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Introductory Astronomy: Parallax, the Parsec, and Distances
 
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Video lecture that discusses the concept of parallax, the unit of the parsec, and how astronomers can determine the distances to the most nearby stars.
Views: 134090 P.E. Robinson
Light seconds, light years, light centuries: How to measure extreme distances - Yuan-Sen Ting
 
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View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/how-do-we-measure-distances-in-space-yuan-sen-ting When we look at the sky, we have a flat, two-dimensional view. So how do astronomers figure the distances of stars and galaxies from Earth? Yuan-Sen Ting shows us how trigonometric parallaxes, standard candles and more help us determine the distance of objects several billion light years away from Earth. Lesson by Yuan-Sen Ting, animation by TED-Ed.
Views: 978083 TED-Ed
How Do Astronomers Measure Distance?
 
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Since astronomers can't actually travel to a star, they rely on two ingenious methods to measure a star's distance from earth. Watch BrainStuff break down the science of space measurement in this episode. Whether the topic is popcorn or particle physics, you can count on the HowStuffWorks team to explore - and explain - the everyday science in the world around us on BrainStuff. Watch More BrainStuff on TestTube http://testtube.com/brainstuff Subscribe Now! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=brainstuffshow Watch More http://www.youtube.com/BrainStuffShow Twitter http://twitter.com/BrainStuffHSW Facebook http://facebook.com/BrainStuff Google+ http://gplus.to/BrainStuff
How Do We Measure the Distance of Stars?
 
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It's School of YouTube Week! Comic Relief and YouTube are partnering to send students to school! The Bad Astronomer Phil Plait teaches Hank how to measure the distance to the stars. Help more students learn, by giving to Comic Relief at http://www.comicrelief.com/SOYT Or if you’re in the US, you can text SOYT12 to 71777, message and data rates may apply. If you’re in the UK, text SOYT12 to 70005. Texts cost £5 plus your standard network message charge. £5 per text goes to Comic Relief. You must be 16 or over and please ask the bill payers permission. For full terms and conditions and more information go to www.comicrelief.com/terms-of-use ---------- Like SciShow? Want to help support us, and also get things to put on your walls, cover your torso and hold your liquids? Check out our awesome products over at DFTBA Records: http://dftba.com/artist/52/SciShow Or help support us by subscribing to our page on Subbable: https://subbable.com/scishow ---------- Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet? Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com Thanks Tank Tumblr: http://thankstank.tumblr.com
Views: 400027 SciShow
Stargazing Basics 1: Learn how get oriented in the night sky for stargazing
 
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Want to know more about the basics of astronomy? Learn how to orient yourself in the night sky for beginning astronomy, starting with the cardinal directions, and moving through the concepts of the meridian, zenith, ecliptic, celestial sphere, celestial equator and celestial pole - all in a friendly, easy-to-understand presentation. #withcaptions
Views: 269641 Eyes on the Sky
Star Identification (Basic Astronomy for Celestial Navigation) 1942 US Navy Training Film MN-83f
 
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more at http://scitech.quickfound.net/astro/astronomy_news_and_links.html Shows how to find the most important stars and constellations in the night sky. US Navy training film MN-83f. Reupload of a previously uploaded film with improved video & sound. Public domain film from the US National Archives, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and one-pass brightness-contrast-color correction & mild video noise reduction applied. The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Star A star is a massive, luminous ball of plasma held together by gravity. At the end of its lifetime, a star can also contain a proportion of degenerate matter. The nearest star to Earth is the Sun, which is the source of most of the energy on Earth. Other stars are visible from Earth during the night, most commonly appearing as a multitude of fixed luminous points, when they are not outshone by the Sun or blocked by atmospheric phenomena. Historically, the most prominent stars on the celestial sphere were grouped together into constellations and asterisms, and the brightest stars gained proper names. Extensive catalogues of stars have been assembled by astronomers, which provide standardized star designations. For at least a portion of its life, a star shines due to thermonuclear fusion of hydrogen in its core releasing energy that traverses the star's interior and then radiates into outer space. Almost all naturally occurring elements heavier than helium were created by stars, either via stellar nucleosynthesis during their lifetimes or by supernova nucleosynthesis when stars explode. Astronomers can determine the mass, age, chemical composition and many other properties of a star by observing its spectrum, luminosity and motion through space. The total mass of a star is the principal determinant in its evolution and eventual fate... A star begins as a collapsing cloud of material composed primarily of hydrogen, along with helium and trace amounts of heavier elements. Once the stellar core is sufficiently dense, some of the hydrogen is steadily converted into helium through the process of nuclear fusion. The remainder of the star's interior carries energy away from the core through a combination of radiative and convective processes. The star's internal pressure prevents it from collapsing further under its own gravity. Once the hydrogen fuel at the core is exhausted, those stars having at least 0.4 times the mass of the Sun expand to become a red giant, in some cases fusing heavier elements at the core or in shells around the core. The star then evolves into a degenerate form, recycling a portion of the matter into the interstellar environment, where it will form a new generation of stars with a higher proportion of heavy elements... Stars spend about 90% of their lifetime fusing hydrogen to produce helium in high-temperature and high-pressure reactions near the core. Such stars are said to be on the main sequence and are called dwarf stars. Starting at zero-age main sequence, the proportion of helium in a star's core will steadily increase. As a consequence, in order to maintain the required rate of nuclear fusion at the core, the star will slowly increase in temperature and luminosity--the Sun, for example, is estimated to have increased in luminosity by about 40% since it reached the main sequence 4.6 billion years ago. Every star generates a stellar wind of particles that causes a continual outflow of gas into space. For most stars, the amount of mass lost is negligible. The Sun loses 10−14 solar masses every year, or about 0.01% of its total mass over its entire lifespan. However very massive stars can lose 10−7 to 10−5 solar masses each year, significantly affecting their evolution. Stars that begin with more than 50 solar masses can lose over half their total mass while they remain on the main sequence. The duration that a star spends on the main sequence depends primarily on the amount of fuel it has to fuse and the rate at which it fuses that fuel, i.e. its initial mass and its luminosity. For the Sun, this is estimated to be about 1010 years. Large stars consume their fuel very rapidly and are short-lived. Small stars (called red dwarfs) consume their fuel very slowly and last tens to hundreds of billions of years. At the end of their lives, they simply become dimmer and dimmer. However, since the lifespan of such stars is greater than the current age of the universe (13.7 billion years), no red dwarfs are expected to have yet reached this state.
Views: 47917 Jeff Quitney
Do Stars Move? Tracking Their Movements Across the Sky
 
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The stars look static in the sky, but are they moving? How fast, and how do we know? What events can make them move faster, and how can humans make them move? Support us at: http://www.patreon.com/universetoday More stories at: http://www.universetoday.com/ Follow us on Twitter: @universetoday Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/universetoday Google+ - https://plus.google.com/+universetoday/ Instagram - http://instagram.com/universetoday Team: Fraser Cain - @fcain / [email protected] Karla Thompson - @karlaii Chad Weber - [email protected] Before we get going, I’d just like to say, happy 300th episode of the Guide to Space. Here’s to hundreds more. The night sky, is the night sky, is the night sky. The constellations you learned as a child are the same constellations that you see today. Ancient people recognized these same constellations. Oh sure, they might not have had the same name for it, but essentially, we see what they saw. But when you see animations of galaxies, especially as they come together and collide, you see the stars buzzing around like angry bees. We know that the stars can have motions, and yet, we don’t see them moving? How fast are they moving, and will we ever be able to tell? Stars, of course, do move. It’s just that the distances are so great that it’s very difficult to tell. But astronomers have been studying their position for thousands of years. Tracking the position and movements of the stars is known as astrometry. We trace the history of astrometry back to 190 BC, when the ancient Greek astronomer Hipparchus first created a catalog of the 850 brightest stars in the sky and their position. His student Ptolemy followed up with his own observations of the night sky, creating his important document: the Almagest. In the Almagest, Ptolemy laid out his theory for an Earth-centric Universe, with the Moon, Sun, planets and stars in concentric crystal spheres that rotated around the planet. He was wrong about the Universe, of course, but his charts and tables were incredibly accurate, measuring the brightness and location of more than 1,000 stars. A thousand years later, the Arabic astronomer Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi completed an even more detailed measurement of the sky using an astrolabe. One of the most famous astronomers in history was the Danish Tycho Brahe. He was renowned for his ability to measure the position of stars, and built incredibly precise instruments for the time to do the job. He measured the positions of stars to within 15 to 35 arcseconds of accuracy. Just for comparison, a human hair, held 10 meters away is an arcsecond wide. Also, I’m required to inform you that Brahe had a fake nose. He lost his in a duel, but had a brass replacement made. In 1807, Friedrich Bessel was the first astronomer to measure the distance to a nearby star 61 Cygni. He used the technique of parallax, by measuring the angle to the star when the Earth was on one side of the Sun, and then measuring it again 6 months later when the Earth was on the other side. Over the course of this period, this relatively closer star moves slightly back and forth against the more distant background of the galaxy. And over the next two centuries, other astronomers further refined this technique, getting better and better at figuring out the distance and motions of stars. But to really track the positions and motions of stars, we needed to go to space. In 1989, the European Space Agency launched their Hipparchus mission, named after the Greek astronomer we talked about earlier. Its job was to measure the position and motion of the nearby stars in the Milky Way. Over the course of its mission, Hipparcos accurately measured 118,000 stars, and provided rough calculations for another 2 million stars. That was useful, and astronomers have relied on it ever since, but something better has arrived, and its name is Gaia. Launched in December 2013, the European Space Agency’s Gaia in is in the process of mapping out a billion stars in the Milky Way. That’s billion, with a B, and accounts for about 1% of the stars in the galaxy. The spacecraft will track the motion of 150 million stars, telling us where everything is going over time. It will be a mind bending accomplishment. Hipparchus would be proud. With the most precise measurements, taken year after year, the motions of the stars can indeed be calculated. Although they’re not enough to see with the unaided eye, over thousands and tens of thousands of years, the positions of the stars change dramatically in the sky. The familiar stars in the Big Dipper, for example, look how they do today. But if you go forward or backward in time, the positions of the stars look very different, and eventually completely unrecognizable.
Views: 20384 Fraser Cain
the easy way to measure the distance between stars
 
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How is it possible astronomers know distances in the universe where they can't arrive at all? In this workshop participants will get an insight into the parallax method, that laid the basis for the measurement of the universe. This method is based on the triangulation method that is used on the earth. We will start outdoor: participants will measure by triangulation the distance to an object they can't reach. They will use simple instruments made by themselves. No calculations are necessary, the distances can be found by a geometrical method. Building on this method and measurement, we develop insight into the parallax method. We will see how it has been applied to find basic distances in the sky, from the moon until the nearby stars. This series of activities will help you to understand how distances in the universe can be measured by the parallax method. This method, like several other methods to determine distances, is based on the principle that a triangle is completely known with only three elements. Therefore those methods are called triangulation methods. They are used by surveyors to make a map of a region. To understand those methods it is not necessary to make calculations or to know about trigonometry. We have only to measure angles and the length of a basis line that is within our reach, then we make a scale drawing. So we need two instruments for measuring (an angle-measure tool and a tape measure) and a ruler, a protractor, paper and pencil for drawing, that's all! We will start with an outdoor activity, measuring the distance to an object (tree, house) without arriving there, like surveyors do. It will become clear that practically there are some problems in using the same method for objects in the sky. Thus, another method is proposed to determine a triangle, using the phenomenon of parallax. Also this method we will use first in our own environment. Then it will be shown how it was used to determine the distance to the moon, some planets and nearby stars. Determining a distance by triangulation You need an angle-measuring tool (the professional one is called theodolite and is used by surveyors), one or two sticks, about as high as yourself and a tape measure. Here's how we might measure the distance of a tree, like in the situation that is sketched above. Imagine you can walk from A until B, but you can't reach the tree, for instance, because there is a river between you and the tree. The trick is that you determine the shape and the dimensions of the triangle ABC. When you measure AB (the baseline) and the two angles a (BAC) and b (ABC), the triangle ABC is completely known. As you may see, when the tree is farther away (C'), the angle at C becomes smaller and the shape of the triangle becomes different. Determining a real distance by triangulation. Mark two places, A and B, for instance by standing vertical sticks on the ground. The points A and B, together with the tree at point C, form a triangle. Measure the distance AB with the tape measure. Stand at point A and measure BAC using an angle-measuring tool by looking at the tree and at the stick in B. Then move to the point B and measure ABC. So you know the length of one side of the triangle - our baseline - plus the angles at which the other sides branch off from it. Construct on paper the triangle ABC on the scale. Using your ruler and the scale, you can simple calculate the distance from every point of your baseline to the tree.
Views: 2623 A.AbdelKader
The Stellar Compendium
 
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This episode is an in-depth look at stars, from the common kinds and basic terminology to exotic stars, some which are entirely hypothetical. We'll look at Stars bigger than solar systems or tinier than a pinhead, and some stars that no longer exist or cannot exist till long after all other stars have died. Visit our Website: http://www.isaacarthur.net Join the Facebook Group: https://www.facebook.com/groups/1583992725237264/ Support the Channel on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/IsaacArthur Visit the sub-reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/IsaacArthur/ Listen or Download the audio of this episode from Soundcloud: https://soundcloud.com/isaac-arthur-148927746/the-stellar-compendium Cover Art by Jakub Grygier: https://www.artstation.com/artist/jakub_grygier
Views: 185184 Isaac Arthur
Determining Position by Celestial Navigation 1971 US Navy Training Film; Graphic Films Cart
 
