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Botswana Diamonds delighted with study on Marange Diamond Fields concession
 
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James Campbell, managing director of Botswana Diamonds plc (LON:BOD), discusses with Proactive London's Andrew Scott the results of a desktop study that's been undertaken on the Heritage Concession within the Marange Diamond Fields of Zimbabwe. Botswana Diamonds has an agreement in place with Vast Resources (LON:VAST) for the exploration, mining and marketing of the concession. Campbell says the next steps now include geological mapping and ideally advancing to a trial mining programme.
Huli Wigmen - Papua New Guinea
 
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March 2006 The PNG Huli men are said to be the fiercest warriors in the world. But they have a surprising soft side -- an obsession with hair. Boys spend years constructing elaborate wigs. "It is very important for a young Huli boy to have a wig. That's why the boys go to wig school", explains Huli Harold Hayake. To grow strong, healthy hair, the young men live together in a monastic lifestyle under the guidance of a wig master. Only after their wig is ready can they marry. Produced by ABC Australia Distributed by Journeyman Pictures
Views: 280068 Journeyman Pictures
Mining industry of Ghana | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mining_industry_of_Ghana 00:00:52 1 Economic impact 00:02:06 2 Government policies and programs 00:06:20 3 Industry structure 00:08:14 4 Commodities 00:08:23 4.1 Aluminum, bauxite, and alumina 00:10:30 4.2 Gold 00:22:49 4.3 Manganese 00:25:11 4.4 Diamond 00:30:39 4.5 Cement 00:31:20 4.6 Petroleum 00:34:48 5 Environmental impact 00:38:34 6 History 00:46:26 6.1 Accidents 00:46:58 7 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.9018217069732137 Voice name: en-GB-Wavenet-B "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Mining industry of Ghana accounts for 5% of the country's GDP and minerals make up 37% of total exports, of which gold contributes over 90% of the total mineral exports. Thus, the main focus of Ghana's mining and minerals development industry remains focused on gold. Ghana is Africa's largest gold producer, producing 80.5 t in 2008. Ghana is also a major producer of bauxite, manganese and diamonds. Ghana has 23 large-scale mining companies producing gold, diamonds, bauxite and manganese, and, there are also over 300 registered small scale mining groups and 90 mine support service companies.Other mineral commodities produced in the country are natural gas, petroleum, salt, and silver.
Views: 23 wikipedia tts
Deforestation in Papa New Guinea
 
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Rebuttal to video originally posted by Chloe (Canada), Rachel (Canada) and Henry (Florida). Prepared by: Ben (Florida), Hayes (Florida) and Marianela (Mexico) Sustainable Development Project - 2014
Views: 56 Laurie Clement
gold mining in cameroon
 
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More Details : http://wwa.stonecrushersolution.org/solutions/solutions.html Our Channel : https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCbbRdWA7Go_tqpzKkQkxurw Our Channel : https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCYgMJRtHDsXYizUx8QDellw/ Unauthorised gold mining in Cameroon reaps deathly toll ...Forty-three gold diggers died in abandoned mines in Cameroon in the first 10 months of last year, a watchdog group said Wednesday. "The toll of people who died in mining holes... reached 43 in the ...Gold Mining Africa Cameroon (International Version) - YouTube?· Diamond and Gold Exploration Mining in Batouri. Skip navigation Sign in. ... Gold Mining Africa Cameroon (International Version) ... 9-SLK-ZD300 Gold wash plant working at Africa Ghana ...Cameroon Inc. Ethical Mining in CameroonCameroon Inc. (CMINC) is an artisanal mining social enterprise formed by the team behind CAMNARES, a nonprofit organization started in 2005. ... as well as constant capital and cash flow pressures from Cameroon's thin internal gold markets which limits the number of families who can benefit.Tensions Rise in E. Cameroon Over Chinese Gold MinersTensions Rise in E. Cameroon Over Chinese Gold Miners ... residents and small-scale Chinese gold miners who began setting up camp there six years ago. ... temporary camps near their mining areas ...Small-scale Gold Mining: Chinese Operations in Cameroon ...?· Some of them switched from other economic activities they were already pursuing in the country whilst the others, mostly mining professionals, moved from the Ghanaian gold mining business to Cameroon.Cameroon: Mining, Minerals and Fuel ResourcesThe natural resources of Cameroon include petroleum, bauxite, and iron ore. Its mining industry is largely underdeveloped. Overview of Resources. Cameroon has limited exploited mineral resources which include bauxite, petroleum, uranium, cassiterite, cobalt, gold, iron ore, lignite, and nickel.bauxite mining equipment for sale in cameroon?· medium gold mining plant XINHAI - SG Creations. mining bauxite methodology,medium gold mining plant,Major Mines is one of the leading suppliers of placer mining equipment including gold wash plants. in New Zealand, Mongolia, Papua New Guinea, Bolivia, Ghana and Cameroon.Gold Coins from Cameroon Buy Big Five Gold Coins APMEXGold Coins from Cameroon The Republic of Cameroon is a country in Central Africa that is bordered by Nigeria, Chad, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon and the Republic of the Congo. The most notable series from Cameroon is The Big Five series.Cameroon: country in gold - Business in Cameroon(Business in Cameroon) - Cameroon is a country rich in gold. For the moment, gold is not an industrial product, but artisanal. CAPAM (Framework for the support and promotion of mining), says Cameroon will produce close to 16,653.3 kg of gold on a small scale from 2010 to 2015.Buy Gold and Diamond for Sale Afri Gold Mining Company ...Gold mining company, buy gold and diamond for sale at lowest prices. We sell & buy gold dust, gold nuggets, gold bars and uncut diamonds in USA-Cameroon.10 Gold Mining Concessions For Sale - Cameroon ...Southern Region of Cameroon in zone of high Mineralization. In between Goldfields, Anglogold, Gold Star, Prestea. Description: We are looking for JV Partners or buyers for a gold mine in the eastern province of Zambia. The area is very accessible. Gold occurrences from trace to 81g/ton.European Journal of Sustainable Development ResearchArtisanal mining is associated with a number of environmental impacts, including deforestation and land degradation, open pits which pose animal traps and health hazards, and heavy metals contamination of land (water and soil), dust and noise pollution. The study examines the perception of environmental degradation of gold mining sites in eastern Cameroon.Cameroon: country in gold - Business in Cameroon(Business in Cameroon) - Cameroon is a country rich in gold. For the moment, gold is not an industrial product, but artisanal. CAPAM (Framework for the support and promotion of mining), says Cameroon will produce close to 16,653.3 kg of gold on a small scale from 2010 to 2015.mining cameroon profile - perkinspreschool.com?· African Aura Mining Inc. is in the acquisition, exploration, and development of and Cameroon, including the Putu iron project, the New Liberty gold project, the Contact Us Mines - Invest In CameroonCameroon's booming small-scale gold miners AfricanewsCameroon is one of the few gold-
Views: 14 Seven Dove
Janet Mining The Biggest Gold & Diamond Mine in Sierra Leone
 
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Profile of Miss Janet Tucker Founder, President and CEO of Janet Mining Company Miss Janet Tucker is a Sierra Leonean. She was born in Kono District and attended the University of Njala.hold a degree in Business Management and Administration She is a certified Gemmologist Miss Tucker has over twenty years’ experience in the mining industry and owns 25,000 acres of productive diamond and gold mining concessions in the major Chiefdoms of Sierra Leone. The concessions are capable of producing 500cts to 5000cts and 25kg to 1000kgs AU Gold on a monthly basis. Her company was set up for mining activity, business consultancy and facilitation. Miss Tucker is a keen and successful business woman with excellent business acumen along with international sales and marketing experience. She worked as CEO of Ceres International Ltd. In Sierra Leone and was the Sole Agent of Ingersoran, Paris whom she represented in Sierra Leone. Miss Tucker was appointed by the President to work with the Sierra Leone Government as Diamond Dealers Chair Lady. All illicit diamonds that were found from the mining, were reported and delivered to Miss Tucker. She then call the government office and deliver the diamonds. If the diamonds were very big she call the president directly before taking it to the government office. If they were small she would take them to the government diamond office. Miss Tucker is well versed in financial matters and can be relied upon to establish efficient systems and processes that will lead to sound and successful financial management. Her experience of working within different management fields, enables her to be an excellent business woman with an ability to build transparent and respectful long-term business relationships with joint venture partner. Miss Tucker has aspirations for her company, Janet Mining Company Ltd., to become one of the leading mining companies in Sierra Leone. She is looking forward to entering into a long-term Joint Venture Contract that will be of mutual benefit to the investor and to assist in his country’s economic development. This will also assist in the economic development of Sierra Leone. Janet Tucker is family to the wife of the President and has very good contact with top government officials. Janet Tucker is supported directly by the President and his wife to carry out any government projects,& other projects Having asked her to seek out investors, they will both be supportive of any investors that she brings into Sierra Leone. Janet Tucker will make sure that the contract contains how the investor is paid back for his investments profits will be paid to the investor. Janet Tucker and her family are respected and trusted by government officials to carry out government projects together with their investors. The investor will be warmly welcomed by the President and his wife, the Vice-President, Cabinet Members, top government officials and all the people of Sierra Leone. http://tuckerjanetmining.com
Views: 1161 Janet Mining
GOLD BARS FOR SALE
 
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I write on behalf of J.T /RICOH Co Ltd. Established in 2007 our registration number is 010555130281. Being a Government approved International supplier of Precious Stones and Metals.We are fully certified and licensed to deal and export Gold, Gemstones and Copper Cathodes globally. As we seek to connect with potential buyers from all over the world, we would like to interest you in our main Commodity. Please see details here under: PRODUCT: Gold Bars –Aurum Utalium (Au) ORIGIN: Thailand. QUANTITY: 136KGs PURITY: 98.82% +23kt to 24kt PRICE: USD 32,000.00/Kg CIF (Buyers Destination). and USD30,000.00/KG FOB (Bangkok Thailand). If purity is found to be less than stated in the FCO, then the price will be adjusted to suit the buyer. CURRENCY: Only US dollar offers are acceptable. PACKAGING: In metal export boxes LOADINGPORT: Suvarnabhumi Airport Thailand. MONTHLY DELIVERY: To be negotiated between the two parties MINIMUM SHIPMENT/ TRIAL: 50Kgs DELIVERY PLACE: (to be advised by the buyer) CONTRACT: 75KG [With Rolls & Extensions to be negotiated by Both Parties]. Its our hope that my offer will interest you, as we are looking forward to having a good and long lasting business relationship with your company Contact me to discuss quality, quantity and terms. Best Regards, Jayson Baba J.T/Ric Co Ltd. Add: Amphoe San Sai, Chang Wat Chiang Mai 50210 Thailand Skype: dos.sentos Tel: +66-958-640-529 Fax:+66-820-124-403 USA CONTACT: Houston Tx Tel: +1520-485-0388
Views: 436 RICOH MINING
Gabon
 
