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The SABC visited one of Sasol's coal mine
 
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As the mining charter debate continues to shine the spotlight on mineworker conditions.The SABC took the opportunity to visit one of SASOL's coal mine.The Petrochemicals giants recently invited members of the media to see one of its newest coal mines in Sekunda in Mpumalanga. Francis Herd tagged along. For more News visit: http://www.sabc.co.za/news Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/SABCNewsOnline?lang=en Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/SABCNewsOnline
Views: 3719 SABC Digital News
Africa Steam 2015 - Part 1 - Copper mine in Botswana
 
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Two ex-SAR 19D steam locomotives carry copper-nickel ore from two shafts to the BCL smelter. Occasionally, they also haul coal trains brought to an exchange yard by the Botswana National Railway. They can be regarded as the last service steam trains of Africa.
Views: 97418 KochersbergTV
Commodities Sector Report: June 30, 2010
 
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Jun 30, 2010 -- Oil is trending higher in early morning trade as global equities rise on renewed hopes for Europe as banks sought out less financing from the European Central Bank than expected. Traders will be eyeing the release of the latest weekly crude inventories data by the U.S. Department of Energy, with analysts expecting stockpiles to have decreased. Gold too is gaining momentum as the dollar weakened against the euro, enticing investors to buy on dips as the yellow metal's allure as a safe haven persists. At 0750 ET, Brent crude is up 0.7% at $75.93 a barrel, while light sweet crude is also 0.7% stronger at $76.50 a barrel, and natural gas is 1.3% weaker at $4.49 a million British thermal units. Gold is up 0.2% at $1,244.60 an ounce, while silver is up 0.6% to $18.71 an ounce, and copper is up 1.2% at $2.95 a pound. BP plc (BP) is up over 5% pre-market on the NYSE as the company plans to establish an emergency fund financed by the oil industry to help pay for costs concerning the Gulf of Mexico cleanup, according to the Financial Times. The company has also been the subject of takeover speculation. As for BP's Russian joint venture TNK-BP (TNKBPI), it is looking to borrow up to $1 billion by the end of this year, said its CFO Jonathan Muir. It will not, however, look to issue eurobonds as a source, having already issued a $1 Meanwhile, the joint venture may be a buyer in BP's asset sales, particularly downstream assets in Europe, according to CEO Maxim Barsky. OAO Gazprom (GAZP) said it owed $32 million to Minsk for gas transit through Belarus. The country's First Deputy Prime Minister Vladimir Semashko said that Belarus expects to sign an amendment to its contract with Gazprom over gas transit prices on Thursday. In the mining sector, Australia's Gryphon Ltd (GRY) is looking to take over Shield Mining Ltd (SHX) to create a West Africa-focused gold company. Gryphon is offering one of its own shares for every three Shield shares. Gryphon has a 1.1 million ounce project in Burkina Faso, while Shield focuses on mining for gold in Mauritania. Meanwhile, South Africa will maintain its 26% black ownership target for mining companies as announced by Mines Minister Susan Shabangu in a speech. The 2004 Mining Charter requires companies to sell 26% of their South African assets to black investors by 2014 to make amends for apartheid.
Views: 195 TradeTheTrend
Beautiful South Africa | Emmarentia
 
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I Made A Cinematic Aimed At Capturing The Beauty Of One Of South Africa's Parks (Emmarentia). Share On Facebook With All Your Amigos! Special Thanks To Michaela ;) For Recording That Tree And For Being My Badass Entourage!! Like, Share, Subscribe And All That Jazz I Do Not Own The Music Used In This Clip. Song: Chordashian - Questions ft. Frances Rose (JackLNDN Remix)
Views: 195 ItsDumi
NAC Charter
 
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NAC Charter, based at Lanseria International Airport, South Africa, was the first African operator to be awarded the coveted Gold BARS status, from the Flight Safety Foundation. As a respected operator to the resource sector, NAC prides itself on its safety record. This combined with a young aircraft fleet, makes them a preferred service provider to major companies. In this video, a King Air 350 transports their mining clients to their mine.
Ronnie Kasrils on Nationalisation and the History of South Africa's Economic Policy Choices
 
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On 13 March 2014, The South African Civil Society Information Service and the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (FES) South Africa Office co-hosted a panel discussion, Beyond Nationalisation, which interrogated how South Africa's mineral resources could be exploited to bring greater benefit to the people of South Africa. The discussion was opened by Renate Tenbusch, the Resident Director of the FES South Africa Office and facilitated by Fazila Farouk, Executive Director of SACSIS. Ronnie Kasrils was actively involved in the ANC during a crucial time in South Africa's history. It was the time when the ANC opted to turn away from nationalisation as a policy choice. He provided valuable insights into how that came to be and talked about the Norwegian Sovereign Wealth Fund, as a model for consideration. Ronnie Kasrils was Minister for Intelligence Services from 27 April 2004 to 25 September 2008. He was a member of the National Executive Committee (NEC) of the African National Congress (ANC) from 1987 to 2007 as well as a member of the Central Committee of the South African Communist Party (SACP) from December 1986 to 2007. Other panelists at the event were Cosatu Straegist, Neil Coleman and Duma Gqubule founder and director of KIO Advisory Services.
Views: 2438 SACSIS
Zimbabwe - Cab Ride in a Class 15A Garratt, July 2017
 
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On my recent visit to Zimbabwe, I jumped at the opportunity to take a short trip in the cab of a Class 15A 4-6-4 + 4-6-4 Garratt locomotive. These 15A's, known as the "Flying Fifteens", were fast (82mph) and capable of handling both freight and passenger work. Sadly, number 414, featured here, is far from being in its best condition .... although it was the best one of the few Garratts that we had in steam during our visit in July 2017. This particular example was one of only ten that were built in France for Rhodesian Railways in 1952, despite its classic British design ! How long these giants of the railway will be steamable is uncertain. I would encourage any enthusiasts and groups to make a visit to the country and pay money to see them working. The longer that the Garratts bring foreign exchange into Zimbabwe, the longer they'll be kept in working order. Incidentally, there are a few editing liberties taken here - I beg forgiveness !!
Views: 33356 Andy and Dandan Fisher
GMAM to Magaliesburg 03
 
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The final video taken from on board Reefsteamers GMAM Garratt, this covers the section from Magaliesburg station up until my camera batteries died near Randfontein. Again ambient noise is a problem, but with the loco closer to my coach at least I could pick her up on the mic. IMHO this is the best of the 4 videos.
Views: 1958 nixops
South Africa Sea Shark
 
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Napakalaking isda na nakikita ko
Views: 2 Charlyn Montes
2007 TOYOTA LANDCRUISER Townsville, Cairns, Mt. Isa, Charters Towers, Bowen, Australia 558
 
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2007 TOYOTA LANDCRUISER Wheelz and Wheelz: Servicing Townsville, Qld near Townsville, Cairns, Mt. Isa, Charters Towers, Bowen, Australia 2007 TOYOTA LANDCRUISER - Stock#: 5583 - VIN#: 1001175 http://www.wheelzandwheelz.com.au For more information on this vehicle and our full inventory, call us at 0747212071 Wheelz and Wheelz 792 Flinders Street Townsville Qld 04810 We can deliver anywhere in Australia .. All our vehicles are subject to an RACQ inspection .. buy with confidence ..Nth Qld's leading dealer This Toyota Landcruiser Workmate Troopcarrier SUV has been lovingly cared for and in immaculate condition. This car has a powerful 4.5 litre engine. This car has the style and grunt you would expect in a 4WD. travelled a very low 85,000 km. It has drivers footrest, long range fuel tank, rear skid plate, front skid plate and full size spare wheel. OFF ROAD FEATURES It has limited slip diff (LSD). This Toyota Landcruiser Workmate Troopcarrier SUV has tachometer. This car has side steps, rear skid plate, drivers footrest, transmission skid plate, snorkel, under dash storage area and front skid plate. This car has 11 seats, enough for the whole family This vehicle is not an ex mines vehicle. North Queensland's leading Used Car Dealership. We have a great range of pre-owned vehicles in stock now. All vehicles are workshop tested. 5 year warranty available. Trade in's are welcome and finance can be tailored to your needs. Please contact one of our friendly staff on 0437wheelz anytime. If you don't see the vehicle you want Please click on the tab at the top of our web page FIND A CAR 4 ME. And we will find your car. Yes! Yes! Yes! Racq inspections Yes! Yes! Yes! 5 Yr warranty available Yes! Yes! Yes! 25 Yrs service to Nth Qld Yes! Yes! Yes! Delivery Aust wide Yes! Yes! Yes! Finance and Ins available Yes! Yes! Yes! Defence force discounts Yes! Yes! Yes! We will bring the car to you Yes! Yes! Yes! Test drive today.
Views: 3523 Wheelz andWheelz
King Air 200 for sale South Africa
 