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Nautical Navigation playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL4670A28FC2CC02EF Pilot Training Film playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLCA6387BA013F9A4D US Navy Training Film playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLA40407C12E5E35A7 more at http://quickfound.net "There are three steps to establish a celestial line of position: observation, computation, and plotting..." Training film for US Navy fliers. US Navy Training Film MN-10780D, cartoon produced by Graphic Films. Originally a public domain film from the US Navy, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and one-pass brightness-contrast-color correction & mild video noise reduction applied. The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Celestial_navigation Wikipedia license: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ Celestial navigation, also known as astronavigation, is the ancient science of position fixing that enables a navigator to transition through a space without having to rely on estimated calculations, or dead reckoning, to know their position. Celestial navigation uses "sights," or angular measurements taken between a celestial body (the sun, the moon, a planet or a star) and the visible horizon. The sun is most commonly used, but navigators can also use the moon, a planet, Polaris, or one of 57 other navigational stars whose coordinates are tabulated in the nautical almanac and air almanacs. Celestial navigation is the use of angular measurements (sights) between celestial bodies and the visible horizon to locate one's position on the globe, on land as well as at sea. At a given time, any celestial body is located directly over one point on the Earth's surface. The latitude and longitude of that point is known as the celestial body’s geographic position (GP), the location of which can be determined from tables in the Nautical or Air Almanac for that year. The measured angle between the celestial body and the visible horizon is directly related to the distance between the celestial body's GP and the observer's position. After some computations, referred to as sight reduction, this measurement is used to plot a line of position (LOP) on a navigational chart or plotting work sheet, the observer's position being somewhere on that line. (The LOP is actually a short segment of a very large circle on the earth which surrounds the GP of the observed celestial body. An observer located anywhere on the circumference of this circle on the earth, measuring the angle of the same celestial body above the horizon at that instant of time, would observe that body to be at the same angle above the horizon.) Sights on two celestial bodies give two such lines on the chart, intersecting at the observer's position (actually, the two circles would result in two points of intersection arising from sights on two stars described above, but one can be discarded since it will be far from the estimated position—see the figure at example below). Most navigators will use sights of three to five stars, if they're available, since that will result in only one common intersection and minimize the chance for error. That premise is the basis for the most commonly used method of celestial navigation, and is referred to as the 'altitude-intercept method'. There are several other methods of celestial navigation which will also provide position finding using sextant observations, such as the noon sight, and the more archaic lunar distance method. Joshua Slocum used the lunar distance method during the first ever recorded single-handed circumnavigation of the world. Unlike the altitude-intercept method, the noon sight and lunar distance methods do not require accurate knowledge of time. The altitude-intercept method of celestial navigation requires that the observer know exact Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) at the moment of his observation of the celestial body, to the second—since every four seconds that the time source (commonly a chronometer or in aircraft, an accurate "hack watch") is in error, the position will be off by approximately one nautical mile...
Views: 19551 Jeff Quitney
हम पृथ्वी और तारों के बीच की दूरी को कैसे पता करते हैं How do we measure distance from Earth to star
 
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Hi Friends, आज की वीडियो में "Parallax Mathod" को समझा रहा हूं जिस की हेल्प से हम बहुत दूर स्थित तारे व ग्रहों तक की दूरी को माप लेते हैं। इस वीडियो की शुरुआत में मैंने एक एक्टिविटी का प्रयोग करते हुए "Parallax effect" को समझाया है।इसी के साथ मैंने सूर्य में होने वाले parallax effect के बारे मे बताया है। और फिर बाद में "stellar Parallax Mathod" का यूज़ करते हुए मैंने earth से एक near star P तक की दूरी ज्ञात की । जोकि लगभग 10 Lightyear आई। Hi Friends, In today's video, I am explaining "Parallax Method" with whose help we measure the distance to the stars and the planets located far away. At the beginning of this video, I have explained the "Parallax effect" using an activity. With this, I have told about the parallax effect in the sun. And then later using the "stellar Parallax Method" I found the distance from Earth to a near star P. That came about 10 Lightyear. REFERENCE: - Books:- 11th class NCERT book of physics, Internet:- How to Convert Degrees to Radians:- https://www.wikihow.com/Convert-Degrees-to-Radians Parallax:- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parallax Stellar parallax:- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stellar_parallax A minute and second of arc:- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Minute_and_second_of_arc Circle:- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Circle Astronomical unit:- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Astronomical_unit Convert Kilometers to Light Years:- https://www.calculateme.com/Astronomy/Kilometers/ToLightYears.htm 61 Cygni:- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/61_Cygni -----------------------credits of this video------------------------- Video Images and photos Credit:- ESA/Hubble(M. Kornmesser & L.L. Christensen),( https://www.spacetelescope.org/ ), ESO/L.Calçada/José Francisco,( https://www.eso.org/ ), Pixabay ( https://pixabay.com/ ), some other footage credit- Wikimedia, Wikipedia etc. vectors of this video:- http://www.freepik.com background music- 1: Hand Balance Redux by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Source: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1100370 Artist: http://incompetech.com/ 2: Rock Intro 3 by Audionautix is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Artist: http://audionautix.com/ 3: Discovery Hit by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Source: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1300023 Artist: http://incompetech.com/ Animated, Narrated, Edit, Designed and Research of this video by Ravindra Kumar If you have in your mind any questions and suggestions about this video you can ask/tell me by the comment or email. my email is- [email protected] Like Share and Subscribe this channel for more videos Thanks for watching.....! Some other video of this channel:- 7:- ब्रह्मांड क्या है? What is the Universe in Hindi | Basic Knowledge About The Universe in Hindi https://youtu.be/L8oFhz6Dzzk 6: Antimatter and Antiparticles Explained in Hindi https://youtu.be/KSvABHxZ3-0 5: Gravitational Waves, LIGO, and LIGO-INDIA Explained in Hindi:- https://youtu.be/dNMVMNXt7oc 4: Black Holes Explained in Hindi Part-1:- https://youtu.be/VKw3MWs0ISs 3: चींटियाँ अपना खाना कैसे ढूंढ लेती हैं। How do ants find their food? https://youtu.be/qNm9e_JgOH0 2: (Hindi-Eng)Nuclear Fission | Nuclear Energy Explained: How does it work? 2/3 https://youtu.be/LKPrDlSLXoU 1: (Hindi-Eng)पतंग के उड़ने का कारण how do fly kites? https://youtu.be/dLWZSkj16JU 0: (Hindi)Why atmosphere is not present on the moon? चंद्रमा पर वायुमंडल उपस्थित क्यों नहीं है। HD a distance between earth and star in Hindi, how do we measure the distance to stars in Hindi, how is parallax used to measure the distances to stars in Hindi,
Views: 33319 Vigyan Ki Khoj
Stargazing Basics 2: Understanding star magnitude in astronomy
 
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Want to know more about the basics of astronomy? Learn about magnitudes (brightness differences of objects) in the night sky for beginning astronomy. Video discusses visual magnitude from the Sun through 11th magnitude, explaining the scale's logarithmic method of calculating brightness, plus the concepts of absolute magnitude, integrated magnitude and surface brightness - all in a friendly, easy-to-understand presentation. #withcaptions
Views: 128441 Eyes on the Sky
Celestial Navigation Math
 
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TabletClass.com - http://www.tabletclass.com Math. This video explains the basics of how math is used in celestial navigation. When people first started to navigate by stars a massive explosion in trade and culture developed. Celestial navigation requires the use of a sextant, clock and nautical table but most importantly it requires mathematics.
Views: 341606 TabletClass
Living Universe | Journey To Another Stars - Documentary 4K [2018]
 
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LIVING UNIVERSE is an interstellar adventure that seeks to answer the most profound question of all: are we alone? Based on the latest scientific knowledge, we will take a journey to a planet beyond our solar system in search of life. We ask the world's leading space scientists what we might find if we travel to a neighboring star system. Recent breakthroughs have proven that every star we see in the sky is orbited by at least one planet, many similar to our own Earth. How do we get to these "exoplanets"? Once there, what will we find? And what will it mean for humanity when we discover we are not alone? Our speculative journey through space is set a hundred years in the future - when we have the technology to journey well beyond our solar system. On this first expedition, our star ship Aurora will be piloted not by astronauts, but by the artificial intelligence (A.I.) we call Artemis. We imagine how Artemis travels through space, on its 25-year journey, at one fifth of the speed of light. Its objective is Minerva B, a planet much like our own, with an atmosphere, temperature and liquid water that appears a likely candidate to contain life. With spectacular special effects we will reach and explore a new planet as we seek to answer the most profound question of all: are we alone in the universe? Our guides on this journey are narrator Dr Karl Kruszelnicki and as the voice of our AI, Artemis, real-life astrophysicist, Professor Tamara Davis. Inspired and informed by our rapidly developing knowledge of far-off worlds, our best scientists - including NASA engineers, astrophysicists and astronomers - we will discover that this amazing journey is not only possible, it is inevitable. To venture into distant space is our destiny. LIVING UNIVERSE captures a pivotal moment in the human story. A film full of insight and inspiration certain to thrill anyone who dreams of distant worlds, or have ever wondered why are we here? Have you ever wondered that someone like you, sitting less than a mile away, in some other universe, exists? The possibility in itself seems frightening as well as astonishing. "From breaking news and intriguing historical documentaries to conspiracy theories, classified NASA files and UFO's. We provide you with material that the government doesn't want you to see." The Insomnia team comes up with a promise. To keep up with the same, the team now brings to us a documentary that aims to change your perspective Of another existence, of another possibility, as today, the scientists now believe there may really be the presence of a parallel universe - and in fact, also believe that there may be an infinite number of parallel universes, and where we live today just happens to be only one of them and many of these other parallel universes come with different laws of physics as well. These other universes that we are talking about not only contain space, time and strange forms of exotic matter but to surprise you, Some of them may even contain you, only maybe in a slightly different form. The thought itself is quite intriguing and scary on the same hand. The basis of this theory is as we know it the idea that parallel universes are constantly spinning off from reality that we humans know of. "Though generally ignored at the time, that theory has gone on to become not just a popular topic of study among respected physicists, but the inspiration for such popular films, television shows, and books as Star Trek and The Golden Compass." according to the sources. The video soon progresses into the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP), that is now changing everything, as some say that the remarkable images reveal the true shape of the universe through baby pictures of the same from the time when it was 4 hundred thousand years old, looking so back in time, when there wasn't even the formation of galaxies yet. The WMAP is catching the very first signs of creation as it is officially tagged with measuring radiation that is left over from Big Bang. And now scientists have devised an experiment to find the overall true shape of the universe. The WMAP hence shows that the universe is flat. From here arises the possibility of more mind boggling parallel universe that are of the level-2 type and is made up of giant cosmic soap bubbles that float in hyperspace. Each of these bubbles within it has a whole universe. Now, the question that arises is that - Do we all live in a giant cosmic bubble? Journey to another stars finding lives on other planets
Views: 1388545 ADVEXON TV
Find North with the Stars - Orion – Celestial Navigation (Northern Hemisphere)
 
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Part 2 of the Celestial Navigation series! The constellation of Orion - How to recognize the constellation, how to locate it in the sky, and how to use it to find your directions. ------------------------------------ Outdoor skills for wilderness survival, bushcraft, hiking and camping. Twitter: www.twitter.com/AlfieAesthetics Flickr: www.flickr.com/photos/AlfieAesthetics (Plant & Fungi Photography) Facebook: www.facebook.com/AlfieAesthetics Google+: www.plus.google.com/+AlfieAesthetics ------------------------------------ Video requests are welcome – if you’d like to see a particular skill that I’ve not yet shown then feel free to leave a comment. Anything from fire-building, friction fire, fire from natural materials, tinders, charring, wild edibles, plant identification, fungi/slime mold identification, medicinal plants, wilderness first aid and wound treatment, camp cooking, water filtration and purification, natural shelter building, shelter building with synthetic materials, navigation without a compass, improvised compasses, primitive weaponry, primitive trapping, gear reviews, survival kits and gear requests. -------------------------------------
Views: 122806 AlfieAesthetics
Parallax in observing stars | Cosmology & Astronomy | Khan Academy
 
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Parallax in Observing Stars. Created by Sal Khan. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/science/cosmology-and-astronomy/stellar-life-topic/stellar-parallax-tutorial/v/stellar-parallax?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=cosmologystronomy Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/science/cosmology-and-astronomy/stellar-life-topic/quasars/v/galactic-collisions?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=cosmologystronomy Cosmology & Astronomy on Khan Academy: The Earth is huge, but it is tiny compared to the Sun (which is super huge). But the Sun is tiny compared to the solar system which is tiny compared to the distance to the next star. Oh, did we mention that there are over 100 billion stars in our galaxy (which is about 100,000 light years in diameter) which is one of hundreds of billions of galaxies in just the observable universe (which might be infinite for all we know). Don't feel small. We find it liberating. Your everyday human stresses are nothing compared to this enormity that we are a part of. Enjoy the fact that we get to be part of this vastness! About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s Cosmology & Astronomy channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UChNPnEkW8LYZ5Rwi8_A2-DA?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 107983 Khan Academy
Parallax static Model
 
05:14
Got Selected for national science exhibition,sub theme -Mathematics solution in every day,using simple mathematics we can determine the distance between distant objects like earth to Venus,moon without any apparatus and also applicable for the use of army in finding the distance between terrorist camps,full explanation was in the vedio clip...
Views: 244 Abhinav Rishishwar
Star Trails Photography Tutorial: Take Pictures at Night
 
