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Causes and Effects of Climate Change | National Geographic
 
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What causes climate change (also known as global warming)? And what are the effects of climate change? Learn the human impact and consequences of climate change for the environment, and our lives. ➡ Subscribe: http://bit.ly/NatGeoSubscribe About National Geographic: National Geographic is the world's premium destination for science, exploration, and adventure. Through their world-class scientists, photographers, journalists, and filmmakers, Nat Geo gets you closer to the stories that matter and past the edge of what's possible. Get More National Geographic: Official Site: http://bit.ly/NatGeoOfficialSite Facebook: http://bit.ly/FBNatGeo Twitter: http://bit.ly/NatGeoTwitter Instagram: http://bit.ly/NatGeoInsta Causes and Effects of Climate Change | National Geographic https://youtu.be/G4H1N_yXBiA National Geographic https://www.youtube.com/natgeo
Views: 707148 National Geographic
Russia Is Profiting Off Global Warming | VICE on HBO
 
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While many parts of the world are struggling from catastrophic effects of climate change, Russia is looking to capitalize on it, with the Kremlin driving a narrative that touts the economic benefits. Like more and faster access to petroleum and mineral reserves that were previously unreachable. The Northern Sea Passage, a legendary shipping lane along Russia’s Arctic coastline, has been largely inaccessible for part of the year because of dense sea ice. But now, that ice is melting, opening up a new trade route for Russia's cargo ships. Russian oil companies are already betting big on the new reserves they hope to find in the Russian Arctic, and other industries — like mining — are ramping up production since they now have faster shipping routes to many ports. “The problem of climate change is actually the problem of adaptation to climate change. This is not a tragedy,” said Nobel Prize-winning climatologist Oleg Anisimov. “Certainly some places will become unlivable, but other areas are places that will become more livable.” But the Russian people seem unaware, or unconcerned, about the environmental impacts of these climate change-related activities, like pollution from the booming factories, and wildfires in the North that destroyed million of acres of forest in a major tourism area. VICE’s Gianna Toboni visited Russia's Arctic to see just how big the country is betting on climate change. Subscribe to VICE News here: http://bit.ly/Subscribe-to-VICE-News Check out VICE News for more: http://vicenews.com Follow VICE News here: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/vicenews Twitter: https://twitter.com/vicenews Tumblr: http://vicenews.tumblr.com/ Instagram: http://instagram.com/vicenews More videos from the VICE network: https://www.fb.com/vicevideo #VICEonHBO
Views: 648207 VICE News
Big Data in Climate: Opportunities and Challenges for Machine Learning
 
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Author: Vipin Kumar, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Minnesota Abstract: This talk will present an overview of research being done in a large interdisciplinary project on the development of novel data mining and machine learning approaches for analyzing massive amount of climate and ecosystem data now available from satellite and ground-based sensors, and physics-based climate model simulations. These information-rich data sets offer huge potential for monitoring, understanding, and predicting the behavior of the Earth's ecosystem and for advancing the science of global change. This talk will discuss challenges in analyzing such data sets and some of our research results in mapping the dynamics of surface water globally as well as detecting deforestation and fires in tropical forests using data from Earth observing satellites. More on http://www.kdd.org/kdd2017/ KDD2017 Conference is published on http://videolectures.net/
Views: 372 KDD2017 video
Safe and Sorry – Terrorism & Mass Surveillance
 
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Sources: Terrorist surveillance program: Original press release: http://1.usa.gov/1p0lZXT Assessment of potential effect of surveillance measures if implemented before 9/11: Interview with FBI director Robert Mueller: http://bit.ly/1MvHNpB FBI investigations of immigrants: "NSEERS effect" report: http://bit.ly/1qU8Wcu Quote on aggressive racial profiling: Article "Are we safer?" by David Cole, Professor of Law at Georgetown University Law Center: http://bit.ly/1Sc8tLo Extent of NSA surveillance: NSA power point slides on collecting buddy lists, obtained by Washington Post: http://wapo.st/1cWi0SM NSA slides on prism data collection, obtained by The Guardian: http://bit.ly/1qmj46r NSA results from mass surveillance vs. target surveillance: Report from the Presidents NSA Review group 2013 (recommending to stop mass data mining because of lack of results): http://1.usa.gov/1bK0q7x Article from ProPublica: http://bit.ly/1PAusfR Analysis from the New America Foundation: http://bit.ly/1SSq8ea Data and Goliath: The Hidden Battles to Collect Your Data and Control Your World by Bruce Schneier Surveillance program didn`t stop any major attacks: Full video of court hearing with NSA director Keith B. Alexander on surveillance: http://cs.pn/1Yv1G0N Official report on results of phone surveillance policy: http://1.usa.gov/1bK0q7x Article on debunked claims: http://bit.ly/1p0n2ae Official judge ruling on matter points to no evidence: https://www.propublica.org/documents/item/902454-judge-leon-ruling#document/p62 Report by the legal affairs and human rights committee of the parliamentary assembly of the Council of Europe: http://bit.ly/1qr9aXC Boston marathon bomber was known to FBI: Official press release: http://1.usa.gov/1Vrw4vI FBI asked Apple for help: Official court order: http://bit.ly/24auFf6 Apple`s refusal to crack iPhone: Official public statement: http://apple.co/1Lt7ReW Objections against FBI demands from cryptographers: Brad Smith keynote at the RSA information security conference: http://bit.ly/1Vrwd1Y (especially relevant from minute 7 on) Statement by Information Technology Industry Council: http://bit.ly/1Q9cg7N Amicus briefs supporting Apple: http://apple.co/1OSBypU FBI changing their story about needing Apple`s help: Initial article on Washington Post: http://wapo.st/1KqHIT7 Initial story on Reutersblog: http://reut.rs/1SCl73o Update on Reuters: http://reut.rs/1NdTJae Article on ACLU about possible work-around: http://bit.ly/1OZ2nZL Blogpost on another possible workaround: http://bit.ly/1Vrwv98 NSA can turn on iPhone remotely: BBC interview with Edward Snowden: http://bit.ly/1Nab09Q Article on Wired: http://bit.ly/1hvZMNn Abuse of anti-terrorism laws: Proof of Patriot Act laws used for investigating other crimes, especially drugs: http://bit.ly/1LXBu9X „Sneak and Peak“ report: http://bit.ly/1RVGhgM Enforcement of French anti-terrorism laws: Detailed explanation of new powers given by extended laws: http://bit.ly/1OYBpSl Original law text (in french): http://bit.ly/1qraiKQ Abuse of french anti-terrorism laws: Human rights watch reports cases: http://bit.ly/1SZmwpH Climate change protesters placed under house arrest: http://reut.rs/20DYZfa Censorship in Hungary, Poland and Spain: http://bit.ly/20DZ3eS http://bit.ly/1Qgc7lX http://bit.ly/1WtmIyv http://bit.ly/1MvJ8N7 Jail time for government critics in Turkey: http://bit.ly/1oXBctf Effects of surveillance on our society: List of issues of power abuse since 9/11 by American Civil liberties union: http://bit.ly/1U6Rux4 General overview over the topic: http://bit.ly/1Pyj8uR http://bit.ly/1RVH2GF http://bit.ly/MZe4qY Safe and Sorry– Terrorism & Mass Surveillance Help us caption & translate this video! http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCsXVk37bltHxD1rDPwtNM8Q&tab=2
How Much Does the Sun Affect Earth's Climate?
 
