune-reconstitution-inflammatory-syndrome-iris-in-aids?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=Nclex-rn Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/nclex-rn/rn-infectious-diseases/rn-hiv-and-aids/v/haart-treatment-for-hiv-who-what-why-when-and-how?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=Nclex-rn NCLEX-RN on Khan Academy: A collection of questions from content covered on the NCLEX-RN. These questions are available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License (available at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/us/). About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s NCLEX-RN channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCDx5cTeADCvKWgF9x_Qjz3g?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 24750 khanacademymedicine
HIV KHUN C TEL/LINE +6692-432-8907
 
04:21
What is HIV? HIV is a virus that damages the immune system. The immune system helps the body fight off infections. Untreated HIV infects and kills CD4 cells, which are a type of immune cell called T cells. Over time, as HIV kills more CD4 cells, the body is more likely to get various types of infections and cancers. HIV is transmitted through bodily fluids that include: blood semen vaginal and rectal fluids breast milk The virus doesn’t spread in air or water, or through casual contact. HIV is a lifelong condition and currently there is no cure, although many scientists are working to find one. However, with medical care, including treatment called antiretroviral therapy, it’s possible to manage HIV and live with the virus for many years. Without treatment, a person with HIV is likely to develop a serious condition called AIDS. At that point, the immune system is too weak to fight off other diseases and infections. Untreated, life expectancy with AIDS is about three years. With antiretroviral therapy, HIV can be well-controlled and life expectancy can be nearly the same as someone who has not contracted HIV. It’s estimated that 1.1 million Americans are currently living with HIV. Of those people, 1 in 5 don’t know they have the virus. HIV can cause changes throughout the body. Learn about the effects of HIV on the different systems in the body. What is AIDS? AIDS is a disease that can develop in people with HIV. It’s the most advanced stage of HIV. But just because a person has HIV doesn’t mean they’ll develop AIDS. HIV kills CD4 cells. Healthy adults generally have a CD4 count of 500 to 1,500 per cubic millimeter. A person with HIV whose CD4 count falls below 200 per cubic millimeter will be diagnosed with AIDS. A person can also be diagnosed with AIDS if they have HIV and develop an opportunistic infection or cancer that’s rare in people who don’t have HIV. An opportunistic infection, such as pneumonia, is one that takes advantage of a unique situation, such as HIV. Untreated, HIV can progress to AIDS within a decade. There’s no cure for AIDS, and without treatment, life expectancy after diagnosis is about three years. This may be shorter if the person develops a severe opportunistic illness. However, treatment with antiretroviral drugs can prevent AIDS from developing. If AIDS does develop, it means that the immune system is severely compromised. It’s weakened to the point where it can no longer fight off most diseases and infections. That makes the person vulnerable to a wide range of illnesses, including: pneumonia tuberculosis oral thrush, a fungal infection in the mouth or throat cytomegalovirus (CMV), a type of herpes virus cryptococcal meningitis, a fungal infection in the brain toxoplasmosis, a brain infection caused by a parasite cryptosporidiosis, an infection caused by an intestinal parasite cancer, including Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS) and lymphoma The shortened life expectancy linked with untreated AIDS isn’t a direct result of the syndrome itself. Rather, it’s a result of the diseases and complications that arise from having an immune system weakened by AIDS. Learn more about possible complications that can arise from HIV and AIDS. HIV and AIDS: What’s the connection? To develop AIDS, a person has to have contracted HIV. But having HIV doesn’t necessarily mean that someone will develop AIDS. Cases of HIV progress through three stages: stage 1: acute stage, the first few weeks after transmission stage 2: clinical latency, or chronic stage stage 3: AIDS As HIV lowers the CD4 cell count, the immune system weakens. A typical adult’s CD4 count is 500 to 1,500 per cubic millimeter. A person with a count below 200 is considered to have AIDS. How quickly a case of HIV progresses through the chronic stage varies significantly from person to person. Without treatment, it can last up to a decade before advancing to AIDS. With treatment, it can last indefinitely. There is no cure for HIV, but it can be controlled. People with HIV often have a near-normal lifespan with early treatment with antiretroviral therapy. Along those same lines, there’s technically no cure for AIDS. However, treatment can increase a person’s CD4 count to the point where they’re considered to no longer have AIDS. (This point is a count of 200 or higher.) Also, treatment can typically help manage opportunistic infections. HIV and AIDS are related, but they’re not the same thing. Learn more about the difference between HIV and AIDS. CONTACT US TEL/LINE 092-432-8907
Overview of OI Prevention and Treatment
 