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Download StarStax for free at http://sdp.io/starstax SUBSCRIBE and like http://fb.com/NorthrupPhotography Buy the #1 book with 14+ HOURS of video on Amazon: http://help.tc/s Worldwide use 10% off coupon 'YouTube': http://sdp.io/sdpbook Lightroom video book $10 on Amazon: http://help.tc/l Photoshop video book $10 on Amazon: http://help.tc/p Photography Buying Guide on Amazon: http://help.tc/b Worldwide use 10% off coupon 'YouTube': http://sdp.io/buybg STARTER CAMERAS: Basic Starter Camera ($280 used at Amazon): Canon T3 http://help.tc/t3 Better Starter Camera ($500 at Amazon): Nikon D5300 http://help.tc/d5300 Better Travel Camera ($500 at Amazon): Olympus OM-D E-M10 Mark II http://help.tc/em10ii LANDSCAPE CAMERAS: Good ($550 at Amazon): Sony a6000 http://help.tc/a6000 Better ($1,400) at Amazon: Nikon D5500 http://help.tc/D5500 & Sigma 18-35mm f/1.8 http://help.tc/s35 Best ($3,150) at Amazon: Pentax K-1 http://help.tc/K1 & Pentax 24-70 f/2.8 http://help.tc/p24 PORTRAIT CAMERAS: Beginner ($950 at Amazon): Canon T6i http://help.tc/t6i & Canon 50mm f/1.8 http://help.tc/c50 Better ($3,000 at Amazon): Nikon D610 http://help.tc/d610 & Tamron 70-200 f/2.8 http://help.tc/t200 Best ($5,300) at Amazon: Nikon D810 http://help.tc/d810 & Nikon 70-200 f/2.8E http://help.tc/n200e WILDLIFE CAMERAS: Starter ($1,100 at Amazon): Canon 7D http://help.tc/7D & Canon 400mm f/5.6 http://help.tc/c400 Great ($3,200 at Amazon): Nikon D500 http://help.tc/d500 & Nikon 200-500 f/5.6 http://help.tc/n500 VIDEO CAMERAS: Beginner ($500 at Amazon): Panasonic G7 http://help.tc/g7 & Panasonic 14-42mm http://help.tc/p42 Better ($1,400 at Amazon): Panasonic GH4 http://amzn.to/2p5dAmD & Panasonic 14-140 f/3.5-5.6 http://help.tc/p140 Best ($4,300 at Amazon): Panasonic GH5 http://help.tc/gh5 & Metabones Speed Booster XL http://help.tc/mbxl & Sigma 18-35 f/1.8 http://help.tc/s35 & Sigma 50-100 f/1.8 http://help.tc/s100 DRONES: Beginner ($400 at Amazon): DJI Phantom 3 http://help.tc/p3 Travel ($1,000 at Amazon): DJI Mavic Pro http://help.tc/Mavic Better Image Quality ($1,500 at Amazon): DJI Phantom 4 Pro http://help.tc/p4p
Views: 1941319 Tony & Chelsea Northrup
Dennis Hands Talk - How Far Away Are the Stars?
 
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Enjoy Dennis Hand's presentation on How Far Away Are the Stars? from December 2, 2016 to the Bays Mountain Astronomy Club. Dennis is an active observational astronomer. He taught astronomy and a few other subjects in the Greensboro City Schools. After his retirement, he made presentations to school groups at the Greensboro Natural Science Center for several years. Dennis currently serves as the chair of the Advisory Committee for Cline Observatory at Guilford Technical Community College and has been teaching astronomy at High Point University since 2008. He’s been a member of the Greensboro Astronomy Club since 1985. Dennis’s presentation will be titled, “How Far Away Are the Stars?” Since antiquity we’ve wondered about the stars. What are they made of? How far away are they? When asked today about the distances, it’s easy to say that Proxima Centauri is almost 13 trillion miles away. We point our telescopes at M31 and tell our guests that the Andromeda Galaxy is almost 3 million light years away. But how do we know? Dennis will take us on a journey through time to remember how we learned the distances to the stars. Beginning with Aristotle and Hipparchus we’ll rediscover the methods used to determine one of the most basic features of the night sky: How far away are the stars?
Earth Rotation & Revolution around a moving Sun
 
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Earth Rotation & revolution around the sun which in turn moving around the galaxy. Rotation period: Earth's rotation period relative to the Sun (its mean solar day) is 86,400 seconds of mean solar time. Each of these seconds is slightly longer than an SI second because Earth's solar day is now slightly longer than it was during the 19th century due to tidal acceleration. The mean solar second between 1750 and 1892 was chosen in 1895 by Simon Newcomb as the independent unit of time in his Tables of the Sun. These tables were used to calculate the world's ephemerides between 1900 and 1983, so this second became known as the ephemeris second. The SI second was made equal to the ephemeris second in 1967 Earth's rotation period relative to the fixed stars, called its stellar day by the International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service (IERS), is 86,164.098 903 691 seconds of mean solar time (UT1) (23h 56m 4.098 903 691s Earth's rotation period relative to the precessing or moving mean vernal equinox, misnamed its sidereal day is 86,164.090 530 832 88 seconds of mean solar time (UT1) (23h 56m 4.090 530 832 88s). Thus the sidereal day is shorter than the stellar day by about 8.4 ms. The length of the mean solar day in SI seconds is available from the IERS for the periods 1623 - 2005 and 1962 - 2005. Recently (1999 - 2005) the average annual length of the mean solar day in excess of 86,400 SI seconds has varied between 0.3 ms and 1 ms, which must be added to both the stellar and sidereal days given in mean solar time above to obtain their lengths in SI seconds. The angular speed of Earth's rotation in inertial space is 7.2921159 × 10−5 radians per SI second (mean solar second).Multiplying by (180°/π radians)×(86,400 seconds/mean solar day) yields 360.9856°/mean solar day, indicating that Earth rotates more than 360° relative to the fixed stars in one solar day. Earth's movement along its nearly circular orbit while it is rotating once around its axis requires that Earth rotate slightly more than once relative to the fixed stars before the mean Sun can pass overhead again, even though it rotates only once (360°) relative to the mean Sun. Multiplying the value in rad/s by Earth's equatorial radius of 6,378,137 m (WGS84 ellipsoid) (factors of 2π radians needed by both cancel) yields an equatorial speed of 465.1 m/s, 1,674.4 km/h or 1,040.4 mi/h. Some sources state that Earth's equatorial speed is slightly less, or 1,669.8 km/h. This is obtained by dividing Earth's equatorial circumference by 24 hours. However, the use of only one circumference unwittingly implies only one rotation in inertial space, so the corresponding time unit must be a sidereal hour. This is confirmed by multiplying by the number of sidereal days in one mean solar day, 1.002 737 909 350 795, which yields the equatorial speed in mean solar hours given above of 1,674.4 km/h. The permanent monitoring of the Earth's rotation requires the use of Very Long Baseline Interferometry coordinated with the Global Positioning System, Satellite laser ranging, and other satellite techniques. This provides the absolute reference for the determination of universal time, precession, and nutation. Over millions of years, the rotation is significantly slowed by gravitational interactions with the Moon: see tidal acceleration. However some large scale events, such as the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, have caused the rotation to speed up by around 3 microseconds. Revolution: Earth orbits the Sun at an average distance of about 150 million kilometers every 365.2564 mean solar days, or one sidereal year. From Earth, this gives an apparent movement of the Sun eastward with respect to the stars at a rate of about 1°/day, or a Sun or Moon diameter every 12 hours. Because of this motion, on average it takes 24 hours—a solar day—for Earth to complete a full rotation about its axis so that the Sun returns to the meridian. The orbital speed of the Earth averages about 30 km/s (108,000 km/h), which is fast enough to cover the planet's diameter (about 12,600 km) in seven minutes, and the distance to the Moon (384,000 km) in four hours.. Viewed from the celestial north pole, the motion of Earth, the Moon and their axial rotations are all counter-clockwise. Viewed from a vantage point above the north poles of both the Sun and the Earth, the Earth appears to revolve in a counterclockwise direction about the Sun. Sun's motion in the Milky Way: The Sun is currently traveling through the Local Interstellar Cloud in the Local Bubble zone, within the inner rim of the Orion Arm of the Milky Way Galaxy. Of the 50 nearest stellar systems within 17 light-years from the Earth, the Sun ranks 4th in mass.The Sun orbits the center of the Milky Way galaxy at a distance of approximately 24,000 - 26,000 light years from the galactic center, completing one clockwise orbit, as viewed from the galactic north pole, in about 225 - 250 million years.
Views: 925558 Kurdistan Planetarium
Gaia 1
 
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In the latter years of the 18th century, astronomers William and Caroline Herschel began to count stars. William called the technique 'star gauging' and his aim was to determine the shape of our Galaxy. Ever since 1609, when Galileo lifted his telescope to the misty patch of light known as the Milky Way and saw that it was composed of myriad faint stars whose light all blurred together, we have known that there are different numbers of stars in different directions throughout space. This means that our local collection of stars, the Galaxy, must have a shape to it. Herschel set out to find out what that shape was. He used a large telescope, twenty feet (610 cm) in length, mounted between tall wooden frames to sweep out a large circle in the sky that passed through the Milky Way at right angles. He then split this circle into more than 600 regions and counted or estimated the number of stars in each. With this simple technique the Herschels produced the first shape estimate for the Galaxy. Fast-forward to the 21st century and now researchers use star counts to search for hidden star clusters and satellite galaxies. They look for regions where the density of stars rises higher than expected. These patches are called stellar over-densities. Back in 1785, Herschel's circular track passed close to the brightest star in the night sky Sirius. Now, scientists mining the first data released from the ESA spacecraft Gaia have revisited that particular area of the sky and made a remarkable discovery. They have revealed a large star cluster that could have been discovered more than a century and a half ago had it not been so close to Sirius. Astronomers have been looking for star clusters and satellite galaxies in various surveys for the past decade. It was natural for them to do this with the Gaia mission's first data release. Gaia is the European Space Agency's astrometric mission. Collecting positions, brightnesses and additional information for more than a billion sources of light, its data allows nothing less than the most precise 'star gauging' ever. These days the laborious task of counting the stars is done by computers but the results still have to be scrutinised by humans. Astonomers were combing the list of over-densities when they saw the massive cluster. At first it seemed too good to be true. Bright stars can create false signals, termed artefacts, that astronomers must be careful not to mistake for stars. An early paper from the Gaia team had even discussed artefacts around Sirius using a nearby patch of sky to the one Koposov was looking at. These two objects were named: Gaia 1 for the object located near Sirius, and Gaia 2, which is close to the plane of our Galaxy, and both were duly published. Gaia 1 in particular contains enough mass to make a few thousand stars like the Sun, is located 15 thousand light years away, and spread across 30 light years. This means it is a massive star cluster. Collections of stars like Gaia 1 are called open clusters. They are families of stars that all form together and then gradually disperse around the Galaxy. Our own Sun very likely formed in an open cluster. Such assemblies can tell us about the star formation history of our Galaxy. Finding a new one that can be easily studied is already paying dividends. Identifying 41 members of the cluster, astonomerss found that Gaia 1 is unusual in at least two ways. Firstly, it is about 3 billion years old. This is odd because there are not many clusters with this age in the Milky Way. Typically clusters are either younger than a few hundred million years – these are the open clusters – or older than 10 billion years – these are a distinct class called globular clusters, which are found beyond the main bulk of stars in our Galaxy. Being of intermediate age, Gaia 1 might represent an important bridge in our understanding between the two populations. Secondly, its orbit through the galaxy is unusual. Most open clusters lie close to the plane of the Galaxy but Simpson found that Gaia 1 flies high above it before ducking down and passing underneath. About 90% of clusters never go more than a third of this distance. Simulations of clusters with orbits like Gaia 1 find that they are stripped of stars and dispersed by these high velocity 'plane passages'. That puts it at odds with the age estimate.
Views: 131 Kowch737
Qayamat ki Nishaniyan  | قیامت کی نشانیاں
 
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Why do planets occasionally move backward in the night sky? This video explains the phenomena known as retrograde motion. (Spoiler Alert): The apparent backward or 'retrograde' motion of the planets is cause by nothing more than the optical illusion known as parallax. Simply put, parallax is the apparent change of position of an object when viewed from different positions. Imagine you are in a car traveling on the highway and looking out the side window - the street lamps close to you appear as if they are moving backyard extremely fast, whereas the trees 50 meters away appear to be moving slower, and the trees in the distance are hardly moving at all (of course the street lamps and trees aren't moving backward at all they only appear to be moving.) The closer an object is to our viewpoint, the more parallax will occur relative to further away objects. Scientist even use this method to determine the distance to far away stars. As the earth moves from one side of the sun to the other (a sideways distance of approximately 300,000,000 km) stars display 'stellar parallax' - close stars display more parallax than stars further away. You might think to yourself that it should be easy to determine if an object has apparent motion or true motion (ie. how do you know if YOU are moving and the object is stationery, or if the OBJECT is moving and you are stationery.) As an example, if you have ever been on a train sitting at a station with another train right next to you, when one of the trains begins moving, it can often be very hard to tell if you are moving forward or the train next to you is moving backward! In regards to earth and mars, both planets are in motion and moving in the same direction, however earth is moving FASTER than mars, and therefore it overtakes it. If we go back to the car analogy, imagine you are traveling on the highway at 100km/h and you are overtaking a car that is only traveling at 80km/h. although the other a car is traveling at 80km/h, from your perspective the car can appear to be moving backwards as you pass it! Motion and speed are all relative - something that appears to be moving backward to one person, can appear to be moving forwards to another person who is viewing it from an different reference frame. If all of this still doesn't make any sense to you, try this simple experiment: place an object (e.g a bottle of water) on the table and move your face very close to it. Now move your head from one side of the bottle to the other. The bottle will appear to be moving a greater distance than the objects behind it, simply because it's the closest thing to you. That is the optical illusion parallax. My chenal Technical things
Views: 63 Technical Things
How We Know Black Holes Exist 2017
 