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The sun is obviously a big factor in the earth's weather, but changes in the solar cycle don't always affect our climate in straightforward ways. Host: Caitlin Hofmeister For special, curated artifacts of this universe, check out https://scishowfinds.com/ ---------- Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow ---------- Dooblydoo thanks go to the following Patreon supporters: Lazarus G, Sam Lutfi, Nicholas Smith, D.A. Noe, سلطان الخليفي, Piya Shedden, KatieMarie Magnone, Scott Satovsky Jr, Charles Southerland, Patrick D. Ashmore, Tim Curwick, charles george, Kevin Bealer, Chris Peters ---------- Like SciShow? Want to help support us, and also get things to put on your walls, cover your torso and hold your liquids? Check out our awesome products over at DFTBA Records: http://dftba.com/scishow ---------- Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet? Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com Instagram: http://instagram.com/thescishow ---------- Sources: https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/noaa-n/climate/climate_weather.html https://arxiv.org/pdf/1204.4449.pdf https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1029/2010GL045777 https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/sunearth/news/solarcycle-primer.html https://www.giss.nasa.gov/research/briefs/rind_03/ https://www.ucsusa.org/global-warming/science-and-impacts/science/effect-of-sun-on-climate-faq.html#.WvEBAdPwa1E https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/GlobalWarming/page3.php https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/energy-environment/wp/2015/02/23/no-the-sun-isnt-driving-global-warming/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.1c353ad445e7 https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/global-warming/mid-holocene-warm-period http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1191/0959683604hl687rp https://phys.org/news/2017-03-sun-impact-climate-quantified.html https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/sun-spots-and-climate-change/ https://www.space.com/19280-solar-activity-earth-climate.html http://science.sciencemag.org/content/294/5549/2130 http://faculty.wcas.northwestern.edu/~infocom/The%20Website/evolution.html ------ Images: https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/tropical-beach-in-sunny-day-gm695270128-128615835 https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/the-moon-isolated-on-white-background-vector-illustration-eps-10-gm915959760-252062023 https://images.nasa.gov/details-GSFC_20171208_Archive_e001435.html https://www.videoblocks.com/video/snowflakes-in-the-air-hu22bd- https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/winter-or-autumn-headwear-collection-gm804438994-130505497 https://images.nasa.gov/details-PIA18906.html https://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/10804 https://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/4551 https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/earth-globe-gm899520532-248211452
Views: 80932 SciShow Space
Why did they change from global warming to climate change?
 
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David on climate change - Why did they change from global warming to climate change, when they aren't worried about climate change, only global warming?
Views: 581 Jan Helfeld
Are Electric Cars Actually Better For The Environment?
 
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Scientists have found that electric cars might not be as green as we thought. How could this be? There’s A Car That’s Powered By Salt Water! ►►►►http://bit.ly/1S8xAyu Sign Up For The TestTube Newsletter Here ►►►► http://bit.ly/1myXbFG Watch River Monsters Here ►►►► http://bit.ly/1SDplaR Read More: Cleaner Cars From Cradle to Grave http://www.ucsusa.org/sites/default/files/attach/2015/11/Cleaner-Cars-from-Cradle-to-Grave-full-report.pdf “This report compares battery-electric vehicles (BEVs) with similar gasoline vehicles by examining their global warming emissions over their “life cycles”—from the raw materials to make the car through manufacturing, driving, and disposal or recycling. Toward that end, we performed up-to date assessments of the carbon footprints of BEVs, taking into account the latest information about electricity generation and BEV models.” Tesla’s Electric Cars Aren’t As Green As You Might Think http://www.wired.com/2016/03/teslas-electric-cars-might-not-green-think/ “But how green is a Tesla, really? Devonshire Research Group, an investment firm that specializes in valuing tech companies, dug into the data and concluded that Tesla’s environmental benefits may be more hyped than warranted. Devonshire isn’t saying that Tesla is pulling a Volkswagen, or that its cars are spewing greenhouse gases from invisible tailpipes. It’s arguing that Teslas (and, by extension, all electric vehicles) create pollution and carbon emissions in other ways.” How Green Are Electric Cars? Depends on Where You Plug In http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/15/automobiles/how-green-are-electric-cars-depends-on-where-you-plug-in.html?_r=1 “According to a report that the Union of Concerned Scientists plans to release on Monday, there would be a considerable difference in the amount of greenhouse gases — primarily carbon dioxide — that result from charging the cars’ battery packs. By trapping heat, greenhouse gases contribute to climate change.” ____________________ DNews is dedicated to satisfying your curiosity and to bringing you mind-bending stories & perspectives you won't find anywhere else! New videos twice daily. Watch More DNews on TestTube http://testtube.com/dnews Subscribe now! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=dnewschannel DNews on Twitter http://twitter.com/dnews Trace Dominguez on Twitter https://twitter.com/tracedominguez Lissette Padilla on Twitter https://twitter.com/lizzette DNews on Facebook https://facebook.com/DiscoveryNews DNews on Google+ http://gplus.to/dnews Discovery News http://discoverynews.com Download the TestTube App: http://testu.be/1ndmmMq Sign Up For The TestTube Mailing List: http://dne.ws/1McUJdm
Views: 214887 Seeker
How to Solve Climate Change with Data Science Once and For All
 
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Check out my latest video "Tesla Model Y True Cost Calculator" here https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N3474vclpdE --~-- // Looking to Buy a Tesla? Get $1,000 Off + Free Supercharging Use our referral code and instantly get a discount plus free supercharging on your new Model S or X. *** Get Started https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e9QapXri9iY *** Human Factors are causing Global Warming and we finally have proof. In addition to a recent study produced by Bloomberg comparing I have completed my own analysis and found the algorithm, we can use to solve climate change once and for all with data science. // Follow Me online facebook: https://fb.com/ben.sullins.data twitter: http://twitter.com/bensullins web: http://bensullins.com // Sources http://www.bloomberg.com/graphics/2015-whats-warming-the-world/ // What is Climate Change? Climate change is a change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns when that change lasts for an extended period of time (i.e., decades to millions of years). Climate change may refer to a change in average weather conditions or in the time variation of weather around longer-term average conditions (i.e., more or fewer extreme weather events). Climate change is caused by factors such as biotic processes, variations in solar radiation received by Earth, plate tectonics, and volcanic eruptions. Certain human activities have also been identified as significant causes of recent climate change, often referred to as global warming. Scientists actively work to understand past and future climate by using observations and theoretical models. A climate record—extending deep into the Earth's past—has been assembled, and continues to be built up, based on geological evidence from borehole temperature profiles, cores removed from deep accumulations of ice, floral and faunal records, glacial and periglacial processes, stable-isotope and other analyses of sediment layers, and records of past sea levels. More recent data are provided by the instrumental record. General circulation models, based on the physical sciences, are often used in theoretical approaches to match past climate data, make future projections, and link causes and effects in climate change.
Man's daily observations become vital info for climate change researchers
 
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Billy Barr's Colorado cabin in the woods is home to one of the world's most valuable -- and unexpected -- troves of scientific data. Barr has been measuring snow depth and how much groundwater it produces since 1974. John Blackstone has more. Subscribe to the "CBS Evening News" Channel HERE: http://bit.ly/1S7Dhik Watch Full Episodes of the "CBS Evening News" HERE: http://cbsn.ws/23XekKA Watch the latest installment of "On the Road," only on the "CBS Evening News," HERE: http://cbsn.ws/23XwqMH Follow "CBS Evening News" on Instagram: http://bit.ly/1T8icTO Like "CBS Evening News" on Facebook HERE: http://on.fb.me/1KxYobb Follow the "CBS Evening News" on Twitter HERE: http://bit.ly/1O3dTTe Follow the "CBS Evening News" on Google+ HERE: http://bit.ly/1Qs0aam Get your news on the go! Download CBS News mobile apps HERE: http://cbsn.ws/1Xb1WC8 Get new episodes of shows you love across devices the next day, stream local news live, and watch full seasons of CBS fan favorites anytime, anywhere with CBS All Access. Try it free! http://bit.ly/1OQA29B --- The "CBS Evening News" premiered as a half-hour broadcast on Sept. 2, 1963. Check local listings for CBS Evening News broadcast times.
Views: 1731 CBS Evening News
Climate Change and Land Management: Social Network Analysis
 
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This webinar was held as a part of the Climate Change Science and Management Webinar Series, a partnership between the USGS National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Center and the FWS National Conservation Training Center. Webinar Description: Many federal agencies are currently striving to plan for climate change adaptation. Researchers for this project explored 1) the degree to which federal resource managers believe that climate change adaptation is important in their work and 2) the degree to which these managers are connected to each other and to a broader research community that can provide a scientific basis for climate change adaptation actions. The project consisted of a social network analysis of federal resource managers in the regions encompassed by the Southwest and North Central CSCs. Methods for this project included an online survey targeting resource managers from the Bureau of Land Management, Forest Service, National Park Service and Fish and Wildlife Service, as well as a snowball survey to garner opinions from people within academic, nongovernmental and federal research organizations (e.g., USGS), as well as from state resource managers. This study resulted in a number of different findings, including an overall strong concern for climate change impacts on natural resources among resource managers and a varying degree of connectedness between resource management agencies and research units.
Views: 1176 USGS
Environmental Impact Assessment - Analyzing Benefits and Actions (Examrace)
 