01:01:52
Speaker(s): Jose Montero, MD, FACP Florida/Caribbean AETC Associate Professor, University of South Florida Morsani College of Medicine Target Audience: Physicians, physician assistants, nurses, and nurse practitioners Description: Upon completion of this program, participants will be able to: - Define the difference between primary and secondary prophylaxis of opportunistic infections (OIs) in HIV-infected individuals - Identify the CD4 count for which antimicrobial prophylaxis would be needed to prevent Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia, Toxoplasma gondii infection, and mycobacterium avium complex infection - Outline key clinical syndromes and diagnostic tests available for selected OIs including Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia, cerebral toxoplasmosis, mycobacterium avium complex infection, and cryptococcal meningitis - Recall the primary recommended treatment for OIs such as Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia, cerebral toxoplasmosis, mycobacterium avium complex infection, and cryptococcal meningitis - Outline general principles in vaccination of HIV-infected patients, including issues regarding live vaccines
Views: 253 FCAETC
CD4 T cell responses in HIV infection - Hendrik Streeck - 2014
 
50:49
IX Curso Avançado de Patogênese do HIV http://www.patogenesedohiv.com.br/ Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo 20-26 de Março de 2014
What is HIV and AIDS? | Infectious diseases | NCLEX-RN | Khan Academy
 
11:32
Visit us (http://www.khanacademy.org/science/healthcare-and-medicine) for health and medicine content or (http://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/mcat) for MCAT related content. These videos do not provide medical advice and are for informational purposes only. The videos are not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of a qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read or seen in any Khan Academy video. Created by Vishal Punwani. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/nclex-rn/rn-infectious-diseases/rn-hiv-and-aids/v/transmission-of-hiv?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=Nclex-rn Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/nclex-rn/rn-infectious-diseases/rn-polio/v/polio-vaccinations?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=Nclex-rn NCLEX-RN on Khan Academy: A collection of questions from content covered on the NCLEX-RN. These questions are available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License (available at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/us/). About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s NCLEX-RN channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCDx5cTeADCvKWgF9x_Qjz3g?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 220814 khanacademymedicine
โรคเอดส์ hiv กับสมุนไพรบำบัด
 
14:21
เชื้อ Human Immunodeficiency Virus(hiv) เป็นเชื้อไวรัสที่ทำให้เกิดโรคเอดส์เมื่อเชื้อเข้าสู่ร่างกายเชื้อจะแบ่งตัวอย่างมากและมีการเกิดโรคที่อวัยวะต่างๆ เช่นสมอง หัวใจ ไตและที่สำคัญคือจะทำลายระบบภูมิคุ้มกันของร่างกาย ระบบภูมิคุ้มกันนี้จะทำหน้าที่สร้างถูมิเพื่อต่อต้านการติดเชื้อและมะเร็งบางชนิด ในการสร้างภูมิจะต้องอาศัยเซลล์หลายชนิดที่สำคัญได้แก่เซลล์ CD4+ lymphocytes ซึ่งเป็นเซลล์ที่เชื้อHIV ชอบ เมื่อเซลล์ CD4+ lymphocytes ถูกทำลายโดยเชื้อมากจะทำให้ภูมิของร่างกายอ่อนแอ ดังนั้นปัญหาที่สำคัญของคนติดเชื้อ HIV คือปัญหาของโรคที่เกิดจาดภูมิที่อ่อนแอลงเช่นโรคติดเชื้อฉวยโอกาส opportunistic infections เช่นโรคปอดบวมและโรคเยื่อหุ้มสมองอักเสบ และมะเร็งบางชนิด ปัจจุบันพบเชื้อ HIV มี2 ชนิดคือ HIV-1 เป็นชนิดที่แพร่ระบาดทั่วโลก HIV-2 พบที่แถบประเทศ Africa HIV-1มี sub-types หลายชนิด HIV disease คือผู้ป่วยที่ได้รับเชื้อHIV และยังไม่เกิดอาการจากเชื้อฉวยโอกาสและมีจำนวนเซลล์ CD4+ lymphocytes มากกว่า 200 cells/mm3(ปกติมากกว่า 100 cell/mm)โดยทั่วไปไม่มีอาการเป็นเวลา 5-10 ปีแม้ว่าจะไม่มีอาการเชื้อก็แบ่งตัวและทำลายระบบภูมิคุ้มกันของร่างกาย และเมื่อภูมิถูกทำลายมากจนกระทั่งเกิดโรคที่เกิดจากภูมิบกพร่อง Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome หรือโรคเอดส์ คือผู้ป่วยที่ได้รับเชื้อ HIVและโรคได้ลุกลามจนภูมิคุ้นกันบกพร่อง และอาจจะทำให้เกิดโรคฉวยโอกาสและมะเร็ง ตามองค์การควบคุมโรคติดเชื้อของอเมริกาหมายถึง โรคติดเชื้อบางชนิดเช่น Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP), and cryptococcal meningitis มะเร็งบางชนิดเช่น cervical cancer, Kaposi's sarcoma, และมะเร็งต่อมน้ำเหลืองที่ระบบประสาท( central nervous system lymphoma ) CD4+ count น้อยกว่า 200 cells/mm3(ค่าปกติ 600-1000) หรือ 14 percent of lymphocytes ศูนย์ภูมิสมดุล สมุนไพรบำบัดโรค โทร. 061-658-6412 สั่งซื่อผลิตภัณฑ์ได้ ศูนย์ภูมิสมดุล LIND ID @gxd3500s กรุณใส่ "@" ด้วย https://line.me/R/ti/p/ %40gxd3500s
Views: 55 Wuttipong A
When to Use HIV code and AIDS code? | Medical Coding Training
 