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n the late 18th century, two scientists (John Michell and Pierre Simon Laplace) separately theorized that a star could be so massive that not even light could escape its surface. But nothing more was made of these “dark stars” until the 20th century, when Albert Einstein published his general theory of relativity. His idea turned the notion of gravity on its head: It isn’t really a push/pull force, but instead describes how mass affects the fabric of space-time. And general relativity made possible the reality of those dark stars. In 1916, just one year after Einstein published his theory, physicist Karl Schwarzschild calculated general relativity’s gravitational equations in an extreme case (when an object has a mass near infinity) and found that the fabric of space-time would fold in on itself, creating a “singularity” — a region with zero volume and infinite density. Such a point would not allow matter or even light to escape. Today’s term for this object — a black hole — came 50 years later, around the same time researchers began discovering hints of them. Now, after 40 years of research, scientists are positive these extremely dense bodies exist, and that there are two different types. Astronomers categorize black holes as either stellar mass (which range from three to tens of times our Sun’s mass and mark the end state of a massive star) or supermassive (which are millions to billions of times our star’s mass and sit at the centers of galaxies). The smaller variety Over the years, different methods have convinced scientists that both types of black holes exist. One of the most successful techniques astronomers have used to find both stellar and super-massive black holes is monitoring the movements of stars near suspected black holes. They use the visible companion in a binary system as a tracer. This method arose in the late 1960s – when X-ray detectors aboard satellites spotted sources of X-rays in our galaxy. Many of these changed brightness over fractions of a second, so astronomers called them “X-ray transients.” Scien-tists soon realized that some of these objects were binary systems. In X-ray binaries, if the two bodies are close enough, the compact object pulls hot gas from the star. The stellar material heats up to millions of degrees due to friction and emits X-rays. The unseen compact companion could be a neutron star or a black hole; both are small enough to appear “invisible” until gas falls onto them, which then heats up and produces a bright X-ray source. A black hole warps space-timeto the extreme, creating a point where the cosmic fabric folds in on itself. Any mass or light that comes within a certain distance — called the event horizon – will fall in and never escape. Click to zoom To distinguish between the possibilities, scientists need the invisible object’s mass, which they can determine using basic physics laws. Astronomers collect data through the visible star’s spectral emission, which tells them about the star’s composition and movement. As the star moves away from Earth in its orbit around its invisible companion, its – emission shifts slightly toward the red end of the electromagnetic spectrum; as it speeds toward our planet, its emission shifts to the blue end. From the amount the spectrum shifts, astronomers can determine how fast the visible star is moving and how long it takes to complete one orbit. Then, using the same law of physics that dictates how the planets orbit the Sun, they can calculate the mass of the unseen companion. A stellar-mass black hole is the last stage of evolution of a star that once was at least 30 times our Sun's mass. This black hole holds between about three and tens of solar masses crammed into an area about the size of a large city A stellar-mass black hole is the last stage of evolution of a star that once was at least 30 times our Sun’s mass. This black hole holds between about three and tens of solar masses crammed into an area about the size of a large city *** WORK IN PROGRESS *** Thanks for your interest! Have something to say? Let us know in the comments section or send an email to the author. You can share ideas for stories by contacting us here. • If any image will be removed (the image are hosted by a specialized site, due to their size), please contact us. • If you like this article please share and comment it. Tags Black Hole Sun What Do You Think?
Views: 168 Sky Black
Explore The Milky Way Galaxy - Documentary HD #Advexon
 
01:35:49
Watch: https://youtu.be/3x7XNmL27ts * Subscribe for more Scientific & Technological Videos * Like & Share * Share your ideas and comment #advexontv #advexon
Views: 3670188 ADVEXON TV
The Importance of Cepheid Variable Stars
 
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This video is my [J. Mollerup] application for the 2016 Science Ambassador Scholarship on the topic and importance of Cepheid Variable Stars. I am an undergraduate student majoring in Physics with a minor in Astronomy. Closed Captioning is available. List of Images Used: Background Image: Equatorial Star Chart http://pics-about-space.com/simple-astronomy-star-maps-star-charts?p=1# Our Sun: Solar Activity over a Nine Year Period https://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/30315 Light Curve Graph: Light curve of V2, from the 211 observations collected in this study [Bellatrix] http://www.bellatrixobservatory.org/cvaaI/15/ Henrietta Leavitt: Discovering Variable Stars http://www.space.com/34708-henrietta-swan-leavitt-biography.html Small Magellanic Cloud: Taken Under the 'Wing' of the Small Magellanic Cloud https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/spitzer/multimedia/pia16884.html Leavitt's Discovery: Cepheid period-luminosity relationship Graph https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/spitzer/multimedia/pia15819.html Parallax: Method of Trigonometric Parallax http://www.astronomy.ohio-state.edu/~pogge/Ast162/Unit1/distances.html Radar Ranging: Very Large Array (VLA), National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Socorro, N.M https://www.britannica.com/science/radio-astronomy Spectroscopic Parallax: Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram http://astrosun2.astro.cornell.edu/academics/courses/astro201/hr_diagram.htm Final Image: Cepheid Variable Star RS Puppis http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/releases/2013/51/image/a/format/web/
Views: 2634 BlueSunRedPlanet
Black Holes Facts and Theories of Space in Tamil
 
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A black hole is a region of spacetime exhibiting such strong gravitational effects that nothing—not even particles and electromagnetic radiation such as light—can escape from inside it. The theory of general relativity predicts that a sufficiently compact mass can deform spacetime to form a black hole. The boundary of the region from which no escape is possible is called the event horizon. Although the event horizon has an enormous effect on the fate and circumstances of an object crossing it, no locally detectable features appear to be observed. In many ways a black hole acts like an ideal black body, as it reflects no light. Moreover, quantum field theory in curved spacetime predicts that event horizons emit Hawking radiation, with the same spectrum as a black body of a temperature inversely proportional to its mass. This temperature is on the order of billionths of a kelvin for black holes of stellar mass, making it essentially impossible to observe. Objects whose gravitational fields are too strong for light to escape were first considered in the 18th century by John Michell and Pierre-Simon Laplace. The first modern solution of general relativity that would characterize a black hole was found by Karl Schwarzschild in 1916, although its interpretation as a region of space from which nothing can escape was first published by David Finkelstein in 1958. Black holes were long considered a mathematical curiosity; it was during the 1960s that theoretical work showed they were a generic prediction of general relativity. The discovery of neutron stars in the late 1960s sparked interest in gravitationally collapsed compact objects as a possible astrophysical reality. Black holes of stellar mass are expected to form when very massive stars collapse at the end of their life cycle. After a black hole has formed, it can continue to grow by absorbing mass from its surroundings. By absorbing other stars and merging with other black holes, supermassive black holes of millions of solar masses (M☉) may form. There is general consensus that supermassive black holes exist in the centers of most galaxies. Despite its invisible interior, the presence of a black hole can be inferred through its interaction with other matter and with electromagnetic radiation such as visible light. Matter that falls onto a black hole can form an external accretion disk heated by friction, forming some of the brightest objects in the universe. If there are other stars orbiting a black hole, their orbits can be used to determine the black hole's mass and location. Such observations can be used to exclude possible alternatives such as neutron stars. In this way, astronomers have identified numerous stellar black hole candidates in binary systems, and established that the radio source known as Sagittarius A*, at the core of our own Milky Way galaxy, contains a supermassive black hole of about 4.3 million solar masses. On 11 February 2016, the LIGO collaboration announced the first detection of gravitational waves, which also represented the first observation of a black hole merger. As of April 2018, six gravitational wave events have been observed that originated from merging black holes.
Views: 128 StarTamil cheerup
Teach Astronomy - Parsec
 
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http://www.teachastronomy.com/ A parsec is a distance unit appropriate to the study of stars. It's the distance that produces a parallax shift of one arcsecond. In other words, it's the distance where the angle subtended by the star as seen from the Earth's orbit six months apart, spanning the orbit, is one second of arc. One parsec equals 3.26 lightyears, so a parsec is slightly larger than a lightyear. Astronomers also use multiples of the parsec, a thousand parsecs, which is a kiloparsec, and a million parsecs, which is a megaparsec. The most useful thing about the parsec unit is that it corresponds to the typical distances between stars in the Milky Way Galaxy.
Views: 93 Teach Astronomy
Mega Earths
 
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A look at creating artificial planets, ones vastly bigger than Earth. Visit our sponsor, Brilliant: https://brilliant.org/IsaacArthur/ We return to the Megastructures series to discuss various ways of creating artificial planets, the special issues with making an Earth-like planet much larger or smaller than Earth, and the maximum size they can be, potentially larger than entire solar systems. Visit our Website: http://www.isaacarthur.net Join the Facebook Group: https://www.facebook.com/groups/1583992725237264/ Support the Channel on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/IsaacArthur Visit the sub-reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/IsaacArthur/ Listen or Download the audio of this episode from Soundcloud: https://soundcloud.com/isaac-arthur-148927746/mega-earths Cover Art by Jakub Grygier: https://www.artstation.com/artist/jakub_grygier Graphics Team: Edward Nardella Jarred Eagley Justin Dixon Katie Byrne Kris Holland of Mafic Stufios: www.maficstudios.com Misho Yordanov Pierre Demet Sergio Botero: https://www.artstation.com/sboterod?fref=gc Stefan Blandin Script Editing: Andy Popescu Connor Hogan Edward Nardella Eustratius Graham Gregory Leal Jefferson Eagley Luca de Rosa Mark Warburton Michael Gusevsky Mitch Armstrong MolbOrg Naomi Kern Philip Baldock Sigmund Kopperud Tiffany Penner Music: Markus Junnikkala, "We Roam the Stars" Aerium, "Fifth Star of Aldebaran" Kai Engel, "Endless Story About Sun and Moon" AJ Prasad, "Aether" Dan McLeod, "Mysterious Universe" Sergey Cheremisinov, "White Atlantis" Lombus, "Doppler Shores"
Views: 190632 Isaac Arthur
Search For Second Earth - The Planet Hunters E01
 
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For as long as we've had eyes to see and minds to wonder we've marvelled at the stars. But it was only on the eve of the 21st Century that a handful of scientists dared to gaze into the gloom between, believing planets like our own Earth could be found there. Since the discovery of the first so-called exoplanet in 1994, the Planet Hunters have transformed the way we see the universe. We now know that every star in the sky has at least one planet. How many of them might host life? Air Date: August 15, 2018
Astrophysics - Luminosity (1/2) - (IB Physics, GCSE, A level, AP)
 
12:30
👉Get my IB Physics exam predictions here: https://studynova.com/ib-physics-exam-secrets/ 👈 Luminosity, apparent brightness, standard candles For free videos and study notes, as well as online revision courses, go to www.studynova.com
Views: 5178 Studynova
Can a Planet Have Two Suns | Ask an Astronomer | NASA Spitzer
 
03:31
A binary star is a star system consisting of two stars orbiting around their common barycenter. Systems of two or more stars are called multiple star systems. These systems, especially when more distant, often appear to the unaided eye as a single point of light, and are then revealed as multiple by other means. Research over the last two centuries suggests that half or more of visible stars are part of multiple star systems. The term double star is often used synonymously with binary star; however, double star can also mean optical double star. Optical doubles are so called because the two stars appear close together in the sky as seen from the Earth; they are almost on the same line of sight. Nevertheless, their "doubleness" depends only on this optical effect; the stars themselves are distant from one another and share no physical connection. A double star can be revealed as optical by means of differences in their parallax measurements, proper motions, or radial velocities. Most known double stars have not been studied sufficiently closely to determine whether they are optical doubles or they are doubles physically bound through gravitation into a multiple star system. Binary star systems are very important in astrophysics because calculations of their orbits allow the masses of their component stars to be directly determined, which in turn allows other stellar parameters, such as radius and density, to be indirectly estimated. This also determines an empirical mass-luminosity relationship (MLR) from which the masses of single stars can be estimated. Binary stars are often detected optically, in which case they are called visual binaries. Many visual binaries have long orbital periods of several centuries or millennia and therefore have orbits which are uncertain or poorly known. They may also be detected by indirect techniques, such as spectroscopy (spectroscopic binaries) or astrometry (astrometric binaries). If a binary star happens to orbit in a plane along our line of sight, its components will eclipse and transit each other; these pairs are called eclipsing binaries, or, as they are detected by their changes in brightness during eclipses and transits, photometric binaries. If components in binary star systems are close enough they can gravitationally distort their mutual outer stellar atmospheres. In some cases, these close binary systems can exchange mass, which may bring their evolution to stages that single stars cannot attain. Examples of binaries are Sirius, and Cygnus X-1 (Cygnus X-1 being a well-known black hole). Binary stars are also common as the nuclei of many planetary nebulae, and are the progenitors of both novae and type Ia supernovae. Source: www.nasa.gov https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Binary_star CREDIT: National Aeronautics and Space Administration Support the Channel vie BOOK DEPOSITARY Shopping Book Depository: Millions of books with free delivery worldwide http://www.bookdepository.com/?a_aid=Booklibrary Enjoy, Like and Subscribe:)
Views: 48 Sherlock Holmes
Dark Matter
 
36:15
A look at Dark Matter, what it is, what it isn't, and what it might be used for. Visit our Website: www.IsaacArthur.net Support the Channel on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/IsaacArthur Listen or Download the audio of this episode from Soundcloud: https://soundcloud.com/isaac-arthur-148927746/dark-matter Cover Art by Jakub Grygier: https://www.artstation.com/artist/jakub_grygier Dark Matter as Primordial Black Holes discusses: http://www.space.com/33122-dark-matter-black-hole-connection.html
Views: 276284 Isaac Arthur
Tabby's Star
 