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Find King Air 200 for sale in South Africa here: http://privatejetsforsaleinsouthafrica.co.za/beechcraft/king-air-200 Watch more videos on our playlist here: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLI_ba3o2QgWSlfPnomPz9n2IGnz11Ltxw Find more videos about Beechcraft for sale here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1bR2mbyxOIU #KingAir200ForSale #Beechcraft
The Crisis of South African Democracy: The Challenge to Civil Society and Transformative Politics
 
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Skip ahead to main speaker at 0:29 Vishwas Satgar is an associate professor in the Department of International Relations at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. He has been a grass roots activist in South Africa for more than 3 decades. He is currently engaged in supporting the Solidarity Economy Movement in township communities, supporting food sovereignty campaigning, climate jobs campaigning and defending popular democracy in South Africa. His academic interests include a focus on African political economy, Empire and Global crisis, Green Global political Economy and Transnational Alternatives. For more events about the global shift to the political right: http://watson.brown.edu/news/explore/2017/globalshift
Shosholoza — The Chicago Children's Choir
 
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The Chicago Children's Choir, under the direction of Josephine Lee, perform 'Shosholoza', a Ndebele folk song that has become known as South Africa's 'second national anthem'. Though the song originated amongst Zimbabweans working in South African mines, it has become a symbol in South Africa of the national struggle against Apartheid and of solidarity amongst South Africans. The Chicago Children's Choir was founded in 1956 by Rev. Christopher Moore as a way to bring children from diverse ethnic, cultural and economic backgrounds together to strive for a common goal: to make beautiful music. CCC programmes currently serve over 3.000 eight- to eighteen-year-old singers more than 50 Chicago-area schools and neighbourhoods, and its Choir Academy is the only arts-based charter school in Chicago educating children aged nine to fourteen. The 100-voice Concert Choir heard here is comprised of three ensembles: Treble, a traditional children's choir of unchanged soprano and alto voices; Chamber, changed-voice women; and Men's Chorus, changed-voice high-school-age singers. Ndebele/Zulu lyrics: Shosholoza Shosholoza Ku lezontaba Stimela siphum' South Africa Shosholoza Shosholoza Ku lezontaba Stimela siphum' South Africa Wen' uyabaleka Wen' uyabaleka Ku lezontaba Stimela siphum' South Africa A rough translation into English: Go forward Go forward on those mountains train from South Africa Go forward Go forward You are running away You are running away on those mountains train from South Africa
Views: 7007 1finch2finch
01 oct 2017 / Beechcraft B200 King Air / VH-OWN / Landing gear collapsed /  Melbourne - Australia
 
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www.9news.com.au/videos/cj88fnf26001x0gk0r6hlziwb/passengers-jump-out-of-plane-after-emergency-landing https://aviation-safety.net/wikibase/wiki.php?id=200056
Views: 1892 Planes Of Legend
Jeremy Taylor - Ag Pleez Daddy (including the missing last verse)
 
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As a child, I remember driving my aunt and uncle almost crazy during the summer holidays, I loved this record so much I set the auto-changer on their radiogram to replay and almost wore it out (hence the hisses and crackles which you can hear, as my aunt gave it to me about 20 years later!)
Views: 125678 cfcup2004
African Plane Crash
 
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The bodies of the six Australian mining executives killed in a plane crash in west Africa won't be pulled from the wreckage for days.
Views: 734 Channel 10
Pali Lehohla on SA economic growth post-apartheid
 
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Subscribe to eNCA for latest news. No Fear. No Favour: http://bit.ly/eNCAnewsConnect with eNCA now to follow top stories and have your say: African think tank DaMina recently published an article that concludes that apartheid South Africa grew at a faster economic rate than post-apartheid South Africa. But Statistician General Pali Lehohla says the facts do not support this . http://www.enca.com https://www.facebook.com/eNCAnews https://twitter.com/eNCAnews
Views: 280 eNCA
AFRICAN NATIONAL CONGRESS - WikiVidi Documentary
 
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The African National Congress is the Republic of South Africa's governing political party. It has been the ruling party of post-apartheid South Africa on the national level, beginning with the election of Nelson Mandela in the 1994 election. Today, the ANC remains the dominant political party in South Africa, winning every election since 1994. Cyril Ramaphosa, the incumbent President of South Africa, has served as leader of the ANC since 18 December 2017. Founded on 8 January 1912 by John Langalibalele Dube in Bloemfontein as the South African Native National Congress, its primary mission was to give voting rights to black and mixed race Africans and, from the 1940s, to end Apartheid. The ANC originally attempted to use nonviolent protests to end apartheid, however, the Sharpeville massacre resulted in the deaths of 69 black Africans and contributed to deteriorating relations with the South African government. On 8 April 1960, the administration of Charles Robberts Swart, banned th... http://www.wikividi.com ____________________________________ Shortcuts to chapters: 00:02:03: History 00:04:31: Umkhonto we Sizwe 00:05:31: Ideology 00:07:33: Tripartite Alliance 00:08:07: 2008 schism 00:08:25: 2013 NUMSA split from Cosatu 00:09:02: ANC flag 00:09:37: ANC Today 00:09:56: Role of the ANC in resolving the conflict 00:13:12: Corruption controversies 00:14:55: Condemnation over Secrecy Bill 00:15:32: Role in the Marikana killings 00:16:23: Constitutional Failures ____________________________________ Copyright WikiVidi. Licensed under Creative Commons. Wikipedia link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_National_Congress
Challenges and Opportunities for the New UN Secretary-General, a Conversation with Sam Daws
 
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"Challenges and Opportunities for the New UN Secretary-General”, a Conversation with Sam Daws, Director of the Project on UN Governance and Reform at the University of Oxford. Dr Daws joins UNU Rector David M. Malone for a conversation assessing the future of the UN at a time of challenge, and how its new Secretary-General, António Guterres, can steer the organisation towards an era of opportunities. From protracted conflicts in the Middle East and Africa to mass migration and climate change, the world is facing increasing challenges that no country can solve alone. Despite the need for coordinated regional or international responses, scepticism over the value and relevance of multilateral institutions is on the rise. This loss of confidence in multilateralism by some — alongside the shifting of world political and economic power towards the south and the east, and the complexities of tackling endemic poverty and global warming — will place the United Nations under increasing pressure to meet the demands of changing times. Will the UN be able to innovate and adapt its structures? Will it be able to attract young and new talent? And can the UN develop dynamic partnerships to move the organisation forward? About the speaker Sam Daws is Director of the Project on UN Governance and Reform at the University of Oxford. Over the last 30 years, he has held a variety of UN-related positions. From 2012 to 2013, he served as Deputy Director for the Cabinet Office (United Kingdom), advising the prime minister and his envoy on the establishment of the Sustainable Development Goals. Previously, he held the position of Senior Principal Research Analyst in the Multilateral Policy Directorate of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (UK). From 2000 to 2003, Dr Daws served as First Officer in the Executive Office of UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan. He became Executive Director of the United Nations Association-UK in 2004, and was then appointed as Senior Advisor and UK representative to the United Nations Foundation. Dr Daws has published 13 books on the UN. He co-edited The Oxford Handbook on the United Nations (2008), and The United Nations (2015), an eight-volume collection of journal articles on the organisation. He also co-authored The United Nations: A Concise Political Guide (1994), and The Procedure of the UN Security Council (2014).
Views: 305 UN University
World Refugee Day
 
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In its annual Global Trends report for 2017 released Tuesday by the UN Refugee Agency said 68.5 million people were displaced as of the end of 2017. Refugees who have fled their countries to escape conflict and persecution accounted for 25.4 million of the 68.5 million. This is 2.9 million more than in 2016, also the biggest increase UNHCR has seen in a single year. As we mark World Refugees Day today, we must remember that … no one becomes a refugee by choice, but the rest of us can have a choice about how we help. With us are Tresor Riziki, Musician and UNHCR LuQuLuQu High Level Influencer and Markku Aikomus, Senior External Relations Officer and Spokesperson, United Nations Refugee Agency Regional Office for Southern Africa For more news, visit: sabcnews.com
Views: 377 SABC Digital News
Cuban Narrow Gauge - Obdulio Moralest Mill.
 