09:48
When to Use HIV code and AIDS code? | CCO Medical Coding Training http://www.cco.us/product-category/ceu-credits/ Q: “What is the difference between AIDS and HIV? How do I know when to use the AIDS code (B20) instead of the HIV code (Z21)? What role, if any, do ‘Opportunistic Infections’ play?” A: This is actually a common question that I have seen not only in my students, but I’ve seen all over social media. The further we get into coding for risk adjustment, coding for inpatient environment, and just coding for good quality, the more we’re going to find, we as coders have to better understand clinical conditions and we can’t accept the providers to document explicitly in coder lingo. They don’t document in coder lingo, they document in physician verbiage. And, we need to quit expecting them to say clearly, “Oh, this patient has symptomatic HIV versus asymptomatic HIV” which is the difference in how the codes are worded. Let’s take a minute and talk about the difference between the two conditions from a clinical perspective and then we’ll talk about the codes. HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency virus. It is just that, it is a virus; however it is a virus that once a patient contracts it they’re going to have it for the rest of their lives. It’s not currently one that we have a cure for anywhere in the world. This virus attacks the body’s immune system – specifically it attacks the CD4 or T cells, and those are the cells that fight off infections. If we’ve got the body attacking their own immune system, it’s going to progressively get worse, there’s going to be more of these HIV virus cells develop in the patient’s body and it’s going to attack more and more of the immune system and they’re going to get weaker and weaker from a defense perspective, and they’re going to get sick a lot easier. READ MORE HERE: http://www.cco.us/when-to-use-hiv-code-and-aids-code/ https://youtu.be/cjDfZaAyJbU ---------------------------------------- CLICK HERE: http://www.cco.us/product-category/ceu-credits/ ---------------------------------------- More Information about hiv code: HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (HIV) INFECTIONS - eICD.com http://www.eicd.com/guidelines/hiv.htm [PDF]HIV/AIDS Care: The Diagnosis Code - The AIDS Institute http://www.theaidsinstitute.org/.../HIV-AIDS%20Care%20-... The AIDS Institute Explain the importance of proper code sequencing. • Identify the various ICD-9-CM codes for symptomatic HIV/AIDS, asymptomatic HIV,. HIV 2 and inconclusive ... 2014 ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Code 042 : Human immunodeficiency virus ... http://www.icd9data.com/2014/Volume1/001.../042.htm ICD‑9 Data.com 2014 ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Code 042 : Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease. HIV Codes and Guidelines - When Do You Use V Code vs. O Code http://www.cco.us/hiv-codes-and-guidelines-hiv-codes-vcode-vs-0-code-video/ On the HIV codes, when do you use the V code versus the O code? Would you code the patient as being active if they have a history of it?... ---------------------------------------- CLICK HERE: http://www.cco.us/product-category/ceu-credits/ ---------------------------------------- People who watched this video: https://youtu.be/cjDfZaAyJbU Also searched online for: Searches related to hiv code vs aids code: hiv code blue hiv code icd 10 icd 9 042 hiv medical code hiv cpt code hiv diagnosis code code for hiv infection code for hiv positive ------------------------------------------------ CONNECT WITH US: http://www.facebook.com/cco.us http://www.youtube.com/medicalcodingcert http://www.youtube.com/codingcertification https://www.pinterest.com/codingcertorg https://plus.google.com/+CodingcertificationOrg https://www.linkedin.com/company/codingcertification-org ---------------------------------------- Don't forget to check out our YouTube Channel: http://www.youtube.com/medicalcodingcert -------------------------------------------- #hivcodeblue #hivcodeicd10 #icd9042 #hivmedicalcode #hivcptcode #hivdiagnosiscode #codeforhivinfection #codeforhivpositive #aidscode #opportunisticinfections -------------------------------------------- VISIT OUR SITE: http://www.cco.us
Views: 1845 MedicalCodingCert
Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome
 