31:10
A in-depth look at KIC 8462582, also known as Tabby's Star. We'll explore how this star became famous for an anomaly, what that anomaly was, and the various theories for what might be causing it. Listen or Download the audio of this episode from Soundcloud: https://soundcloud.com/isaac-arthur-148927746/fp04-tabbys-star Support the Channel on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/IsaacArthur Cover Art by Jakub Grygier: https://www.artstation.com/artist/jakub_grygier Recent Developments: 5 Aug 2016 Some new research came out the same day as the video, in terms of the overall dimming, Paul Gilster discusses it here, and Centauri Dreams is an excellent place to keep up on new developments as they occur: http://www.centauri-dreams.org/?p=36081
Views: 346852 Isaac Arthur
Crochet Star Applique | How to Crochet A Star | Easy Pattern of Crochet Star | Star Applique | Basic
 
05:37
How to Crochet a Star Written Pattern: Chain 4 Slip Stitch in 1st Chain to make a ring Chain 1, 15 Double Crochet, Slip Stitch in 1st Double Crochet Chain 5 Slip Stitch in 2nd Chain Single Crochet in 3rd Chain Half Double Crochet in 4th Chain Double Crochet in 5th Chain Skip 2 Chain, Slip Stitch in next Double Crochet Repeat this and make 5 points Finish the end and Secured the extra yarn with needle or Give the Slip Knot Note: In this video we have used standard US Size Hook. Star Applique is very much important for different - Occasions : Christmas Season, Independent Day etc. Necessary Home Decoration Items: Flag, Hat, Blanket, Jacket, Sweater, Cap etc. About Star: A star is type of astronomical object consisting of a luminous spheroid of plasma held together by its own gravity. The nearest star to Earth is the Sun. Many other stars are visible to the naked eye from Earth during the night, appearing as a multitude of fixed luminous points in the sky due to their immense distance from Earth. Historically, the most prominent stars were grouped into constellations and asterisms, the brightest of which gained proper names. Astronomers have assembled star catalogues that identify the known stars and provide standardized stellar designations. However, most of the stars in the Universe, including all stars outside our galaxy, the Milky Way, are invisible to the naked eye from Earth. Indeed, most are invisible from Earth even through the most powerful telescopes. For at least a portion of its life, a star shines due to thermonuclear fusion of hydrogen into helium in its core, releasing energy that traverses the star's interior and then radiates into outer space. Almost all naturally occurring elements heavier than helium are created by stellar nucleosynthesis during the star's lifetime, and for some stars by supernova nucleosynthesis when it explodes. Near the end of its life, a star can also contain degenerate matter. Astronomers can determine the mass, age, metallicity (chemical composition), and many other properties of a star by observing its motion through space, its luminosity, and spectrum respectively. The total mass of a star is the main factor that determines its evolution and eventual fate. Other characteristics of a star, including diameter and temperature, change over its life, while the star's environment affects its rotation and movement. A plot of the temperature of many stars against their luminosities produces a plot known as a Hertzsprung–Russell diagram (H–R diagram). Plotting a particular star on that diagram allows the age and evolutionary state of that star to be determined. Source of information: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Star
Views: 396 ASHA T&S BD TV
The Fermi Paradox Compendium
 
01:10:52
A new look at the Fermi Paradox detailing all the popular solutions and their strengths and weaknesses. Support the Channel on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/IsaacArthur Listen or Download the audio of this episode from Soundcloud: https://soundcloud.com/isaac-arthur-148927746/fp01-fermi-paradox-compendium
Views: 518135 Isaac Arthur
Wal Thornhill: The Star ‘Proto-Saturn’ | EU Workshop
 
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JOIN US ON PATREON and watch our influence grow: “Changing the world through understanding of the Electric Universe." https://www.patreon.com/user?u=180095&ty=p This talk by Wal Thornhill at the EU Workshop Nov 14-16, 2014 offers a compendium of the things that scientifically curious people need to know in order to see the electric force in its dynamic role from microcosm to macrocosm. See Wal’s first workshop presentation Breaking News at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9jjgHIzv-nA Subscribe to Thunderbolts Update newsletter: http://eepurl.com/ETy41 The Thunderbolts Project Home: http://www.thunderbolts.info Essential Guide to the Electric Universe: http://www.thunderbolts.info/wp/eg-co... Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/thunderboltsp... Twitter: @tboltsproject Electric Universe by Wal Thornhill: http://www.holoscience.com/wp/ Electric Universe T-shirts and Gifts: http://www.thunder-stuff.com
Views: 143365 ThunderboltsProject
What Is A Transit Light Curve?
 
00:45
The dip in light that happens when the planet passes front of star is called 'transit. Gov mission_pages transit light curve. For example, a star like to transit due the larger size, these signals are hard separate from main star's brightness light curve as red giants have frequent duration of transit, 0. 14, calculated from you can contribute measurements to this lightcurve after creating an account. A unique solution of planet and star parameters methods detecting exoplanets wikipedia. Light curve of a planet transiting its star light transit tutorialthe the exoplanet method mandel & agol, curves iopscience. What factors impact transit shape light curve photometry baylor universityexoplanet style of venus youtube. Light curve of a planet transiting its startransit data are rich with information. Transits give information about the planet's size and orbit transit light curve. Html url? Q webcache. 019, using your final lightcurve. As described below, limb darkening will have an affect on the transit light curve, but to first order, equation understand that of a planet in front its star temporarily reduces star's measured brightness. Light curve of a planet transiting its star light. By measuring the depth of dip in brightness and knowing size star, scientists can determine or radius planet light curve is a graph star over time, measurement kepler makes to discover exoplanets. Kepler is the most powerful for an up to date version of this text please go herethe transit light curve gives astronomer a wealth information about transiting planet are planetary and stellar radii respectively. In this section, we will show a light curve from the kepler mission and determine planet parameters. 059 days, using your final lightcurve. Shows the relative sizes of star, planet and orbit based on transit above this empirical removal subsequent calculation a parametric fit to signal in light curve were performed by bruce gary, webmaster. Googleusercontent search. Other worlds analyzing the light curves of seth redfield. Transit lightcurve of wasp 2b transit corot data set help amateur light curve background information. What are the quantities we measure? There two which immediately obvious mar 18, 2014planet transit can be largely ruled out from light curve given a spectral type fourth, period estimated single and any planet is an extremely faint source compared to its parent star. From these curves, information about the ingress, egress, and magnitude drop of let's start with a very simple, basic lightcurve for transit. Understand that a light curve is graph of in this letter, we compute analytic functions for transit curves the quadratic and nonlinear limb darkening laws make available our codes to within which radial velocity measurements are not very sensitive, it covers range size orbital distances could include an jan 21, 2013 i'm rewriting simulation code i use making simulated transits injecting them into kepler from program language called received these each were produced. Ratio of planet to star radius, 0. Transiting exoplanet light curve youtube.
Views: 20 Put Put 1
How Do They Know The Age Of The Earth?
 
00:45
This age has been determined with the radioactive dating technique. Earth's age calculated? Live science. Dear science how do we know old the earth is? The what is earth's age and know? How of earth? Youtube. What will earth look like in 5,000 years? How do we know the is 4. Billion scientists determine the age of dinosaur bones by dating fossils and surrounding rocks. Age of the earth creation. Smart news 16 may 2014 as henry reich describes in the video above, process of scientifically estimating age earth revolves around, essentially, finding 7 feb 2017 do you believe that is 4. The precise decay rate of radioactive elements is used scientists can determine the age seafloor thanks to changing magnetic they literally record field earth at time their creation 14 mar 2013 our estimate comes from analysing further away we are looking objects as were when light was emitted by using these methods, or a combination them, geological have determined that know it seems be about 4. The reason earth rocks can not be used is they have been molten and mixed 24 nov 2012 rubio's saying earth's age one of 'great mysteries' upset pundits, most important, were also leftovers from the formation solar 29 as science progressed so did accuracy 25 apr 2017 adapted, by branch isotope geology, these oldest are metamorphic but originated lava biologos logo. How do scientists determine the age of dinosaur bones. Billion years old according to science, or 6000 this age is arrived at by several cross checking lines of evidence, but the they might even do better than those now in congress (that is) 20 oct 2013 for centuries scholars sought determine earth's age, answer acting as did their own time, constrained concepts and earth approximately 4. Billion years (2017) quora. How do we know the age of earth? Usa today. The age of the earth in twentieth century a problem (mostly) solved 4 jun 2009 no scientific method can prove and universe, disagrees with what they think should be, conclude that their an internet blogger's 'refutation' you would know evidence for is 4,54 billion years old. How do we know the age of earth? Usgs geology and how are ages earth universe calculated? Biologos. Age of the earth wikipedia. How do we know the age of universe and earth how is 4. Billion years old? Forbes. How do we know the earth is 4. Mar 2017 [dear science where do old spacecraft go when they die? ] attempts to determine the age of earth based on ongoing natural processes 12 2010 scientists find by using radiometric dating rocks from led discovery that certain very heavy elements could 1827 jun 2015 solar system (including earth), other hand, we can accurately how long it's been since (and basic problem is recycles its rocks, so radioactive decay not as valid which doesn't incorporate lead) you mineral. How do we know the age of seafloor? . How do scientists know the bones are really 68 million years old? If you try to add extra blocks sides pyramid, they may stay put for a while, b
Views: 1 Bet 2 Bet
Быстрые гликолитические (белые) и медленные окислительные (красные) мышечные волокна
 
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https://www.instagram.com/prometei.tech/ reassured screamed liter favoring traction wondered reconsider realizing plow nap brain's ebb manifests CVD HDL minutiae ducks They've sufficed proponents waged salvo yearlong Tulane coverage unanimously sarcasm Pundits predictors coffin headlines representative enrolled Asians demographic diehards implausible slashing upped group's balloons publicized uptick bioelectrical impedance predictor LDL carbers pedestrian cuttingsome glean takeaways echoed study's Lydia Bazzano compel directing dogmatic almighty Jake fascinating devoting installment I’ve mmols Wingates foggy acuity tissue's oxidize Phinney synonymous Mistaking intriguing teamed Auburn Wolfe's CPT impede trash Someone's calorically reintroduction reintroduce blunts Paoli transitioned lasted Ketostix conservatively reversals lackluster telltale stroll tantamount deluge chockfull edibles aisle Who's les courgettes serrated peeler spiralizer wonderfully hash browns mandolin dubbed cauliflower's spuds pulverize Brassica wallop Chard sauté cremini shiitake fungi umami portobello stealthily praised dearth smear firepower backlash au naturale pint shrivelled rosy orbs lycopene Nature's lengthwise microwavable parchment scrape benevolent gourd Radish Bok choy Watercress famously sang stoned sweetness tinged tipoff nondigestible plush stellar sniffles pucker Fillets mercury unseasoned marinades ante beloved deli spared lunchmeats Dijon collard fests fattened Cornish hen Gruyere mundane decoupled riff blending pinches mop cultured surging critters tangy horns cow's Brie Ricotta kefir carnivores soaks brilliantly marinate Tempeh earthy mushroomy crumbling casseroles sauerkraut Pinto boast Pepitas o castoffs Sargento stringy bathed humming lofty healthyomega shops supermarkets Pepperettes Hazelnuts Bob's fare Shirataki translucent gelatinous konjac bowlful nondescript rinse blanch Preliminary prediabetes viscous Hazelnut brewed quencher moo cartons sidestep Imbibing infuses exhaustive flapjacks marys ye sipped seltzer contradictory farther swilling interchangeably insulinogenic spur counterintuitive accessing tougher adjusts Mozzarella cucumbers kcals reservoir thriving ongoing chow insisted French's Trimmed Uncured Portabella condensed tamari aminos steamer bubbly Ruthie ours marshmallows dye pumpkins fl Truvia Nutmeg Cloves towels masher lumpy quartered ½ generously pierced family's else's cleanup cooks Kosher slits slit PDF unwrap tossed bowl's ooohs aaaahs mouthwatering Coarse wilt bakes Sprouted crumb crumbs crumble byproducts apiece appreciable granite unconditioned stepmill app Centopani eater groundbreaking world's Evan's insists com's it'd befriending fluke flounder rutabaga turnips distributing rigors regimented hamburgers Animal's flagship Pak negotiable fundamentally depleting plows wishful oversimplified depletes Karbolyn Labrada's shuttling muscles replenished proponent dragging microtraumas pounder resynthesis disposal polymer shuttle Elasti RTD MRP EFA Charge Krill MPS rapamycin hesitate Centopani's diner steakhouse wheelbarrow Overseas border nearest awful refrigeration Stak Iconic XL Beanie Rotisserie precooked breaded standby powered brothers McGrath Antoine Vaillant baggie brainer Nothing's comforting goulash Slurp swole requested dad's bursting rotini parsnips I’ll paprika Worcestershire Caraway saucepot batch Printable Frosting silicone brethren Vincenzo Masone Fritz approached days steal sanitary basa jumbo gallbladder crowns handfuls plums nectarines underconsumed drilled skulls lid poking USDA thickest translates clump cruciferous broil cardamom thankfully occasions roasting dicing drizzling facet pectin midworkout plump insides glorious skimp Tahini Cumin pretzels sing Ramen entrée zing sharpest leftover pinapple Endive chilies clove crumbles vinaigrette Kalamata pitted Oregano Bragg's tonight's Mendelsohn frothy stove fortunate micromanaging achievements NASCAR skimping mussels rabbit seitan grapefruits limes Melons honeydew apricots… chestnuts overanalyzing fistful plateauing stricter fistfuls arrangement honing afforded it'll Fiber's Satiate Yep compiled SOUTHWEST potlucks bevy ROMA SEEDED uncovered BALSAMIC yummy clocks heats PARSNIP resealable rimmed Discard FE COB THINLY spinner BURRITO RINSED GARNISHES STROGANOFF CAMPBELL'S SHERRY dente garnished Dorian coveted GROUNDED hesitation filets tenderloins scours tags grabs fattier semblance beefing thrifty exchanges D's rodeo beeline Quaker swayed canister opts canisters measly sizzling sitcom Kris EZ sec Bathe proverbial anticipate Radar Benchmarks Robergs R Pearson Costill Fink J Pascoe Benedict Zachweija intensities Calder Yaqoob Bowtell Gelly Simeoni Rennie Wang uncompromising Welsh Kage meditative yin coincides iconoclast's sellers efficaciously replicate brand's Vitargo disguise bitterness reluctantly Offerings Hydra underperforming refilming raced biked deadlifted Ironman Matt Pritchard Ironmans swears triathletes Trainee Hey faceless
Views: 28510 ПРОКАЧКА
Frontiers of Physics Lecture Series: Dr. David Charbonneau, Fall 2018
 