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Scenes recorded on a 2003 tour of Cuban sugar mill railways which could still boast steam traction. The majority of the clips taken here at CAI Obdulio Maralest were based around a private charter as most field work was then in the hands of Diesels. The mill's system used the odd gauge of 2ft 7.5 inches. The day was broken into two as our loco ran short of water many miles from base and so departed for a top up leaving us out in the cane fields for two hours. A regular feature of these operations was the 'hot box', one seen here so hot that it set on fire ... luckily the flames didn't engulf the cane!
Views: 9144 Renownvidz
Tshosholoza - Combined Choir - Oriana Velazquez
 
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Tshosholoza Combined Choir Arts Charter School Last time singing with my school choir for this year , I hope we will do it again shortly!!! ♥♥♥ Love Oriana ♥♥♥ Don't forget to follow me on: Facebook: www.facebook.com/orianasongs Twitter: www.twitter.com/orianavel Instagram: www.instagram.com/orianavelazquez Youtube: www.youtube.com/orianavelazquez Official Site: www.orianavelazquez.com Please check out my other covers: Ariana Grande - Break Free: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4DdCO... Rather Be - Clean Bandit: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DdMoT... All I Want For Christmas Is You - Mariah Carey: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s7MmH... Beyonce | Halo: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sv2ZW... Jessie J - Masterpiece: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o7wA0... "Tshosholoza" is a Ndebele folk song that originated in Zimbabwe but was popularized in South Africa. The song is a traditional South African folk song that was sung by Ndebele all-male migrant workers that were working in the South African mines in a call and response style. The song is so popular in South African culture that it is often referred to as South Africa's second national anthem. Lyrics of South African version of "Tshosholoza": Tshosholoza (2) Ku lezontaba Stimela si qhamuka e South Africa Tshosholoza (2) Stimela si qhamuka e South Africa Wena u ya baleka Wena u ya baleka Ku lezontaba Stimela si qhamuka e South Africa English Translation of "Tshosholoza": Work, work, working in the sun We will work as one Tshosholoza Work, work, working in the rain Till there's sun again Tshosholoza Push, push pushing on and on There's much to be done Tshosholoza Push, push, pushing in the sun We will push as one. This song meaning: "Tshosholoza, this train is gaining speed & steaming for South Africa". Soundtracks: 1) "Tshosholoza 2010": Listen Up! The Official 2010 FIFA World Cup Album. 2010. 2) Invictus Soundtrack: Overtone. 2009. 3) The Drakensberg Boys' Choir: The Very Best of the Drakensberg Boys. DBCS, 2004. 4) Ladysmith Black Mambazo: Long Walk to Freedom. Heads Up, 2006. 5) Soweto Gospel Choir: African Spirit. Shanachie, 2007. 6) Io sto con gli ippopotami Soundtrack 1997. Treble, Middle School, Choir (Musical Performance Role), Combined Choir, Concert Gospel, Tshosholoza, South Africa's Second National Anthem, (iTunes bonus track), Acoustic, Official Video, Instrumental, Live, Guitar, Cover, Karaoke, Lyrics, Lyric Video, Oriana Velazquez, 12 Year Old, Album, Single, Song, Singing, Young Singer, Acapella, Piano, Young Artist, Acoustic Music (Musical Genre)
Views: 495 Oriana Velazquez
U.S. Mining Giant Accused of Contaminating Water in Colombia
 
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Colombia is in a legal battle with one of the world's biggest mining companies. U.S.-based mining giant Drummond is accused of dumping coal off the country's coast -- contaminating waters around the area. CCTV's Michelle Begue reports from Santa Marta. Subscribe to BizAsiaAmerica: http://goo.gl/FMKaBj Follow CCTV America: Twitter: http://bit.ly/15oqHSy Facebook: http://on.fb.me/172VKne »» Watch CCTV America 7:00pm -- 9:00pm EST daily «« Washington, DC (and greater area) • MHz - Channel 3 • COMCAST (Xfinity) - Channel 273 • FiOS (Verizon) - Channel 277 New York City • Time Warner - Channel 134 • FiOS (Verizon) - Channel 277 Los Angeles • Charter Cable - Channel 562 • Time Warner - Channel 155 Satellite Nationwide • DISH TV - Channel 279
Mining Indaba - Interview with legal expert Peter Leon
 
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Peter Leon is a Partner in the Mining & Energy Resources Practice within the Commercial Business Unit at Webber Wentzel. Mr. Leon talks around the speech that the Mineral Resources Minister Ngoako Ramatlhodi gave to the Mining Indaba 2015.
Views: 55 BusinessLIVE
South Africa | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: South Africa Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. It is bounded to the south by 2,798 kilometres (1,739 mi) of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Swaziland (Eswatini); and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho. South Africa is the largest country in Southern Africa and the 25th-largest country in the world by land area and, with over 57 million people, is the world's 24th-most populous nation. It is the southernmost country on the mainland of the Old World or the Eastern Hemisphere. About 80 percent of South Africans are of Sub-Saharan African ancestry, divided among a variety of ethnic groups speaking different African languages, nine of which have official status. The remaining population consists of Africa's largest communities of European (White), Asian (Indian), and multiracial (Coloured) ancestry. South Africa is a multiethnic society encompassing a wide variety of cultures, languages, and religions. Its pluralistic makeup is reflected in the constitution's recognition of 11 official languages, which is the fourth highest number in the world. Two of these languages are of European origin: Afrikaans developed from Dutch and serves as the first language of most coloured and white South Africans; English reflects the legacy of British colonialism, and is commonly used in public and commercial life, though it is fourth-ranked as a spoken first language. The country is one of the few in Africa never to have had a coup d'état, and regular elections have been held for almost a century. However, the vast majority of black South Africans were not enfranchised until 1994. During the 20th century, the black majority sought to recover its rights from the dominant white minority, with this struggle playing a large role in the country's recent history and politics. The National Party imposed apartheid in 1948, institutionalising previous racial segregation. After a long and sometimes violent struggle by the African National Congress (ANC) and other anti-apartheid activists both inside and outside the country, the repeal of discriminatory laws began in 1990. Since 1994, all ethnic and linguistic groups have held political representation in the country's liberal democracy, which comprises a parliamentary republic and nine provinces. South Africa is often referred to as the "rainbow nation" to describe the country's multicultural diversity, especially in the wake of apartheid. The World Bank classifies South Africa as an upper-middle-income economy, and a newly industrialised country. Its economy is the second-largest in Africa, and the 34th-largest in the world. In terms of purchasing power parity, South Africa has the seventh-highest per capita income in Africa. However, poverty and inequality remain widespread, with about a quarter of the population unemployed and living on less than US$1.25 a day. Nevertheless, South Africa has been identified as a middle power in international affairs, and maintains significant regional influence.
Views: 238 wikipedia tts
2009 MITSUBISHI PAJERO Ryde, Sydney, New South Wales, Top Ryde, Australia 269558
 
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2009 MITSUBISHI PAJERO http://www.northshoremitsubishi.com.au/index.php/vehicle-search Servicing Ryde near Sydney, New South Wales, Top Ryde, Australia 2009 MITSUBISHI PAJERO VR-X - Stock#: 269558 - VIN#: 939196 http://www.hunterholden.com.au/ For more information on this vehicle and our full inventory, call us at 0293393752 Hunter Holden 603 Victoria Road Ryde NSW 2112
Views: 950 Hunter Holden Ryde
6. Жизнь диджея. История DJ Shked и Juicy M. Tomorrowland.
 