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Gabon (/ɡəˈbɒn/; French pronunciation: ​[ɡabɔ̃]), officially the Gabonese Republic (French: République gabonaise), is a sovereign state on the west coast of Central Africa. Located on the equator, Gabon is bordered by Equatorial Guinea to the northwest, Cameroon to the north, the Republic of the Congo on the east and south, and the Gulf of Guinea to the west. It has an area of nearly 270,000 square kilometres (100,000 sq mi) and its population is estimated at 1.5 million people. Its capital and largest city is Libreville. Since its independence from France on August 17, 1960, Gabon has had three presidents. In the early 1990s, Gabon introduced a multi-party system and a new democratic constitution that allowed for a more transparent electoral process and reformed many governmental institutions. Gabon was also a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council for the 2010–2011 term. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 302 Audiopedia
West Papua (region) | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: West Papua (region) Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Western New Guinea, also known as Papua (formerly Irian Jaya) and West Papua, is the part of the island of New Guinea (also known as Papua) incorporated into Indonesia in 1962. Lying to the west of the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, it is the only Indonesian territory to be situated in Oceania. The territory also includes nearby islands, including the Schouten and Raja Ampat archipelagoes. Most of the territory is in the Southern Hemisphere, with a few small northwestern islands such as Sajang Island in the Northern Hemisphere. The region is predominantly covered with ancient rainforest where numerous traditional tribes live such as the Dani of the Baliem Valley, although a large proportion of the population live in or near coastal areas, now a majority of which consists of recent transmigrants from Java and other provinces of Indonesia.The largest city in the region is Jayapura. The official and most commonly spoken language is Indonesian. Estimates of the number of tribal languages in the region range from 200 to over 700, with the most widely spoken including Dani, Yali, Ekari and Biak. The predominant religion is Christianity (often combined with traditional beliefs) followed by Islam. The main industries include agriculture, fishing, oil production, and mining. The territory has been administered by Indonesia since May 1963 and officially included into its territory after a vote (dubbed the "Act of Free Choice") supervised by the Indonesian military junta in 1969, marred by political threats against native Papuans. The indigenous Melanesian population at the end of 1961 estimated at 718,055 has been estimated to have grown by year 2005 to 1,559,000 representing a growth rate of 1.6% per year the Asiatic population at the end of 1961 estimated at 16,581 has been estimated to have grown by year 2005 to 1,088,000 representing a growth rate of 10% per year. Transmigration from the Indonesian islands of Sumatera, Java, Bali and Sulawesi is the main cause of the inflation of the Asiatic population. Meanwhile, the population growth of the Melanesian population has been slowed by over half a century of what has been described as genocidal policies from the Indonesian state apparatus.Human habitation is estimated to have begun between 42,000 and 48,000 years ago. The Netherlands claimed the region and commenced missionary work in the nineteenth century. The region was annexed by Indonesia in the 1960s, and has faced a separatist movement since then, resulting in continued repression and in the deaths of 100,000 up to 500,000 indigenous West Papuans.Following the 1998 commencement of reforms across Indonesia, Papua and other Indonesian provinces received greater regional autonomy. In 2001, "Special Autonomy" status was granted to Papua province, although to date, implementation has been partial and often criticized. The region was administered as a single province until 2003, when it was split into the provinces of Papua and West Papua. Access to Western New Guinea by foreign journalists, non-governmental organizations, and academic researchers is under close control by the Indonesian administration, which often rejects visa applications. As formerly in East Timor, Indonesia's former colonial territory, the Indonesian administration takes great effort at filtering the information that gets out of Western New Guinea.
Views: 34 wikipedia tts
World War One (ALL PARTS)
 
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All 5 parts of Epic History TV's history of World War One in one place. From the Schlieffen Plan to the Versailles Treaty, this is 65 minutes of non-stop WW1 history. Ver Epic History TV en español: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCsog79tfkmgCbQQB_n23Xog Recommended books on WW1 (use affiliate link to buy on Amazon & support the channel): Hew Strachan, The First World War: A New History http://geni.us/ioYIFO Gary Sheffield, A Short History of the First World War http://geni.us/bSrkHi Lyn MacDonald, To the Last Man: Spring 1918 http://geni.us/F0rl Peter Hart, The Great War: 1914-1918 http://geni.us/diz8nhI A J P Taylor, The First World War: An Illustrated History http://geni.us/el71iC #EpicHistoryTV #WorldWarOne #WW1 Archive: Getty Images, Photos of the Great War http://www.gwpda.org/photos/greatwar.htm Australian War Memorial Library of Congress National Archives and Records Administration New York Public Library Eindecker images courtesy of Jerry Boucher The Virtual Aircraft Website http://www.the-vaw.com/ Henry Gunther Memorial, Concord via Wikipedia Commons https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en Music: Kevin MacLeod (http://incompetech.com/): Faceoff; Interloper; Invariance; Oppressive Gloom; Stormfront; The Descent; Prelude & Action; All This; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ 'The Conspirators' by Haim Mazar; Audio Blocks Please help me make more videos at Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/EpicHistoryTV
Views: 3473152 Epic History TV
Moratorium in DRC at risk
 
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For 15 years, a moratorium on new industrial logging concessions in the Democratic Republic of Congo helped to protect the Congo Basin forest. But the Congolese government repeatedly violated it and now CAFI, a Norwegian-led fund, is considering lifting the moratorium and expanding industrial logging. This would put the habitat of threatened species at risk as well as the chance for forest communities to manage their livelihood. #KeeptheMoratorium ACT: act.gp/2rdcSFY
mursi people ethiopia tribes documentary -African Tribes
 
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African Tribes About,Uncontacted people, also referred to as isolated people or lost tribes, are communities who live, or have lived, either by choice (peoples living in voluntary isolation) or by circumstance, without significant contact with global civilization. Few peoples have remained totally uncontacted by global civilization. Indigenous rights activists call for such groups to be left alone, stating that it will interfere with their right to self-determination.[1] Most uncontacted communities are located in densely forested areas in South America, New Guinea, India, and Central Africa. Knowledge of the existence of these groups comes mostly from infrequent and sometimes violent encounters with neighboring tribes, and from aerial footage. Isolated tribes may lack immunity to common diseases, which can kill a large percentage of their people after contact. Uncontacted tribes are a source of fascination in "contacted" society, and the idea of tour operators offering extreme adventure tours to specifically search out uncontacted people has become controversial. It is believed that the last group of uncontacted native peoples in North America were the Lacandón people, discovered in the early part of the 20th century. Both Ishi's Yahi family, and the Lacandón Maya, were aware of European colonization and the civilization that had developed from it, but purposefully avoided any direct contact, preferring to interact only with other native peoples. The Uncontacted Indians of Peru There are an estimated 15 uncontacted tribes living in the Peruvian Amazon, all face catastrophe unless their land is protected Survival has been calling on the Peruvian government to protect land inhabited by uncontacted tribes since the 1970s. Today, five reserves have been created for uncontacted tribes, and Peru has ratified laws that uphold the tribes’ right to be left alone. But now the threats are greater than ever. Illegal loggers and miners are invading the forest, and oil and gas concessions cut across more than 70% of Peru’s Amazon region. We’re campaigning to ensure the government upholds uncontacted tribes’ right to their land and prevents outsiders from invading it. see more: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCahl-58YhyXCQn0xiCw2oew the life and behavior of a native tribe of Africa,we offer the daily life of the tribes in their sections. African tribes women and men what to do,how to live,what to eat and what they drink,how they hunt,dances, and family how they are,what they believe, and how our documentary on African tribal life is their sex life.
Views: 115255 Documentary Frag
*LIVE* RightsTalk: Business and Human Rights - Whose Responsibilities?
 
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Overview There have been rapid developments in recent years in clarifying the responsibilities of both governments and corporations for the impact of the actions of corporations on human rights within a state and transnationally. The UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights 2011 have set parameters for these responsibilities, and some governments and corporations have acted to respond to them. International documents, national legislation and court decisions around the world have proliferated, and there is also a move to draft a treaty. This talk will explore the key issues and responsibilities in this area, including the legal obligations on governments to act, the extent of the corporate responsibility to respect human rights (and if this has legal consequences), and the need to have access to remedies for victims. This talk is of relevance to government officials, senior corporate officials, legal practitioners, judges, civil society, scholars and others. Bio Professor Robert McCorquodale is the Director of the British Institute of International and Comparative Law in London. He is also Professor of International Law and Human Rights at the University of Nottingham, and a barrister at Brick Court Chambers in London. Before embarking on an academic career, he worked as a solicitor in commercial litigation with King & Wood Mallesons in Sydney and Herbert Smith Freehills in London. Robert’s research and teaching interests are in the areas of public international law and human rights law, with a particular focus on business and human rights issues, as well as the rule of law. He has published extensively on these areas, and has provided advice and training to governments, corporations, law firms, international organisations, non-governmental organisations and peoples concerning these issues.
Western New Guinea | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Western New Guinea Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Western New Guinea, also known as Papua (formerly Irian Jaya) and West Papua, is the part of the island of New Guinea (also known as Papua) incorporated into Indonesia in 1962. Lying to the west of the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, it is the only Indonesian territory to be situated in Oceania. The territory also includes nearby islands, including the Schouten and Raja Ampat archipelagoes. Most of the territory is in the Southern Hemisphere, with a few small northwestern islands such as Sajang Island in the Northern Hemisphere. The region is predominantly covered with ancient rainforest where numerous traditional tribes live such as the Dani of the Baliem Valley, although a large proportion of the population live in or near coastal areas, now a majority of which consists of recent transmigrants from Java and other provinces of Indonesia.The largest city in the region is Jayapura. The official and most commonly spoken language is Indonesian. Estimates of the number of tribal languages in the region range from 200 to over 700, with the most widely spoken including Dani, Yali, Ekari and Biak. The predominant religion is Christianity (often combined with traditional beliefs) followed by Islam. The main industries include agriculture, fishing, oil production, and mining. The territory has been administered by Indonesia since May 1963 and officially included into its territory after a vote (dubbed the "Act of Free Choice") supervised by the Indonesian military junta in 1969, marred by political threats against native Papuans. The indigenous Melanesian population at the end of 1961 estimated at 718,055 has been estimated to have grown by year 2005 to 1,559,000 representing a growth rate of 1.6% per year the Asiatic population at the end of 1961 estimated at 16,581 has been estimated to have grown by year 2005 to 1,088,000 representing a growth rate of 10% per year. Transmigration from the Indonesian islands of Sumatera, Java, Bali and Sulawesi is the main cause of the inflation of the Asiatic population. Meanwhile, the population growth of the Melanesian population has been slowed by over half a century of what has been described as genocidal policies from the Indonesian state apparatus.Human habitation is estimated to have begun between 42,000 and 48,000 years ago. The Netherlands claimed the region and commenced missionary work in the nineteenth century. The region was annexed by Indonesia in the 1960s, and has faced a separatist movement since then, resulting in continued repression and in the deaths of 100,000 up to 500,000 indigenous West Papuans.Following the 1998 commencement of reforms across Indonesia, Papua and other Indonesian provinces received greater regional autonomy. In 2001, "Special Autonomy" status was granted to Papua province, although to date, implementation has been partial and often criticized. The region was administered as a single province until 2003, when it was split into the provinces of Papua and West Papua. Access to Western New Guinea by foreign journalists, non-governmental organizations, and academic researchers is under close control by the Indonesian administration, which often rejects visa applications. As formerly in East Timor, Indonesia's former colonial territory, the Indonesian administration takes great effort at filtering the information that gets out of Western New Guinea.
Views: 13 wikipedia tts
Treasure Island by Robert Louis Stevenson
 