05:43
Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome is a condition seen in some cases of AIDS or immunosuppression, in which the immune system begins to recover, but then responds to a previously acquired opportunistic infection with an overwhelming inflammatory response that paradoxically makes the symptoms of infection worse. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 913 Audiopedia
Fungal Infections and Antifungal Treatments Ringworm Candida Aspergillus Histoplasmosis
 
16:52
SKIP AHEAD: 0:32 – Intro to Fungi 2:17 – Systemic vs. Opportunistic Mycoses 4:52 – Coccidioidomycosis 5:41 – Histoplasmosis 6:23 – Blastomycosis 6:54 – Geographic Map of Systemic Fungi 7:26 – Cryptococcus 8:17 - Aspergillus 9:30 – PCP and Pneumocystis 10:06 - Zygomycosis (Mucormycosis & Rhizopus) 11:06 – Tineae (Athletes Foot, Ring worm, Tinea Versicolor …) 12:50 – Candida 14:07 – Sporothrix 14:29 – Azoles (Diflucan, Flucanazole, ketoconazole…) 15:20 – Amphotericin B & Nystatin 15:58 - Capsofungin & Micanofungin For the text and pictures in this video please go to my website http://www.stomponstep1.com/fungal-infections-antifungal-treatments-ringworm-candida-aspergillus-histoplasmosis/ Pictures Used: “Coccidioidomycosis_Spherule” by CDC available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Coccidioidomycosis_Spherule.jpg via Public Domain ” Histoplasmosis Capsulatum” by CDC available at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Histoplasmosis#/media/File:Histoplasmosis_capsulatum.jpg via Public Domain “Blastomyces dermatitidis” by CDC available at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blastomycosis#/media/File:Blastomyces_dermatitidis_GMS.jpeg via Public Domain Derivative of “Blastomycosis cropped” by Joel Mills available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Blastomycosis_cropped.JPG via Creative Commons 3.0 Attribution-Share Alike Derivative of “Cryptococcus neoformans using a light India ink staining” by CDC available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cryptococcus_neoformans_using_a_light_India_ink_staining_preparation_PHIL_3771_lores.jpg via Public Domain Derivative of “Cryptoccocus Gram Film” by Graham Beards available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cryptococcus_Gram_film.jpg via Creative Commons 3.0 Attribution Share Alike Derivative of “Aspergilloma complicating tuberculosis 2” by Yale Rosen available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Aspergilloma_complicating_tuberculosis_2.jpg via Creative Commons 2.0 Attribution-Share Alike “Aspergillosis, angioinvasive, intravascular” by Yale Rosen available at https://www.flickr.com/photos/pulmonary_pathology/5390967599 via Creative Commons 2.0 Attribution-Share Alike Derivative of “Zygomycosis/mucormycosis” by Yale Rosen available at https://www.flickr.com/photos/pulmonary_pathology/5390897069 via Creative Commons 2.0 Atribution Share Alike Derivative of “Zygomycosis, Mucormycosis 1” by Yale Rosen available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Zygomycosis,_mucormycosis_1.jpg via Creative Commons 2.0 Attribution-Share Alike Derivative of “Zygomycosis” by Nephron available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Zygomycosis.jpg via Creative Commons 3.0 Attribution-Share Alike “Ringworm on the arm, or tinea corporis due to Trichophyton mentagrophytes” by CDC available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ringworm_on_the_arm,_or_tinea_corporis_due_to_Trichophyton_mentagrophytes_PHIL_2938_lores.jpg via Public Domain “Teigne - Tinea capitis” by Grook Da Oger available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Teigne_-_Tinea_capitis.jpg via Creative Commons 4.0 International Attribution Share Alike License “Onychomycosis due to Trychophyton rubrum, right and left great toe” by CDC available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Onychomycosis_due_to_Trychophyton_rubrum,_right_and_left_great_toe_PHIL_579_lores.jpg via Public Domain “Tinea versicolor1” by Sarahrosenau available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tinea_versicolor1.jpg via Creative Commons 2.0 Attribution-Share Alike “Candida albicans” by Y Tambe available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Candida_albicans.jpg via Creative Commons 3.0 Unported Attribution-Share Alike License “Human tongue infected with oral candidiasis” by James Heilman available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Human_tongue_infected_with_oral_candidiasis.jpg via Creative Commons 3.0 Unported Attribution-Share Alike
Views: 14759 Stomp On Step 1
Overview of HIV/AIDS
 