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Instagram http://instagram.com/egorbelenkov/ В этом выпуске живем жизнью диджея. Выпуск про моих друзей - DJ Shked и DJ Juicy M. You can find me: Facebook http://facebook.com/egor.belenkov Instagram http://instagram.com/egorbelenkov/ LinkedIn http://linkedin.com/in/belenkov/
Views: 10122 Egor Belenkov
Namibia | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Namibia 00:03:19 1 Etymology 00:03:58 2 History 00:04:07 2.1 Pre-colonial period 00:05:43 2.2 German rule 00:07:29 2.3 South African mandate 00:11:03 2.4 Independence 00:14:57 2.5 After independence 00:16:23 3 Geography 00:19:46 3.1 Climate 00:22:30 3.2 Water sources 00:23:53 3.3 Communal Wildlife Conservancies 00:25:14 4 Politics and government 00:26:15 4.1 Foreign relations 00:27:01 4.2 Military 00:28:41 4.3 Administrative divisions 00:29:28 5 Economy 00:33:42 5.1 Income disparity 00:34:22 5.2 Agriculture 00:36:24 5.3 Mining and electricity 00:38:02 5.4 Tourism 00:40:47 5.5 Water supply and sanitation 00:43:04 6 Demographics 00:46:11 6.1 Religion 00:47:10 6.2 Languages 00:49:31 6.3 Largest cities 00:49:39 7 Sport 00:51:29 8 Media 00:55:02 9 Education 00:56:12 10 Health 01:02:06 11 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Namibia ( (), ), officially the Republic of Namibia (German: Republik Namibia; Afrikaans: Republiek van Namibië), is a country in southern Africa. Its western border is the Atlantic Ocean; it shares land borders with Zambia and Angola to the north, Botswana to the east and South Africa to the south and east. Although it does not border Zimbabwe, less than 200 metres of the Zambezi River (essentially a small bulge in Botswana to achieve a Botswana/Zambia micro-border) separates the two countries. Namibia gained independence from South Africa on 21 March 1990, following the Namibian War of Independence. Its capital and largest city is Windhoek, and it is a member state of the United Nations (UN), the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), and the Commonwealth of Nations. Namibia, the driest country in Sub-Saharan Africa, was inhabited since early times by the San, Damara, and Nama peoples. Around the 14th century, immigrating Bantu peoples arrived as part of the Bantu expansion. Since then, the Bantu groups, one of which is known as the Ovambo people, have dominated the population of the country; since the late 19th century, they have constituted a majority. In 1878, the Cape of Good Hope, then a British colony, had annexed the port of Walvis Bay and the offshore Penguin Islands; these became an integral part of the new Union of South Africa at its creation in 1910. In 1884 the German Empire established rule over most of the territory as a protectorate (Schutzgebiet). It began to develop infrastructure and farming and maintained this German colony until 1915, when South African forces defeated its military. In 1920, after the end of World War I, the League of Nations mandated the country to the United Kingdom, under administration by South Africa. It imposed its laws, including racial classifications and rules. From 1948, with the National Party elected to power, South Africa applied apartheid also to what was then known as South West Africa. In the later 20th century, uprisings and demands for political representation by native African political activists seeking independence resulted in the UN assuming direct responsibility over the territory in 1966, but South Africa maintained de facto rule. In 1973 the UN recognised the South West Africa People's Organisation (SWAPO) as the official representative of the Namibian people; the party is dominated by the Ovambo, who are a large plurality in the territory. Following continued guerrilla warfare, South Africa installed an interim administration in Namibia in 1985. Namibia obtained full independence from South Africa in 1990. However, Walvis Bay and the Penguin Islands remained under South African control until 1994. Namibia has a population of 2.6 million people and a stable multi-party parliamentary democracy. Agriculture, herding, tourism and the mining industry – including mining for gem diamonds, uranium, gold, silver, and base metals – form the basis of its economy. The large, arid Namib Desert has resulted in Namibia being overall one of the least densely populated countries in the world.
Views: 24 wikipedia tts
National Anthem of Bolivia - "Himno Nacional Boliviano".
 
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Bolivia (/bəˈlɪviə/ (About this soundlisten), Spanish: [boˈliβja]; Guarani: Mborivia [ᵐboˈɾiʋja]; Quechua: Puliwya [pʊlɪwja]; Aymara: Wuliwya [wʊlɪwja]), officially the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Spanish: Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia [esˈtaðo pluɾinasjoˈnal de βoˈliβja])[7][8] is a landlocked country located in western-central South America. The capital is Sucre while the seat of government and financial center is located in La Paz. The largest city and principal industrial center is Santa Cruz de la Sierra, located on the Llanos Orientales (tropical lowlands) a mostly flat region in the east of Bolivia. The sovereign state of Bolivia is a constitutionally unitary state, divided into nine departments. Its geography varies from the peaks of the Andes in the West, to the Eastern Lowlands, situated within the Amazon Basin. It is bordered to the north and east by Brazil, to the southeast by Paraguay, to the south by Argentina, to the southwest by Chile, and to the northwest by Peru. One-third of the country is within the Andean mountain range. With 1,098,581 km2 (424,164 sq mi) of area, Bolivia is the fifth largest country in South America, the 27th largest in the world and the largest landlocked country in the Southern Hemisphere. The country's population, estimated at 11 million, is multiethnic, including Amerindians, Mestizos, Europeans, Asians and Africans. The racial and social segregation that arose from Spanish colonialism has continued to the modern era. Spanish is the official and predominant language, although 36 indigenous languages also have official status, of which the most commonly spoken are Guarani, Aymara and Quechua languages. Before Spanish colonization, the Andean region of Bolivia was part of the Inca Empire, while the northern and eastern lowlands were inhabited by independent tribes. Spanish conquistadors arriving from Cuzco and Asunción took control of the region in the 16th century. During the Spanish colonial period Bolivia was administered by the Royal Audiencia of Charcas. Spain built its empire in large part upon the silver that was extracted from Bolivia's mines. After the first call for independence in 1809, 16 years of war followed before the establishment of the Republic, named for Simón Bolívar. Over the course of the 19th and early 20th century Bolivia lost control of several peripheral territories to neighboring countries including the seizure of its coastline by Chile in 1879. Bolivia remained relatively politically stable until 1971, when Hugo Banzer led a coup d'état which replaced the socialist government of Juan José Torres with a military dictatorship headed by Banzer; Torres was murdered in Buenos Aires, Argentina by a right-wing death squad in 1976. Banzer's regime cracked down on leftist and socialist opposition and other forms of dissent, resulting in the torture and deaths of a number of Bolivian citizens. Banzer was ousted in 1978 and later returned as the democratically elected president of Bolivia from 1997 to 2001. Modern Bolivia is a charter member of the UN, IMF, NAM, OAS, ACTO, Bank of the South, ALBA and USAN. For over a decade Bolivia has had[when?] one of the highest economic growth rates in Latin America; however, it remains the second poorest country in South America.[9] It is a developing country, with a medium ranking in the Human Development Index, a poverty level of 38.6%,[10] and one of the lowest crime rates in Latin America.[citation needed] Its main economic activities include agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining, and manufacturing goods such as textiles, clothing, refined metals, and refined petroleum. Bolivia is very rich in minerals, including tin, silver, and lithium.
Views: 28 National Anthem
Lot 7 2008 Toyota Prado GX 4x4 Manual Diesel Wagon   LV603
 
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Online Administrators Brierty Ltd Clearance Auction - Darwin Civil & Mining Clearance Auction Bidding at www.gregsons.com.au Including: Tracked Excavators, Service Truck, Wagon, Utility's, Trailer, Sea Containers, Dome Structure, Excavator Buckets / Compacting Wheels / Ripper Attachments and much more. Auction Inspection: Tuesday 5 December 2017 9am - 4pm Auction Date: Wednesday 6 December 2017 - Closing from 10am AWST Auction Location: Bruce Avery Transport - 22 Mckinnon Road, Pinelands NT 0829 Time Between Lots: 1 lot close in 1 Minute Interval’s Anti Sniping Time: 1 Minute GST Implications: GST Exc Auction (GST of 10% will be added to the final sale price and the buyer’s premium) Buyers Premium: 5.5% (GST Inc) Invoice Calculation Example: $100 Hammer Price + 10% GST + 5.5% Buyers Premium = $116.05 Payment Deadline: 12 Noon Friday 8 December 2017, all invoice totals (inc GST & BP) below $2,000 total will be directly charged to customers credit card. Where the total Invoice Amount exceeds AUD$2,001.00, Gregsons will charge 5% of the total to your registered credit card. By doing this you are securing your purchase, the balance of your invoice is then payable via direct deposit (telegraphic transfer) IN FULL (NO part payments) into our bank account within two (2) working days from sale closing date. Collection Period: 9am to 4pm - Thursday 7 December, Friday 8 December & Monday 11 December To Friday 15 December 2017
Peter Leon - Webber Wentzel - PDAC 2014
 
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Peter Leon - Webber Wentzel - PDAC 2014
The Klan in the Coal Mines: Southeast Kansas and the Hooded Order of the 1920s'
 