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Dr. Manishika Jain in this lecture explains the concept of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and difference between EIA and Strategic EIA. Tool to identify environmental, social and economic impacts of a project prior to decision-making – UNEP In India, Started in 1978-79 by river valley projects EIA has now been made mandatory under the Environmental Protection Act, 1986 for 29 categories of developmental activities that involves investments of Rs. 50 crores & more EIA – Definition @0:07 Stages Involved in EIA @4:51 Which Projects fall under EIA? @6:16 What to Address? @7:59 Benefits of EIA @9:19 Procedure @10:12 Follow Up @11:56 Polluter’s Pay Principle @12:07 Precautionary Principle @12:24 Strategic EIA @13:24 Environment Impact Assessment @14:09 Strategic Environment Assessment @14:19 #Implementation #Effluents #Concentration #Hazardous #Cumulatively #Screening #Compliance #Enforcement #Developmental #Investments #Manishika #Examrace Stages Involved in EIA Screening Scoping Assessment & Evaluation Report EIA: Non-technical summary for the general audience Review EIS Decision Making: Whether to approve project or not Monitoring, Compliance, Enforcement Environmental Auditing Which projects fall under EIA? Which can significantly alter the landscape, land use pattern & lead to concentration of working population Which need upstream development activity like assured mineral and forest products supply Which need downstream industrial process development Those involving manufacture, handling and use of hazardous materials Those sited near ecologically sensitive areas, urban centers, hill resorts, places of scientific and religious importance Industrial Estates which could cumulatively cause significant environmental damage What to Address? Meteorology and air quality Hydrology and water quality Site and its surroundings Occupational safety and health Details of the treatment and disposal of effluents and the methods of alternative uses Transportation of raw material and details of material handling Control equipment and measures proposed to be adopted Benefits of EIA Environmental benefits Economic benefits Reduced cost and time of project implementation and design Avoided treatment Clean-up costs Impacts of laws and regulations Procedure Follow Up Precautionary Principle: If an action or policy has a suspected risk of causing harm to the public, or environment, in the absence of scientific consensus, the burden of proof falls on those taking the action. Part of Rio Declaration & Kyoto Protocol. Polluter’s Pay Principle: To make the party responsible for producing pollution responsible for paying for the damage done to the natural environment. Support from OECD and European Community. Strategic EIA Formalized, systematic & comprehensive process to identify & evaluate environmental consequences of proposed policies, plans or programs Ensure full inclusion Address at earliest possible stage of decision-making on a par with economic & social considerations Can be applied to entire sector For NET Paper 1 material refer - http://www.examrace.com/CBSE-UGC-NET/CBSE-UGC-NET-FlexiPrep-Program/Postal-Courses/Examrace-CBSE-UGC-NET-Paper-I-Series.htm Examrace is number 1 education portal for competitive and scholastic exam like UPSC, NET, SSC, Bank PO, IBPS, NEET, AIIMS, JEE and more. We provide free study material, exam & sample papers, information on deadlines, exam format etc. Our vision is to provide preparation resources to each and every student even in distant corders of the globe. Dr. Manishika Jain served as visiting professor at Gujarat University. Earlier she was serving in the Planning Department, City of Hillsboro, Hillsboro, Oregon, USA with focus on application of GIS for Downtown Development and Renewal. She completed her fellowship in Community-focused Urban Development from Colorado State University, Colorado, USA. For more information - https://www.examrace.com/About-Examrace/Company-Information/Examrace-Authors.html
Views: 129295 Examrace
Data analytics helps to understand drivers of climate change
 
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http://bit.ly/MR-climate-change Science meets risk: Our Munich Re experts provided young data scientists with exclusive access to a set of climate data at our first Munich Re Datathon, in cooperation with Microsoft Azure. Looking for new ideas in predicting the effects of climate change. Read more about the topic: Munich Re's Online Magazine http://bit.ly/MR-climate-change Microsoft's press release https://t.co/Z3wJYwoPeO
Views: 955 Munich Re (Group)
Understanding Global Change from Data - Dr. Vipin Kumar
 
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Dr. Vipin Kumar, William Norris Professor and Head of the Computer Science and Engineering Department at the University of Minnesota, gave the eighth annual Borchert Lecture, which honors the late John Borchert, University of Minnesota Regents Professor in Geography and member of the U.S. National Academy of Science. David Borchert, one of Dr. Borchert's sons, attended the event named in honor of his father. This annual lecture features notable speakers in the area of geographic information science and this year was part of the campus-wide Spatial Forum and GIS Day celebration. Dr. Kumar's current research interests include data mining, high-performance computing, and their applications in Climate/Ecosystems and Biomedical domains. He is the Lead PI of a 5-year, $10 Million project, "Understanding Climate Change - A Data Driven Approach", funded by the NSF's Expeditions in Computing program that is aimed at pushing the boundaries of computer science research. He has authored over 300 research articles, and co-edited or coauthored 10 books including the widely used text book "Introduction to Parallel Computing", and "Introduction to Data Mining" both published by Addison-Wesley. Dr. Kumar's presentation, Understanding Global Change: Opportunities and Challenges for Data Driven Research, was well-attended and many excellent questions were asked by the audience. The climate and earth sciences have recently undergone a rapid transformation from a data-poor to a data-rich environment. In particular, climate and ecosystem related observations from remote sensors on satellites, as well as outputs of climate or earth system models from large-scale computational platforms, provide terabytes of temporal, spatial and spatio-temporal data. These information-rich datasets offer huge potential for monitoring, understanding, and predicting the behavior of the Earth's ecosystem and for advancing the science of global change. This talk highlighted some of the challenges in analyzing such data sets and reported on early research results.
Views: 329 U-Spatial
America's Climate Change Future – Session 4: Pushing against climate denial and defending science
 
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America's Climate Change Future: Housing Markets, Stranded Assets, and Entrenched Interests Session 4: Pushing against climate denial and defending science Moderator: Mark Blyth (Brown University) Initial paper/presentation for discussion: “Evidence-based Solutions to Combat Scientific Misinformation,” by Justin Farrell, Robert Brulle and Kathryn McConnell (Yale University and Brown University) Panelists: Kert Davies (Climate Investigation Center) Timmons Roberts (Brown University) Kerry Ard (Ohio State University) The Rhodes Center for International Economics, the Institute at Brown for Environment and Society, and the Office of the President are pleased to announce a one day conference on the economic and political consequences of climate change. The conference focuses on three key areas. First, the economics of rising sea levels for real coastal estate markets, which comprise a large portion of US housing market growth and hence personal wealth. The economics of ‘stranded carbon assets.’ That is, the raw materials and financial assets tied up in carbon release that have a high current value but whose values could decline precipitously in the future, especially if ambitious action is undertaken as scientific consensus suggests is needed. The third is the organized politics of climate denial: who are the agents and institutions behind scientific disinformation and how can such a politics best be countered? A lunchtime keynote speech will be given by Rhode Island Senator Sheldon Whitehouse. Lunch will be provided for participants. Read full Research Brief on the conference: https://watson.brown.edu/research/2019/brown-university-hosts-conference-americas-climate-change-future Co-sponsored by the Office of the President, the Rhodes Center, and IBES, Brown University, and the Office of U.S. Senator Sheldon Whitehouse
State of Denial | Fault Lines
 
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Fault Lines - State of Denial Within the first few days of Donald Trump's presidency, environmental activists and scientists watched with alarm as the Obama administration's data on climate change simply vanished from government websites. It was the first of many steps that made it clear that this administration would be taking a vastly different approach to confronting global warming than its predecessor. For Republicans, having a friend in the White House means they now have an open door to strike down key regulations that will be a boon to the energy industry. It's a path they had been building well before Trump took office, with Republicans not only denying that humans are increasing global warming - but accusing scientists of lying to the public. As a new administration takes power in Washington, Phil Torres explores what the Trump era will mean for the scientific community - and the future of the planet. - Subscribe to our channel: http://aje.io/AJSubscribe - Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/AJEnglish - Find us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/aljazeera - Check our website: http://www.aljazeera.com/
Views: 17635 Al Jazeera English
Friendly Guide to Climate Change - and what you can do to help #everytoncounts
 