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This is the extraordinary tale of a boy, Jim Hawkins, who comes into possession of Captain Flint's treasure map, after a buccaneer takes a room at his inn and later dies. The map spreads its ill luck to all who know of it. A local squire outfits a ship to voyage to the Treasure Island, unearth the treasure, and bring it home. Little does he suspect that the man he has hired aboard as cook was formerly Flint's quartermaster, who then connives to hire many of his old mates. Once ashore, pirates being pirates, what follows is a mutiny. Jim and a handful of honest men find themselves harried and hunted by the rest of the crew. The pirate treasure, amassed by so much blood and death, is about to reach out and claim more victims! Dedication - 00:00 Part 1. The Old Buccaneer Chapter 1. The Old Sea-dog at the "Admiral Benbow" - 1:20 Chapter 2. Black Dog Appears and Disappears - 15:21 Chapter 3. The Black Spot - 29:58 Chapter 4. The Sea Chest - 43:48 Chapter 5. The Last of the Blind Man - 57:11 Chapter 6. The Captain's Papers - 1:08:50 Part 2. The Sea-cook Chapter 7. I Go to Bristol - 1:22:01 Chapter 8. At the Sign of the "Spy-Glass" - 1:34:13 Chapter 9. Powder and Arms - 1:45:51 Chapter 10. The Voyage - 1:58:10 Chapter 11. What I Heard in the Apple Barrel - 2:10:36 Chapter 12. Council of War - 2:25:17 Part 3. My Shore Adventure Chapter 13. How My Shore Adventure Began - 2:37:46 Chapter 14. The First Blow - 2:49:08 Chapter 15. The Man of the Island - 3:01:17 Part 4. The Stockade Chapter 16. How the Ship Was Abandoned - 3:16:04 Chapter 17. The Jolly-Boat's Last Trip - 3:26:20 Chapter 18. End of the First Day's Fighting - 3:35:29 Chapter 19. The Garrison in the Stockade - 3:45:25 Chapter 20. Silver's Embassy - 3:58:04 Chapter 21. The Attack - 4:10:29 Part 5. My Sea Adventure Chapter 22. How My Sea Adventure Began - 4:23:28 Chapter 23. The Ebb Tide Runs - 4:36:21 Chapter 24. The Cruise of the Coracle - 4:46:29 Chapter 25. I Strike the Jolly Roger - 4:59:10 Chapter 26. Israel Hands - 5:10:19 Chapter 27. Pieces of Eight - 5:29:10 Part 6. Captain Silver Chapter 28. In the Enemy's Camp - 5:42:20 Chapter 29. The Black Spot Again - 6:00:26 Chapter 30. On Parole - 6:14:55 Chapter 31. The Treasure Hunt - Flint's Pointer - 6:30:15 Chapter 32. The Voice Among the Trees - 6:44:47 Chapter 33. The Fall of a Chieftain - 6:58:00 Chapter 34. And Last - 7:10:50 Read by Mark F. Smith (https://librivox.org/reader/204)
Views: 34071 Audiobooks Unleashed
Animation -- Riding the crest of a global commodity wave
 
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Riding the crest of a global commodity wave, natural resources have fuelled a decade of rapid growth in Africa, but too few Africans have benefited. Infographics in this animation are drawn from this year's Africa Progress Report, "Equity in Extractives - Stewarding Africa's natural resources for all". Riding the crest of a global commodity wave, natural resources have fuelled a decade of rapid growth in Africa. The continent has now joined the world league of high growth economies. In the first decade of this century, sub-Saharan Africa was one of the fastest growing regions in the world. It suffered the impact of the 2008 financial crisis less than other regions too. Resource-rich countries such as Sierra Leone, Niger, and Angola also grew faster than China and India. With significant oil, gas, and mineral reserves, Africa's resource-fuelled growth is expected to continue. By one estimate, the continent hosts 30 percent of the world's mineral reserves, including significant proportions of gold, platinum, diamonds, and manganese. South Africa alone produces 77 percent of the world's platinum, while the Democratic Republic of the Congo provides 53 percent of its cobalt. Africa's oil, gas, and minerals, have brought increasing foreign investment and revenue to the continent. Indeed, private flows, including foreign direct investment, have been outpacing international aid and setting Africa on the road to self-sufficiency. In practice, though, too few Africans have benefitted from the natural resources beneath our soils and waters. Four of sub-Saharan Africa's top oil producers have disappointing human development indicators. After a decade of the world's fastest growth rates, for example, Equatorial Guinea now has a higher level of income per capita than Poland. But three quarters of the population live in poverty and its child mortality rates are among the highest in the world. Children in Equatorial Guinea are 20 times more likely to die before their 5th birthday than in Poland. Meanwhile, Angola's economy has also been growing rapidly for the past decade. It now has a higher income per capita than Vietnam, but Vietnamese people can expect to live almost a quarter century longer than their counterparts in Angola. This year's Africa Progress Report looked at these issues in more detail to see why Africans do not benefit more from their natural resources. In the Democratic Republic of the Congo for example we examined five mineral deals between 2010 and 2012 that involved the systematic undervaluation of the country's mineral concessions and sale to unknown buyers. These deals cost the country the equivalent of US$ 1.36 billion, roughly double the combined annual budgets of health and education. Meanwhile, just one single technique to pay less tax -- known as trade mispricing -- has become a major issue for the continent. By mispricing the value of goods that it takes from a country, a multinational can effectively limit its tax obligations. The scale of this trade mispricing has become unethical and unacceptable. Africa now loses more through trade mispricing than it receives in either international aid or foreign direct investment. The Africa Progress Panel remains upbeat about the prospects for Africa. We see good momentum for change among governments, multinationals, and the international community too. African countries are leading the charge to become compliant with the Extractive industries Transparency Initiative, for example. The Africa Mining Vision offers a compelling agenda for change and was produced by the African Union and the Economic Commission for Africa. Africa's natural resources offer excellent opportunity to lift millions out of poverty. But Africa can still benefit from better policies and leadership. This year's Africa Progress Report recommends policies for African governments, multinationals, and the international community alike. Among their recommendations, the Panel recommends that: African governments should process minerals, publish contracts, and target the poor with their public spending. The international community should clamp down on tax evasion and avoidance, and tackle money laundering. International business should clarify their ownership structures, disclose payments to governments, and combat transfer pricing. Visit our website to find out more. www.africaprogresspanel.org [ENDS]
Views: 4830 AfricaProgressPanel1
Video reveals threat of peat fires in 2017 - Pulang Pisau (Indonesian Borneo)
 
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There is still a distinct possibility of peat fires occurring in 2017, originating from the conservation areas and protection forests that the Indonesian Peat Restoration Agency (BRG) has classified as cultivation zones in its targeted indicative peat restoration map. (MoEF Indonesia - January 12, 2017)
Views: 287 Foresthints News
Cameroon Project: Overview
 
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The Himalayan Institute Cameroon in West Africa is our flagship humanitarian project. Launched in 2007, HI Cameroon is our model HI Community Center offering five major humanitarian projects. It has been designed as an integrated hub for a range of rural empowerment projects, all supporting one goal—to fight poverty, illiteracy, and inequality through education, healthcare and environmental regeneration.
Views: 164 HIHumanitarian
Gold Coast (British colony) | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Gold Coast (British colony) Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Gold Coast was a British colony on the Gulf of Guinea in west Africa from 1867 to its independence as the nation of Ghana in 1957. The first Europeans to arrive at the coast were the Portuguese in 1471. They encountered a variety of African kingdoms, some of which controlled substantial deposits of gold in the soil. The kingdoms had a tradition of enslaving captives taken in warfare. Some were sold to Arab traders from North Africa and transported to Islamic Mediterranean civilizations. In 1482, the Portuguese came to the continent for increased trade. They built the Castle of Elmina, the first European settlement on the Gold Coast. From here they acquired slaves and gold in trade for European goods, such as metal knives, beads, mirrors, rum, and guns. News of the successful trading spread quickly, and British, Dutch, Danish, Prussian and Swedish traders arrived as well. The European traders built several forts along the coastline. The Gold Coast had long been a name for the region used by Europeans because of the large gold resources found in the area. The slave trade was the principal exchange and major part of the economy for many years. In this period, European nations began to explore and colonize the Americas. Soon the Portuguese and Spanish began to export African slaves to the Caribbean, and North and South America. The Dutch and British also entered the slave trade, at first supplying markets in the Caribbean and on the Caribbean coast of South America. The Royal Trading Company was established by the Crown in 1752 to lead its trading in Africa. It was replaced by the African Company of Merchants, which led the British trading efforts into the early 19th century. In 1821 the British government withdrew their charter and seized privately held lands along the coast. In 1867 the government formed the British Gold Coast colony, after having taken over the remaining interests of other European countries. They purchased and incorporated the Danish Gold Coast in 1850 and the Dutch Gold Coast, including Fort Elmina, in 1872. Britain steadily expanded its colony through the invasion and subjection of local kingdoms as well, particularly the Ashanti and Fante confederacies. The Ashanti people had controlled much of the territory of Ghana before the Europeans arrived and were often in conflict with them. In the 21st century they continue to constitute the largest ethnic community in Ghana. Four wars, the Anglo-Ashanti Wars, were fought between the Ashanti (Asante) and the British, who were sometimes allied with the Fante. During the First Anglo-Ashanti War (1822–24), the two groups fought because of a disagreement over an Ashanti chief and slavery. The British had abolished the Atlantic slave trade but kept the institution in its colonies until 1834. Tensions increased in 1874 during the Second Ashanti War (1873–74) when the British sacked the Ashanti capital of Kumasi. The Third Ashanti War (1893–94) occurred because the new Ashanti ruler Asantehene wanted to exercise his new title. From 1895–96 the British and Ashanti fought in the Fourth and final Ashanti War, where the Ashanti fought for and lost their independence. In 1900 the Ashanti Uprising took place. The British suppressed the violence and captured of the city of Kumasi. At the end of this last Ashanti War, the territory of the Ashanti people became a British protectorate on 1 January 1902. By 1901, British had established a colony incorporating all of the Gold Coast, with its kingdoms and tribes considered a single unit. The British exploited and exported a variety of natural resources such as gold, metal ores, diamonds, ivory, pepper, timber, grain and cocoa. The British colonists built railways and a complex transport infrastructure to support the shipment of such commodity goods. This has formed the basis for the transport infrastructure in modern-day Ghana. They also built Weste ...
Views: 75 wikipedia tts
Boureima Condé soutient les sociétés minières: "les revendications n'ont aucun sens"
 