27:29
Dr. Joanne Orrick
Views: 42 Linda James
23. AIDS (II)
 
49:25
Epidemics in Western Society Since 1600 (HIST 234) Dr. Margaret Craven discusses HIV/AIDS from the perspective of a front-line clinician. AIDS is unprecedented in both the speed with which it spread across the globe and in the mobilization of efforts to control it. It is a disease of modernity. Along with the relative ease and velocity of modern transportation methods, other background conditions include Western medicine, with hypodermic needles and bloodbanking, intravenous drug use, and the development and concentration of gay culture. In the U.S., early public health attempts at understanding and combating the virus were hindered by right-wing domestic political and religious forces. Successful containment of epidemics cannot be achieved under the spell of hypocrisy and politicization; rather, medicine and education must be evidence-based and practical. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Dr. Margaret Craven Discusses AIDS 07:42 - Chapter 2. Beginnings of the Epidemic: Globalization 12:53 - Chapter 3. Modern Invasive Medical Technology 14:54 - Chapter 4. Homosexuality 20:36 - Chapter 5. Uncovering the Medical Basis 28:51 - Chapter 6. Treatment 33:26 - Chapter 7. Public Health Challenges 44:10 - Chapter 8. Future Directions Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Spring 2010.
Views: 14201 YaleCourses
Open for Questions: 30 Years of AIDS
 
34:03
Surgeon General Dr. Regina Benjamin, Director of the White House Office of National AIDS Policy Jeffrey Crowley and Director of the Division of AIDS at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH, Dr. Carl Dieffenbach host a special live discussion on the 30th anniversary of the AIDS epidemic. June 1, 2011
Views: 2686 The Obama White House
How to Survive a Plague
 
01:04:52
David France discusses his telling of the history of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the U.S., a riveting, powerful telling of the story of the grassroots movement of activists, many of them in a life-or-death struggle, who seized upon scientific research to help develop the drugs that turned HIV from a mostly fatal infection to a manageable disease. Ignored by public officials, religious leaders, and the nation at large, and confronted with shame and hatred, this small group of men and women chose to fight for their right to live by educating themselves and demanding to become full partners in the race for effective treatments. Around the globe, 16 million people are alive today thanks to their efforts. Speaker Biography: David France is author of "How to Survive a Plague" and creator of the 2012 Academy Award-nominated film of the same title. For transcript and more information, visit http://www.loc.gov/today/cyberlc/feature_wdesc.php?rec=8157
Views: 8225 LibraryOfCongress
Rupert Kaul Delivers an Overview of Comorbidities Associated with HIV
 
10:03
Rupert Kaul of the University of Toronto reviews the other medical conditions associated with HIV that may cause treatment complications as part of the OHTN Back to Basic research conference in Toronto. For more information and resources, visit http://backtobasic.ohtn.on.ca/ For a descriptive transcript of this video, visit: http://www.ohtn.on.ca/rupert-kaul-gives-an-overview-of-comorbidities-related-to-hiv/
Ambassador Eric Goosby on 30 Years of AIDS
 
29:58
Dr. Eric Goosby, U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator, gives his perspective on 30 years of HIV/AIDS in the U.S. For more like this visit the AIDS.gov blog at http://1.usa.gov/1otEtwk.
Views: 841 HIV gov
Infeksi oportunistik Otak - DEMENTIA, TemanTeman.org YouTube Video HIV/AIDS di Indonesia
 