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College Scholars: Professor James Leiker, History, will present this talk concerning radical politics in rural Kansas from the 1920s to the late 20th century. The "New Klan" of the post-World War I era is mostly remembered as a hyper-conservative movement, distinct for its opposition to immigration, Roman Catholicism and communism. Surprisingly, the KKK had progressive roots as well, especially in southeast Kansas' mining districts. Only a decade before, the area was home to radical socialists, anarchists and labor organizers but after 1920 hosted some of the largest Klan chapters in the U.S. The phenomenon of workers turning abruptly from class-based to nativist politics blurs the distinction between Left and Right — and provides lessons about the politics of our own time. For more information on this and other happenings at the college, visit http://www.jccc.edu.
Views: 342 JCCCvideo
Back Roads of Hawaii ~ Part 3
 
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A wild adventure drive on primitive roads and trails to South Point. ( March 24, 1991) Footnote: Original raw footage of this video was 150 minutes (2 1/2 hours) I let the camera roll for the entire drive from the turn-off on Hwy 11 west of Naalehu to Kaaluialu-Waiohinu Rd to South Pt and then back to Hwy ll {approximately 37 miles} I edited footage to about 26 minutes. Type-in 'Kaalualu-Waiohinu Rd, Hawaii' on Google Maps and see as it appears today.
Views: 1076 Jon Le
LIVE: Confirmation hearing for Supreme Court nominee Judge Brett Kavanaugh (Day 3)
 
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Confirmation hearing for Supreme Court nominee Judge Brett #Kavanaugh (Day 3) - LIVE at 9:30am ET on C-SPAN3, C-SPAN Radio & online here: https://cs.pn/2NXalKI
Views: 258864 C-SPAN
Israel & New Breed - Turn it Around
 
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Israel Houghton and New Breed... from the "Live in Africa" DVD...buy it....its hot!
Views: 217704 groove4dayz
African National Congress | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: African National Congress 00:01:49 1 History 00:04:31 1.1 uMkhonto we Sizwe 00:05:41 2 Ideology 00:07:53 2.1 Tripartite Alliance 00:08:34 2.2 2008 schism 00:08:59 2.3 2013 NUMSA split from Cosatu 00:09:45 3 ANC flag 00:10:39 4 Party list 00:11:22 5 iANC Today/i 00:11:49 6 Election results 00:11:58 6.1 National elections 00:12:07 6.1.1 National Assembly 00:12:15 6.1.2 National Council of Provinces 00:12:24 6.2 Provincial elections 00:12:33 6.3 Municipal elections 00:12:43 7 Role of the ANC in resolving the conflict 00:16:02 8 Criticism 00:16:11 8.1 Corruption controversies 00:18:03 8.2 Condemnation over Secrecy Bill 00:18:44 8.3 Role in the Marikana killings 00:19:41 8.4 Constitutional Failures 00:20:49 8.5 Qualification fraud 00:23:42 8.6 Racism 00:31:26 9 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The African National Congress (ANC) is the Republic of South Africa's governing political party. It has been the ruling party of post-apartheid South Africa on the national level, beginning with the election of Nelson Mandela in the 1994 election. Today, the ANC remains the dominant political party in South Africa, winning every election since 1994. Cyril Ramaphosa, the incumbent President of South Africa, has served as leader of the ANC since 18 December 2017.Founded on 8 January 1912 by John Langalibalele Dube in Bloemfontein as the South African Native National Congress (SANNC), its primary mission was to give voting rights to black and mixed-race Africans and, from the 1940s, to end apartheid. The ANC originally attempted to use nonviolent protests to end apartheid, however, the Sharpeville massacre resulted in the deaths of 69 black Africans and contributed to deteriorating relations with the South African government. On 8 April 1960, the administration of Charles Robberts Swart, banned the ANC and forced the party to leave South Africa. After the ban, the ANC formed the Umkhonto we Sizwe (Spear of the Nation) to fight against apartheid utilizing guerrilla warfare and sabotage. On 3 February 1990, State President F. W. de Klerk lifted the ban on the ANC and released Nelson Mandela on 11 February 1990. On 17 March 1992, the apartheid referendum was passed by the voters removing apartheid and allowing the ANC to run in the 1994 election. Since the 1994 election the ANC has performed better than 60% in all general elections, including the most recent 2014 election.
Views: 63 wikipedia tts
Implementing the Vision: Chapter 3- Current Health Services
 
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The current picture of First Nations is described, including limitations in decision-making and governance.
Views: 3782 fnhealthcouncil
Lynching in the United States | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:44:58
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Lynching in the United States 00:03:30 1 Background 00:07:58 2 Name origin 00:08:28 3 Social characteristics 00:11:32 4 The West 00:14:42 5 Reconstruction (1865–1877) 00:18:48 6 Disenfranchisement (1877–1917) 00:23:19 6.1 Other ethnicities 00:26:20 6.2 Enforcing Jim Crow 00:33:30 7 Photographic records and postcards 00:38:22 7.1 Resistance 00:41:43 7.2 Federal action limited by the Solid South 00:44:53 7.3 Great Migration 00:46:53 8 World War I to World War II 00:47:04 8.1 Resistance 00:48:11 8.2 New Klan 00:51:26 8.3 Continuing resistance 00:57:00 8.4 Federal action and southern resistance 01:00:34 9 World War II to present 01:00:44 9.1 Second Great Migration 01:01:41 9.2 Federal action 01:03:36 9.3 Lynching and the Cold War 01:05:13 9.4 Civil Rights Movement 01:08:32 9.5 After the Civil Rights Movement 01:11:48 10 Effects 01:12:29 11 Statistics 01:18:30 12 Representation in popular culture 01:18:41 12.1 Literature and film 01:24:52 12.2 Strange Fruit 01:26:05 13 Laws 01:29:31 13.1 State laws 01:33:32 14 See also 01:33:41 15 Notes 01:33:49 16 Books and references 01:39:24 17 Further reading 01:43:36 18 External links Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Lynching is the practice of murder by a group by extrajudicial action. Lynchings in the United States rose in number after the American Civil War in the late 1800s, following the emancipation of slaves; they declined in the 1920s but have continued to take place into the 21st century. Most lynchings were of African-American men in the South, but women were also lynched, and white lynchings of blacks occurred in Midwestern and border states, especially during the 20th-century Great Migration of blacks out of the South. The purpose was to enforce white supremacy and intimidate blacks by racial terrorism. On a per capita basis lynchings were also common in California and the Old West, especially of Latinos, although they represented less than 10% of the national total. Native Americans and Asian Americans were also lynched. Other ethnicities (white, Finnish-American, Jewish, Irish, Italian-American) were occasionally lynched. The stereotype of a lynching is a hanging, because hangings are what crowds of people saw, and are also easy to photograph. Some hangings were professionally photographed and sold as postcards, which were popular souvenirs in some parts of the U.S. Victims were also killed by mobs in a variety of other ways: shot repeatedly, burned alive, forced to jump off a bridge, dragged behind cars, and the like. Sometimes they were tortured as well, with body parts sometimes removed and sold as souvenirs. Occasionally lynchings were not fatal (see Lynching survivors in the United States). A "mock" lynching, putting the rope around the neck of someone suspected of concealing information, might be used to compel "confessions".According to the Tuskegee Institute, 4,743 people were lynched between 1882 and 1968 in the United States, including 3,446 African Americans and 1,297 whites. More than 73 percent of lynchings in the post-Civil War period occurred in the Southern states. According to the Equal Justice Initiative, 4,084 African-Americans were lynched between 1877 and 1950 in the South.Lynchings were most frequent from 1890 to the 1920s, with a peak in 1892. Lynchings were often large mob actions, attended by hundreds or thousands of watchers, sometimes announced in advance in newspapers and in one instance with a special train. However, in the later 20th century lynchings became more secretive, and were conducted by smaller groups of people. According to Michael Pfeifer, the prevalence of lynching in postbellum America reflects lack of confidence in the "due process" judicial system. He links the decline in lynching in the early twentieth century with "the advent of the modern death penalty": "legislators renovated the death penalty...out of direct concern for the alternative of mob violence". He also cites "the modern, racialized excesses of u ...
Views: 423 wikipedia tts
NEW Jim Willie x Crypto Blood! Cryptos Here to Stay, Trump's Tariffs, Bond Yields & Currency Wars!
 