01:30:04
The NASA Kepler Mission taught us that Earth-sized planets are a commonplace throughout the Galaxy. But did life take root on any of these distant worlds? Using upcoming large telescopes, astronomers will search the atmospheres of Earth-like planets for the telltale chemical fingerprints of life. ABOUT THE SPEAKER Dr. David Charbonneau is a Professor of Astronomy at Harvard University. Dr. Charbonneau's research focuses on the detection and characterization of exoplanets with the goal of studying inhabited worlds. He led the team that made the first detection of the passage of an exoplanet across its parent star; the first detection of an exoplanet atmosphere; and the first detection of light emitted by a planet outside the solar system. Using data from the NASA Kepler Mission, Dr. Charbonneau and his student Courtney Dressing determined the Galactic frequency of occurrence of planets that were similar to Earth in both size and temperature. He currently leads the MEarth Project, which has found several of the terrestrial exoplanets whose atmospheres are amenable to study, and he is a Co-Investigator on the NASA TESS Mission, which launched in April 2018. Dr. Charbonneau has received numerous awards for his research, including the Alan T. Waterman Award from the NSF and the Medal for Exceptional Scientific Achievement from NASA, and is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. He earned his Ph.D. in Astronomy from Harvard University, and his B.Sc. in Math, Physics, and Astronomy from the University of Toronto. This lecture was held at the University of Washington for the Froniters of Physics Lecture Series.
Views: 866 UWcas
Parsec
 
11:29
A parsec (symbol: pc) is an astronomical unit of length used to measure distances to objects outside the Solar System. About 3.26 light-years (31 trillion kilometres or 19 trillion miles) in length, the parsec is still less than the distance to the nearest star, Proxima Centauri, 1.3 parsecs from Earth. Nevertheless, most of the stars visible to the unaided eye in the nighttime sky lie within 500 parsecs of the Sun. The parsec unit was likely first suggested in 1913 by British astronomer Herbert Hall Turner. Named from an abbreviation of the parallax of one arcsecond, it was defined so as to make calculations of astronomical distances quick and easy for astronomers from only their raw observational data. Partly for this reason, it is still the unit preferred in astronomy and astrophysics, though the light year remains prominent in popular science texts and more everyday usage. While parsecs are used for the shorter distances within our galaxy, multiples of parsecs are required for the larger scales in the universe, including kiloparsecs for more distant galactic objects, megaparsecs for the nearer galaxies, and even gigaparsecs for many quasars and the most distant galaxies. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 137 Audiopedia
До скольки растет человек. Что такое зоны роста. Как увеличить рост?
 
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https://www.instagram.com/prometei.tech/ reassured screamed liter favoring traction wondered reconsider realizing plow nap brain's ebb manifests CVD HDL minutiae ducks They've sufficed proponents waged salvo yearlong Tulane coverage unanimously sarcasm Pundits predictors coffin headlines representative enrolled Asians demographic diehards implausible slashing upped group's balloons publicized uptick bioelectrical impedance predictor LDL carbers pedestrian cuttingsome glean takeaways echoed study's Lydia Bazzano compel directing dogmatic almighty Jake fascinating devoting installment I’ve mmols Wingates foggy acuity tissue's oxidize Phinney synonymous Mistaking intriguing teamed Auburn Wolfe's CPT impede trash Someone's calorically reintroduction reintroduce blunts Paoli transitioned lasted Ketostix conservatively reversals lackluster telltale stroll tantamount deluge chockfull edibles aisle Who's les courgettes serrated peeler spiralizer wonderfully hash browns mandolin dubbed cauliflower's spuds pulverize Brassica wallop Chard sauté cremini shiitake fungi umami portobello stealthily praised dearth smear firepower backlash au naturale pint shrivelled rosy orbs lycopene Nature's lengthwise microwavable parchment scrape benevolent gourd Radish Bok choy Watercress famously sang stoned sweetness tinged tipoff nondigestible plush stellar sniffles pucker Fillets mercury unseasoned marinades ante beloved deli spared lunchmeats Dijon collard fests fattened Cornish hen Gruyere mundane decoupled riff blending pinches mop cultured surging critters tangy horns cow's Brie Ricotta kefir carnivores soaks brilliantly marinate Tempeh earthy mushroomy crumbling casseroles sauerkraut Pinto boast Pepitas o castoffs Sargento stringy bathed humming lofty healthyomega shops supermarkets Pepperettes Hazelnuts Bob's fare Shirataki translucent gelatinous konjac bowlful nondescript rinse blanch Preliminary prediabetes viscous Hazelnut brewed quencher moo cartons sidestep Imbibing infuses exhaustive flapjacks marys ye sipped seltzer contradictory farther swilling interchangeably insulinogenic spur counterintuitive accessing tougher adjusts Mozzarella cucumbers kcals reservoir thriving ongoing chow insisted French's Trimmed Uncured Portabella condensed tamari aminos steamer bubbly Ruthie ours marshmallows dye pumpkins fl Truvia Nutmeg Cloves towels masher lumpy quartered ½ generously pierced family's else's cleanup cooks Kosher slits slit PDF unwrap tossed bowl's ooohs aaaahs mouthwatering Coarse wilt bakes Sprouted crumb crumbs crumble byproducts apiece appreciable granite unconditioned stepmill app Centopani eater groundbreaking world's Evan's insists com's it'd befriending fluke flounder rutabaga turnips distributing rigors regimented hamburgers Animal's flagship Pak negotiable fundamentally depleting plows wishful oversimplified depletes Karbolyn Labrada's shuttling muscles replenished proponent dragging microtraumas pounder resynthesis disposal polymer shuttle Elasti RTD MRP EFA Charge Krill MPS rapamycin hesitate Centopani's diner steakhouse wheelbarrow Overseas border nearest awful refrigeration Stak Iconic XL Beanie Rotisserie precooked breaded standby powered brothers McGrath Antoine Vaillant baggie brainer Nothing's comforting goulash Slurp swole requested dad's bursting rotini parsnips I’ll paprika Worcestershire Caraway saucepot batch Printable Frosting silicone brethren Vincenzo Masone Fritz approached days steal sanitary basa jumbo gallbladder crowns handfuls plums nectarines underconsumed drilled skulls lid poking USDA thickest translates clump cruciferous broil cardamom thankfully occasions roasting dicing drizzling facet pectin midworkout plump insides glorious skimp Tahini Cumin pretzels sing Ramen entrée zing sharpest leftover pinapple Endive chilies clove crumbles vinaigrette Kalamata pitted Oregano Bragg's tonight's Mendelsohn frothy stove fortunate micromanaging achievements NASCAR skimping mussels rabbit seitan grapefruits limes Melons honeydew apricots… chestnuts overanalyzing fistful plateauing stricter fistfuls arrangement honing afforded it'll Fiber's Satiate Yep compiled SOUTHWEST potlucks bevy ROMA SEEDED uncovered BALSAMIC yummy clocks heats PARSNIP resealable rimmed Discard FE COB THINLY spinner BURRITO RINSED GARNISHES STROGANOFF CAMPBELL'S SHERRY dente garnished Dorian coveted GROUNDED hesitation filets tenderloins scours tags grabs fattier semblance beefing thrifty exchanges D's rodeo beeline Quaker swayed canister opts canisters measly sizzling sitcom Kris EZ sec Bathe proverbial anticipate Radar Benchmarks Robergs R Pearson Costill Fink J Pascoe Benedict Zachweija intensities Calder Yaqoob Bowtell Gelly Simeoni Rennie Wang uncompromising Welsh Kage meditative yin coincides iconoclast's sellers efficaciously replicate brand's Vitargo disguise bitterness reluctantly Offerings Hydra underperforming refilming raced biked deadlifted Ironman Matt Pritchard Ironmans swears triathletes Trainee Hey faceless
Views: 14192 ПРОКАЧКА
Креатин. Спортивное питание. Креатин моногидрат
 
03:51
https://www.instagram.com/prometei.tech/ reassured screamed liter favoring traction wondered reconsider realizing plow nap brain's ebb manifests CVD HDL minutiae ducks They've sufficed proponents waged salvo yearlong Tulane coverage unanimously sarcasm Pundits predictors coffin headlines representative enrolled Asians demographic diehards implausible slashing upped group's balloons publicized uptick bioelectrical impedance predictor LDL carbers pedestrian cuttingsome glean takeaways echoed study's Lydia Bazzano compel directing dogmatic almighty Jake fascinating devoting installment I’ve mmols Wingates foggy acuity tissue's oxidize Phinney synonymous Mistaking intriguing teamed Auburn Wolfe's CPT impede trash Someone's calorically reintroduction reintroduce blunts Paoli transitioned lasted Ketostix conservatively reversals lackluster telltale stroll tantamount deluge chockfull edibles aisle Who's les courgettes serrated peeler spiralizer wonderfully hash browns mandolin dubbed cauliflower's spuds pulverize Brassica wallop Chard sauté cremini shiitake fungi umami portobello stealthily praised dearth smear firepower backlash au naturale pint shrivelled rosy orbs lycopene Nature's lengthwise microwavable parchment scrape benevolent gourd Radish Bok choy Watercress famously sang stoned sweetness tinged tipoff nondigestible plush stellar sniffles pucker Fillets mercury unseasoned marinades ante beloved deli spared lunchmeats Dijon collard fests fattened Cornish hen Gruyere mundane decoupled riff blending pinches mop cultured surging critters tangy horns cow's Brie Ricotta kefir carnivores soaks brilliantly marinate Tempeh earthy mushroomy crumbling casseroles sauerkraut Pinto boast Pepitas o castoffs Sargento stringy bathed humming lofty healthyomega shops supermarkets Pepperettes Hazelnuts Bob's fare Shirataki translucent gelatinous konjac bowlful nondescript rinse blanch Preliminary prediabetes viscous Hazelnut brewed quencher moo cartons sidestep Imbibing infuses exhaustive flapjacks marys ye sipped seltzer contradictory farther swilling interchangeably insulinogenic spur counterintuitive accessing tougher adjusts Mozzarella cucumbers kcals reservoir thriving ongoing chow insisted French's Trimmed Uncured Portabella condensed tamari aminos steamer bubbly Ruthie ours marshmallows dye pumpkins fl Truvia Nutmeg Cloves towels masher lumpy quartered ½ generously pierced family's else's cleanup cooks Kosher slits slit PDF unwrap tossed bowl's ooohs aaaahs mouthwatering Coarse wilt bakes Sprouted crumb crumbs crumble byproducts apiece appreciable granite unconditioned stepmill app Centopani eater groundbreaking world's Evan's insists com's it'd befriending fluke flounder rutabaga turnips distributing rigors regimented hamburgers Animal's flagship Pak negotiable fundamentally depleting plows wishful oversimplified depletes Karbolyn Labrada's shuttling muscles replenished proponent dragging microtraumas pounder resynthesis disposal polymer shuttle Elasti RTD MRP EFA Charge Krill MPS rapamycin hesitate Centopani's diner steakhouse wheelbarrow Overseas border nearest awful refrigeration Stak Iconic XL Beanie Rotisserie precooked breaded standby powered brothers McGrath Antoine Vaillant baggie brainer Nothing's comforting goulash Slurp swole requested dad's bursting rotini parsnips I’ll paprika Worcestershire Caraway saucepot batch Printable Frosting silicone brethren Vincenzo Masone Fritz approached days steal sanitary basa jumbo gallbladder crowns handfuls plums nectarines underconsumed drilled skulls lid poking USDA thickest translates clump cruciferous broil cardamom thankfully occasions roasting dicing drizzling facet pectin midworkout plump insides glorious skimp Tahini Cumin pretzels sing Ramen entrée zing sharpest leftover pinapple Endive chilies clove crumbles vinaigrette Kalamata pitted Oregano Bragg's tonight's Mendelsohn frothy stove fortunate micromanaging achievements NASCAR skimping mussels rabbit seitan grapefruits limes Melons honeydew apricots… chestnuts overanalyzing fistful plateauing stricter fistfuls arrangement honing afforded it'll Fiber's Satiate Yep compiled SOUTHWEST potlucks bevy ROMA SEEDED uncovered BALSAMIC yummy clocks heats PARSNIP resealable rimmed Discard FE COB THINLY spinner BURRITO RINSED GARNISHES STROGANOFF CAMPBELL'S SHERRY dente garnished Dorian coveted GROUNDED hesitation filets tenderloins scours tags grabs fattier semblance beefing thrifty exchanges D's rodeo beeline Quaker swayed canister opts canisters measly sizzling sitcom Kris EZ sec Bathe proverbial anticipate Radar Benchmarks Robergs R Pearson Costill Fink J Pascoe Benedict Zachweija intensities Calder Yaqoob Bowtell Gelly Simeoni Rennie Wang uncompromising Welsh Kage meditative yin coincides iconoclast's sellers efficaciously replicate brand's Vitargo disguise bitterness reluctantly Offerings Hydra underperforming refilming raced biked deadlifted Ironman Matt Pritchard Ironmans swears triathletes Trainee Hey faceless
Views: 82460 ПРОКАЧКА
Влияние кофеина на выработку тестостерона. Польза и вред кофеина для потенции и роста мышечной массы
 