03:16
https://www.facebook.com/TEMANTEMAN.ORG https://twitter.com/heytemanteman http://www.temanteman.org/ http://purplehaze.asia/ Infeksi Oportunistik HIV di Otak - Dementia, TemanTeman.org YouTube Video Indonesia INFEKSI OPORTUNISTIK OTAK DI RSCM. Brain opportunistic infections is the most frequent AIDS complication in Neurology Ward in RSCM. Brain opportunistic infections have high mortality rate. Related variables were: decrease level of consciousness, nuchal rigidity, meningeal enhancement, hypoalbuminemia, co morbidity, diagnosis other than toxoplasma encephalitis, history of using intravenous drugs, and employment.
Views: 2198 temantemanindonesia
Hiv ติดเชื้อ ดีขึ้นได้อย่างไร
 
20:39
อดส์หรือโรคเอดส์เป็นโรคที่เกิดจากเชื้อไวรัส ไปทำลายระบบภูมิคุ้มกันของร่างกายทำให้ร่างกายเสี่ยงต่อการติดเชื้อฉวยโอกาส ประเทศไทยมีการติดเชื้อ HIVเป็นจำนวนมากแม้ว่าเวลาผ่านไปนานพอสมควร ก็ยังพบผู้ป่วยที่ติดเชื้อเพิ่มขึ้นอยู่ตลอดเวลา เป็นการสมควรที่ทุกคนจะเรียนรู้ถึงโรคและการป้องกัน หากท่านมีผลเลือดบวกแสดงว่าท่านได้รับเชื้อ HIV จากการร่วมเพศกับผู้ที่ติดเชื้อโดยที่ไม่ได้ป้องกัน หรืออาจจะเกิดจากการฉีดยาเสพติด HIV และ AIDS ต่างกันอย่างไร เชื้อ Human Immunodeficiency Virus(hiv) เป็นเชื้อไวรัสที่ทำให้เกิดโรคเอดส์เมื่อเชื้อเข้าสู่ร่างกายเชื้อจะแบ่งตัวอย่างมากและมีการเกิดโรคที่อวัยวะต่างๆ เช่นสมอง หัวใจ ไตและที่สำคัญคือจะทำลายระบบภูมิคุ้มกันของร่างกาย ระบบภูมิคุ้มกันนี้จะทำหน้าที่สร้างถูมิเพื่อต่อต้านการติดเชื้อและมะเร็งบางชนิด ในการสร้างภูมิจะต้องอาศัยเซลล์หลายชนิดที่สำคัญได้แก่เซลล์ CD4+ lymphocytes ซึ่งเป็นเซลล์ที่เชื้อHIV ชอบ เมื่อเซลล์ CD4+ lymphocytes ถูกทำลายโดยเชื้อมากจะทำให้ภูมิของร่างกายอ่อนแอ ดังนั้นปัญหาที่สำคัญของคนติดเชื้อ HIV คือปัญหาของโรคที่เกิดจาดภูมิที่อ่อนแอลงเช่นโรคติดเชื้อฉวยโอกาส opportunistic infections เช่นโรคปอดบวมและโรคเยื่อหุ้มสมองอักเสบ และมะเร็งบางชนิด ปัจจุบันพบเชื้อ HIV มี2 ชนิดคือ HIV-1 เป็นชนิดที่แพร่ระบาดทั่วโลก HIV-2 พบที่แถบประเทศ Africa HIV-1มี sub-types หลายชนิด HIV disease คือผู้ป่วยที่ได้รับเชื้อHIV และยังไม่เกิดอาการจากเชื้อฉวยโอกาสและมีจำนวนเซลล์ CD4+ lymphocytes มากกว่า 200 cells/mm3(ปกติมากกว่า 100 cell/mm)โดยทั่วไปไม่มีอาการเป็นเวลา 5-10 ปีแม้ว่าจะไม่มีอาการเชื้อก็แบ่งตัวและทำลายระบบภูมิคุ้มกันของร่างกาย และเมื่อภูมิถูกทำลายมากจนกระทั่งเกิดโรคที่เกิดจากภูมิบกพร่อง Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome หรือโรคเอดส์ คือผู้ป่วยที่ได้รับเชื้อ HIVและโรคได้ลุกลามจนภูมิคุ้นกันบกพร่อง และอาจจะทำให้เกิดโรคฉวยโอกาสและมะเร็ง ตามองค์การควบคุมโรคติดเชื้อของอเมริกาหมายถึง โรคติดเชื้อบางชนิดเช่น Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP), and cryptococcal meningitis มะเร็งบางชนิดเช่น cervical cancer, Kaposi's sarcoma, และมะเร็งต่อมน้ำเหลืองที่ระบบประสาท( central nervous system lymphoma ) CD4+ count น้อยกว่า 200 cells/mm3(ค่าปกติ 600-1000) หรือ 14 percent of lymphocytes AIDS ทำลายร่างกายอย่างไร ทำลายระบบภูมิคุ้มกันของร่างกายทำให้มีปัจจัยเสี่ยงต่อการติดเชื้อฉวยโอกาสและมะเร็ง สมองถูกทำลายทำให้สมองเสื่อมและความจำเสื่อม ทำให้หัวใจวายมีอาการเหนื่อยง่าย บวมเท้าและท้อง ทำให้ไตวาย ไม่สามารถทำงานประจำวันได้เช่น การขับรถ มีการเปลี่ยนแปลงทางน้ำหนักและท้องร่วงเรื้อรัง อาการของโรคติดเชื้อ HIV อาการของการติดเชื้อ HIV จะมีความหลากหลายขึ้นกับระยะของโรค เนื่องจากเชื้อ HIV เป็นไวรัสชนิดหนึ่งอาการของการติดเชื้อ HIV จะเหมือนอาการของไข้หวัดคือ มีไข้ ปวดศีรษะ มีผื่น อ่อนเพลีย เราไม่สามารถวินิจฉัยได้จากอาการ แม้ว่าผู้ได้รับเชื้อ HIV จะไม่มีอาการแต่เขาสามารถแพร่เชื้อสู่ผู้อื่นได้ ฉนั้นผู้ที่มีพฤติกรรมเสี่ยงควรได้รับการเจาะเลือด ในช่วงแรกของการติดเชื้อ HIV คุณอาจจะมีอาการดังต่อไปนี้ ต่อมน้ำเหลืองโต ตับม้ามโต มักจะเป็นอาการอันแรกของการติดเชื้อ ท้องร่วง บางคนอาจจะเรื้อรัง น้ำหนักลด. มีไข้ ไอและหายใจลำบาก เมื่อไม่ได้รับการรักษาเชื้อก็จะแบ่งตัวเรื่อยและทำลายระบบภูมิคุ้มกันและกลายเป็นโรคเอดส์ซึ่งจะมีอาการดังนี้ เหงื่ออกกลางคืน ไข้หนาวสั่น ไข้สูงเรื้อรัง ไอเรื้อรังและหายใจลำบาก ท้องร่วงเรื้อรัง ลิ้นเป็นฝ้าขาว ปวดศีรษะ ตามัวลงหรือเห็นเป็นเส้นลอยไปมา น้ำหนักลด การติดเชื้อฉวยโอกาส เป็นโรคติดเชื้อทางเดินหายใจบ่อย หากเป็นผู้หญิงก็มีอาการตกขาวบ่อย เพลียและเหนื่อยง่าย บางคนมีผื่นตามตัว
PNEUMONIA - WikiVidi Documentary
 