01:50:10
** Please bear w/ Jim's audio issues, it gets slightly better thru the interview ** Join Algo Signal Trading Group Beat the Market by 114% YTD: http://www.cryptoblood.io/shop/trading-signal-holla-322-algo-generated/ -- Pick up your Crypto Apparel @ www.cryptoblood.io/apparel About this Video: Bitcoin, jim willie, bond yields, currency wars, and trump tariffs **** **** DISCLAIMER: THE COMMENTS AND OPINIONS SHARED IN THIS VIDEO ARE OF MY OWN, AND SHOULD NOT BE TAKEN AS FINANCIAL ADVISE. PASS PERFORMANCE IS NOT INDICATIVE OF FUTURE RESULTS - DO YOUR OWN RESEARCH AND DO NOT TAKE MY WORD ON ANY CRYPTOs TALKED ABOUT IN THIS VIDEO, I AM NOT A PROFESSIONAL AND DO NOT HOLD ANY FINANCIAL LICENSES.
Views: 10817 Crypto Blood
Namibia | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:04:36
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Namibia 00:03:23 1 Etymology 00:04:04 2 History 00:04:12 2.1 Pre-colonial period 00:05:54 2.2 German rule 00:07:43 2.3 South African mandate 00:11:26 2.4 Independence 00:15:28 2.5 After independence 00:16:58 3 Geography 00:20:27 3.1 Climate 00:23:17 3.2 Water sources 00:24:44 3.3 Communal Wildlife Conservancies 00:26:08 4 Politics and government 00:27:10 4.1 Foreign relations 00:27:57 4.2 Military 00:29:41 4.3 Administrative divisions 00:30:29 5 Economy 00:34:52 5.1 Income disparity 00:35:33 5.2 Agriculture 00:37:40 5.3 Mining and electricity 00:39:22 5.4 Tourism 00:42:13 5.5 Water supply and sanitation 00:44:34 6 Demographics 00:47:49 6.1 Religion 00:48:50 6.2 Languages 00:51:16 6.3 Largest cities 00:51:24 7 Sport 00:53:19 8 Media 00:56:59 9 Education 00:58:12 10 Health 01:04:20 11 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.9842481939338614 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-A "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Namibia ( (listen), ), officially the Republic of Namibia, is a country in southern Africa. Its western border is the Atlantic Ocean; it shares land borders with Zambia and Angola to the north, Botswana to the east and South Africa to the south and east. Although it does not border Zimbabwe, less than 200 metres of the Zambezi River (essentially a small bulge in Botswana to achieve a Botswana/Zambia micro-border) separates the two countries. Namibia gained independence from South Africa on 21 March 1990, following the Namibian War of Independence. Its capital and largest city is Windhoek, and it is a member state of the United Nations (UN), the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), and the Commonwealth of Nations. Namibia, the driest country in Sub-Saharan Africa, was inhabited since early times by the San, Damara, and Nama peoples. Around the 14th century, immigrating Bantu peoples arrived as part of the Bantu expansion. Since then, the Bantu groups, one of which is known as the Ovambo people, have dominated the population of the country; since the late 19th century, they have constituted a majority. In 1878, the Cape of Good Hope, then a British colony, had annexed the port of Walvis Bay and the offshore Penguin Islands; these became an integral part of the new Union of South Africa at its creation in 1910. In 1884 the German Empire established rule over most of the territory as a protectorate (Schutzgebiet). It began to develop infrastructure and farming and maintained this German colony until 1915, when South African forces defeated its military. In 1920, after the end of World War I, the League of Nations mandated the country to the United Kingdom, under administration by South Africa. It imposed its laws, including racial classifications and rules. From 1948, with the National Party elected to power, South Africa applied apartheid also to what was then known as South West Africa. In the later 20th century, uprisings and demands for political representation by native African political activists seeking independence resulted in the UN assuming direct responsibility over the territory in 1966, but South Africa maintained de facto rule. In 1973 the UN recognised the South West Africa People's Organisation (SWAPO) as the official representative of the Namibian people; the party is dominated by the Ovambo, who are a large plurality in the territory. Following continued guerrilla warfare, South Africa installed an interim administration in Namibia in 1985. Namibia obtained full independence from South Africa in 1990. However, Walvis Bay and the Penguin Islands remained under South African control until 1994. Namibia has a population of 2.6 million people and a stable multi-party parliamentary democracy. Agriculture, herding, tourism and the mining industry – including mining for gem diamonds, uranium, gold, silver, and base metals – form the basis of its economy. T ...
Views: 9 wikipedia tts
Namibia | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:02:23
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Namibia 00:03:19 1 Etymology 00:03:58 2 History 00:04:07 2.1 Pre-colonial period 00:05:43 2.2 German rule 00:07:29 2.3 South African mandate 00:11:03 2.4 Independence 00:14:57 2.5 After independence 00:16:25 3 Geography 00:19:47 3.1 Climate 00:22:31 3.2 Water sources 00:23:55 3.3 Communal Wildlife Conservancies 00:25:16 4 Politics and government 00:26:17 4.1 Foreign relations 00:27:02 4.2 Military 00:28:43 4.3 Administrative divisions 00:29:30 5 Economy 00:33:43 5.1 Income disparity 00:34:23 5.2 Agriculture 00:36:25 5.3 Mining and electricity 00:38:03 5.4 Tourism 00:40:49 5.5 Water supply and sanitation 00:43:05 6 Demographics 00:46:12 6.1 Religion 00:47:11 6.2 Languages 00:49:32 6.3 Largest cities 00:49:41 7 Sport 00:51:31 8 Media 00:55:03 9 Education 00:56:13 10 Health 01:02:07 11 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Namibia ( (), ), officially the Republic of Namibia (German: Republik Namibia; Afrikaans: Republiek van Namibië), is a country in southern Africa. Its western border is the Atlantic Ocean; it shares land borders with Zambia and Angola to the north, Botswana to the east and South Africa to the south and east. Although it does not border Zimbabwe, less than 200 metres of the Zambezi River (essentially a small bulge in Botswana to achieve a Botswana/Zambia micro-border) separates the two countries. Namibia gained independence from South Africa on 21 March 1990, following the Namibian War of Independence. Its capital and largest city is Windhoek, and it is a member state of the United Nations (UN), the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), and the Commonwealth of Nations. Namibia, the driest country in Sub-Saharan Africa, was inhabited since early times by the San, Damara, and Nama peoples. Around the 14th century, immigrating Bantu peoples arrived as part of the Bantu expansion. Since then, the Bantu groups, one of which is known as the Ovambo people, have dominated the population of the country; since the late 19th century, they have constituted a majority. In 1878, the Cape of Good Hope, then a British colony, had annexed the port of Walvis Bay and the offshore Penguin Islands; these became an integral part of the new Union of South Africa at its creation in 1910. In 1884 the German Empire established rule over most of the territory as a protectorate (Schutzgebiet). It began to develop infrastructure and farming and maintained this German colony until 1915, when South African forces defeated its military. In 1920, after the end of World War I, the League of Nations mandated the country to the United Kingdom, under administration by South Africa. It imposed its laws, including racial classifications and rules. From 1948, with the National Party elected to power, South Africa applied apartheid also to what was then known as South West Africa. In the later 20th century, uprisings and demands for political representation by native African political activists seeking independence resulted in the UN assuming direct responsibility over the territory in 1966, but South Africa maintained de facto rule. In 1973 the UN recognised the South West Africa People's Organisation (SWAPO) as the official representative of the Namibian people; the party is dominated by the Ovambo, who are a large plurality in the territory. Following continued guerrilla warfare, South Africa installed an interim administration in Namibia in 1985. Namibia obtained full independence from South Africa in 1990. However, Walvis Bay and the Penguin Islands remained under South African control until 1994. Namibia has a population of 2.6 million people and a stable multi-party parliamentary democracy. Agriculture, herding, tourism and the mining industry – including mining for gem diamonds, uranium, gold, silver, and base metals – form the basis of its economy. The large, arid Namib Desert has resulted in Namibia being overall one of the least densely populated countries in the world.
Views: 13 wikipedia tts
Nelson Mandela | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:42:52
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Nelson Mandela Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (; Xhosa: [xoliɬaˈɬa manˈdɛla]; 18 July 1918 – 5 December 2013) was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, political leader, and philanthropist who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was the country's first black head of state and the first elected in a fully representative democratic election. His government focused on dismantling the legacy of apartheid by tackling institutionalised racism and fostering racial reconciliation. Ideologically an African nationalist and socialist, he served as President of the African National Congress (ANC) party from 1991 to 1997. A Xhosa, Mandela was born to the Thembu royal family in Mvezo, British South Africa. He studied law at the University of Fort Hare and the University of the Witwatersrand before working as a lawyer in Johannesburg. There he became involved in anti-colonial and African nationalist politics, joining the ANC in 1943 and co-founding its Youth League in 1944. After the National Party's white-only government established apartheid, a system of racial segregation that privileged whites, he and the ANC committed themselves to its overthrow. Mandela was appointed President of the ANC's Transvaal branch, rising to prominence for his involvement in the 1952 Defiance Campaign and the 1955 Congress of the People. He was repeatedly arrested for seditious activities and was unsuccessfully prosecuted in the 1956 Treason Trial. Influenced by Marxism, he secretly joined the banned South African Communist Party (SACP). Although initially committed to non-violent protest, in association with the SACP he co-founded the militant Umkhonto we Sizwe in 1961 and led a sabotage campaign against the government. He was arrested and imprisoned in 1962, and subsequently sentenced to life imprisonment for conspiring to overthrow the state following the Rivonia Trial. Mandela served 27 years in prison, split between Robben Island, Pollsmoor Prison, and Victor Verster Prison. Amid growing domestic and international pressure, and with fears of a racial civil war, President F. W. de Klerk released him in 1990. Mandela and de Klerk led efforts to negotiate an end to apartheid, which resulted in the 1994 multiracial general election in which Mandela led the ANC to victory and became President. Leading a broad coalition government which promulgated a new constitution, Mandela emphasised reconciliation between the country's racial groups and created the Truth and Reconciliation Commission to investigate past human rights abuses. Economically, Mandela's administration retained its predecessor's liberal framework despite his own socialist beliefs, also introducing measures to encourage land reform, combat poverty, and expand healthcare services. Internationally, he acted as mediator in the Pan Am Flight 103 bombing trial and served as Secretary-General of the Non-Aligned Movement from 1998 to 1999. He declined a second presidential term, and in 1999 was succeeded by his deputy, Thabo Mbeki. Mandela became an elder statesman and focused on combating poverty and HIV/AIDS through the charitable Nelson Mandela Foundation. Mandela was a controversial figure for much of his life. Although critics on the right denounced him as a communist terrorist and those on the radical left deemed him too eager to negotiate and reconcile with apartheid's supporters, he gained international acclaim for his activism. Widely regarded as an icon of democracy and social justice, he received more than 250 honours—including the Nobel Peace Prize—and became the subject of a cult of personality. He is held in deep respect within South Africa, where he is often referred to by his Xhosa clan name, Madiba, and described as the "Father of the Nation".
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Zimbabwe | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Zimbabwe Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Zimbabwe (), officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers, bordered by South Africa, Botswana, Zambia and Mozambique. The capital and largest city is Harare. A country of roughly 16 million people, Zimbabwe has 16 official languages, with English, Shona, and Ndebele the most commonly used. Since the 11th century, present-day Zimbabwe has been the site of several organised states and kingdoms as well as a major route for migration and trade. The British South Africa Company of Cecil Rhodes first demarcated the present territory during the 1890s; it became the self-governing British colony of Southern Rhodesia in 1923. In 1965, the conservative white minority government unilaterally declared independence as Rhodesia. The state endured international isolation and a 15-year guerrilla war with black nationalist forces; this culminated in a peace agreement that established universal enfranchisement and de jure sovereignty as Zimbabwe in April 1980. Zimbabwe then joined the Commonwealth of Nations, from which it was suspended in 2002 for breaches of international law by its then-government, and from which it withdrew in December 2003. The sovereign state is a member of the United Nations, the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA). It was once known as the "Jewel of Africa" for its prosperity.Robert Mugabe became Prime Minister of Zimbabwe in 1980, when his ZANU-PF party won the elections following the end of white minority rule; he was the President of Zimbabwe from 1987 until his resignation in 2017. Under Mugabe's authoritarian regime, the state security apparatus dominated the country and was responsible for widespread human rights violations. Mugabe maintained the revolutionary socialist rhetoric of the Cold War era, blaming Zimbabwe's economic woes on conspiring Western capitalist countries. Contemporary African political leaders were reluctant to criticise Mugabe, who was burnished by his anti-imperialist credentials, though Archbishop Desmond Tutu called him "a cartoon figure of an archetypal African dictator". The country has been in economic decline since the 1990s, experiencing several crashes and hyperinflation along the way.On 15 November 2017, in the wake of over a year of protests against his government as well as Zimbabwe's rapidly declining economy, Mugabe was placed under house arrest by the country's national army in a coup d'état. On 19 November 2017, ZANU-PF sacked Robert Mugabe as party leader and appointed former Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa in his place. On 21 November 2017, Mugabe tendered his resignation prior to impeachment proceedings being completed.
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Nigeria | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Nigeria Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria ( ( listen)) is a country between Central and West Africa, bordering Niger in the north, Chad in the northeast, Cameroon in the southeast, and Benin in the west. Its coast in the south is located on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean. The federal republic comprises 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory, where the capital, Abuja is located. Nigeria is officially a democratic secular country.Nigeria has been home to a number of kingdoms and tribal states over the millennia. The modern state originated from British colonial rule beginning in the 19th century, and took its present territorial shape with the merging of the Southern Nigeria Protectorate and Northern Nigeria Protectorate in 1914. The British set up administrative and legal structures whilst practicing indirect rule through traditional chiefdoms. Nigeria became a formally independent federation in 1960. It experienced a civil war from 1967 to 1970. It thereafter alternated between democratically elected civilian governments and military dictatorships until it achieved a stable democracy in 1999, with the 2011 presidential election considered the first to be reasonably free and fair.Nigeria is often referred to as the "Giant of Africa", owing to its large population and economy. With 186 million inhabitants, Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and the seventh most populous country in the world. Nigeria has the third-largest youth population in the world, after India and China, with more than 90 million of its population under age 18. The country is viewed as a multinational state as it is inhabited by 250 ethnic groups, of which the three largest are the Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba; these ethnic groups speak over 250 different languages and are identified with a wide variety of cultures. The official language is English. Nigeria is divided roughly in half between Christians, who live mostly in the southern part of the country, and Muslims, who live mostly in the north. A minority of the population practice religions indigenous to Nigeria, such as those native to the Igbo and Yoruba ethnicities. As of 2015, Nigeria is the world's 20th largest economy, worth more than $500 billion and $1 trillion in terms of nominal GDP and purchasing power parity respectively. It overtook South Africa to become Africa's largest economy in 2014. The 2013 debt-to-GDP ratio was 11 percent. Nigeria is considered to be an emerging market by the World Bank; it has been identified as a regional power on the African continent, a middle power in international affairs, and has also been identified as an emerging global power. However, it currently has a "low" Human Development Index, ranking 152nd in the world. Nigeria is a member of the MINT group of countries, which are widely seen as the globe's next "BRIC-like" economies. It is also listed among the "Next Eleven" economies set to become among the biggest in the world. Nigeria is a founding member of the African Union and a member of many other international organizations, including the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations and OPEC.
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"All My Relations: Biennale of Sydney 2012"
 