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A l'occasion de sa rencontre hier, dimanche 11 juin 2017, à Kamsar, dans la préfecture de Boké avec les représentants des sociétés minières, le ministre de l'Administration du territoire et de la Décentralisation, le général Boureima Condé a dit que "les revendications des citoyens n'ont aucun sens" ! Pour expliquer son affirmation, le ministre guinéen a rappelé que les populations qui réclament l'eau et l'électricité sont allés avec un bidon d'essence s'attaquer à la centrale thermique. Mais, il est bon de rappeler que la révolte part justement du fait que cette centrale alimente une partie de la ville (Kamsar Cité), alors que l'autre (Kamsar Village) reste dans le noir. Ce sont donc les populations des quartiers de Kamsar Village qui ont manifesté et attaqué la centrale comme pour dire que s'ils n'ont pas le courant, ils vont en priver ceux de la cité...
Views: 843 Balde Nouhou
Mini-grids for Energy Access in Sub-Saharan Africa: Status and Lessons from Tanzania
 
01:31:07
This webinar reviews results from research exploring the status of mini-grids in Tanzania that was conducted by the World Resources Institute in partnership with the Tanzania Traditional Energy Development Organization.
Treasure Island audiobook by Robert Louis Stevenson | Full Audiobook with subtitles | V2
 
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A mysterious map, pirates, and pieces of eight! When young Jim Hawkins finds a map to pirates’ gold he starts on an adventure that takes him from his English village to a desert island with the murderous Black Dog, half-mad Ben Gunn, and (of course) Long John Silver. Arr Jim lad! R.L. Stevenson (1850-1894) was born in Scotland and travelled extensively in California and the south Pacific. (Summary by Adrian Praetzellis) Genre(s): Children's Fiction, Action & Adventure Best librivox audiobooks & Best of librivox: Treasure Island (version 2) by Robert Louis STEVENSON Chapters: 0:23 | Section 1. Chapter 1. At the Admiral Benbow. Chapter 2. Black Dog Appears and Disappears 30:26 | Section 2 - Chapter 3 The Black Spot - 04 The Sea-Chest 57:13 | 3 - 05 The Last of the Blind Man - 06 The Captain's Papers 01:23:28 | 4 - 07 I go to Bristol - 08 At the sign of the Spy-Glass 01:46:36 | 5 - 09 Powder and Arms - 10 The Voyage 02:10:38 | 6 - 11 What I heard in the Apple Barell - 12 Council of War 02:38:26 | 7 - 13 How my Shore Adventure Happened - 14 The First Blow 03:02:50 | 8 - 15 The Man of the Island - 16 Narrative Continued by the Doctor 03:28:54 | 9 - 17 Narrative Continued by the Doctor - 18 Narrative Continued by the Doctor 03:48:34 | 10 - 19 Narrative resumed by Jim Hawkins - 20 Silver's Embassy 04:15:05 | 11 - 21 The Attack - 22 How My Sea Adventure Began 04:41:03 | 12 - 23 The Ebb-Tide Runs - 24 The Cruise of the Coracle 05:04:40 | 13 - 25 I Strike the Jolly Roger - 26 Israel Hands 05:34:39 | 14 - 27 Pieces of Eight - 28 In the Enemy's Camp 06:07:18 | 15 - 29 The Black Spot Again - 30 On Parole 06:37:31 - 16 - 31 The Treasure Hunt, Flint's Pointer - 32 The Treasure Hunt, The Voice Amoung the Trees 07:06:39 - 17 - 33 The Fall of a Chieftan - 34 And Last Our Custom URL : https://www.youtube.com/c/AudiobookAudiobooks Subscribe To Our Channel: https://www.youtube.com/c/AudiobookAudiobooks?sub_confirmation=1 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Best Librivox Audiobooks & Best of Librivox Audio Book Audiobooks All Rights Reserved. This is a Librivox recording. All Librivox recordings are in the public domain. For more information or to volunteer visit librivox.org.
Treasure Island Audiobook by  Robert Louis Stevenson | Audiobook with subtitles | V4
 