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This video is a short, sweet, and pragmatic summary of climate change - what the problem is, why, and what you can actually do about it. VOICE TRANSLATIONS: - Dutch: https://youtu.be/UqFKtD_W5EE - French: https://youtu.be/blVH3lyHz7w VIEW THE DRAWING: http://everytoncounts.org/images/Friendly-Guide-to-Climate-Change.jpeg LEARN MORE: http://everytoncounts.org SEE THE TRANSCRIPT: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1eW-SfSCFwRQrxx2IPeec33ZHELXuDkFIvG0BdtCH1Ww/pub MUSIC "Henrik's Jam" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RFK1oO2xNLQ HELP TRANSLATE THE SUBTITLES TO YOUR LANGUAGE: http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_video?v=3CM_KkDuzGQ&ref=share CONTACT / FEEDBACK / TRANSLATION OFFERS Email climate AT crisp.se MAIN REFERENCES: Consensus on consensus: a synthesis of consensus estimates on human-caused global warming http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1748-9326/11/4/048002 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 5th assessment report http://ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar5/syr/AR5_SYR_FINAL_SPM.pdf http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar5/wg3/ipcc_wg3_ar5_summary-for-policymakers.pdf http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar5/wg2/ar5_wgII_spm_en.pdf International Energy Agency - Key CO2 emissions and trends 2016 http://www.iea.org/publications/freepublications/publication/KeyCO2EmissionsTrends.pdf International Energy Agency - CO2 emissions from fuel combustion 2016 https://www.iea.org/publications/freepublications/publication/CO2EmissionsfromFuelCombustion_Highlights_2016.pdf US Environmental Protection Agency - Climate Change Indicators https://www.epa.gov/climate-indicators/climate-change-indicators-atmospheric-concentrations-greenhouse-gases Crowd-funded solar panels in Africa http://jointrine.com Electricity map: https://www.electricitymap.org/ 1:48 WTF = “Why This Flooding?” What did you think? :) ALL REFERENCES: Here is a full list of all references, in chronological order: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1Zh2aqWDguue6Cig-3T1G7wTcLcxbGi2WXZpFMj9M9Tw/edit
Views: 47535 Henrik Kniberg
Gravitas: The cost of climate change
 
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On Gravitas tonight know about cost of climate change. Billions have been spend for relief and recovery of the climate. World is One News, WION examines global issues with in-depth analysis. We provide much more than the news of the day. Our aim is to empower people to explore their world. Subscribe to our channel at https://goo.gl/JfY3NI Check out our website: http://www.wionews.com Connect with us at our social media handles: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/WIONews Twitter: https://twitter.com/WIONews Google Plus: https://plus.google.com/+WIONews
Views: 276 WION
James Hansen: Why I must speak out about climate change
 
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http://www.ted.com Top climate scientist James Hansen tells the story of his involvement in the science of and debate over global climate change. In doing so he outlines the overwhelming evidence that change is happening and why that makes him deeply worried about the future. TEDTalks is a daily video podcast of the best talks and performances from the TED Conference, where the world's leading thinkers and doers give the talk of their lives in 18 minutes. Featured speakers have included Al Gore on climate change, Philippe Starck on design, Jill Bolte Taylor on observing her own stroke, Nicholas Negroponte on One Laptop per Child, Jane Goodall on chimpanzees, Bill Gates on malaria and mosquitoes, Pattie Maes on the "Sixth Sense" wearable tech, and "Lost" producer JJ Abrams on the allure of mystery. TED stands for Technology, Entertainment, Design, and TEDTalks cover these topics as well as science, business, development and the arts. Closed captions and translated subtitles in a variety of languages are now available on TED.com, at http://www.ted.com/translate If you have questions or comments about this or other TED videos, please go to http://support.ted.com
Views: 253568 TED
Coal CEO claims Earth cooling & climate change a hoax
 
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Asked about the economic analysis behind President Barack Obama's energy regulations, Murray said, "There's no scientific analysis either. I have 4,000 scientists that tell me global warming is a hoax. The Earth has cooled for 20 years." Murray Energy is the country's largest coal miner. Asked for clarification, a spokesperson for Murray Energy sent links to the Manhattan Declaration on Climate Change, which says "human-caused climate change is not a global crisis," and the Global Warming Petition Project, a list of science degree holders who don't think humans cause climate change. Murray's claim that there is no scientific analysis behind climate change is not true. A landmark 2013 study assessed 4,000 peer-reviewed papers by 10,000 climate scientists that gave an opinion on the cause of climate change. It showed 97 percent of the authors attributed climate change to manmade causes. His second claim that Earth is cooling is also false. Temperatures were the warmest on record last year, according to NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. It was the third year in a row global average temperatures set a record. http://www.cnbc.com/2017/02/17/murray-energy-ceo-claims-global-warming-is-a-hoax.html References Fact Sheets Coal: A Long History of Subsidies http://www.taxpayer.net/library/article/coal-a-long-history-of-subsidies Federal coal subsidies http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php/Federal_coal_subsidies Mining Coal, Mounting Costs: The life cycle consequences of coal http://www.chgeharvard.org/resource/mining-coal-mounting-costs-life-cycle-consequences-coal Murray Energy Corporation http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php/Murray_Energy_Corporation
Views: 1442 Climate State
Big Data and Climate Action
 
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The Director of UN Global Pulse talks in this interview about the opportunities and challenges of accelerating solutions to climate change with big data and artificial intelligence during #COP23.
Views: 69 UN Global Pulse
SAVE OUR PLANET - Latin American eco atlas reveals pressures of climate change
 
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SAVE OUR PLANET... Latin American eco-atlas reveals pressures of climate change. With data gathered from 33 countries, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) report, "Latin America and the Caribbean Atlas of our Changing Environment," outlines the many environmental tolls facing the region due to climate change. Described through more than 200 satellite images, maps, tables, graphs and text, the atlas comprises three parts: one that explores original diverse ecosystems and species, another documenting current climate issues, and finally, an analysis of 65 specific cases. Environmental impacts such as high levels of deforestation can be seen in images of Brazil, Mexico, Haiti, Guatemala, and Bolivia. Of even greater concern is the fact that many of the lands are not being cleared for human food but instead are being tilled for crops used in animal feed, industry, and fuel. Other noted climate effects across the continent include an increase in natural disasters, accelerated glacier melt and land degradation such as soil and coastal erosion, as well as desertification that currently affects more than 600 million hectares in the region. Among the recommendations made by UNEP are sustainable programs to help halt the adverse direction and restore ecosystems. We appreciate the United Nations Environment Program for these comprehensive observations, despite our alarm at their detrimental effect on the environment. Let us quickly heed such meaningful scientific data and act now to restore balance to our planet. Speaking with concern of climate change's perilous consequences during a November 2009 videoconference in Mexico, Supreme Master Ching Hai at the same time emphasized the best way to safeguard the environment and all life therein. Videoconference with Supreme Master Ching Hai Orizaba, Veracruz, Mexico -- November 16, 2009 Supreme Master Ching Hai: Some of the global warming effects that we hear about are a continued rise in the Earth's atmospheric temperature, warming of the ocean, along with acidification, more frequent and stronger storms, prolonged droughts and intensified heat waves, soil desertification, plant and animal extinctions, and even melting of permafrost, which could trigger massive releases of more methane gas! That would be catastrophic beyond an unthinkable scale. Mexico and your neighboring nations have already suffered from some of these effects. "How is livestock production connected to these damaging effects?" you will ask. There are so many ways that I'm sure I don't have enough time to tell all of them. These include deforestation, soil erosion and desertification, excessive use of precious resources, land and water waste and pollution, and animal, plant and human disease or disappearance. Supreme Master Ching Hai: So, the solution is very simple. We just have to turn away from the animal products. We stop eating meat, dairy, eggs, fish. Then everything will improve, life will be easier, and we can rest knowing that our children will have a future to look forward to.
Views: 277 NoteworthyNews
Can Climate Change Be A Good Thing?
 