45:00
Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung affecting primarily the small air sacs known as alveoli. Typically symptoms include some combination of productive or dry cough, chest pain, fever, and trouble breathing. Severity is variable. Pneumonia is usually caused by infection with viruses or bacteria and less commonly by other microorganisms, certain medications and conditions such as autoimmune diseases. Risk factors include other lung diseases such as cystic fibrosis, COPD, and asthma, diabetes, heart failure, a history of smoking, a poor ability to cough such as following a stroke, or a weak immune system. Diagnosis is often based on the symptoms and physical examination. Chest X-ray, blood tests, and culture of the sputum may help confirm the diagnosis. The disease may be classified by where it was acquired with community, hospital, or health care associated pneumonia. Vaccines to prevent certain types of pneumonia are available. Other methods of prevention include hand... http://www.wikividi.com ____________________________________ Shortcuts to chapters: 00:02:24: Signs and symptoms 00:04:40: Cause 00:06:03: Bacteria 00:07:47: Viruses 00:09:07: Fungi 00:09:56: Parasites 00:11:03: Noninfectious 00:11:32: Mechanisms 00:11:47: Viral 00:13:02: Bacterial 00:14:18: Diagnosis 00:16:24: Physical exam 00:17:18: Imaging 00:19:08: Microbiology 00:20:12: Classification 00:21:24: Community 00:21:47: Healthcare 00:23:07: Differential diagnosis 00:23:47: Prevention 00:24:16: Vaccination 00:25:28: Medications 00:25:56: Other 00:27:54: Management 00:29:32: Bacterial 00:31:34: Viral 00:32:50: Aspiration 00:33:34: Prognosis 00:34:42: Clinical prediction rules 00:34:59: Pleural effusion, empyema, and abscess 00:36:31: Respiratory and circulatory failure 00:37:27: Epidemiology 00:38:11: Children 00:39:16: History 00:43:06: Awareness 00:43:25: Costs ____________________________________ Copyright WikiVidi. Licensed under Creative Commons. Wikipedia link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pneumonia
Medical humanitarian expedition to Zambia, 2010
 