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Best books on librivox & Best of librivox: Treasure Island by Robert Louis STEVENSON This is the extraordinary tale of a boy, Jim Hawkins, who comes into possession of Captain Flint's treasure map, after a buccaneer takes a room at his inn and later dies. The map spreads its ill luck to all who know of it. A local squire outfits a ship to voyage to the Treasure Island, unearth the treasure, and bring it home. Little does he suspect that the man he has hired aboard as cook was formerly Flint's quartermaster, who then connives to hire many of his old mates. Once ashore, pirates being pirates, what follows is a mutiny. Jim and a handful of honest men find themselves harried and hunted by the rest of the crew. The pirate treasure, amassed by so much blood and death, is about to reach out and claim more victims! (Summary by Mark Smith) Genre(s): Action & Adventure Fiction, Nautical & Marine Fiction Best Librivox Audiobooks Our Custom URL : https://www.youtube.com/c/AudiobookAudiobooks Subscribe To Our Channel: https://www.youtube.com/c/AudiobookAudiobooks?sub_confirmation=1 Audio Book Audiobooks All Rights Reserved. This is a Librivox recording. All Librivox recordings are in the public domain. For more information or to volunteer visit librivox.org.
Internet censorship and surveillance by country | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_censorship_and_surveillance_by_country 00:00:13 1 Classifications 00:00:50 1.1 iFreedom on the Net/i reports 00:02:56 1.2 OpenNet Initiative 00:06:31 1.3 Reporters Without Borders 00:06:40 1.3.1 RWB iEnemies of the Internet/i and iCountries under Surveillance/i lists 00:08:22 1.3.2 RWB iSpecial report on Internet Surveillance/i 00:09:33 1.4 iCountry Reports on Human Rights Practices/i 00:10:30 2 Alphabetical index to classifications 00:10:41 3 Country classifications 00:11:24 3.1 Pervasive censorship or surveillance 00:12:34 3.1.1 span  00:14:50 3.1.2 span  00:16:57 3.1.3 span  00:19:24 3.1.4 span  00:21:15 3.1.5 span  00:23:37 3.1.6 span  00:25:40 3.1.7 span  00:27:43 3.1.8 span  00:28:47 3.1.9 span  00:29:46 3.1.10 span  00:30:28 3.1.11 span  00:31:56 3.1.12 span  00:32:44 3.1.13 span  00:34:41 3.1.14 span  00:36:20 3.1.15 span  00:37:12 3.1.16 span  00:38:28 3.1.17 span  00:40:16 3.1.18 span  00:41:38 3.1.19 span  00:43:35 3.2 Substantial censorship or surveillance 00:44:46 3.2.1 span  00:46:58 3.2.2 span  00:48:33 3.2.3 span  00:50:18 3.2.4 span  00:51:08 3.2.5 span  00:53:20 3.2.6 span  00:55:13 3.2.7 span  00:56:21 3.2.8 span  00:58:09 3.2.9 span  01:04:00 3.2.10 span  01:07:14 3.3 Selective censorship or surveillance 01:08:22 3.3.1 span  01:10:50 3.3.2 span  01:11:34 3.3.3 span  01:14:15 3.3.4 span  01:15:36 3.3.5 span  01:18:02 3.3.6 span  01:19:55 3.3.7 span  01:21:55 3.3.8 span  01:24:51 3.3.9 span  01:25:29 3.3.10 span  01:28:19 3.3.11 span  01:29:42 3.3.12 span  01:31:19 3.3.13 span  01:33:03 3.3.14 span  01:35:15 3.3.15 span  01:36:34 3.3.16 span  01:37:38 3.3.17 span  01:39:52 3.3.18 span  01:40:50 3.3.19 span  01:42:05 3.3.20 span  01:44:09 3.3.21 span  01:47:48 3.3.22 span  01:49:35 3.3.23 span  01:50:35 3.3.24 span  01:51:50 3.3.25 span  01:53:37 3.3.26 span  01:53:45 3.3.27 span  01:56:32 3.3.28 span  01:56:40 3.3.29 span  01:59:15 3.3.30 span  02:00:50 3.3.31 span  02:02:30 3.3.32 span  02:03:22 3.3.33 span  02:05:34 3.3.34 span  02:06:40 3.3.35 span  02:09:07 3.3.36 span  02:13:10 3.3.37 span  02:16:26 3.3.38 span  02:17:52 3.3.39 span  02:18:56 3.3.40 span  02:19:51 3.4 Little or no censorship or surveillance 02:21:03 3.4.1 span  02:23:40 3.4.2 span  02:24:18 3.4.3 span  02:24:58 3.4.4 span  02:27:29 3.4.5 span  02:28:31 3.4.6 span  02:31:59 3.4.7 span  02:33:23 3.4.8 span  02:34:07 3.4.9 span  02:35:13 3.4.10 span  02:36:26 3.4.11 span  02:37:18 3.4.12 span  02:38:17 3.4.13 span  02:38:52 3.4.14 span  02:40:05 3.4.15 span  02:41:08 3.4.16 span  02:42:35 3.4.17 span  02:44:02 3.4.18 span  02:45:16 3.4.19 span  02:46:44 3.4.20 span  02:47:47 3.4.21 span  02:48:39 3.4.22 span  02:49:48 3.4.23 span  02:50:54 3.4.24 span  02:51:56 3.4.25 span  02:53:00 3.4.26 span  02:53:56 3.4.27 span  02:55:18 3.4.28 span  02:57:13 3.4.29 span  02:58:07 3.4.30 span  02:58:49 3.4.31 span  02:59:45 3.4.32 span  03:00:46 3.4.33 span  03:03:44 3.4.34 span  03:06:01 3.4.35 span  03:07:17 3.4.36 span  03:10:27 3.4.37 span  03:11:37 3.4.38 span  03:14:06 3.4.39 span  03:15:00 3.4.40 span  03:17:06 3.4.41 span  03:18:27 3.4.42 span  03:20:44 3.4.43 span  03:21:44 3.4.44 span  03:22:41 3.4.45 span  03:23:35 3.4.46 span  03:24:51 3.4.47 span  03:25:50 3.4.48 span  03:26:57 3.4.49 span  03:29:00 3.4.50 span  03:30:38 3.4.51 span  03:31:56 3.4.52 span  03:32:40 3.4.53 span  03:34:06 3.4.54 span  03:35:16 3.4.55 span  03:36:16 3.4.56 span  03:40:48 3.4.57 span  03:42:21 3.4.58 span  03:43:41 3.4.59 span  03:44:33 3.4.60 span  03:45:13 3.4.61 span  03:46:46 3.4.62 span  03:47:31 3.4.63 span  03:48:45 3.4.64 span  03:50:19 3.4.65 span  03:52:03 3.4.66 span  03:52:44 3.4.67 span  03:53:21 3.4.68 span    03:53:52 3.4.69 span  03:56:00 3.4.70 span  03:56:41 3.4.71 span  03:58:09 3.4.72 span  03:58:52 3.4.73 span  03:59:52 3.4.74 span  04:01:31 3.4.75 span  04:02:42 3.4.76 span  04:03:58 3.4.77 span  04:04:42 3.4.78 span  04:05:09 3.4.79 span  04:06:32 3.4.80 span  04:07:12 3.4.81 span  04:08:08 3.4.82 span  04:09:47 3.4.83 span  04:10:46 3.4.84 span  04:12:25 3.4.85 span  04:13:23 3.4.86 span  04:15:22 3.4.87 span  04:16:34 3.4.88 span  04:18:26 ...
Views: 123 wikipedia tts
Viceroyalty of New Spain | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Viceroyalty of New Spain Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= The Viceroyalty of New Spain (Spanish: Virreinato de Nueva España [birei̯ˈnato ðe ˈnweβa esˈpaɲa]) was an integral territorial entity of the Spanish Empire, established by Habsburg Spain during the Spanish colonization of the Americas. It covered a huge area that included territories in North America, Central America, Asia and Oceania. It originated after the fall of Mexico-Tenochtitlan, the main event of the Spanish conquest, which did not properly end until much later, as its territory continued to grow to the north. It was officially created on 8 March 1535 as a viceroyalty (Spanish: virreinato), the first of four viceroyalties Spain created in the Americas. Its first viceroy was Antonio de Mendoza y Pacheco, and the capital of the viceroyalty was Mexico City, established on the ancient Mexico-Tenochtitlan. It included what is now Mexico plus the current U.S. states of California, Nevada, Colorado, Utah, New Mexico, Arizona, Texas, Oregon, Washington, Florida and parts of Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Kansas, Oklahoma and Louisiana; as well as the southwestern part of British Columbia of present-day Canada; plus the Captaincy General of Guatemala (which included the current countries of Guatemala, the Mexican state of Chiapas, Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua); the Captaincy General of Cuba (current Cuba, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Trinidad and Tobago and Guadeloupe); and the Captaincy General of the Philippines (including the Philippines, the Caroline Islands, the Mariana Islands and the short lived Spanish Formosa in modern day northern Taiwan). The political organization divided the viceroyalty into kingdoms and captaincies general. The kingdoms were those of New Spain (different from the viceroyalty itself); Nueva Galicia (1530); Captaincy General of Guatemala (1540); Nueva Vizcaya (1562); New Kingdom of León (1569); Santa Fe de Nuevo México (1598); Nueva Extremadura (1674) and Nuevo Santander (1746). There were four captaincies: Captaincy General of the Philippines (1574), Captaincy General of Cuba, Captaincy General of Puerto Rico and Captaincy General of Santo Domingo. These territorial subdivisions had a governor and captain general (who in New Spain was the viceroy himself, who added this title to his other dignities). In Guatemala, Santo Domingo and Nueva Galicia, these officials were called presiding governors, since they were leading real audiences. For this reason, these hearings were considered "praetorial." There were two great estates. The most important was the Marquisate of the Valley of Oaxaca, property of Hernán Cortés and his descendants that included a set of vast territories where marquises had civil and criminal jurisdiction, and the right to grant land, water and forests and within which were their main possessions (cattle ranches, agricultural work, sugar mills, fulling houses and shipyards) . The other estate was the Duchy of Atlixco, granted in 1708, by King Philip V to José Sarmiento de Valladares, former viceroy of New Spain and married to the Countess of Moctezuma, with civil and criminal jurisdiction over Atlixco, Tepeaca, Guachinango, Ixtepeji and Tula de Allende. King Charles III introduced reforms in the organization of the viceroyalty in 1786, known as Bourbon reforms, which created the intendencias, which allowed to limit, in some way, the viceroy's attributions. New Spain developed highly regional divisions, reflecting the impact of climate, topography, indigenous populations, and mineral resources. The areas of central and southern Mexico had dense indigenous populations with complex social, political, and economic organization. The northern area of Mexico, a region of nomadic and semi-nomadic indigenous populations, was not generally conducive to dense settlements, but the discovery of silver in Zacatecas in the 1540s drew settlement there to exploit the mines. Silver mining not only became the engine of the economy of New Spain, b ...
Views: 104 wikipedia tts
New carnivorous swamp beast discovered in Madagascar
 
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New carnivorous swamp beast discovered in Madagascar
Views: 4173 Rhett Butler
Secular Talk and Antisemitism
 
01:10:20
Antisemitism is a growing problem on the mainstream left, and the decent leftist people are too ignorant about it to effectively fight it. In this video we look at Kyle Kulinski as an example of this problem.
Views: 7803 Zarathustra's Serpent
Treasure Island By Robert Louis Stevenson - Full Audiobook
 
07:22:44
"For sheer storytelling delight and pure adventure, Treasure Island has never been surpassed. From the moment young Jim Hawkins first encounters the sinister Blind Pew at the Admiral Benbow Inn until the climactic battle for treasure on a tropic isle, the nevel creates scenes and characters that have firetd the imaginations of generations of readers. Written by a superb prose stylist, a master of both action and atmosphere, the story centers upon the conflict between good and evil - but in this case a particularly engaging form of evil. It is the villainy of that most ambiguous rogue Long John Silver that sets the tempo of this tale of treachery, greed, and daring. Designed to forever kindle a dream of high romance and distant horizons, Treasure Island is, in the words of G. K. Chesterton, 'the realization of an ideal, that which is promised in its provocative and beckoning map; a vision not only of white skeletons but also green palm trees and sapphire seas.' G. S. Fraser terms it 'an utterly original book' and goes on to write: 'There will always be a place for stories like Treasure Island that can keep boys and old men happy.'  Author: Robert Louis Stevenson Read by Mark F. Smith Read along with the narrator using closed captions Goodreads: https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/295.Treasure_Island Part 1. The Old Buccaneer Chapter 1. The Old Sea-dog at the "Admiral Benbow" - 1:20 Chapter 2. Black Dog Appears and Disappears - 15:21 Chapter 3. The Black Spot - 29:58 Chapter 4. The Sea Chest - 43:48 Chapter 5. The Last of the Blind Man - 57:11 Chapter 6. The Captain's Papers - 1:08:50 Part 2. The Sea-cook Chapter 7. I Go to Bristol - 1:22:01 Chapter 8. At the Sign of the "Spy-Glass" - 1:34:13 Chapter 9. Powder and Arms - 1:45:51 Chapter 10. The Voyage - 1:58:10 Chapter 11. What I Heard in the Apple Barrel - 2:10:36 Chapter 12. Council of War - 2:25:17 Part 3. My Shore Adventure Chapter 13. How My Shore Adventure Began - 2:37:46 Chapter 14. The First Blow - 2:49:08 Chapter 15. The Man of the Island - 3:01:17 Part 4. The Stockade Chapter 16. How the Ship Was Abandoned - 3:16:04 Chapter 17. The Jolly-Boat's Last Trip - 3:26:20 Chapter 18. End of the First Day's Fighting - 3:35:29 Chapter 19. The Garrison in the Stockade - 3:45:25 Chapter 20. Silver's Embassy - 3:58:04 Chapter 21. The Attack - 4:10:29 Part 5. My Sea Adventure Chapter 22. How My Sea Adventure Began - 4:23:28 Chapter 23. The Ebb Tide Runs - 4:36:21 Chapter 24. The Cruise of the Coracle - 4:46:29 Chapter 25. I Strike the Jolly Roger - 4:59:10 Chapter 26. Israel Hands - 5:10:19 Chapter 27. Pieces of Eight - 5:29:10 Part 6. Captain Silver Chapter 28. In the Enemy's Camp - 5:42:20 Chapter 29. The Black Spot Again - 6:00:26 Chapter 30. On Parole - 6:14:55 Chapter 31. The Treasure Hunt - Flint's Pointer - 6:30:15 Chapter 32. The Voice Among the Trees - 6:44:47 Chapter 33. The Fall of a Chieftain - 6:58:00 Chapter 34. And Last - 7:10:50
The Club of Queer Trades by G. K. Chesterton
 