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According a U.N. panel, climate change, caused mainly by greenhouse gases from burning fossil fuels, is set to cause economic harm in almost all parts of the world by spurring ever more droughts, heat waves and floods. But for the 56,000 inhabitants of Greenland, a giant island a quarter the size of the United States, the melt may be unlocking frozen assets and helping businesses: Fishing, farming, mining, shipping and tourism, to name just a few. This island at ground zero of global warming and is seeking to be one of the few places on Earth to benefit. In order to capitalize on an alarming thaw that included a record early melt on the vast ice sheet in April 2016 before a cooler May, environment Minister Mala Hoy Kuko said the north Atlantic island "is in the midst of new thinking." http://feeds.reuters.com/~r/reuters/topNews/~3/F8U5PUfiHAg/us-climatechange-greenland-idUSKCN0YZ1EM http://www.wochit.com This video was produced by YT Wochit News using http://wochit.com
Views: 700 Wochit News
Ship Logs Document Climate Change
 
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The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and the National Archives are posting 19th century ship logs online. They're asking for your help in mining the climate data they contain.
Views: 413 The Weather Channel
Climate change portends danger for Africa
 
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Despite overwhelming data on the dangers of Climate Change in Africa, the continent seems unprepared to monitor and deal with emerging threats to the environment. Experts say much as the effects of climate change are already being experienced at a high level here, there is no observation mechanism. For more news visit http://www.ntv.co.ug Follow us on Twitter http://www.twitter.com/ntvuganda Like our Facebook page http://www.facebook.com/NTVUganda
Views: 362 NTVUganda
PIR Live Event - Climate Change & Water Resources
 
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Water is something we take for granted, but we might not have enough in the future because our water needs are increasing and our climate is changing. We need enough water not only for ourselves, but also for our wildlife and natural areas. South Africa is expecting a water shortage later this spring and other regions like Australia and Israel have already made changes to manage water shortages. To plan for the future, Canada needs to know how to most efficiently manage its water. Dr. Andrew Slaughter and Hayley Carlson, both of the Global Institute for Water Security at the University of Saskatchewan, are part of a research team that studies various ways that can make this planning easier and more accurate for Canada’s large river basins. In this webinar recording, they describe the challenges we're facing, the solutions being considered, and how computer modelling and communicating with water users can be used to help inform Canada's decision makers. https://www.usask.ca/water/ http://gwf.usask.ca/
What is Climate Sensitivity?
 
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What is climate sensitivity and why is it so important? Michael E. Mann and Stefan Rahmstorf answer the question. Michael E. Mann is Distinguished Professor of Atmospheric Science at Penn State University and director of the Penn State Earth System Science Center (ESSC). Mann received his Ph.D. in Geology & Geophysics from Yale University. His research involves use of theoretical models and observational data to better understand Earth’s climate system. He was a Lead Author on the Observed Climate Variability and Change chapter of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Third Scientific Assessment Report in 2001 and has received a number of honors including NOAA’s outstanding publication award in 2002, the Hans Oeschger Medal of the European Geosciences Union in 2012 and the National Conservation Achievement Award for science by the National Wildlife Federation in 2013. He also contributed, with other IPCC authors, to the award of the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize. He made Bloomberg News list of fifty most influential people in 2013. Dr. Mann is author of more than 190 peer-reviewed publications and has published the books Dire Predictions: Understanding Climate Change and The Hockey Stick and the Climate Wars: Dispatches from the Front Lines. He co-founded the award-winning science website RealClimate.org. Stefan Rahmstorf obtained his PhD in oceanography at Victoria University of Wellington in 1990. He has worked as a scientist at the New Zealand Oceanographic Institute, at the Institute of Marine Science in Kiel and since 1996 at the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research. His work focuses on the role of the oceans in climate change. In 1999 Rahmstorf was awarded the $ 1 million Centennial Fellowship Award of the US-based James S. McDonnell foundation. Since 2000 he teaches Physics of the Oceans as a professor at Potsdam University. Rahmstorf served from 2004–2013 in the German Advisory Council on Global Change (WBGU) and was one of the lead authors of the 4th IPCC Assessment Report. Dr. Rahmstorf has published over 100 scientific papers (30 in leading journals such as Nature, Science and PNAS) and co-authored four books. Available in English are Our Threatened Oceans (2009, with Katherine Richardson) and The Climate Crisis (2010, with David Archer).
Views: 1399 Earth101
Climate Change: Translating Science into Policy
 
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Humphrey Fellow Nazla Mariza discusses climate change, one of the most pressing conversations of the past two decades. Since the 1990s, top leaders from almost all countries in the world have been deliberating international climate policies to seek solutions at the global level. However, the progress has been slow and complex. At the national and local level, climate policy is likely considered complicated, high level and vague for local government and societies who ironically face the real impact of climate change. How do they cope with this? The presentation will look at the lessons learned from Indonesia and explore challenges of integrating climate change solution into policy decisions. About the speaker: Nazla Mariza is a Humphrey Fellow and most recently the Program Director at the Center for Public Policy Transformation where she leads the policy team to provide evidence-based policy analysis and training for policymakers. She has been working closely with high level ministry officials, mayors and district heads to contribute to the development of several regulations. She earned a Master’s in Development Studies from the Institute of Development Studies at University of Sussex through the award of Chevening. She also received an Executive Education certificate from Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore.
America's Climate Change Future – Session 3: Institutional dynamics of climate action and inaction
 
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America's Climate Change Future: Housing Markets, Stranded Assets, and Entrenched Interests Session 3: Institutional dynamics of climate action and inaction Presider: Timmons Roberts (Brown University) Robert Brulle (Brown University), “Organized efforts against climate action” Loredana Loy (Cornell University), “Channeling the Brand: the Tea Party Movement and Climate Change Policy” Justin Farrell (Yale University), “Climate Change Countermovement Organizations and Media Attention in the U.S.” Kerry Ard (Ohio State University), “Public opinion on climate and Congressional voting” Discussant: Won Ha (Energy Foundation) The Rhodes Center for International Economics, the Institute at Brown for Environment and Society, and the Office of the President are pleased to announce a one day conference on the economic and political consequences of climate change. The conference focuses on three key areas. First, the economics of rising sea levels for real coastal estate markets, which comprise a large portion of US housing market growth and hence personal wealth. The economics of ‘stranded carbon assets.’ That is, the raw materials and financial assets tied up in carbon release that have a high current value but whose values could decline precipitously in the future, especially if ambitious action is undertaken as scientific consensus suggests is needed. The third is the organized politics of climate denial: who are the agents and institutions behind scientific disinformation and how can such a politics best be countered? A lunchtime keynote speech will be given by Rhode Island Senator Sheldon Whitehouse. Lunch will be provided for participants. Read full Research Brief on the conference: https://watson.brown.edu/research/2019/brown-university-hosts-conference-americas-climate-change-future Co-sponsored by the Office of the President, the Rhodes Center, and IBES, Brown University, and the Office of U.S. Senator Sheldon Whitehouse
Uncertainty in Hydrological and Water Resource Modelling
 
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This talk begins with an overview of the properties of hydrological and water resource models then charts the history of their use inclimate risk assessment at the catchment-scale. Concepts such as equifinality in (hydrological) modelling and associated implications for climate impact assessment will then be explored. Uncertainties linked to hydrological model structures and parameters are placed in the wider context of other major uncertainties arising from non - climatic pressures, climate model and downscaling biases. Explanations for apparent mismatches between observed and expected hydrological change at regional scales will be offered. Two case studies will then demonstrate how models can be used as ‘virtual laboratories’ for exploring multiple working hypotheses about hydrological change (in the Boyne, Republic of Ireland), and for assessing outcomes of adaptation options (in the Upper Colorado, USA). The talk will conclude with a summary of outstanding research challenges and explain how these relate to the information needs of water planners. RECOMMENDED READING Attribution of detected changes in streamflow using multiple working hypotheses. (https://wiki.ucar.edu/download/attachments/291513802/Harrigan%20et%20al%202013%20%28for%20Wilby%29.pdf?versio n=1&modificationDate=1405000750000&api=v2)
Views: 8566 UCARConnect
Environment Impact Assessment Part 1
 