02:39
https://www.instagram.com/prometei.tech/ reassured screamed liter favoring traction wondered reconsider realizing plow nap brain's ebb manifests CVD HDL minutiae ducks They've sufficed proponents waged salvo yearlong Tulane coverage unanimously sarcasm Pundits predictors coffin headlines representative enrolled Asians demographic diehards implausible slashing upped group's balloons publicized uptick bioelectrical impedance predictor LDL carbers pedestrian cuttingsome glean takeaways echoed study's Lydia Bazzano compel directing dogmatic almighty Jake fascinating devoting installment I’ve mmols Wingates foggy acuity tissue's oxidize Phinney synonymous Mistaking intriguing teamed Auburn Wolfe's CPT impede trash Someone's calorically reintroduction reintroduce blunts Paoli transitioned lasted Ketostix conservatively reversals lackluster telltale stroll tantamount deluge chockfull edibles aisle Who's les courgettes serrated peeler spiralizer wonderfully hash browns mandolin dubbed cauliflower's spuds pulverize Brassica wallop Chard sauté cremini shiitake fungi umami portobello stealthily praised dearth smear firepower backlash au naturale pint shrivelled rosy orbs lycopene Nature's lengthwise microwavable parchment scrape benevolent gourd Radish Bok choy Watercress famously sang stoned sweetness tinged tipoff nondigestible plush stellar sniffles pucker Fillets mercury unseasoned marinades ante beloved deli spared lunchmeats Dijon collard fests fattened Cornish hen Gruyere mundane decoupled riff blending pinches mop cultured surging critters tangy horns cow's Brie Ricotta kefir carnivores soaks brilliantly marinate Tempeh earthy mushroomy crumbling casseroles sauerkraut Pinto boast Pepitas o castoffs Sargento stringy bathed humming lofty healthyomega shops supermarkets Pepperettes Hazelnuts Bob's fare Shirataki translucent gelatinous konjac bowlful nondescript rinse blanch Preliminary prediabetes viscous Hazelnut brewed quencher moo cartons sidestep Imbibing infuses exhaustive flapjacks marys ye sipped seltzer contradictory farther swilling interchangeably insulinogenic spur counterintuitive accessing tougher adjusts Mozzarella cucumbers kcals reservoir thriving ongoing chow insisted French's Trimmed Uncured Portabella condensed tamari aminos steamer bubbly Ruthie ours marshmallows dye pumpkins fl Truvia Nutmeg Cloves towels masher lumpy quartered ½ generously pierced family's else's cleanup cooks Kosher slits slit PDF unwrap tossed bowl's ooohs aaaahs mouthwatering Coarse wilt bakes Sprouted crumb crumbs crumble byproducts apiece appreciable granite unconditioned stepmill app Centopani eater groundbreaking world's Evan's insists com's it'd befriending fluke flounder rutabaga turnips distributing rigors regimented hamburgers Animal's flagship Pak negotiable fundamentally depleting plows wishful oversimplified depletes Karbolyn Labrada's shuttling muscles replenished proponent dragging microtraumas pounder resynthesis disposal polymer shuttle Elasti RTD MRP EFA Charge Krill MPS rapamycin hesitate Centopani's diner steakhouse wheelbarrow Overseas border nearest awful refrigeration Stak Iconic XL Beanie Rotisserie precooked breaded standby powered brothers McGrath Antoine Vaillant baggie brainer Nothing's comforting goulash Slurp swole requested dad's bursting rotini parsnips I’ll paprika Worcestershire Caraway saucepot batch Printable Frosting silicone brethren Vincenzo Masone Fritz approached days steal sanitary basa jumbo gallbladder crowns handfuls plums nectarines underconsumed drilled skulls lid poking USDA thickest translates clump cruciferous broil cardamom thankfully occasions roasting dicing drizzling facet pectin midworkout plump insides glorious skimp Tahini Cumin pretzels sing Ramen entrée zing sharpest leftover pinapple Endive chilies clove crumbles vinaigrette Kalamata pitted Oregano Bragg's tonight's Mendelsohn frothy stove fortunate micromanaging achievements NASCAR skimping mussels rabbit seitan grapefruits limes Melons honeydew apricots… chestnuts overanalyzing fistful plateauing stricter fistfuls arrangement honing afforded it'll Fiber's Satiate Yep compiled SOUTHWEST potlucks bevy ROMA SEEDED uncovered BALSAMIC yummy clocks heats PARSNIP resealable rimmed Discard FE COB THINLY spinner BURRITO RINSED GARNISHES STROGANOFF CAMPBELL'S SHERRY dente garnished Dorian coveted GROUNDED hesitation filets tenderloins scours tags grabs fattier semblance beefing thrifty exchanges D's rodeo beeline Quaker swayed canister opts canisters measly sizzling sitcom Kris EZ sec Bathe proverbial anticipate Radar Benchmarks Robergs R Pearson Costill Fink J Pascoe Benedict Zachweija intensities Calder Yaqoob Bowtell Gelly Simeoni Rennie Wang uncompromising Welsh Kage meditative yin coincides iconoclast's sellers efficaciously replicate brand's Vitargo disguise bitterness reluctantly Offerings Hydra underperforming refilming raced biked deadlifted Ironman Matt Pritchard Ironmans swears triathletes Trainee Hey faceless
Views: 3904 ПРОКАЧКА
Significant Figures - Measurement and Uncertainty [IB Physics SL + HL Revision Course]
 
07:27
👉Get IB Physics quizzes, solved past papers and more lectures for FREE with my new course: https://studynova.com/courses/physics 👈
Views: 5836 Studynova
Сколько можно скинуть (похудеть) на гречневой диете?
 
02:09
https://www.instagram.com/prometei.tech/ reassured screamed liter favoring traction wondered reconsider realizing plow nap brain's ebb manifests CVD HDL minutiae ducks They've sufficed proponents waged salvo yearlong Tulane coverage unanimously sarcasm Pundits predictors coffin headlines representative enrolled Asians demographic diehards implausible slashing upped group's balloons publicized uptick bioelectrical impedance predictor LDL carbers pedestrian cuttingsome glean takeaways echoed study's Lydia Bazzano compel directing dogmatic almighty Jake fascinating devoting installment I’ve mmols Wingates foggy acuity tissue's oxidize Phinney synonymous Mistaking intriguing teamed Auburn Wolfe's CPT impede trash Someone's calorically reintroduction reintroduce blunts Paoli transitioned lasted Ketostix conservatively reversals lackluster telltale stroll tantamount deluge chockfull edibles aisle Who's les courgettes serrated peeler spiralizer wonderfully hash browns mandolin dubbed cauliflower's spuds pulverize Brassica wallop Chard sauté cremini shiitake fungi umami portobello stealthily praised dearth smear firepower backlash au naturale pint shrivelled rosy orbs lycopene Nature's lengthwise microwavable parchment scrape benevolent gourd Radish Bok choy Watercress famously sang stoned sweetness tinged tipoff nondigestible plush stellar sniffles pucker Fillets mercury unseasoned marinades ante beloved deli spared lunchmeats Dijon collard fests fattened Cornish hen Gruyere mundane decoupled riff blending pinches mop cultured surging critters tangy horns cow's Brie Ricotta kefir carnivores soaks brilliantly marinate Tempeh earthy mushroomy crumbling casseroles sauerkraut Pinto boast Pepitas o castoffs Sargento stringy bathed humming lofty healthyomega shops supermarkets Pepperettes Hazelnuts Bob's fare Shirataki translucent gelatinous konjac bowlful nondescript rinse blanch Preliminary prediabetes viscous Hazelnut brewed quencher moo cartons sidestep Imbibing infuses exhaustive flapjacks marys ye sipped seltzer contradictory farther swilling interchangeably insulinogenic spur counterintuitive accessing tougher adjusts Mozzarella cucumbers kcals reservoir thriving ongoing chow insisted French's Trimmed Uncured Portabella condensed tamari aminos steamer bubbly Ruthie ours marshmallows dye pumpkins fl Truvia Nutmeg Cloves towels masher lumpy quartered ½ generously pierced family's else's cleanup cooks Kosher slits slit PDF unwrap tossed bowl's ooohs aaaahs mouthwatering Coarse wilt bakes Sprouted crumb crumbs crumble byproducts apiece appreciable granite unconditioned stepmill app Centopani eater groundbreaking world's Evan's insists com's it'd befriending fluke flounder rutabaga turnips distributing rigors regimented hamburgers Animal's flagship Pak negotiable fundamentally depleting plows wishful oversimplified depletes Karbolyn Labrada's shuttling muscles replenished proponent dragging microtraumas pounder resynthesis disposal polymer shuttle Elasti RTD MRP EFA Charge Krill MPS rapamycin hesitate Centopani's diner steakhouse wheelbarrow Overseas border nearest awful refrigeration Stak Iconic XL Beanie Rotisserie precooked breaded standby powered brothers McGrath Antoine Vaillant baggie brainer Nothing's comforting goulash Slurp swole requested dad's bursting rotini parsnips I’ll paprika Worcestershire Caraway saucepot batch Printable Frosting silicone brethren Vincenzo Masone Fritz approached days steal sanitary basa jumbo gallbladder crowns handfuls plums nectarines underconsumed drilled skulls lid poking USDA thickest translates clump cruciferous broil cardamom thankfully occasions roasting dicing drizzling facet pectin midworkout plump insides glorious skimp Tahini Cumin pretzels sing Ramen entrée zing sharpest leftover pinapple Endive chilies clove crumbles vinaigrette Kalamata pitted Oregano Bragg's tonight's Mendelsohn frothy stove fortunate micromanaging achievements NASCAR skimping mussels rabbit seitan grapefruits limes Melons honeydew apricots… chestnuts overanalyzing fistful plateauing stricter fistfuls arrangement honing afforded it'll Fiber's Satiate Yep compiled SOUTHWEST potlucks bevy ROMA SEEDED uncovered BALSAMIC yummy clocks heats PARSNIP resealable rimmed Discard FE COB THINLY spinner BURRITO RINSED GARNISHES STROGANOFF CAMPBELL'S SHERRY dente garnished Dorian coveted GROUNDED hesitation filets tenderloins scours tags grabs fattier semblance beefing thrifty exchanges D's rodeo beeline Quaker swayed canister opts canisters measly sizzling sitcom Kris EZ sec Bathe proverbial anticipate Radar Benchmarks Robergs R Pearson Costill Fink J Pascoe Benedict Zachweija intensities Calder Yaqoob Bowtell Gelly Simeoni Rennie Wang uncompromising Welsh Kage meditative yin coincides iconoclast's sellers efficaciously replicate brand's Vitargo disguise bitterness reluctantly Offerings Hydra underperforming refilming raced biked deadlifted Ironman Matt Pritchard Ironmans swears triathletes Trainee Hey faceless
Views: 37264 ПРОКАЧКА
Как увеличить рост (подрасти)? Упражнения для увеличения роста
 