04:45:42
A collection of six wonderfully quirky detective stories, featuring the 'mystic' former judge Basil Grant. Each story reveals a practitioner of an entirely new profession, and member of the Club of Queer Trades. Chapter 1. The Tremendous Adventures of Major Brown - 00:00 Chapter 2. The Painful Fall of a Great Reputation - 55:50 Chapter 3. The Awful Reason of the Vicar's Visit - 1:33:20 Chapter 4. The Singular Speculation of the House-Agent - 2:17:14 Chapter 5. The Noticeable Conduct of Professor Chadd - 3:06:34 Chapter 6. The Eccentric Seclusion of the Old Lady - 3:49:28 Read by David Barnes (https://librivox.org/reader/94)
Views: 5642 Audiobooks Unleashed
Auburn Coach Wife Kristi Malzahn Agrees with Match & eHarmony: Men are Jerks
 
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My advice is this: Settle! That's right. Don't worry about passion or intense connection. Don't nix a guy based on his annoying habit of yelling "Bravo!" in movie theaters. Overlook his halitosis or abysmal sense of aesthetics. Because if you want to have the infrastructure in place to have a family, settling is the way to go. Based on my observations, in fact, settling will probably make you happier in the long run, since many of those who marry with great expectations become more disillusioned with each passing year. (It's hard to maintain that level of zing when the conversation morphs into discussions about who's changing the diapers or balancing the checkbook.) Obviously, I wasn't always an advocate of settling. In fact, it took not settling to make me realize that settling is the better option, and even though settling is a rampant phenomenon, talking about it in a positive light makes people profoundly uncomfortable. Whenever I make the case for settling, people look at me with creased brows of disapproval or frowns of disappointment, the way a child might look at an older sibling who just informed her that Jerry's Kids aren't going to walk, even if you send them money. It's not only politically incorrect to get behind settling, it's downright un-American. Our culture tells us to keep our eyes on the prize (while our mothers, who know better, tell us not to be so picky), and the theme of holding out for true love (whatever that is—look at the divorce rate) permeates our collective mentality. Even situation comedies, starting in the 1970s with The Mary Tyler Moore Show and going all the way to Friends, feature endearing single women in the dating trenches, and there's supposed to be something romantic and even heroic about their search for true love. Of course, the crucial difference is that, whereas the earlier series begins after Mary has been jilted by her fiancé, the more modern-day Friends opens as Rachel Green leaves her nice-guy orthodontist fiancé at the altar simply because she isn't feeling it. But either way, in episode after episode, as both women continue to be unlucky in love, settling starts to look pretty darn appealing. Mary is supposed to be contentedly independent and fulfilled by her newsroom family, but in fact her life seems lonely. Are we to assume that at the end of the series, Mary, by then in her late 30s, found her soul mate after the lights in the newsroom went out and her work family was disbanded? If her experience was anything like mine or that of my single friends, it's unlikely. And while Rachel and her supposed soul mate, Ross, finally get together (for the umpteenth time) in the finale of Friends, do we feel confident that she'll be happier with Ross than she would have been had she settled down with Barry, the orthodontist, 10 years earlier? She and Ross have passion but have never had long-term stability, and the fireworks she experiences with him but not with Barry might actually turn out to be a liability, given how many times their relationship has already gone up in flames. It's equally questionable whether Sex and the City's Carrie Bradshaw, who cheated on her kindhearted and generous boyfriend, Aidan, only to end up with the more exciting but self-absorbed Mr. Big, will be better off in the framework of marriage and family. (Some time after the breakup, when Carrie ran into Aidan on the street, he was carrying his infant in a Baby Björn. Can anyone imagine Mr. Big walking around with a Björn?)
Views: 208657 Shari Wing
Uncontacted peoples
 
32:23
Uncontacted peoples, also referred to as isolated peoples or lost tribes, are communities who live, or have lived, either by choice (peoples living in voluntary isolation) or by circumstance, without significant contact with globalized civilization. Few peoples have remained totally uncontacted by global civilization. Indigenous rights activists call for such groups to be left alone, stating that it will interfere with their right to self-determination. Most uncontacted communities are located in densely forested areas in South America, New Guinea and India. Knowledge of the existence of these groups comes mostly from infrequent and sometimes violent encounters with neighboring tribes, and from aerial footage. Isolated tribes may lack immunity to common diseases, which can kill a large percentage of their people after contact. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 608 Audiopedia
Petroleum industry in Nigeria
 
58:20
The petroleum industry in Nigeria, Africa is the largest industry and main generator of GDP in the continent's most populous nation. In February 2013, the Nigerian Association of Chambers of Commerce, Industry, Mines and Agriculture (NACCIMA) claimed that the oil sector of the country “is killing the economy”. NACCIMA's Director General Dr John Isemede said the oil sector is affecting businesses in the country negatively by failing to add real value to them. He said the oil sector has caused substantial decline in agricultural exports, which began in the mid-1960s and continued to date. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 777 Audiopedia
German Empire
 
01:05:54
The German Empire (German: Deutsches Reich or Deutsches Kaiserreich) was the historical German nation state that existed from the unification of Germany in 1871 to the defeat in World War I in 1918, when Germany became a federal republic. The state was the predecessor of today's Germany. The Empire is sometimes called the German Reich (literally: "German Realm"). The German Empire consisted of 27 constituent territories (most of them ruled by royal families). While the Kingdom of Prussia contained most of the population and most of the territory of the Reich, the Prussian leadership became supplanted by German leaders and Prussia itself played a lesser role. As Dwyer (2005) points out, Prussia's "political and cultural influence had diminished considerably" by the 1890s. Its three largest neighbours were rivals: first the Imperial Russia to the east, secondly France to the west and thirdly ally Austria-Hungary to the south. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 1657 Audiopedia
Russian Empire
 
01:01:26
The Russian Empire (Pre-reform Russian orthography: Россійская Имперія, Modern Russian: Российская империя, translit: Rossiyskaya Imperiya) was a state that existed from 1721 until overthrown by the short-lived liberal February Revolution in 1917. One of the largest empires in world history, stretching over three continents, the Russian Empire was surpassed in landmass only by the British and Mongol empires. It played a major role in 1812–14 in defeating Napoleon's ambitions to control Europe, and expanded to the west and south. It was often in conflict with the Ottoman Empire (which in turn was usually protected by the British). At the beginning of the 19th century, it extended from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Black Sea on the south, from the Baltic Sea on the west to the Pacific Ocean, and (until 1867) into Alaska in North America on the east. With 125.6 million subjects registered by the 1897 census, it had the third largest population in the world at the time, after Qing China and the British Empire. Like all empires, it included a large disparity in terms of economics, ethnicity, and religion. There were numerous dissident elements, who launched numerous rebellions and assassination attempts; they were closely watched by the secret police, with thousands exiled to Siberia. Economically it was heavily rural with low productivity on large estates worked by serfs, until they were freed in 1861. The economy slowly industrialized with the help of foreign investments in railways and factories. The land was ruled by a nobility called Boyars from the 10th through the 17th centuries, and then was ruled by an emperor called the "Tsar". Tsar Ivan III (1462 – 1505) laid the groundwork for the empire that later emerged. He tripled the territory of his state, ended the dominance of the Golden Horde, renovated the Moscow Kremlin, and laid the foundations of the Russian state. Tsar Peter the Great (1682 - 1725) fought numerous wars and built a huge empire that became a major European power. He moved the capital from Moscow to the new model city of St. Petersburg, and led a cultural revolution that replaced some of the traditionalist and medieval social and political system with a modern, scientific, Europe-oriented, and rationalist system. Catherine the Great (1761 - 1796) presided over a golden age. She expanded the nation rapidly by conquest, colonization and diplomacy. She continued Peter the Great's policy of modernisation along West European lines. Tsar Alexander II (1855 - 1881) promoted numerous reforms, most dramatically the emancipation of all 23 million serfs in 1861. His policy in Eastern Europe was to protect the Orthodox Christians under the rule of the Ottoman Empire. That involvement by 1914 led to Russia's entry into the First World War on the side of Serbia and the Allies, and against the German, Austrian and Ottoman empires. Russia was an absolute monarchy until the Revolution of 1905 and then became a constitutional monarchy. The empire collapsed during the February Revolution of 1917, the result of massive failures in its participation in the First World War. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 787 Audiopedia
Gabon | Wikipedia audio article
 
39:56
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Gabon 00:01:20 1 Etymology 00:01:39 2 History 00:10:42 3 Government 00:12:10 3.1 Political culture 00:16:28 3.2 Foreign relations 00:18:35 3.3 Military 00:19:04 3.4 Administrative divisions 00:19:48 4 Geography 00:22:39 5 Economy 00:26:37 6 Society 00:26:46 6.1 Demographics 00:27:15 6.2 Ethnic groups 00:28:50 6.3 Population centres 00:28:59 6.4 Languages 00:29:52 6.5 Religion 00:30:41 6.6 Health 00:32:59 6.7 Education 00:34:52 7 Culture 00:35:40 7.1 Music 00:36:26 7.2 Media 00:38:20 7.3 Cuisine 00:38:35 8 Sports 00:39:35 9 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Gabon (; French pronunciation: ​[ɡabɔ̃]), officially the Gabonese Republic (French: République gabonaise), is a country on the west coast of Central Africa. Located on the equator, Gabon is bordered by Equatorial Guinea to the northwest, Cameroon to the north, the Republic of the Congo on the east and south, and the Gulf of Guinea to the west. It has an area of nearly 270,000 square kilometres (100,000 sq mi) and its population is estimated at 2 million people. Its capital and largest city is Libreville. Since its independence from France in 1960, the sovereign state of Gabon has had three presidents. In the early 1990s, Gabon introduced a multi-party system and a new democratic constitution that allowed for a more transparent electoral process and reformed many governmental institutions. Abundant petroleum and foreign private investment have helped make Gabon one of the most prosperous countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, with the 4th highest HDI and the fourth highest GDP per capita (PPP) (after Mauritius, Equatorial Guinea and Seychelles) in the region. GDP grew by more than 6% per year from 2010 to 2012. However, because of inequality in income distribution, a significant proportion of the population remains poor.
Views: 0 wikipedia tts
MESSA 2018: Uncertainty Stability and Cohesion a Transforming Middle East
 
01:03:27
A panel of expert speakers explore Al Jazeera’s role in the Middle East at a student-run event at Georgetown University in Qatar (GU-Q). Organized by GU-Q’s Middle Eastern Studies Student Association (MESSA), the event was part of the student club’s efforts to foster informed dialogue on the economic, social, and political issues facing the region.
Gabon | Wikipedia audio article
 