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Support us : https://www.instamojo.com/@exambin/ Download our app : http://examb.in/app Environmental Impact Assessment Developmental projects in the past were undertaken without any consideration to their environmental consequences. As a result the whole environment got polluted and degraded. In view of the colossal damage done to the environment, governments and public are now concerned about the environmental impacts of developmental activities. So, to assess the environmental impacts, the mechanism of Environmental Impact Assessment also known as EIA was introduced. EIA is a tool to anticipate the likely environmental impacts that may arise out of the proposed developmental activities and suggest measures and strategies to reduce them. EIA was introduced in India in 1978, with respect to river valley projects. Later the EIA legislation was enhanced to include other developmental sections since 1941. EIA comes under Notification on Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) of developmental projects 1994 under the provisions of Environment (Protection) Act, 1986. Besides EIA, the Government of India under Environment (Protection) Act 1986 issued a number of other notifications, which are related to environmental impact assessment. EIA is now mandatory for 30 categories of projects, and these projects get Environmental Clearance (EC) only after the EIA requirements are fulfilled. Environmental clearance or the ‘go ahead’ signal is granted by the Impact Assessment Agency in the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India. Projects that require clearance from central government can be broadly categorized into the following sectors • Industries • Mining • Thermal power plants • River valley projects • Infrastructure • Coastal Regulation Zone and • Nuclear power projects The important aspects of EIA are risk assessment, environmental management and Post product monitoring. Functions of EIA is to 1. Serve as a primary environmental tool with clear provisions. 2. Apply consistently to all proposals with potential environmental impacts. 3. Use scientific practice and suggest strategies for mitigation. 4. Address all possible factors such as short term, long term, small scale and large scale effects. 5. Consider sustainable aspects such as capacity for assimilation, carrying capacity, biodiversity protection etc... 6. Lay down a flexible approach for public involvement 7. Have a built-in mechanism of follow up and feedback. 8. Include mechanisms for monitoring, auditing and evaluation. In order to carry out an environmental impact assessment, the following are essential: 1. Assessment of existing environmental status. 2. Assessment of various factors of ecosystem (air, water, land, biological). 3. Analysis of adverse environmental impacts of the proposed project to be started. 4. Impact on people in the neighborhood. Benefits of EIA • EIA provides a cost effective method to eliminate or minimize the adverse impact of developmental projects. • EIA enables the decision makers to analyses the effect of developmental activities on the environment well before the developmental project is implemented. • EIA encourages the adaptation of mitigation strategies in the developmental plan. • EIA makes sure that the developmental plan is environmentally sound and within limits of the capacity of assimilation and regeneration of the ecosystem. • EIA links environment with development. The goal is to ensure environmentally safe and sustainable development. Environmental Components of EIA: The EIA process looks into the following components of the environment: • Air environment • Noise component : • Water environment • Biological environment • Land environment EIA Process and Procedures Steps in Preparation of EIA report • Collection of baseline data from primary and secondary sources; • Prediction of impacts based on past experience and mathematical modelling; • Evolution of impacts versus evaluation of net cost benefit; • Preparation of environmental management plans to reduce the impacts to the minimum; • Quantitative estimation of financial cost of monitoring plan and the mitigation measures. Environment Management Plan • Delineation of mitigation measures including prevention and control for each environmental component, rehabilitation and resettlement plan. EIA process: EIA process is cyclical with interaction between the various steps. 1. Screening 2. Scoping 3. Collection of baseline data 4. Impact prediction 5. Mitigation measures and EIA report 6. Public hearing 7. Decision making 8. Assessment of Alternatives, Delineation of Mitigation Measures and Environmental Impact Assessment Report 9. Risk assessment
Views: 19384 Exambin
Introduction: Data Sciences for Climate and Environment
 
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This is a short introduction to the Data Sciences for Climate and Environment by Professors Richard Smith and Mark Girolami. You can view the full event here: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLuD_SqLtxSdUVT_2SSPzZSC__kAxpkm8w About the event Collectively, we are modelling and monitoring our planet better than we have ever done in our history, as a result of sustained efforts from the climate modelling community and space agencies and the private sector worldwide. Climate and weather models can now be run at finer spatial resolutions (10km or better), therefore enabling more realistic simulations of smaller and smaller scale processes (i.e. tropical cyclones in the atmosphere or eddies in the ocean) that can have severe impacts on our planet. At the same time there is a rapid growth in the number of satellites orbiting the Earth (221 launched in 2015, around 5000 in total) with a significant fraction of these satellites dedicated to Earth Observation using a large variety of sensors working at different electromagnetic frequencies (optical, radar, infrared, etc.). Our ability to store, process and share efficiently the vast amounts of data that are produced (~Pb yearly) by the modelling and remote sensing communities is a pre-requisite for the good functioning of these often publicly funded large programmes. In this one-day workshop our speakers will present on how the new tools developed in data sciences can be applied to questions relating to climate and the environment to help us address the great challenges that our society is facing in a rapidly changing planet. Our event will be structured around five keynote speakers highlighting five separate topics described below and followed by a panel dialogue between our experts and the audience on the topic of Data Sciences for the Climate and the Environment.
Webinar: Biodiversity as a metric of ecosystem resilience to climate change
 
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Title: Biodiversity as a metric of ecosystem resilience to climate change Presenter: Helen Poulos, PhD Date: March 13th, 2014 at 11am CST Abstract: Shifting diversity patterns and species turnover are fundamental concerns about how climate change will influence desert ecosystems. Scientists, managers, and-policy makers are searching for metrics to assist in the prediction of ecosystem responses to climate change. Temporal variation in landscape and regional-scale diversity can provide insights on the fragility or resilience of plant and animal communities in the Southwest to changing climates. This talk will explore the suite of diversity metrics and tools for measuring species turnover that are available for monitoring ecosystem change over time through the lens of biodiversity. About the Presenter: Helen's research focuses on developing risk management and decision support tools for sustainable forest and ecosystem management. She has been working in the Southwest for the last 14 years exploring local-, landscape, and regional-scale tree diversity patterns and species turnover along environmental gradients of Sky Island systems. Helen is both a field biologist and a data-mining expert, which she uses for developing decision support tools that can be readily implemented by policy-makers and on the ground by land managers. She holds a Master's degree in Geography from The Pennsylvania State University and a PhD from The Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies. She is currently part of Wesleyan University's College of the Environment.
Views: 596 DesertLCC
Extreme Heat Could Make One Third of Planet Uninhabitable
 
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Climate scientist Michael Mann says that, under a business-as-usual scenario, the mass displacement of billions could trigger an unprecedented national security crisis Visit https://therealnews.com for more stories and help support our work by donating at https://therealnews.com/donate.
Views: 28461 The Real News Network
Vipin Kumar "Big Data in Climate and Earth Sciences"
 
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Vipin Kumar April 27, 2018 Big Data in Climate and Earth Sciences: Challenges and Opportunities for Machine Learning Computational Sustainability Virtual Seminar Series http://www.compsust.net/seminar.php Abstract: The climate and earth sciences have recently undergone a rapid transformation from a data-poor to a data-rich environment. In particular, massive amount of data about Earth and its environment is now continuously being generated by a large number of Earth observing satellites as well as physics-based earth system models running on large-scale computational platforms. These massive and information-rich datasets offer huge potential for understanding how the Earth's climate and ecosystem have been changing and how they are being impacted by human’s actions. This talk will discuss various challenges involved in analyzing these massive data sets as well as opportunities they present for both advancing machine learning as well as the science of climate change in the context of monitoring the state of the tropical forests and surface water on a global scale. Biography Vipin Kumar is a Regents Professor and holds William Norris Chair in the department of Computer Science and Engineering at the University of Minnesota. His research interests include data mining, high-performance computing, and their applications in Climate/Ecosystems and health care. He is currently leading an NSF Expedition project on understanding climate change using data science approaches. His research has resulted in the development of the concept of isoefficiency metric for evaluating the scalability of parallel algorithms, as well as highly efficient parallel algorithms and software for sparse matrix factorization (PSPASES) and graph partitioning (METIS, ParMetis, hMetis). He has authored over 300 research articles, and co-edited or coauthored 10 books including the widely used text book ``Introduction to Parallel Computing", and "Introduction to Data Mining". Kumar has served as chair/co-chair for many international conferences and workshops in the area of data mining and parallel computing, including 2015 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, IEEE International Conference on Data Mining (2002), and International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium (2001). Kumar is a Fellow of the ACM, IEEE, AAAS, and SIAM. Kumar's research has been honored by the ACM SIGKDD 2012 Innovation Award, which is the highest award for technical excellence in the field of Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (KDD), and the 2016 IEEE Computer Society Sidney Fernbach Award, one of IEEE Computer Society's highest awards in high performance computing.
Views: 297 CompSustNet
Climate & Weather Extremes: Attribution and Risk
 