53:30
Humanitarno - medicinska odprava Zambija, 2010 Members of the expedition: Spela Bricl Gasper Grobelsek Sonja Smid Tadeja Tursic Lea Knez Filmed by the members of the expedition, frequently assisted by the locals. All filming was done with permission of the subjects. OUR THANKS ALSO GO TO Our donators, the Tropical Medicine Division, which gave us the opportunity to discover a new world that is black, yet brighter than the sun, the personnel of Nangoma Mission Hospital, who shared our joy and sorrow for three months, to Father Grošelj, who shared his cynical optimism with us for the last three months, to Patrick, Fred, Mojzes and Dexter, whose singing brightened up our days, to Sport Beattie, who revealed us the wild side of Zambia, to our families and partners, because their support often bridged rivers. Many thanks to Mrs Mojca Goršič Frank for her exceptional help and support of the project. Thanks to all who donated by purchasing our T-shirts, or contributed money or material on 10 and 11 April at Citypark and on 15 May at Europark. Special thanks to our friend Gabrichompund Simwinga, who revealed a different Zambia to us, and who made our steps in the new world easier. English subtitles: Mateja Dudek Help is a universal language. Video created by: Gasper Grobelsek
Views: 1162 Gasper Grobelsek
Pneumonia | Wikipedia audio article
 
47:28
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Pneumonia Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung affecting primarily the small air sacs known as alveoli. Typically symptoms include some combination of productive or dry cough, chest pain, fever, and trouble breathing. Severity is variable.Pneumonia is usually caused by infection with viruses or bacteria and less commonly by other microorganisms, certain medications and conditions such as autoimmune diseases. Risk factors include other lung diseases such as cystic fibrosis, COPD, and asthma, diabetes, heart failure, a history of smoking, a poor ability to cough such as following a stroke, or a weak immune system. Diagnosis is often based on the symptoms and physical examination. Chest X-ray, blood tests, and culture of the sputum may help confirm the diagnosis. The disease may be classified by where it was acquired with community, hospital, or health care associated pneumonia.Vaccines to prevent certain types of pneumonia are available. Other methods of prevention include handwashing and not smoking. Treatment depends on the underlying cause. Pneumonia believed to be due to bacteria is treated with antibiotics. If the pneumonia is severe, the affected person is generally hospitalized. Oxygen therapy may be used if oxygen levels are low.Pneumonia affects approximately 450 million people globally (7% of the population) and results in about 4 million deaths per year. Pneumonia was regarded by William Osler in the 19th century as "the captain of the men of death". With the introduction of antibiotics and vaccines in the 20th century, survival improved. Nevertheless, in developing countries, and among the very old, the very young, and the chronically ill, pneumonia remains a leading cause of death. Pneumonia often shortens suffering among those already close to death and has thus been called "the old man's friend".
Views: 6 wikipedia tts
Demystifying Medicine 2015 - Ebola: A Terrifying Challenge
 
01:50:57
Demystifying Medicine 2015 - Ebola: A Terrifying Challenge Air date: Tuesday, January 27, 2015, 4:00:00 PM Category: Demystifying Medicine Runtime: 01:50:56 Description: The 2015 Demystifying Medicine Series, which is jointly sponsored by FAES and NIH, will begin January 6th and includes the presentation of patients, pathology, diagnosis and therapy in the context of major disease problems and current research. Primarily directed toward Ph.D. students, clinicians and program managers, the course is designed to help bridge the gap between advances in biology and their application to major human diseases. Each session includes clinical and basic science components presented by NIH staff and invitees. All students, fellows and staff are welcome, as well. For more information go to http://demystifyingmedicine.od.nih.gov Permanent link: http://videocast.nih.gov/launch.asp?18820
Views: 422 nihvcast

Desowen cream generico do viagra
Medicamento amantadina 100mg viagra
Tablet lesuride 25mg benadryl
Motilium 10mg domperidone janssen cilag
200 mg zoloft pregnancy news