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The Dr. Allen Root Contemporary Art Distinguished Lecture with Gerald McMaster Ph.D., Fredrik S. Eaton Curator, Canadian Art, Art Galley of Ontario Dr. McMaster was recently selected as co-Artistic Director to the 2012 Biennale of Sydney. In his lecture, he will touch on the themes and issues that will shape this important international exhibition. Dr. McMaster, a curator and artist, was responsible for the installation of the permanent exhibitions at the Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian, and more recently the reinstallation of the Canadian Wing at the Art Gallery of Ontario. His publications include New Tribe/New York (2005), Remix (2007), and the critically acclaimed Inuit Modern (2011). His awards and recognitions include the 2001 ICOM-Canada Prize, the 2005 National Aboriginal Achievement Award, and the Order of Canada (2007). Location: Arthur M. Loew Auditorium
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Sierra Leone | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Sierra Leone Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Sierra Leone (, UK also ), officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa. It is bordered by Guinea to the northeast, Liberia to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the southwest. It has a tropical climate, with a diverse environment ranging from savanna to rainforests. The country has a total area of 71,740 km2 (27,699 sq mi) and a population of 7,075,641 as of the 2015 census. Sierra Leone is a constitutional republic with a directly elected president and a unicameral legislature. Sierra Leone has a dominant unitary central government. The president is the head of state and the head of government. The country's capital and largest city is Freetown. Kenema, located 185 miles from Freetown, is the country's second most populous city. Other major cities with a population above one hundred thousand are Bo, Koidu Town and Makeni. Sierra Leone is made up of five administrative regions: the Northern Province, North West Province, Eastern Province, Southern Province and the Western Area. These regions are subdivided into sixteen districts.Sierra Leone became independent from the United Kingdom on 27 April 1961, led by Sir Milton Margai, who became the country's first prime minister. In May 1962, Sierra Leone held its first general elections as an independent nation. Siaka Stevens" All People's Congress won the 1967 Sierra Leone parliamentary election over the governing Sierra Leone People's Party. Stevens ruled Sierra Leone from 1968 to 1985 in which he was intolerant of opponents and critics of his government. In 1971, Stevens abolished Sierra Leone's parliamentary government system and declared Sierra Leone a presidential republic. Sierra Leone was a one-party state from 1978 to 1985, in which Stevens' All People's Congress was the only legal political party in the country. The current constitution of Sierra Leone, which includes multi party democracy, was adopted in 1991 by the government of President Joseph Saidu Momoh, Stevens' hand-picked successor. In 1991, a rebel group known as the Revolutionary United Front led by former Sierra Leone army Corporal Foday Sankoh launched a brutal civil war in the country. In April 1992 a group of Junior military officers toppled Momoh from power and 25-year-old Captain Valentine Strasser became the head of state. In January 1996 Strasser was toppled from power by his deputy, Brigadier General Julius Maada Bio. Bio returned the country to multi-party democracy and the 1991 constitution was reestablished. Bio handed power to Ahmad Tejan Kabbah of the Sierra Leone People's Party after his victory in the 1996 Sierra Leone presidential election. In 1997, the military overthrew president Kabbah. However, in February 1998, a coalition of West African Ecowas armed forces led by Nigeria, removed the military Junta from power by force and president Kabbah was reinstated as president. In 1998, the coup leaders were executed after they were sentenced to death by a military court martial. Sierra Leone has had an uninterrupted democracy since 1998 to present. In January 2002, President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah fulfilled his campaign promise by officially ending the civil war as the rebels were defeated by military force with the help and support of Ecowas, the British government, the African Union, and the United Nations. About 16 ethnic groups inhabit Sierra Leone, each with its own language and customs. The two largest and most influential are the Temne and Mende. The Temne are predominantly found in the northwest of the country, and the Mende are predominant in the southeast. Comprising a small minority, about 2%, are the Krio people, who are descendants of freed African-American and West Indian slaves. The Krios are overwhelmingly found in the capital Freetown and its surrounding countryside. Although English is the official language, used in schools and government administration, Krio, an English-based creole, is the most widely spoken language across Sierr ...
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POLAND - WikiVidi Documentary
 