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NCAR Distinguished Senior Scientist Kevin Trenberth shares the science of attribution, especially in terms of weather extremes, and notes that scientists strive for 95% confidence level, which is a high burden of proof. Today, he believes, that climate change impacts all weather-related extremes to a certain degree, especially those involving water or lack thereof, and certainly temperature extremes. The question is not "if" but rather "to what degree."
Views: 251 UCARConnect
U.S. will change course on climate policy, Trump official says
 
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The United States will switch course on climate change and pull out of a global pact to cut emissions, said Myron Ebell, who headed U.S. President Donald Trump's Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) transition team until his inauguration. "(Trump) could do it by executive order tomorrow or he could do it as part of a larger package," Ebell told a conference in London on Monday. "I have no idea of the timing." Trump, a climate change doubter, campaigned on a pledge to boost the U.S. oil and gas drilling and coal mining industries by slashing regulation. He also promised to pull the United States out of the Paris Agreement aimed at curbing global warming. Trump's administration has asked the EPA to temporarily halt all contracts, grants and interagency agreements pending a review, according to sources. Ebell, who helped guide the EPA's transition after Trump was elected in November until he was sworn in on Jan. 20, said it was difficult to predict the timing of any action because government departments are still in transition. Ebell is Director of Global Warming and International Environmental Policy at the Competitive Enterprise Institute, a conservative think tank in Washington. Trump appointed Oklahoma Attorney General Scott Pruitt, who has led 14 lawsuits against the EPA, as the agency's administrator, although a vote on his nomination has not been scheduled. Trump also has drawn heavily from the energy industry lobby and pro-drilling think tanks to build its landing team for the EPA, according to a list of the newly introduced 10-member team seen by Reuters on Monday. http://feeds.reuters.com/~r/reuters/topNews/~3/-yzB2_Mb_Tw/us-usa-trump-epa-idUSKBN15E1MM http://www.wochit.com This video was produced by YT Wochit Vote It using http://wochit.com
Views: 63 Wochit Politics
IOM - Human Mobility, Environment and Climate - video message
 
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In remarks to the International Organization for Migration at their High-Level Panel on Human Mobility, Environment and Climate, UNFCCC Executive Secretary Christiana Figueres highlighted the need to address climate change for mobility and migration reasons and the great potential to keep communities secure through climate action.
Views: 213 climateconference
Climate change hits parched, famished Niger hard
 
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Climate change has wreaked havoc in Niger, bringing floods, droughts, spikes in temperature and food shortages -- buffeting the lives and livelihoods of millions of farmers in the west African nation.
Views: 282 AFP news agency
Uncertainty in Climate Change Research
 
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Co-Chair - ASP Summer Colloquim on Uncertainty in Climate Change Research - An Integrated Approach With opening remarks and welcome from Jim Hurrell, NCAR Director LI N D A M E A R N S Linda O. Mearns serves as the NCAR lead for the ASP 2014 Summer Colloquium on Integrated Uncertainty. She is Director of the Weather and Climate Impacts Assessment Science Program (WCIASP) and Head of the Regional Integrated Sciences Collective (RISC) within the Institute for Mathematics Applied to Geosciences (IMAGe), and Senior Scientist at the National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado. She served as Director of the Institute for the Study of Society and Environment (ISSE) for three years ending in April 2008. She holds a Ph.D. in Geography/Climatology from UCLA. She has performed research and published mainly in the areas of climate change scenario formation, quantifying uncertainties, and climate change impacts on agro-ecosystems. She has particularly worked extensively with regional climate models. She has been an author in the IPCC Climate Change 1995, 2001, 2007, and 2013 - 14 Assessments regarding climate variability, impacts of climate change on agriculture, regional projections of climate change, climate scenarios, and uncertainty in future projections of climate change. She also served as an author on the recently released US National Climate Assessment. Linda leads the multi-agency supported North American Regional Climate Change Assessment Program (NARCCAP), which is providing multiple high-resolution climate change scenarios for the North American impacts community. She has been a member of the National Research Council Climate Research Committee (CRC),the NAS Panel on Adaptation of the America's Climate Choices Program, the NAS Human Dimensions of Global Change (HDGC) Committee, and the NAS Panel on Advancing Climate Modeling. She has worked extensively with resource managers (e.g., water resource managers and ecologists) to form climate change scenarios for use in adaptation planning. She was made a Fellow of the American Meteorological Society in January 2006.
Views: 214 UCARConnect
NASA Releases Ton of Global Warming Data For Developing Nations
 
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NASA released data of climate modeling simulation results on Tuesday to help developing nations prepare for global warming. The results provide high resolution details of what our future climate may look like. The NASA data is part of the Obama administration's effort to push climate adaptation policies forward at the same time as it works to cut harmful global warming emissions like carbon dioxide. The data release should benefit developing countries. These nations are far more vulnerable to many climate impacts than industrialized countries, because they are less likely to anticipate and withstand effects like a rise in sea levels. The NASA data includes information from 21 different computer models, including how temperature and precipitation patterns may shift depending on greenhouse gas emissions through 2100. http://feeds.mashable.com/~r/Mashable/~3/HCTPfbP77Ko/ http://www.wochit.com This video was produced by Wochit using http://wochit.com
Views: 126 Wochit Science
The Big Quake - TechKnow
 
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The 1,130km stretch of coastline from Vancouver, Canada to Mendocino, California, harbours an underwater threat just over 110km offshore - the seismic fault, Cascadia. Places like Japan, Chile and North America's Pacific Northwest all fall in what's known as subduction zones - ie, where one tectonic plate dives under another. The potential seismic activity from one of these plates 'popping' from on top of the other equates to an entire region affected by earthquake symptoms. The Cascadia Initiative (CI) is a years-long project that has been developed to study the effects of the fault and the two plates responsible for the action: Juan de Fuca and Gorda. From the data collected, it is confirmed that the Cascadia will only cause large magnitude earthquakes, ranging between every 300 to 500 years. The last noted eruption of the Cascadia was in the 1700s, making the Pacific Northwest overdue for the next quake. But alongside the shaking, the movement of the sea floor is also set to generate a tsunami wave that will reach Northwestern shores within minutes of the explosion. Impact studies are under way at Oregon State University, where civil engineer Daniel Cox utilises a wave laboratory to gauge the effect of different sized tsunamis. Replicas of towns based on actual layouts of coastal cities that could be affected by a Cascadia-triggered tsunami are used to collect data that is then input into a computer, simulating potential situations and scanning for the worst areas of damage. The results, even on a small scale, are terrifying, and the fear doesn't lie only in the force of the tsunami waves, but also in the projectiles that get swept up in it, including vehicles or temporary buildings that could crash and, ultimately, obliterate permanent structures. With knowledge of the mass panic caused during evacuation due to natural disasters, even this facet of the event has been mapped out by experts at Oregon State. Combining elements of how the water moves onto land and factoring in human behaviour leads to the conclusion that most people are still unaware of how to react should an event of this large scale arise. How likely is it that there will be a 9.0 magnitude earthquake on the Pacific Northwest within the next 50 years? "Somewhere within one in seven chance within the next 50 years," says Daniel Cox. "These odds are way too high for us to accept. There's too many lives at risk. We have to come up with some better ideas." - Subscribe to our channel: http://aje.io/AJSubscribe - Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/AJEnglish - Find us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/aljazeera - Check our website: http://www.aljazeera.com/
Views: 36479 Al Jazeera English
A Climate Change Solution the GOP Can Get Behind
 