39:55
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Gabon Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Gabon (; French pronunciation: ​[ɡabɔ̃]), officially the Gabonese Republic (French: République gabonaise), is a country on the west coast of Central Africa. Located on the equator, Gabon is bordered by Equatorial Guinea to the northwest, Cameroon to the north, the Republic of the Congo on the east and south, and the Gulf of Guinea to the west. It has an area of nearly 270,000 square kilometres (100,000 sq mi) and its population is estimated at 2 million people. Its capital and largest city is Libreville. Since its independence from France in 1960, the sovereign state of Gabon has had three presidents. In the early 1990s, Gabon introduced a multi-party system and a new democratic constitution that allowed for a more transparent electoral process and reformed many governmental institutions. Abundant petroleum and foreign private investment have helped make Gabon one of the most prosperous countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, with the 4th highest HDI and the fourth highest GDP per capita (PPP) (after Mauritius, Equatorial Guinea and Seychelles) in the region. GDP grew by more than 6% per year from 2010 to 2012. However, because of inequality in income distribution, a significant proportion of the population remains poor.
Views: 1 wikipedia tts
Gabon | Wikipedia audio article
 
39:55
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Gabon Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Gabon (; French pronunciation: ​[ɡabɔ̃]), officially the Gabonese Republic (French: République gabonaise), is a country on the west coast of Central Africa. Located on the equator, Gabon is bordered by Equatorial Guinea to the northwest, Cameroon to the north, the Republic of the Congo on the east and south, and the Gulf of Guinea to the west. It has an area of nearly 270,000 square kilometres (100,000 sq mi) and its population is estimated at 2 million people. Its capital and largest city is Libreville. Since its independence from France in 1960, the sovereign state of Gabon has had three presidents. In the early 1990s, Gabon introduced a multi-party system and a new democratic constitution that allowed for a more transparent electoral process and reformed many governmental institutions. Abundant petroleum and foreign private investment have helped make Gabon one of the most prosperous countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, with the 4th highest HDI and the fourth highest GDP per capita (PPP) (after Mauritius, Equatorial Guinea and Seychelles) in the region. GDP grew by more than 6% per year from 2010 to 2012. However, because of inequality in income distribution, a significant proportion of the population remains poor.
Views: 2 wikipedia tts
Chef!
 
14:11
This educational piece is full of nihilism, nationalism, and Tostitos. our protagonists, Charles and Vigo, enter the void of anarchy, communism, and sitting on armchairs. we follow these protagonists on their journey. They never succeed.
World War I | Wikipedia audio article
 
02:41:00
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: World War I Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously described as the "war to end all wars", it led to the mobilisation of more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, making it one of the largest wars in history. An estimated nine million combatants and seven million civilians died as a direct result of the war, and it also contributed to later genocides and the 1918 influenza pandemic, which caused between 50 and 100 million deaths worldwide. Military losses were exacerbated by new technological and industrial developments and the tactical stalemate caused by gruelling trench warfare. It was one of the deadliest conflicts in history and precipitated major political changes, including the Revolutions of 1917–1923, in many of the nations involved. Unresolved rivalries at the end of the conflict contributed to the start of World War II about twenty years later.On 28 June 1914, Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian Serb Yugoslav nationalist, assassinated the Austro-Hungarian heir Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo, leading to the July Crisis. In response, on 23 July Austria-Hungary issued an ultimatum to Serbia. Serbia's reply failed to satisfy the Austrians, and the two moved to a war footing. A network of interlocking alliances enlarged the crisis from a bilateral issue in the Balkans to one involving most of Europe. By 1914, the great powers of Europe were divided into two coalitions: the Triple Entente—consisting of France, Russia and Britain—and the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy (the Triple Alliance was primarily defensive in nature, allowing Italy to stay out of the war in 1914). Russia felt it necessary to back Serbia, on 25 July issuing orders for the 'period preparatory to war', and after Austria-Hungary shelled the Serbian capital of Belgrade on the 28th, partial mobilisation was approved of the military districts nearest to Austria. General Russian mobilisation was announced on the evening of 30 July; on the 31st, Austria-Hungary and Germany did the same, while Germany demanded Russia demobilise within 12 hours. When Russia failed to comply, Germany declared war on 1 August in support of Austria-Hungary, with Austria-Hungary following suit on 6th; France ordered full mobilisation in support of Russia on 2 August.German strategy for a war on two fronts against France and Russia was to concentrate the bulk of its army in the West to defeat France within four weeks, then shift forces to the East before Russia could fully mobilise; this was later known as the Schlieffen Plan. On 2 August, Germany demanded free passage through Belgium, an essential element in achieving a quick victory over France. When this was refused, German forces entered Belgium early on the morning of 3 August and declared war with France the same day; the Belgian government invoked the 1839 Treaty of London and in compliance with its obligations under this, Britain declared war on Germany on 4 August. On 12 August, Britain and France also declared war on Austria-Hungary; on the 23rd, Japan sided with the Entente, seizing the opportunity to expand its sphere of influence by capturing German possessions in China and the Pacific. The war was fought in and drew upon each powers' colonial empires as well, spreading the conflict across the globe. The Entente and its allies would eventually become known as the Allied Powers, while the grouping of Austria-Hungary and Germany would become known as the Central Powers. The German advance into France was halted at the Battle of the Marne and by the end of 1914, the Western Front settled into a battle of attrition, marked by a long series of trench lines that changed little until 1917. The Eastern Front was marked by much greater exchanges of territory, but though Serbia was defeated in 1915, and Rom ...
Views: 66 wikipedia tts
World War I | Wikipedia audio article
 
02:40:59
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: World War I Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously described as the "war to end all wars", it led to the mobilisation of more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, making it one of the largest wars in history. An estimated nine million combatants and seven million civilians died as a direct result of the war, and it also contributed to later genocides and the 1918 influenza pandemic, which caused between 50 and 100 million deaths worldwide. Military losses were exacerbated by new technological and industrial developments and the tactical stalemate caused by gruelling trench warfare. It was one of the deadliest conflicts in history and precipitated major political changes, including the Revolutions of 1917–1923, in many of the nations involved. Unresolved rivalries at the end of the conflict contributed to the start of World War II about twenty years later.On 28 June 1914, Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian Serb Yugoslav nationalist, assassinated the Austro-Hungarian heir Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo, leading to the July Crisis. In response, on 23 July Austria-Hungary issued an ultimatum to Serbia. Serbia's reply failed to satisfy the Austrians, and the two moved to a war footing. A network of interlocking alliances enlarged the crisis from a bilateral issue in the Balkans to one involving most of Europe. By 1914, the great powers of Europe were divided into two coalitions: the Triple Entente—consisting of France, Russia and Britain—and the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy (the Triple Alliance was primarily defensive in nature, allowing Italy to stay out of the war in 1914). Russia felt it necessary to back Serbia, on 25 July issuing orders for the 'period preparatory to war', and after Austria-Hungary shelled the Serbian capital of Belgrade on the 28th, partial mobilisation was approved of the military districts nearest to Austria. General Russian mobilisation was announced on the evening of 30 July; on the 31st, Austria-Hungary and Germany did the same, while Germany demanded Russia demobilise within 12 hours. When Russia failed to comply, Germany declared war on 1 August in support of Austria-Hungary, with Austria-Hungary following suit on 6th; France ordered full mobilisation in support of Russia on 2 August.German strategy for a war on two fronts against France and Russia was to concentrate the bulk of its army in the West to defeat France within four weeks, then shift forces to the East before Russia could fully mobilise; this was later known as the Schlieffen Plan. On 2 August, Germany demanded free passage through Belgium, an essential element in achieving a quick victory over France. When this was refused, German forces entered Belgium early on the morning of 3 August and declared war with France the same day; the Belgian government invoked the 1839 Treaty of London and in compliance with its obligations under this, Britain declared war on Germany on 4 August. On 12 August, Britain and France also declared war on Austria-Hungary; on the 23rd, Japan sided with the Entente, seizing the opportunity to expand its sphere of influence by capturing German possessions in China and the Pacific. The war was fought in and drew upon each powers' colonial empires as well, spreading the conflict across the globe. The Entente and its allies would eventually become known as the Allied Powers, while the grouping of Austria-Hungary and Germany would become known as the Central Powers. The German advance into France was halted at the Battle of the Marne and by the end of 1914, the Western Front settled into a battle of attrition, marked by a long series of trench lines that changed little until 1917. The Eastern Front was marked by much greater exchanges of territory, but though Serbia was defeated in 1915, and Rom ...
Views: 52 wikipedia tts
Gabon | Wikipedia audio article
 
39:56
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Gabon 00:01:20 1 Etymology 00:01:39 2 History 00:10:42 3 Government 00:12:10 3.1 Political culture 00:16:28 3.2 Foreign relations 00:18:35 3.3 Military 00:19:04 3.4 Administrative divisions 00:19:48 4 Geography 00:22:39 5 Economy 00:26:37 6 Society 00:26:46 6.1 Demographics 00:27:15 6.2 Ethnic groups 00:28:50 6.3 Population centres 00:28:59 6.4 Languages 00:29:52 6.5 Religion 00:30:41 6.6 Health 00:32:59 6.7 Education 00:34:52 7 Culture 00:35:40 7.1 Music 00:36:26 7.2 Media 00:38:20 7.3 Cuisine 00:38:35 8 Sports 00:39:35 9 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Gabon (; French pronunciation: ​[ɡabɔ̃]), officially the Gabonese Republic (French: République gabonaise), is a country on the west coast of Central Africa. Located on the equator, Gabon is bordered by Equatorial Guinea to the northwest, Cameroon to the north, the Republic of the Congo on the east and south, and the Gulf of Guinea to the west. It has an area of nearly 270,000 square kilometres (100,000 sq mi) and its population is estimated at 2 million people. Its capital and largest city is Libreville. Since its independence from France in 1960, the sovereign state of Gabon has had three presidents. In the early 1990s, Gabon introduced a multi-party system and a new democratic constitution that allowed for a more transparent electoral process and reformed many governmental institutions. Abundant petroleum and foreign private investment have helped make Gabon one of the most prosperous countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, with the 4th highest HDI and the fourth highest GDP per capita (PPP) (after Mauritius, Equatorial Guinea and Seychelles) in the region. GDP grew by more than 6% per year from 2010 to 2012. However, because of inequality in income distribution, a significant proportion of the population remains poor.
Views: 2 wikipedia tts
Modern era | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:54:37
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Modern era Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Modern history, the modern period or the modern era, is the linear, global, historiographical approach to the time frame after post-classical history. Modern history can be further broken down into periods: The early modern period began approximately in the early 16th century; notable historical milestones included the European Renaissance, the Age of Discovery, and the Protestant Reformation. The late modern period began approximately in the mid-18th century; notable historical milestones included the American Revolution, the French Revolution, the Industrial Revolution, the Great Divergence, and the Russian Revolution. It took all of human history up to 1804 for the world's population to reach 1 billion; the next billion came just over a century later, in 1927. Contemporary history is the span of historic events from approximately 1945 that are immediately relevant to the present time.This article primarily covers the 1800–1950 time period with a brief summary of 1500–1800. For a more in depth article on modern times before 1800, see Early Modern period.
Views: 37 wikipedia tts
Modern history | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:51:47
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Modern history Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Modern history, the modern period or the modern era, is the linear, global, historiographical approach to the time frame after post-classical history. Modern history can be further broken down into periods: The early modern period began approximately in the early 16th century; notable historical milestones included the European Renaissance, the Age of Discovery, and the Protestant Reformation. The late modern period began approximately in the mid-18th century; notable historical milestones included the American Revolution, the French Revolution, the Industrial Revolution, the Great Divergence, and the Russian Revolution. It took all of human history up to 1804 for the world's population to reach 1 billion; the next billion came just over a century later, in 1927. Contemporary history is the span of historic events from approximately 1945 that are immediately relevant to the present time.This article primarily covers the 1800–1950 time period with a brief summary of 1500–1800. For a more in depth article on modern times before 1800, see Early Modern period.
Views: 33 wikipedia tts
Forest industry leaders in the Asia-Pacific
 