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Poland , officially the Republic of Poland , is a sovereign country in Central Europe. It is a unitary state divided into 16 administrative subdivisions, covering an area of 312679 km2 with a mostly temperate climate. With a population of over 38.5 million people, Poland is the sixth most populous member state of the European Union. Poland's capital and largest city is Warsaw. Other cities include Kraków, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk and Szczecin. The establishment of a Polish state can be traced back to 966, when Mieszko I, ruler of a territory roughly coextensive with that of present-day Poland, converted to Christianity. The Kingdom of Poland was founded in 1025, and in 1569 it cemented a longstanding political association with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by signing the Union of Lublin. This union formed the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, one of the largest and most populous countries of 16th and 17th century Europe with a uniquely liberal political system which declared Europe's fir... http://www.wikividi.com ____________________________________ Shortcuts to chapters: 00:03:54: Etymology 00:04:29: Prehistory and protohistory 00:06:03: Piast dynasty 00:10:19: Jagiellon dynasty 00:13:41: Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth 00:18:20: Partitions 00:21:28: Era of insurrections 00:26:58: Reconstruction 00:30:40: World War II 00:38:45: Post-war communism 00:41:58: Present-day 00:45:42: Geography 00:47:24: Geology 00:50:40: Waters 00:55:58: Land use 00:57:39: Biodiversity 00:59:21: Climate 01:01:04: Politics 01:03:31: Law 01:07:31: Foreign relations 01:10:20: Administrative divisions 01:11:15: Military 01:15:26: Law enforcement and emergency services 01:16:56: Economy 01:21:14: Corporations 01:22:48: Tourism 01:24:55: Energy 01:26:43: Transport 01:30:42: Science and technology 01:32:44: Communications 01:34:24: Demographics 01:38:07: Languages 01:39:57: Religion 01:44:47: Health 01:46:45: Education 01:49:26: Culture 01:50:25: Famous people 01:51:39: Society 01:54:06: Music 01:58:10: Art 02:00:44: Architecture 02:04:53: Literature 02:09:46: Media 02:12:18: Cuisine 02:14:37: Sports ____________________________________ Copyright WikiVidi. Licensed under Creative Commons. Wikipedia link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poland
Apartheid | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apartheid 00:04:58 1 Etymology 00:05:24 2 Precursors 00:10:18 3 Institution 00:10:27 3.1 Election of 1948 00:17:02 3.2 Legislation 00:23:34 3.3 Disenfranchisement of Coloured voters 00:26:14 3.4 Division among whites 00:28:18 4 Homeland system 00:32:14 4.1 International recognition of the Bantustans 00:34:06 5 Forced removals 00:37:25 6 Petty apartheid 00:43:57 7 Coloured classification 00:47:27 8 Women under apartheid 00:48:27 9 Sport under apartheid 00:52:37 10 Asians during apartheid 00:56:36 11 Conservatism 00:57:41 12 Internal resistance 01:04:59 13 International relations during apartheid 01:05:10 13.1 Commonwealth 01:06:41 13.2 United Nations 01:09:21 13.3 Catholic Church 01:10:12 13.4 Organisation for African Unity 01:12:09 13.5 Outward-looking policy 01:14:58 13.6 Sports and culture 01:15:07 13.6.1 Beginning 01:15:58 13.6.2 Isolation 01:16:06 13.6.3 Verwoerd years 01:18:34 13.6.3.1 Vorster years 01:22:04 13.6.4 Cultural boycott 01:23:36 13.7 Western influence 01:26:55 13.8 Impact of the Cold War 01:27:04 13.8.1 "Total Onslaught" 01:28:57 13.8.1.1 Israeli arms sales 01:32:31 13.8.2 Foreign military operations 01:39:11 14 State security 01:41:12 14.1 State of emergency 01:46:51 15 Final years of apartheid 01:47:01 15.1 Factors 01:47:09 15.1.1 Institutional racism 01:48:18 15.1.2 Economic contradictions 01:49:13 15.1.3 Western influence 01:53:16 15.2 Tricameral parliament 01:55:09 15.3 Reforms and contact with the ANC under Botha 01:59:50 15.4 Presidency of F. W. de Klerk 02:01:48 15.5 Negotiations 02:10:44 15.6 1994 election 02:13:17 16 Contrition 02:14:43 17 See also 02:14:52 18 Notes and references Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.7215911057252145 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-D "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Apartheid (South African English: ; Afrikaans: [aˈpartɦəit], segregation; lit. "separateness") was a system of institutionalised racial segregation that existed in South Africa from 1948 until the early 1990s. Apartheid was characterised by an authoritarian political culture based on baasskap (or white supremacy), which encouraged state repression of Black African, Coloured, and Asian South Africans for the benefit of the nation's minority white population. The economic legacy and social effects of apartheid continue to the present day.Broadly speaking, apartheid was delineated into petty apartheid, which entailed the segregation of public facilities and social events, and grand apartheid, which dictated housing and employment opportunities by race. Prior to the 1940s, some aspects of apartheid had already emerged in the form of minority rule by White South Africans and the socially enforced separation of Black South Africans from other races, which later extended to pass laws and land apportionment. Apartheid was adopted as a formal policy by the South African government after the election of the National Party (NP) at the 1948 general election.A codified system of racial stratification began to take form in South Africa under the Dutch Empire in the late-eighteenth century, although informal segregation was present much earlier due to social cleavages between Dutch colonists and a creolised, ethnically diverse slave population. With the rapid growth and industrialisation of the British Cape Colony in the nineteenth century, racial policies and laws became increasingly rigid. Cape legislation that discriminated specifically against Black South Africans began appearing shortly before 1900. The policies of the Boer republics were also racially exclusive; for instance, the Transvaal's constitution barred Black and Coloured participation in church and state.The first apartheid law was the Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act, 1949, followed closely by the Immorality Amendment Act of 1950, which made it illegal for most South African citizens to marry or pursue sexual relationships acro ...
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