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The politics of climate change in the United States have long confounded efforts to curb emissions, but Professor Joe Aldy has an idea that could appeal to both liberals and conservatives. You can read the full white paper here: http://ken.sc/2qg2Vpl
Randy Sargent: Timelapse on Google Earth Engine | Talks at Google
 
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2014 People’s Voice Webby award winner Randy Sargent of Carnegie Mellon University is the architect behind Timelapse, the Earth Engine feature that allows us to watch how the entire globe has change since 1984. In this talk he shows us the impact of urbanization, glacial retreating, deforestation and mining in ways we never thought possible. Thanks to his work at Google, we are able to see the impact humans have on the world in an entirely new way. ABOUT THE SERIES: Great things always seem to happen when Academia and Industry come together to share ideas and insights, and at Google we care deeply about maintaining that open dialogue. In our ongoing efforts to support interesting research, we're picking some of our favorite projects and sharing their stories with the world. Presented December 9, 2014 at Google in Mountain View, California
Views: 11057 Talks at Google
Zimbabwe farmers share ideas on curbing the impact of climate change
 
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Farmers in Zimbabwe recently gathered for a knowledge and technical skills exchange programme. It's one of the many strides the country is taking to curb the effects of climate change -- which is threatening food security in the region. Vik Chege explains. Subscribe to us on YouTube: http://ow.ly/Zvqj30aIsgY Follow us on: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/cgtnafrica/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/cgtnafrica
Views: 137 CGTN Africa
The future of drought - NCAR GIS Program
 
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The animation represents a 3-year running average of the Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) for historical and future RCP 4.5 projections. Shaded regions show areas where cropland is at least 10% of the land area (using static 2015 Crop Data Layer (CDL)). Drier regions are represented with negative PDSI values and colors from red, brown and yellow. Wetter regions are represented by positive PDSI values and colors from green, blue, and magenta. The PDSI data was generated by Aiguo Dai from University at Albany, SUNY. Data Details: PDSI is used because it considers changes in both water supply (Precip) and demand (PET), while SPI is based on precipitation only (thus not effect of rising T through its effect on PET). SPEI is a relatively new index that consider the simple P-PET difference. To some decrease it is related to PDSI, but the PDSI has a longer history and more complicated treatment of the surface water balance. The PDSI model outputs other variables that may be more comparable to SPEI than the PDSI for short time scale variations, but most people just use the PDSI. The historical sc_PDSI_pm from CAS website is an estimate based observational data. The trend is generally consistent with model historical simulations, but read following paper for large regional differences (due to natural variability). Citation: Dai, A., 2013: Increasing drought under global warming in observations and models. Nature Climate Change. 3: 52-58. doi:10.1038/nclimate1633, (http://www.nature.com/nclimate/journal/v3/n1/full/nclimate1633.html). The data is from CMIP5 multi-model ensemble mean sc_PDSI_pm (self-calibrated PDSI with Penman-Monteith PET), which includes model historical and future simulations (no breaks in the model series). Citation: Zhao, T., and A. Dai, 2015: The magnitude and causes of global drought changes in the 21st century under a low-moderate emissions scenario. J. Climate, 28, 4490–4512. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00363.1.
Views: 1090 NCAR & UCAR Science
Why can't we deal with climate change simply by replacing coal?
 
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Climate change is a real problem we face together. 37% of our nation's greenhouse gases come from coal. So why don't we just replace coal? Well, it's not that simple. This data visualisation discusses the importance of coal to Australia, and illustrates how coal - mitigated by carbon capture and storage technologies - will remain a vital part of our future energy mix alongside energy efficiencies and renewables such as solar, wind, geothermal and hydroelectricity. To learn more, explore our website NewGenCoal.com.au
Views: 17639 newgencoal
Why cant we deal with climate change simply by replacing coal
 
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Climate change is a real problem we face together. 37% of our nation's greenhouse gases come from coal. So why don't we just replace coal? Well, it's not that simple. This data visualisation discusses the importance of coal to Australia, and illustrates how coal - mitigated by carbon capture and storage technologies - will remain a vital part of our future energy mix alongside energy efficiencies and renewables such as solar, wind, geothermal and hydroelectricity. To learn more check out NewGenCoal.com.au
Waiting for Superman: Coastal Erosion and Environmental Accountability | Alex Liebeskind | TEDxCSUSM
 
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As Alex noticed the threat to the grunion on his beloved family grunion runs, he began working as an academic researcher on computer models and simulations of various coastlines. In this talk, Alex provides insight into coastal erosion, how we may preemptively mitigate it, and what it reveals about our approach to the environment. Alex Liebeskind is a high school senior at Brentwood School in Los Angeles, California. After discovering a love for coding early in his education, Alex joined the UCLA Computer Graphics and Vision Laboratory , where he has been developing image processing and data mining algorithms for facial recognition software and for assisted medical diagnoses for patient brain functional MRI scans. More recently, Alex became interested in how computer modeling can be applied to predictive simulations of the coastline and ocean systems. Alex is currently working with the Lynett Wave Research Group at the USC Department of Environmental Engineering to make such projections more widely accessible to the general public. Growing up in Southern California playing soccer, backpacking, and going to the beach, Alex is passionate about taking action to preserve the environment. Alex Liebeskind is a high school senior at Brentwood School in Los Angeles, California. After discovering a love for coding early in his education, Alex joined the UCLA Computer Graphics and Vision Laboratory, where he has been developing image processing and data mining algorithms for facial recognition software and for assisted medical diagnoses for patient brain functional MRI scans. More recently, Alex became interested in how computer modeling can be applied to predictive simulations of the coastline and ocean systems. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx
Views: 675 TEDx Talks
How One of NASA’s Deep Space Challenges Could Be Solved in the Ocean | The Swim
 
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A long-distance swimmer and a NASA astronaut have some surprising things in common, including the quest to protect their bones from deteriorating. This Is the Engineering You'd Need to Cross the Pacific Ocean - https://youtu.be/4nEV76CpF6M Follow The Swim on Seeker's website http://www.seeker.com/theswim Follow Ben on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/BenLecomteTheSwim/ Read More A 51-year-old just began a 5,500-mile swim across the Pacific Ocean from Japan to San Francisco http://www.businessinsider.com/swimmer-crossing-the-pacific-ocean-2018-5 "Throughout the entire trip, Lecomte and the boat accompanying him on the journey plan to collect samples and test the water, looking for everything from contamination from the Fukushima incident to the presence of microplastics in the Great Pacific Garbage Patch." Fishing For Answers on Bone Loss in Space https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/medaka_studies “The fish in space showed normal body growth even though they had decreased mineral density in bones and teeth. The investigators observed the fish regularly and while the Medaka swam normally at first, they tended to become motionless late in the flight. This indicates that microgravity’s effect on bone density likely involves changes in mechanical force that lowers overall physical activity and therefore causes osteoclast activation.” The scoop on how mouse poop might get humans to Mars https://www.popsci.com/space-mouse-poop-mars “Despite the trickier conditions, astronauts will acquire a precious poo pellet from each mouse every two weeks. They’ll measure each creature’s mass and bone density at least twice over the course of the experiment, draw blood, and film their habitat for three 48-hour periods too. Then, at the end of 30 days, they’ll “process” 10 of the mice (a polite euphemism for euthanasia and dissection). The surviving 10 will live on for another two months before making the same sacrifice.” ____________________ Ben Lecomte's historic swim across the Pacific Ocean is a feat that can’t be missed. Join us as we dive into the most extensive data set of the Pacific Ocean ever collected. Learn about the technology the Seeker crew is using to deter sharks away from Ben and measure the impact of the long-distance swim on his mind and body. Ben's core mission is to raise awareness for ocean health issues, so we’ll investigate key topics such as pollution and plastics as he swims closer to the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, discover potential consequences from climate change, and examine how factors like ocean currents can impact his progress along the way. Seeker explains every aspect of our world through a lens of science, inspiring a new generation of curious minds who want to know how today’s discoveries in science, math, engineering and technology are impacting our lives, and shaping our future. Our stories parse meaning from the noise in a world of rapidly changing information. Subscribe now! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=dnewschannel Seeker on Twitter http://twitter.com/seeker Seeker on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/SeekerMedia/ Seeker http://www.seeker.com/ Discovery on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/Discovery/ Nomadica Films http://www.nomadicafilms.com/
Views: 60517 Seeker