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Industry plays an important role in the sustainable management of forests in the Asia-Pacific region. Opportunities abound for industry both in the sustainable use of forest resources, and for investments in forest conservation and restoration. A range of industry-led initiatives are seizing these opportunities in the Asia-Pacific. This session at the 2016 Asia-Pacific Rainforest Summit discussed current initiatives by the private sector, the different business cases for conservation and restoration, how to monitor and report on progress and opportunities, and challenges to scaling-up these initiatives. Moderator: · Martijn Wilder, Partner, Baker & McKenzie Panel speakers: · Aida Greenbury, Managing Director, Sustainability and Stakeholder Engagement, Asia Pulp & Paper · MaryKate Bullen, Associate Director, Sustainability & Communications, New Forests · Dharsono Hartono, President Director of PT Rimba Makmur Utama · Perpetua George, Assistant General Manager, Group Sustainability, Wilmar International Leaders in public, private and community sectors from across the region joined the 2016 Asia-Pacific Rainforest Summit, held from 3-5 August in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam. To learn more, visit the event website: http://www.cifor.org/asia-pacific-rainforest-summit/
Allies of World War I | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:06:27
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Allies of World War I Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Allies of World War I or Entente Powers is the term commonly used for the coalition that opposed the Central Powers of Germany, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria during the First World War (1914–1918). By the end of the first decade of the 20th century, the major European powers were divided between the Triple Entente, France, the United Kingdom and Russia, and the Triple Alliance, Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy, which remained neutral in 1914. As the war progressed, both coalitions added new members; for the Entente, the most significant or so-called 'Principal Powers' were Italy, which joined in 1915, Japan and the United States. 'Associated members' included Belgium, Serbia, Greece, Montenegro and Romania.
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Industrial Workers of the World | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:37:02
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Industrial Workers of the World Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), members of which are commonly termed "Wobblies", is an international labor union that was founded in 1905 in Chicago, Illinois, in the United States. The union combines general unionism with industrial unionism, as it is a general union whose members are further organized within the industry of their employment. The philosophy and tactics of the IWW are described as "revolutionary industrial unionism", with ties to both socialist and anarchist labor movements. In the 1910s and early 1920s, the IWW achieved many of their short-term goals, particularly in the American West, and cut across traditional guild and union lines to organize workers in a variety of trades and industries. At their peak in August 1917, IWW membership was more than 150,000, with active wings in the U.S., Canada and Australia. The extremely high rate of IWW membership turnover during this era (estimated at 133% per decade) makes it difficult for historians to state membership totals with any certainty, as workers tended to join the IWW in large numbers for relatively short periods (e.g., during labor strikes and periods of generalized economic distress).Due to several factors, membership declined dramatically in the late 1910s and 1920s. There were conflicts with other labor groups, particularly the American Federation of Labor (AFL), which regarded the IWW as too radical, while the IWW regarded the AFL as too conservative and dividing workers by craft. Membership also declined due to government crackdowns on radical, anarchist and socialist groups during the First Red Scare after World War I. In Canada the IWW was outlawed by the federal government. Probably the most decisive factor in the decline in IWW membership and influence, however, was a 1924 schism in the organization, from which the IWW never fully recovered.The IWW promotes the concept of "One Big Union", and contends that all workers should be united as a social class to supplant capitalism and wage labor with industrial democracy. They are known for the Wobbly Shop model of workplace democracy, in which workers elect their managers and other forms of grassroots democracy (self-management) are implemented. IWW membership does not require that one work in a represented workplace, nor does it exclude membership in another labor union.In 2012, the IWW moved its General Headquarters offices to 2036 West Montrose, Chicago. The origin of the nickname "Wobblies" is uncertain.
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World War II | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: World War II Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.Japan, which aimed to dominate Asia and the Pacific, was at war with China by 1937—though neither side had declared war on the other. World war is generally said to have begun on 1 September 1939, with the invasion of Poland by Germany and subsequent declarations on Germany by France and the United Kingdom. From late 1939 to early 1941, in a series of campaigns and treaties, Germany conquered or controlled much of continental Europe, and formed the Axis alliance with Italy and Japan. Under the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact of August 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union partitioned and annexed territories of their European neighbours, Poland, Finland, Romania and the Baltic states. Following the onset of campaigns in North Africa and East Africa, and the fall of France in mid 1940, the war continued primarily between the European Axis powers and the British Empire. War in the Balkans, the aerial Battle of Britain, the Blitz, and the long Battle of the Atlantic followed. On 22 June 1941, the European Axis powers launched an invasion of the Soviet Union, opening the largest land theatre of war in history. This Eastern Front trapped the Axis, most crucially the German Wehrmacht, into a war of attrition. In December 1941, Japan launched a surprise attack on the United States and European colonies in the Pacific Ocean. Following an immediate U.S. declaration of war against Japan, supported by one from Great Britain, the European Axis powers quickly declared war on the U.S. in solidarity with their Japanese ally. Rapid Japanese conquests over much of the Western Pacific ensued, perceived by many in Asia as liberation from Western dominance and resulting in the support of several armies from defeated territories. The Axis advance in the Pacific halted in 1942 when Japan lost the critical Battle of Midway; later, Germany and Italy were defeated in North Africa and then, decisively, at Stalingrad in the Soviet Union. Key setbacks in 1943, which included a series of German defeats on the Eastern Front, the Allied invasions of Sicily and Italy, and Allied victories in the Pacific, cost the Axis its initiative and forced it into strategic retreat on all fronts. In 1944, the Western Allies invaded German-occupied France, while the Soviet Union regained its territorial losses and turned toward Germany and its allies. During 1944 and 1945 the Japanese suffered major reverses in mainland Asia in South Central China and Burma, while the Allies crippled the Japanese Navy and captured key Western Pacific islands. The war in Europe concluded with an invasion of Germany by the Western Allies and the Soviet Union, culminating in the capture of Berlin by Soviet troops, the suicide of Adolf Hitler and the German unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945. Following the Potsdam Declaration by the Allies on 26 July 1945 and the refusal of Japan to surrender under its terms, the United States dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6 and 9 August respectively. With an invasion of the Japanese archipelago imminent, the possibility of additional a ...
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Colonialism | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:16:53
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Colonialism Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Colonialism is the policy of a foreign polity seeking to extend or retain its authority over other people or territories, generally with the aim of opening trade opportunities. The colonizing country seeks to benefit whilst the colonized country or land mass, as many of the colonized countries were not countries at all, modernize in terms defined by the colonizers, especially in economics, religion, and health. Others describe it as a relationship of domination of an indigenous majority by a minority of foreign invaders where the latter rule in pursuit of its interests.Early records of colonization go as far back as Phoenecians, an enterprising maritime trading culture that spread across the Mediterranean from 1550 BC to 300 BC and later the Greeks and Persians continued on this line of setting up colonies. Although these early European migration characteristics are recorded or documented as colonization, these examples wouldn't be the first time and certainly would not be the last. The Romans would soon follow, setting up colonies throughout the Mediterranean, Northern Africa, and Western Asia. In the 9th century a new wave of Mediterranean colonization had begun between competing states such as the Islamic Ottomans and the Venetians, Genovese and Amalfians, invading the wealthy previously Byzantine or Eastern Roman islands and lands. Venice began with the conquest of Dalmatia and reached its greatest nominal extent at the conclusion of the Fourth Crusade in 1204, with the declaration of the acquisition of three octaves of the Byzantine Empire. Later, in the 15th century some European states established their own empires during the European colonial period. The Belgian, British, Danish, Dutch, French, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish and Swedish empires established colonies across large areas. Imperial Japan, the Ottoman Empire and the United States also acquired colonies, as did imperialist China and finally in the late 19th century the German and the Italian. At first, European colonizing countries followed policies of mercantilism, in order to strengthen the home economy, so agreements usually restricted the colonies to trading only with the metropole (mother country). By the mid-19th century, however, the powerful British Empire gave up mercantilism and trade restrictions and adopted the principle of free trade, with few restrictions or tariffs. Christian missionaries were active in practically all of the colonies because the Colonialists were Christians. Historian Philip Hoffman calculated that by 1800, before the Industrial Revolution, Europeans already controlled at least 35% of the globe, and by 1914, they had gained control of 84%. In the aftermath of World War II, the archetypal European colonial system practically ended between 1945–1975, when nearly all Europe's colonies gained political independence.
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Exploring our Inner Space:  Why deep ocean science is important
 
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"Exploring our Inner Space: Why deep-ocean science is important for a sustainable blue economy" IMarEST TV recording of the 6 July 2017 Stanley Gray Lecture presented by Professor Alex David Rogers, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford & Nekton Science Director, held at Lloyd's Register in London, UK.