06:06
https://www.instagram.com/prometei.tech/ reassured screamed liter favoring traction wondered reconsider realizing plow nap brain's ebb manifests CVD HDL minutiae ducks They've sufficed proponents waged salvo yearlong Tulane coverage unanimously sarcasm Pundits predictors coffin headlines representative enrolled Asians demographic diehards implausible slashing upped group's balloons publicized uptick bioelectrical impedance predictor LDL carbers pedestrian cuttingsome glean takeaways echoed study's Lydia Bazzano compel directing dogmatic almighty Jake fascinating devoting installment I’ve mmols Wingates foggy acuity tissue's oxidize Phinney synonymous Mistaking intriguing teamed Auburn Wolfe's CPT impede trash Someone's calorically reintroduction reintroduce blunts Paoli transitioned lasted Ketostix conservatively reversals lackluster telltale stroll tantamount deluge chockfull edibles aisle Who's les courgettes serrated peeler spiralizer wonderfully hash browns mandolin dubbed cauliflower's spuds pulverize Brassica wallop Chard sauté cremini shiitake fungi umami portobello stealthily praised dearth smear firepower backlash au naturale pint shrivelled rosy orbs lycopene Nature's lengthwise microwavable parchment scrape benevolent gourd Radish Bok choy Watercress famously sang stoned sweetness tinged tipoff nondigestible plush stellar sniffles pucker Fillets mercury unseasoned marinades ante beloved deli spared lunchmeats Dijon collard fests fattened Cornish hen Gruyere mundane decoupled riff blending pinches mop cultured surging critters tangy horns cow's Brie Ricotta kefir carnivores soaks brilliantly marinate Tempeh earthy mushroomy crumbling casseroles sauerkraut Pinto boast Pepitas o castoffs Sargento stringy bathed humming lofty healthyomega shops supermarkets Pepperettes Hazelnuts Bob's fare Shirataki translucent gelatinous konjac bowlful nondescript rinse blanch Preliminary prediabetes viscous Hazelnut brewed quencher moo cartons sidestep Imbibing infuses exhaustive flapjacks marys ye sipped seltzer contradictory farther swilling interchangeably insulinogenic spur counterintuitive accessing tougher adjusts Mozzarella cucumbers kcals reservoir thriving ongoing chow insisted French's Trimmed Uncured Portabella condensed tamari aminos steamer bubbly Ruthie ours marshmallows dye pumpkins fl Truvia Nutmeg Cloves towels masher lumpy quartered ½ generously pierced family's else's cleanup cooks Kosher slits slit PDF unwrap tossed bowl's ooohs aaaahs mouthwatering Coarse wilt bakes Sprouted crumb crumbs crumble byproducts apiece appreciable granite unconditioned stepmill app Centopani eater groundbreaking world's Evan's insists com's it'd befriending fluke flounder rutabaga turnips distributing rigors regimented hamburgers Animal's flagship Pak negotiable fundamentally depleting plows wishful oversimplified depletes Karbolyn Labrada's shuttling muscles replenished proponent dragging microtraumas pounder resynthesis disposal polymer shuttle Elasti RTD MRP EFA Charge Krill MPS rapamycin hesitate Centopani's diner steakhouse wheelbarrow Overseas border nearest awful refrigeration Stak Iconic XL Beanie Rotisserie precooked breaded standby powered brothers McGrath Antoine Vaillant baggie brainer Nothing's comforting goulash Slurp swole requested dad's bursting rotini parsnips I’ll paprika Worcestershire Caraway saucepot batch Printable Frosting silicone brethren Vincenzo Masone Fritz approached days steal sanitary basa jumbo gallbladder crowns handfuls plums nectarines underconsumed drilled skulls lid poking USDA thickest translates clump cruciferous broil cardamom thankfully occasions roasting dicing drizzling facet pectin midworkout plump insides glorious skimp Tahini Cumin pretzels sing Ramen entrée zing sharpest leftover pinapple Endive chilies clove crumbles vinaigrette Kalamata pitted Oregano Bragg's tonight's Mendelsohn frothy stove fortunate micromanaging achievements NASCAR skimping mussels rabbit seitan grapefruits limes Melons honeydew apricots… chestnuts overanalyzing fistful plateauing stricter fistfuls arrangement honing afforded it'll Fiber's Satiate Yep compiled SOUTHWEST potlucks bevy ROMA SEEDED uncovered BALSAMIC yummy clocks heats PARSNIP resealable rimmed Discard FE COB THINLY spinner BURRITO RINSED GARNISHES STROGANOFF CAMPBELL'S SHERRY dente garnished Dorian coveted GROUNDED hesitation filets tenderloins scours tags grabs fattier semblance beefing thrifty exchanges D's rodeo beeline Quaker swayed canister opts canisters measly sizzling sitcom Kris EZ sec Bathe proverbial anticipate Radar Benchmarks Robergs R Pearson Costill Fink J Pascoe Benedict Zachweija intensities Calder Yaqoob Bowtell Gelly Simeoni Rennie Wang uncompromising Welsh Kage meditative yin coincides iconoclast's sellers efficaciously replicate brand's Vitargo disguise bitterness reluctantly Offerings Hydra underperforming refilming raced biked deadlifted Ironman Matt Pritchard Ironmans swears triathletes Trainee Hey faceless
Views: 70340 ПРОКАЧКА
Что такое мышечная память? Насколько быстро можно восстановить форму после долговременного пропуска?
 
05:00
https://www.instagram.com/prometei.tech/ reassured screamed liter favoring traction wondered reconsider realizing plow nap brain's ebb manifests CVD HDL minutiae ducks They've sufficed proponents waged salvo yearlong Tulane coverage unanimously sarcasm Pundits predictors coffin headlines representative enrolled Asians demographic diehards implausible slashing upped group's balloons publicized uptick bioelectrical impedance predictor LDL carbers pedestrian cuttingsome glean takeaways echoed study's Lydia Bazzano compel directing dogmatic almighty Jake fascinating devoting installment I’ve mmols Wingates foggy acuity tissue's oxidize Phinney synonymous Mistaking intriguing teamed Auburn Wolfe's CPT impede trash Someone's calorically reintroduction reintroduce blunts Paoli transitioned lasted Ketostix conservatively reversals lackluster telltale stroll tantamount deluge chockfull edibles aisle Who's les courgettes serrated peeler spiralizer wonderfully hash browns mandolin dubbed cauliflower's spuds pulverize Brassica wallop Chard sauté cremini shiitake fungi umami portobello stealthily praised dearth smear firepower backlash au naturale pint shrivelled rosy orbs lycopene Nature's lengthwise microwavable parchment scrape benevolent gourd Radish Bok choy Watercress famously sang stoned sweetness tinged tipoff nondigestible plush stellar sniffles pucker Fillets mercury unseasoned marinades ante beloved deli spared lunchmeats Dijon collard fests fattened Cornish hen Gruyere mundane decoupled riff blending pinches mop cultured surging critters tangy horns cow's Brie Ricotta kefir carnivores soaks brilliantly marinate Tempeh earthy mushroomy crumbling casseroles sauerkraut Pinto boast Pepitas o castoffs Sargento stringy bathed humming lofty healthyomega shops supermarkets Pepperettes Hazelnuts Bob's fare Shirataki translucent gelatinous konjac bowlful nondescript rinse blanch Preliminary prediabetes viscous Hazelnut brewed quencher moo cartons sidestep Imbibing infuses exhaustive flapjacks marys ye sipped seltzer contradictory farther swilling interchangeably insulinogenic spur counterintuitive accessing tougher adjusts Mozzarella cucumbers kcals reservoir thriving ongoing chow insisted French's Trimmed Uncured Portabella condensed tamari aminos steamer bubbly Ruthie ours marshmallows dye pumpkins fl Truvia Nutmeg Cloves towels masher lumpy quartered ½ generously pierced family's else's cleanup cooks Kosher slits slit PDF unwrap tossed bowl's ooohs aaaahs mouthwatering Coarse wilt bakes Sprouted crumb crumbs crumble byproducts apiece appreciable granite unconditioned stepmill app Centopani eater groundbreaking world's Evan's insists com's it'd befriending fluke flounder rutabaga turnips distributing rigors regimented hamburgers Animal's flagship Pak negotiable fundamentally depleting plows wishful oversimplified depletes Karbolyn Labrada's shuttling muscles replenished proponent dragging microtraumas pounder resynthesis disposal polymer shuttle Elasti RTD MRP EFA Charge Krill MPS rapamycin hesitate Centopani's diner steakhouse wheelbarrow Overseas border nearest awful refrigeration Stak Iconic XL Beanie Rotisserie precooked breaded standby powered brothers McGrath Antoine Vaillant baggie brainer Nothing's comforting goulash Slurp swole requested dad's bursting rotini parsnips I’ll paprika Worcestershire Caraway saucepot batch Printable Frosting silicone brethren Vincenzo Masone Fritz approached days steal sanitary basa jumbo gallbladder crowns handfuls plums nectarines underconsumed drilled skulls lid poking USDA thickest translates clump cruciferous broil cardamom thankfully occasions roasting dicing drizzling facet pectin midworkout plump insides glorious skimp Tahini Cumin pretzels sing Ramen entrée zing sharpest leftover pinapple Endive chilies clove crumbles vinaigrette Kalamata pitted Oregano Bragg's tonight's Mendelsohn frothy stove fortunate micromanaging achievements NASCAR skimping mussels rabbit seitan grapefruits limes Melons honeydew apricots… chestnuts overanalyzing fistful plateauing stricter fistfuls arrangement honing afforded it'll Fiber's Satiate Yep compiled SOUTHWEST potlucks bevy ROMA SEEDED uncovered BALSAMIC yummy clocks heats PARSNIP resealable rimmed Discard FE COB THINLY spinner BURRITO RINSED GARNISHES STROGANOFF CAMPBELL'S SHERRY dente garnished Dorian coveted GROUNDED hesitation filets tenderloins scours tags grabs fattier semblance beefing thrifty exchanges D's rodeo beeline Quaker swayed canister opts canisters measly sizzling sitcom Kris EZ sec Bathe proverbial anticipate Radar Benchmarks Robergs R Pearson Costill Fink J Pascoe Benedict Zachweija intensities Calder Yaqoob Bowtell Gelly Simeoni Rennie Wang uncompromising Welsh Kage meditative yin coincides iconoclast's sellers efficaciously replicate brand's Vitargo disguise bitterness reluctantly Offerings Hydra underperforming refilming raced biked deadlifted Ironman Matt Pritchard Ironmans swears triathletes Trainee Hey faceless
Views: 31705 ПРОКАЧКА
Набор массы. Набор мышечной массы. Питание для набора мышц. Тренировка на массу
 
03:49
https://www.instagram.com/prometei.tech/ reassured screamed liter favoring traction wondered reconsider realizing plow nap brain's ebb manifests CVD HDL minutiae ducks They've sufficed proponents waged salvo yearlong Tulane coverage unanimously sarcasm Pundits predictors coffin headlines representative enrolled Asians demographic diehards implausible slashing upped group's balloons publicized uptick bioelectrical impedance predictor LDL carbers pedestrian cuttingsome glean takeaways echoed study's Lydia Bazzano compel directing dogmatic almighty Jake fascinating devoting installment I’ve mmols Wingates foggy acuity tissue's oxidize Phinney synonymous Mistaking intriguing teamed Auburn Wolfe's CPT impede trash Someone's calorically reintroduction reintroduce blunts Paoli transitioned lasted Ketostix conservatively reversals lackluster telltale stroll tantamount deluge chockfull edibles aisle Who's les courgettes serrated peeler spiralizer wonderfully hash browns mandolin dubbed cauliflower's spuds pulverize Brassica wallop Chard sauté cremini shiitake fungi umami portobello stealthily praised dearth smear firepower backlash au naturale pint shrivelled rosy orbs lycopene Nature's lengthwise microwavable parchment scrape benevolent gourd Radish Bok choy Watercress famously sang stoned sweetness tinged tipoff nondigestible plush stellar sniffles pucker Fillets mercury unseasoned marinades ante beloved deli spared lunchmeats Dijon collard fests fattened Cornish hen Gruyere mundane decoupled riff blending pinches mop cultured surging critters tangy horns cow's Brie Ricotta kefir carnivores soaks brilliantly marinate Tempeh earthy mushroomy crumbling casseroles sauerkraut Pinto boast Pepitas o castoffs Sargento stringy bathed humming lofty healthyomega shops supermarkets Pepperettes Hazelnuts Bob's fare Shirataki translucent gelatinous konjac bowlful nondescript rinse blanch Preliminary prediabetes viscous Hazelnut brewed quencher moo cartons sidestep Imbibing infuses exhaustive flapjacks marys ye sipped seltzer contradictory farther swilling interchangeably insulinogenic spur counterintuitive accessing tougher adjusts Mozzarella cucumbers kcals reservoir thriving ongoing chow insisted French's Trimmed Uncured Portabella condensed tamari aminos steamer bubbly Ruthie ours marshmallows dye pumpkins fl Truvia Nutmeg Cloves towels masher lumpy quartered ½ generously pierced family's else's cleanup cooks Kosher slits slit PDF unwrap tossed bowl's ooohs aaaahs mouthwatering Coarse wilt bakes Sprouted crumb crumbs crumble byproducts apiece appreciable granite unconditioned stepmill app Centopani eater groundbreaking world's Evan's insists com's it'd befriending fluke flounder rutabaga turnips distributing rigors regimented hamburgers Animal's flagship Pak negotiable fundamentally depleting plows wishful oversimplified depletes Karbolyn Labrada's shuttling muscles replenished proponent dragging microtraumas pounder resynthesis disposal polymer shuttle Elasti RTD MRP EFA Charge Krill MPS rapamycin hesitate Centopani's diner steakhouse wheelbarrow Overseas border nearest awful refrigeration Stak Iconic XL Beanie Rotisserie precooked breaded standby powered brothers McGrath Antoine Vaillant baggie brainer Nothing's comforting goulash Slurp swole requested dad's bursting rotini parsnips I’ll paprika Worcestershire Caraway saucepot batch Printable Frosting silicone brethren Vincenzo Masone Fritz approached days steal sanitary basa jumbo gallbladder crowns handfuls plums nectarines underconsumed drilled skulls lid poking USDA thickest translates clump cruciferous broil cardamom thankfully occasions roasting dicing drizzling facet pectin midworkout plump insides glorious skimp Tahini Cumin pretzels sing Ramen entrée zing sharpest leftover pinapple Endive chilies clove crumbles vinaigrette Kalamata pitted Oregano Bragg's tonight's Mendelsohn frothy stove fortunate micromanaging achievements NASCAR skimping mussels rabbit seitan grapefruits limes Melons honeydew apricots… chestnuts overanalyzing fistful plateauing stricter fistfuls arrangement honing afforded it'll Fiber's Satiate Yep compiled SOUTHWEST potlucks bevy ROMA SEEDED uncovered BALSAMIC yummy clocks heats PARSNIP resealable rimmed Discard FE COB THINLY spinner BURRITO RINSED GARNISHES STROGANOFF CAMPBELL'S SHERRY dente garnished Dorian coveted GROUNDED hesitation filets tenderloins scours tags grabs fattier semblance beefing thrifty exchanges D's rodeo beeline Quaker swayed canister opts canisters measly sizzling sitcom Kris EZ sec Bathe proverbial anticipate Radar Benchmarks Robergs R Pearson Costill Fink J Pascoe Benedict Zachweija intensities Calder Yaqoob Bowtell Gelly Simeoni Rennie Wang uncompromising Welsh Kage meditative yin coincides iconoclast's sellers efficaciously replicate brand's Vitargo disguise bitterness reluctantly Offerings Hydra underperforming refilming raced biked deadlifted Ironman Matt Pritchard Ironmans swears triathletes Trainee Hey faceless
Views: 14705 ПРОКАЧКА

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